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【北京大学】36081002-大学英语2-第三组2019秋(资料)

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发表于 2019-9-24 10:54:32 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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【北京大学】36081002-大学英语2-第三组2019秋
试卷总分:100    得分:100
第1题,[组合题]<p>
        <b></b>
</p>
<p align="center" style="text-align:center;">
        <b><span>National
Middle School Games will be held in Changsha</span></b>
</p>
<p>
        <span>Sports are good for our health. Sports can
make our bodies strong. To make more students know their importance, a sports
meeting for middle school students is held in China. This year is its 10<sup>th</sup> birthday. It will be held from August 16<sup>th</sup> to 21<sup>st</sup> in
Changsha, the capital city of Hunan Province. It is the National Middle School
Games.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>The Games have eight events. They are track
and field (</span>田径<span>), swimming,
basketball, volleyball, table tennis, Wushu, aerobics (</span>健美操<span>) and soccer.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>The National Middle School Games are held
every three years. Nine Games have been held successfully until now and many
middle school students have taken part in the Games.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>It is reported that 205 teams with nearly
5,000 athletes (</span>运动员<span>) will take part in
the Games in 2009. All the athletes are from different parts of the country
including Hong Kong and Macau. They are training hard and will come to Changsha
for the games. We hope they will love the beautiful city and that their dreams
will come true.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <br />
</p>
<p>
        <br />
</p>
<p>
        请根据短文内容对下列<span>5</span>个句子进行判断。认为对,选择<span>A (True)</span>;认为错,选择<span>B (False)</span>。&nbsp;
</p>
正确答案:


第2题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>Pearl S. Buck was a very popular American
writer of her day. She was famous for her books about China. Pearl S. Buck was
awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>The writer was born in West Virginia,
America. She spent almost half of her long life in China. Her youth was spent
in Jiangsu Province, China. She learned to speak Chinese before she could speak
English.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>Her mother had traveled widely in her youth
and liked literature very much. After being educated by her mother and by a
Chinese teacher, Pearl S. Buck went to school in Shanghai at the age of
fifteen. She continued her education in the United States at a Women’s College
to study psychology. After graduating in 1914, she returned to China as a
teacher. In the 1920s her family moved to Nanjing. There she taught English and
American literature at a university.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>As a writer, Buck’s book, <i>The Good Earth</i>,
appeared in 1931 and sold quite well in its first year. It has been translated
into over thirty languages. In 1938 she became the third American to win the
Nobel Prize for Literature. By the time of her death, Pearl had published more
than seventy books. Pearl S. Buck died in March, 1973, just two months before
her 81<sup>st</sup> birthday.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>&nbsp;</span>
</p>
<p>
        请根据短文内容对下列<span>5</span>个句子进行判断。认为对,选择<span>A (True)</span>;认为错,选择<span>B (False)</span>。<span></span>
</p>
正确答案:


第3题,[组合题]<p>
        Canadian circus
tycoon (马戏团巨头) Guy Laliberte returned to Earth recently wearing his trademark clown’s
red nose after an interesting space trip. <span>A Russian
Soyuz space capsule carried Laliberte to the International Space Station (ISS).</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>“My clown’s nose is a symbol of my mission.
It can also remind me that I should never forget that once I was a kid,” said
Laliberte. “Travelling into space just represents my childhood dream.”</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>Laliberte is the founder of the popular
Cirque du Soleil (</span>太阳马戏团<span>) and the
seventh person in history to enjoy a self-financed trip (</span>自费旅行<span>) into space. He called himself “the first clown in space” who
entertained the crew of the ISS and hosted a show from space. The show was
aimed at highlighting the importance of clean water on Earth. It linked the
International Space Station with singers, dancers and celebrities in 14 cities
around the world. This spectacle was the first of its kind to be hosted from
outer space.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>During the show, Laliberte said Planet
Earth looked “so great and also so fragile… We should not forget that we have a
great privilege to live on planet Earth.”</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>&nbsp;</span>
</p>
<p>
        请根据短文内容对下列<span>5</span>个句子进行判断。认为对,选择<span>A (True)</span>;认为错,选择<span>B (False)</span>。<span></span>
</p>
正确答案:


