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福建师范大学14秋学期课程考试《高级英语阅读(二)》作业考核试题

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发表于 2015-3-9 17:22:04 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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I. Reading comprehension
5 x) g9 J6 z. L+ J" d7 LPassage 1  U: |2 T) K) W( S. A
Strip cartoons in newspapers are immensely popular. Some people only buy certain newspapers in order to follow the adventures of their favorite cartoon characters. Generally speaking,strip cartoons are neither subtle nor unkind. Their appeal rests largely on the fact that ordinary people can identify with them—the ‘little man’ in the office,the ups and downs of suburban married life,the domineering behavior of neighbors, children, relations and household pets,to say nothing of cars,washing machines,vacuum cleaners and similar contraptions(奇妙的装置)which frequently seem to have a will of their own.
, r  `! u% m4 Q+ l4 FWeary commuters battling with public transport,harassed housewives underpaid secretaries and clerks—hardworking people who don’t live glamorous and exciting lives—can laugh at themselves in these cartoons. Sometimes a strip cartoon represents a world of pure fantasy in which Superman or Woman always emerges triumphant in spite of the most hair-raising adventures. We know we aren’t really like that,but it’s fun to think we could be if we had the chance.4 }  m+ u& e5 y4 f3 @3 h
Political cartoons are essentially topical and pull no punches. Their wit mirrors the absurdities,prejudices and blunders in law and order and current affairs. The physical characteristics of prominent men and women in Government or State are mercilessly caricatured(讽刺). Since the English,with the inborn independence of an island race,have a healthy contempt for bureaucracy and are cheerfully critical of whatever government happens to be in office, political cartoons provide an endless source of amusement. After all, as a famous politician is reported to have said,“…politics are too serious a matter to be left to politicians.”$ w2 A# i. C4 Q: i, C
1. Strip cartoons generally ________., p/ Q* U) M) @$ Q' M3 @* J5 c
A) represent people we know personally
$ a' u" d) y1 |. S. O1 K6 XB) are a means of identification8 N* i/ B. j4 N# p; {
C) are not intended to be offensive: \8 z2 G/ p: \
D) bear little relation to ordinary life0 R; o" F& `* s3 L7 ]7 q( i
2. In the opinion of the writer some household appliances                        .+ b$ K7 h' @1 n0 P: l2 j
A) behave as if they were human! ^9 j  T3 }' @1 A; \# i
B) are always falling to pieces
2 V. [. r. {4 w' }( l* x4 f( V8 o+ KC) are fitted with on controls, V( h- l4 m; ?* p% o# ^
D) are not designed to work efficiently
  `! [+ c6 n1 |9 |3. Cartoons of office or domestic life have a particular appeal for people who                    .
; T7 l8 H; [2 h  l, ZA) have plenty of self-confidence
2 p, s, t  x1 b7 p0 UB) like to indulge their fantasies
. U* s$ |5 Y- B0 N; R( A! gC) have routine jobs
0 A8 u% m$ t% I- ]  H" ]D) envy their superiors: D. I7 J) b' x- Y! f- T$ F0 I
4. Political cartoonists are not afraid to                                .( M; k0 T" i+ o& B
A) misrepresent public opinion. p* k/ ]1 T  Z
B) ridicule government policy: Q1 G9 [, @; @% l  E1 U+ g
C) offend public opinion5 q6 [2 d5 z+ y% s1 e/ f8 K
D) break the law: [: k: x/ K+ H) B4 F& g& h
5. Whatever form of government is elected the general public will invariably         it.6 H4 o, e. ?3 D5 \
A) ignore                B) reject C) laugh at                D) find fault with. |4 H, q: r8 U0 Q' g0 U
Passage 2
: v1 ?7 w3 p. NSome economists have suggested that the U.S. distribution of income is somehow naturally more unequal than that of other countries. After all,the U.S. is geographically and racially more diverse than Europe. Nevertheless, it is noted that even the highest-income regions of the U.S. have significantly higher rates of poverty than all but the poorest nations of Europe. Romania or Bulgaria might have similar percentages of poverty, but theirs is hardly a standard for the world’s richest nation to aspire to.
5 P# K+ c% T/ M' A5 ]Even if blacks,the racial group with the highest poverty level,are eliminated from the calculations,the U.S. still has twice the European rate of poverty. and American poor work just as much as the poor of European nations, if not more. More single mothers in the U.S.,for example,have jobs than in Great Britain(although fewer than is Sweden,where liberal childcare allowances make it easier to combine family and employment)1 t7 b/ q! O& b* T9 m8 t
