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2020年春【中石油】英美文化概况第二次在线作业(100分)

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发表于 2020-2-12 22:21:01 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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【石油大学】英美文化概况-第二次在线作业
试卷总分:100    得分:100
第1题,1.(2.5分)BostonTeaPartytookplaceintheyearof_______.
A、1377
B、1737
C、1733
D、1773
正确答案:


第2题,2.(2.5分)ThefirstContinentalCongresswasheldin______inSeptember,1774.
A、New York
B、Washington
C、Boston
D、Philadelphia
正确答案:


第3题,3.(2.5分)In1803Jeffersonbought_______fromNapoleonanddoubledthecountry'sterritory.Itlaidafoundationforthefurthereconomicdevelopmentoftheyoungrepublic.
A、Kansas
B、New Hampshire
C、New York State
D、Louisiana
正确答案:


第4题,4.(2.5分)TheUS-MexicanWartookplacein____andnearlyhalfoftheMexico'sterritorywastakenaway.
A、1844
B、1845
C、1846
D、1847
正确答案:


第5题,5.(2.5分)Americafoundapretexttosenditsnavyandarmyinto____anddeclaredwaronSpainin1898.
A、Mexico
B、India
C、the Philippines
D、Cuba
正确答案:


第6题,6.(2.5分)TheGreatDepressionof1929to_____shooktheUnitedStatesandthewholecapitalistworldtoitsfoundation.
A、1933
B、1934
C、1935
D、1936
正确答案:


第7题,7.(2.5分)TheHouseofRepresentativeshas______votingmembers.
A、345
B、435
C、543
D、354
正确答案:


第8题,8.(2.5分)TheSenateembodiedthefederalnatureoftheConstitutionwith_____senatorsfromeachstate.
A、two
B、three
C、four
D、five
正确答案:


第9题,9.(2.5分)Thepresident,asthechief______,isthemostimportantfigureofthegovernment.
A、judicial
B、legislative
C、executive
D、speaker
正确答案:


第10题,10.(2.5分)AllstatesinAmericahavethelegislativebranchoftwohousesexceptonestate:_____.
A、Nebraska
B、Kansas
C、Arkansus
D、Ohio
正确答案:


第11题,11.(2.5分)ThepowersoftheFederalGovernmentandthelocalgovernmentareregulatedseparatelyinthe_____.
A、executive
B、legislative
C、Constitution
D、Congress
正确答案:


第12题,12.(2.5分)ThestatetowhichtheMayflowersailedis________.
A、New York state
B、Nassachusettes
C、Vermont
D、Maryland
正确答案:


第13题,13.(2.5分)ThefirstimmigrantscametoAmericafromEnglandtoescape_______.
A、religious persecution
B、imprisonment
C、war
D、debts
正确答案:


第14题,14.(2.5分)AmericanCongressdeclaredwaron______in1812.
A、Spain
B、France
C、England
D、China
正确答案:


第15题,15.(2.5分)TheFederalConstitutionoftheUnitedStateswasadoptedin______.
A、1788
B、1793
C、1789
D、1739
正确答案:


第16题,16.(2.5分)In1951,aconstitutionalAmendmentsetsalimitof____termsonthenumberof4-yeartermforwhichapersoncouldbeelectedasPresident.
A、two
B、three
C、four
D、five
正确答案:


第17题,17.(2.5分)ThemostimportantpartoftheJudicialBranchistheSupremeCourtwhichiscreatedbythe_______.
A、President
B、Congress
C、Constitution
D、Cabinet
正确答案:


第18题,18.(2.5分)____wasthefirstDemocraticPresidentin1801.
A、Washington
B、Jefferson
C、Adams
D、Madison
正确答案:


第19题,19.(2.5分)WhowasthefirstUSPresidentresignedfromoffice?
A、Andrew Johnson
B、Jimmy Carter
C、Richard Nixon
D、Gerald Ford
正确答案:


第20题,20.(2.5分)Whenwasslaverylegallyabolished?
A、In 1803
B、In 1863
C、In 1865
D、In 1776
正确答案:


