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[北京语言大学]19春《英语国家概况(I)》作业1234(答案)

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【奥鹏】[北京语言大学]19春《英语国家概况(I)》作业1
试卷总分:100    得分:100
第1题,In Britain, the First Civil War was fought between the Roundheads who were the parliamentary soldiers led by(  ), and the Cavaliers who were King Charles’s supporters.
A、John Lilburne
B、Oliver Cromwell
C、Prince Rupert
D、William Joyce



第2题,The first European settlement on the continent began in__________.
A、1901
B、1788
C、1770
D、1787



第3题,The Australian national day is set on January 26 to commemorate ______________.
A、the founding of the Commonwealth of Australia
B、the discovery of 'the great southern unknown land
C、the first European settlement of the continent
D、Captain James Cook's first voyage around Australia



第4题,If a student wants to go to university in Britain, he will take the examination called_______.
A、General Certificate of Education--Advanced
B、General Certificate of Secondary Education
C、the common entrance examination
D、General National Vocational Qualifications



第5题,The two main land masses in New Zealand are__________.
A、the White Island and the thermal region
B、the North Island and the South Island
C、the Southern Alps and the North Island
D、Auckland and the South Island



第6题,______is not considered a characteristic of London.
A、The cultural centre
B、The business centre
C、The financial centre
D、The sports centre



第7题,Convict transportation to the mainland of Australia ended in__________.
A、1840
B、1855
C、1851
D、1901



第8题,The first European settlement on the continent began in ____________.
A、1901
B、1788
C、1770
D、1787



第9题,The largest state in Australia in terms of population is ____________.
A、Queensland
B、New South Wales
C、Western Australia
D、Victoria



第10题,The central part of Ireland is characterized by many lakes, low ridges and(   ).
A、peat bogs
B、rapid streams
C、small islands
D、high cliffs



第11题,The Dreaming has an ‘elective affinity' with Capitalism.
A、错误
B、正确



第12题,The Times, which began publishing in 1785, is the British oldest daily newspaper.
A、错误
B、正确



第13题,The Great Famine lasted from 1845- 1848.
A、错误
B、正确



第14题,Today, the Irish economy is dominated in many ways by many multinationals, particularly in the electronic and pharmaceutical industries.
A、错误
B、正确



第15题,King Alfred the Great united England under his rule in 829.
A、错误
B、正确



第16题,The word “Ireland” is used ambiguously to mean both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
A、错误
B、正确



第17题,The Conservative party, the Labour party and the Liberal Democrats are the three major national parties in the UK.
A、错误
B、正确



第18题,The Bill of Rights ensured that the King would never be able to ignore Parliament.
A、错误
B、正确



第19题,The President of Ireland is elected directly by the people.
A、错误
B、正确



第20题,The Australia, the senate of Parliament has the power to enact legislation.
A、错误
B、正确

















【奥鹏】[北京语言大学]19春《英语国家概况(I)》作业2
试卷总分:100    得分:100
第1题,The first European settlement on the continent began in ____________.
A、1901
B、1788
C、1770
D、1787



第2题,The cause of the Hundred Years' War was_     .
A、territorial
B、economic
C、partly territorial and partly economic
D、partly territorial and partly religious



第3题,The modern games of tennis originated in(   )in the late 19th century.
A、Scotland
B、Ireland
C、England
D、Wales



第4题,Australia’s most common native plants are(   ).
A、palms and roses
B、willows and sunflowers
C、pines and orchids
D、eucalypts and wattles



第5题,_____ were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England.
A、the Anglo-Saxons
B、the Normans
C、the Vikings
D、the Romans



第6题,The English Civil War is also called _     .
A、the Puritan Revolution
B、the Chartist Movement
C、the Wars of the Roses
D、the Hundred Years' War



第7题,In Britain, the Speaker is a member who is acceptable to all shades of opinion in (   ).
A、the Privy Council
B、the House of Lords
C、the Supreme Court
D、the House of Commons