If the exodus(退出)from the bottom of the middle class can be traced to a lack of government support for the working poor,that still leaves departures at the top to be explained. Although income from two careers is pushing an increasing number of households over the threshold to the upper class,higher salaries earned by men account for the bulk of upward mobility. In addition,many are moving up simply because the salary of the top 10 percent of wage earners is now at least 3.8 time that of the bottom 20 percent,as compared with 2.6 only 25 years ago.$ T* f0 {- ]: {9 [
Will the middle class eventually become a minority in the U.S.?Current numbers suggest there is no danger of that before the turn of the century at least. Nevertheless, the trend seems ominous(不祥的).  As long as the work force is increasingly segregated into professionalized,high paying jobs and less skilled,low-paying ones,the middle will be threatened.% _& [$ [7 i. A4 [7 B
6. The highest-income regions of the U.S. have higher rates of poverty than       .2 K" ^9 f# w, B# L: Z. d7 n
A) Romania and Bulgaria
8 a5 Y, @6 f! C1 h- j& |: ZB) the poorest nations of Europe
# K3 w7 T8 X% y7 ]2 O& SC) all European nations
5 d$ X7 G8 b  |5 E/ I8 o% f. c1 s% \D) all except the poorest European nations
6 \& u# |6 V2 [7. The U.S. distribution of income is more unequal than that of European countries because         .
8 v5 y7 |" ]4 w! ^! h4 x0 EA) the U.S. has twice the European rate of poverty
2 }. H6 L. F$ O0 B: MB) the U.S. is one of the world’s richest nations # s& S- i. w& p- S2 `- h; P
C) Europe is geographically and racially less diverse than the U.S.6 P  o  ]3 c% w4 s
D) there is a lack of government support for the working poor in U.S.  s  m7 _$ w' {9 j& P, S3 `& ]
8. By saying “the salary of the top 10 percent of wage earners is now at least 3.8 times that of the bottom 20 percent,as compared with 2.6 only 25 years ago,” the author means        .
. A, u" e/ j/ ^; E4 I, F0 m2 \- UA) the gulf between top earners and bottom wage earners has considerably widened in 25 years
: n/ h" M# U) n2 \# {B) more people are neither rich nor poor now+ {2 }' ^* R  C8 E1 H- C
C) the number of the top 10 percent of wage earners has increased% c1 b( L; V$ b2 X  ~5 P
D) the salary of the 10 percent of wage earners has increased greatly
" J$ q- I( l' l* P" @9. from the passage,it can be concluded that                        .
8 ~" b7 ~  y6 u  ]) R: K  DA) the middle class will eventually become a minority in the U.S.- @3 |: b5 M% i7 ^. L7 C
B) most of the middle class people will more into the upper class before the end of this century
) q( a1 R" g2 C7 S( y; R2 _+ [C) if the gap between the rich and poor further widens,the proportion of the middle class population will decrease
* P  s  h  G3 N' N  ^D) professionalized,high-paying jobs will comprise the bulk of the work force in the U.S.
+ Z2 x2 \6 g3 t3 o10. “Two careers” in Para. 3 refers to                        .+ q$ j) S8 i$ C$ K- d8 ]8 p" F3 c' m
A) the middle and upper classes  B) high-paying and low-paying jobs
$ c/ F. v8 i9 {% L( OC) husband’s and wife’s jobs   D) the top and the bottom wage earners+ u& d9 F& l0 d9 m: c9 b
What is the significance of the Reformation (Unit 8, text 1, Book IV)?' ]3 Z8 H$ @. [* f. g! a, F
II. Put the following into Chinese:
1 ?2 B$ E% s6 j/ J' M) M1. Successful implementation of the key concepts of “reform and opening up” and “ economics as the central task” over the past 30 days through an internal policy of change and capacity building, enabled China to develop into an economic powerhouse. 6 N, k+ l* O% y* P* v+ S: i
2. The suggestion that further negotiations are to take place to produce an “acceptable” report suggests that the politics of coalition government are doing the country disservice. Given the sensitivities involved, all the information should be available so that people can reach their own conclusions, rather than being left with suspicion that fact are being replaced by political ideology. 3 W4 U: P3 w; w" [; v
III. Answer the following question:( n( ?4 _0 B) Y! R
What is the significance of the Reformation (Text 1, Unit 8, Book IV)?
$ @( w: H$ ]( @- f2 f
* x* F' |' ~- I) z6 jAnswer Sheet
: ]' o4 h/ `6 z8 z7 E" dI.                   Reading Comprehension3 ]! }" L5 o: r' k/ C
( f- h* d0 v1 w8 W/ k9 r
1.       ____ 2. ____3. ____ 4. ____5. ____! I1 ~: ^9 n7 S- z/ \& O6 Y

0 ]9 b) o, ?/ F. ]" p$ U  S+ r( [6. _____7. _____8. ____9. ____10. ____/ z5 p" ?' Y' A8 o& a/ q: q# \
II. Put the following into Chinese
, R( e$ d5 h9 t9 e. o
5 N9 v! s" O& D/ A+ L: a; h7 B
3 P, u5 W) U- q4 E: s5 l$ z# S9 O9 }4 s+ U* O  }; L! h) O! D

6 n, H+ u- s/ e+ o) e7 W
) T: L" z6 L+ N% ]" @* }) M1 }! E) R3 ?( b) r5 [& G6 z
% C# I9 \$ `6 B9 I# s

# M  f- ]! s! d0 |1 E" a+ ?( i; o$ A' \* q( z

% f" @+ ?, s( l& t4 V6 iIII. Answer the following question) b4 t3 P1 k" q1 b- A7 c
/ E. T1 q- N& ^3 N, V
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