第21题,21.(2.5分)WhichofthefollowingwasnotoneoftheauthorsoftheConstitution?
A、Thomas Jefferson
B、George Washington
C、Benjamin Franklin
D、James Madison
正确答案:


第22题,22.(2.5分)ThetotalareaoftheUnitedKingdomofBritainandNorthernIrelandisabout_________.
A、130,000 square kilometers
B、200,000 square kilometers
C、230,000 square kilometers
D、240,000 square kilometers
正确答案:


第23题,23.(2.5分)ThelongestriverintheU.K.is_____whichrisesinthemountainsof______.
A、the Clyde...Scotland
B、the Severn...Wales
C、the Tweed...Scotland
D、the Thames...Wales
正确答案:


第24题,24.(2.5分)TheBritishpublicschoolsaimatshaping_____.
A、team spirit and mind as well
B、characters as well as brain power
C、characters and spirit as well
D、A.bodies as well as heads
正确答案:


第25题,25.(2.5分)TheclimateofBritainis____one.
A、continental
B、tropical
C、maritime
D、arctic
正确答案:


第26题,26.(2.5分)_____aretheoldestschoolsintheU.K.
A、Independent schools
B、Grammar schools
C、Preparatory schools
D、Public schools
正确答案:


第27题,27.(2.5分)Oxfordgotstartedinthe____centuryandCambridgeinthe______century.
A、12th...13th
B、13th...13th
C、13th...14th
D、13th...12th
正确答案:


第28题,28.(2.5分)Grammarschoolsemphasize____andoffermoresubjects.
A、general education
B、eleven plus
C、experiments
D、academic studies
正确答案:


第29题,29.(2.5分)Aftermarriage,theBritishnewlywedsusuallylive______.
A、with their parents
B、separately
C、together
D、alone in their own houses
正确答案:


第30题,30.(2.5分)Intermsofmarriagenochildcanmarrybelowtheageof________inBritain.
A、sixteen
B、seventeen
C、eighteen
D、nineteen
正确答案:


第31题,31.(2.5分)InBritain,thegreatmajorityofparentssendtheirchildrento______.
A、public schools
B、private schools
C、State schools
D、voluntary schools
正确答案:


第32题,32.(2.5分)The"elevenplus"istheexaminationtakenbychildrenintheirlastyearat______.
A、nusery school
B、primary school
C、prep school
D、secondary school
正确答案:


第33题,33.(2.5分)Intheexaminationcalledthe"elevenplus",studentswiththehighestmarksgoto______.
A、grammar schools
B、technical schools
C、secondary modern schools
D、public schools
正确答案:


第34题,34.(2.5分)IfastudentwantstogototheuniversityinBritain,hewilltaketheexaminationcalled_____.
A、the Certificate of Secondary Education
B、the Ordinary level of the General Certificate of Education
C、the Advanced level of the General Certificate of Education
D、the common entrance examinatiopn
正确答案:


第35题,35.(2.5分)PublicschoolsinEnglandareusuallyattendedbythosewhoseparentsare____.
A、rich
B、politically conservative
C、both rich and politically conservative
D、liberal
正确答案:


第36题,36.(2.5分)WhichofthefollowingdoesnotreflectthecharacteristicoffreedominBritisheducation?
A、No centralized control from the central government.
B、The different types of schools.
C、The diverse system of university degrees.
D、The completely free education at universities.
正确答案:


第37题,37.(2.5分)WhichofthefollowingisnotacharacteristicofOpenUniversity?
A、It is open to everybody.
B、It is non-residential.
C、Lectures are broadcast on TV and radio.
D、No university degree is awarded.
正确答案:


第38题,38.(2.5分)WhichofthefollowingisafeatureofBritisheducationasawhole?
A、Education is chaotic.
B、Education is very expensive.
C、Education is highly centralized.
D、Education is rather independent and enjoys a great deal of freedom.
正确答案:


第39题,39.(2.5分)WhobecomesPresidentifthePresidentdies?
A、Vice-President
B、the Secretary of State
C、the head of the Senate
D、the Secretary of Defense
正确答案:


第40题,40.(2.5分)HowmanyyearsdoesamemberoftheHouseofRepresentativesserve?
A、One
B、Two
C、Three
D、Four
正确答案:














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