第8题,How many seats in the House of Commons should a party hold at least in order to win the election?
A、651
B、326
C、626
D、351



第9题,British colonial expansion began with ______.
A、the establishment of the British East India Company in 1600
B、the settlement of the Dutch East India Company at Cape Town in 1652
C、the occupation of Chinese Hong Kong in 1841
D、the colonization of Newfoundland in 1583



第10题,What are the major mineral exports of Australia?
A、Bauxite, alumina, and coal.
B、Bauxite, gold and mineral sands.
C、Crude oil, diamonds and liquefied natural gas.
D、Crude oil, alumina and coal.



第11题,It was believed before 1980s that the government should play the central role in the promotion and maintenance of the social prosperity.
A、错误
B、正确



第12题,The battle of Bannockburn led by Robert the Bruce succeeded in winning the full independence of Wales.
A、错误
B、正确



第13题,In the 1950s and 1960s in an Irish family there were 2 or 3 children on average.
A、错误
B、正确



第14题,Amongst European nations, Britain is the largest investor in China and sells much more of its own manufactured goods in China than do German or France.
A、错误
B、正确



第15题,Charles Dickens is one of the most famous of English Modernist writers.
A、错误
B、正确



第16题,Australian government departments are administered only by the authority of the elected Ministers.
A、错误
B、正确



第17题,The convicts Elizabeth and James Ruse became the first successful farming family in Australia.
A、错误
B、正确



第18题,The Bill of Rights ensured that the King would never be able to ignore Parliament.
A、错误
B、正确



第19题,The Irish Government has the sole power of making laws for the state.
A、错误
B、正确



第20题,In Britain the general election is normally held every four years.
A、错误
B、正确












【奥鹏】[北京语言大学]19春《英语国家概况(I)》作业3
试卷总分:100    得分:100
第1题,In Britain,(  )formally appoints important government ministers, judges,etc.
A、the Queen
B、the Prime Minister
C、the Lord President of the Council
D、the Speaker of the House of Commons



第2题,Who were the first inhabitants of the Australian continent?
A、British settlers
B、Aboriginal people
C、European migrants



第3题,_____ is the oldest newspaper in Australia.
A、The Sydney Morning Herald
B、The Australian
C、The Mercury
D、The Australian Financial Review



第4题,Ireland is one of the most___countries of Europe.
A、Puritan
B、Catholic
C、Christian
D、Protestant



第5题,The Australian Day falls on __________.
A、April 25
B、Jan. 1
C、Jan. 26



第6题,Which of the following was first adopted in Australia?
A、The three-tier government system
B、Secret Ballots
C、The two-chamber parliament
D、The public services



第7题,Which of the following about the Queen is not true?
A、The Queen selects the Prime Minister and the Cabinet
B、The Queen symbolises the tradition and unity of the British state
C、The Queen acts as a confidante to the Prime Minister
D、The Queen is the temporal head of the Church of England



第8题,Chaucer is he the author of(  )
A、Beowulf
B、The Canterbury
C、Rip Van Winkle
D、Twelfth Night



第9题,______ is the oldest newspaper in Australia.
A、The Sydney Morning Herald
B、The Australian
C、The Mercury
D、The Australian Financial Review



第10题,Australia is divided into three geological parts. They are:__________.
A、the Great Dividing Range, NSW, and Tasmania
B、the Australian Alps, the Great Dividing Range and Western Australia
C、Northern Territory, South Australia and Tasmania
D、the Great Western Plateau, the Central Eastern Lowlands and the Eastern Highlands



第11题,The Tower of London, a historical sight, located in the center of London, was built by William the Conqueror.
A、错误
B、正确



第12题,The Prime Minister and his Cabinet at federal level is the acknowledged center of Australian parliamentary power.
A、错误
B、正确



第13题,Australia was essentially unknown in the West until the 17th century.
A、错误
B、正确



第14题,The Parliament alone has no power to change the terms of the Constitution.
A、错误
B、正确



第15题,In Britain the general election is normally held every four years.
A、错误
B、正确



第16题,Traditionally, people gave Christmas gifts or money to their staff or servants on Boxing day, which is the day after Christmas.
A、错误
B、正确



第17题,The Bill of Rights ensured that the King would never be able to ignore Parliament.
A、错误
B、正确



第18题,In 1541, Queen Elizabeth I declared to be the Queen of Ireland, the first monarch to do so.
A、错误
B、正确



第19题,The Dreaming has an ‘elective affinity' with Capitalism.
A、错误
B、正确



第20题,Britain remains one of the Group of Seven large industrial economies.
A、错误
B、正确

















【奥鹏】[北京语言大学]19春《英语国家概况(I)》作业4
试卷总分:100    得分:100
第1题,Two of the most famous literary works of the late 17th century were _     .
A、Hamlet and Paradise Lost
B、Pilgrim s Progress and Paradise Lost
C、Paradise Lost and Shepherd's Calendar
D、Romeo and Juliet and Shepherd's Calendar



第2题,The cause of the Hundred Years' War was_     .
A、territorial
B、economic
C、partly territorial and partly economic
D、partly territorial and partly religious



第3题,If a student wants to go to university in Britain, he will take the examination called_______.
A、General Certificate of Education--Advanced
B、General Certificate of Secondary Education
C、the common entrance examination
D、General National Vocational Qualifications



第4题,Traditional British farming involved(  ), which dated back to the 5th century.
A、the open field system
B、the system of crop rotation
C、the use of artificial fertilizer
D、the use of new agricultural machinery



第5题,With which of the following countries has Australia achieved full free trade?
A、Japan
B、Britain
C、New Zealand
D、The United States.



第6题,The Australian national day is set on January 26 to commemorate ______________.
A、the founding of the Commonwealth of Australia
B、the discovery of 'the great southern unknown land'
C、the first European settlement of the continent
D、Captain James Cook's first voyage around Australia



第7题,The central part of Ireland is characterized by many lakes, low ridges and(   ).
A、peat bogs
B、rapid streams
C、small islands
D、high cliffs



第8题,______ is the oldest newspaper in Australia.
A、The Sydney Morning Herald
B、The Australian
C、The Mercury
D、The Australian Financial Review



第9题,______ was first adopted in Australia?.
A、The three-tier government system
B、Secret Ballots
C、The two-chamber parliament
D、The public services



第10题,By(   )Britain had built up a big empire, “on which the sun never set”.
A、1900
B、1910
C、1920
D、1930



第11题,In the UK, Children are legally obliged to attend school from the age of 5 (4 in Northern Ireland) to 15.
A、错误
B、正确



第12题,The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy: the official head of state is the Queen.
A、错误
B、正确



第13题,The Good Friday Agreement, approved on 10 April 1998, assures the loyalist community that Northern Ireland remains part of the United Kingdom and it won’t change its political status unless the majority of the people Northern Ireland agree.
A、错误
B、正确



第14题,In communication, the Irish value talking most.
A、错误
B、正确



第15题,In the 1950s and 1960s in an Irish family there were 2 or 3 children on average.
A、错误
B、正确



第16题,A low rate of domestic industrial investment coupled with a very high rate of overseas investment is still a characteristic of the UK economy.
A、错误
B、正确



第17题,Northern Ireland is the smallest of the four nations, but is well-known in the world for its most famous landmark.
A、错误
B、正确



第18题,Under the White Australia Policy, immigrants to Australia had to take a test in a European language, the failure of which would be given the status of prohibited immigrant.
A、错误
B、正确



第19题,While the English are largely protestant, the Irish of the Republic largely belong to the Roman Catholic faith.
A、错误
B、正确



第20题,Forty years ago, almost three quarters of existing schools were “confessional”, that is, associated with one Christian sect or another.
A、错误
B、正确




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