第4题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>Do you have a mobile phone? Do you send
text messages to your friends and family?</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>Text messaging or “texting” is becoming
very popular. But, scientists have discovered that texting can give us problems
with our hands. Be careful! Too much texting can cause RSI (Repetitive Strain
Injury) in our thumbs (</span>大拇指<span>) and wrists
(</span>腕关节<span>). We spoke to a doctor called Harriet
Wilson, who treats many patients with RSI. She says if we spend more than 10-15
minutes texting each time, we could have problems in the future.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>Dr. Harjeet Deepa, who treats RSI patients,
said that the youngest patient she had treated was a five-year-old girl. She
had such bad RSI in her hands that she couldn’t hold a pencil.</span>
</p>
<p>
        As mobile
phones develop, they are getting smaller with buttons closer together. Texting
with a smaller phone, is worse than using a larger phone with bigger buttons.
Using computers and playing video games can cause the same problem. So more and
more people could find themselves with RSI.
</p>
<p>
        Many
university students and teenagers have RSI. If we don’t do anything about this,
too many young people could grow up in terrible pain.
</p>
<p>
        &nbsp;
</p>
<p>
        请根据短文内容对下列<span>5</span>个句子进行判断。认为对,选择<span>A (True)</span>;认为错,选择<span>B (False)</span>。<span></span>
</p>
正确答案:


第5题,[组合题]<p>
        The truth
is that the diet and lifestyle of teenagers are often a headache to adults.
But, the good news is that you can feel better, look better and have more
energy if you eat the right food and exercise regularly.
</p>
<p>
        Healthy eating
along with regular exercise is the only way to become fit. Diets just don’t
work in the long term, yet 19% of the teenagers say they have tried dieting and
skipping meals to control their weight! If you take in the correct number of
calories and exercise regularly, you will lose weight, keep fit, and feel
great.
</p>
<p>
        During your
teenage years, it is important to give your body the energy it needs. If you
skip meals, you don’t get enough calories, and then you feel tired. By the way,
“calorie” is just another word of energy. Teenage girls need about 2,200
calories a day and boys need a bit more – doctors suggest 2,800 for teenage
boys. 50% of your calories should come from rice, bread, vegetables and fruit.
You also need to drink a lot of water, 6 to 8 glasses a day. Water helps keep
your system clean. Drinking enough water will make you look good, feel good and
be healthy. Experts suggest that teenagers spend at least 30 minutes
exercising, five times a week. That is easy to do! Walking and riding your bike
count, and so do school sports. Often, teenagers give up on sports, saying they
have no time left after their studies. Many teenagers are surprised to learn
that when you exercise, your body produces some chemicals (化学物质) that make you feel relaxed and increase your ability to focus on your
study. These chemicals can even help you sleep better at night.
</p>
<p>
        If you
follow the suggestions above, you will look and feel much better in no time at
all.
</p>
<p>
        &nbsp;
</p>
<p>
        请根据短文内容对下列<span>5</span>个句子进行判断。认为对,选择<span>A (True)</span>;认为错,选择<span>B (False)</span>。<span></span>
</p>
正确答案:


第6题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>As the heat of the summer almost kills the
people, people there have found their place to cool themselves down.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>Thousands of Chinese holidaymakers ran into
a big problem when they finally escaped the heat at a wonderful water park</span>—<span>they had no way to escape each other. Up to 10,000 people went into
the water park</span>—<span>known as the 'Dead Sea'
of China </span>—<span> during a spell of high
temperatures in Daying County, in China’s Sichuan province.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>With so many people using inflatables (</span>可充气物<span>) to float around the pool, there is no hope of doing any swimming
or diving. But that didn’t prevent the holidaymakers from having a little fun,
as they played with each other, took photos and enjoyed the socializing (</span>社交<span>), they didn’t hate being crowded. It can hold up to 10,000 visitors
at once and more than a million people visit every summer, according to its
owners.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>The man-made 'sea' was created using rich
salt resources in the region and has 43 different minerals and microelements (</span>微量元素<span>). Because it has more than 22 per cent of salt, swimmers float
freely on the surface - much as they do in the Dead Sea in the Middle East.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>When they’re not in the crowded (</span>拥挤的<span>) pool, visitors can relax at a spa, take a swing on a golf course
or sit back and watch foreign cheerleaders who entertain the crowds.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>&nbsp;</span>
</p>
<p>
        请根据短文内容对下列<span>5</span>个句子进行判断。认为对,选择<span>A (True)</span>;认为错,选择<span>B (False)</span>。<span></span>
</p>
正确答案:


第7题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>It was a chance meeting. But it made the
difference between life and possible death of a 2-year-old boy suffering from
leukemia (</span>白血病<span>).</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>The mother of Li Rui took her kid to
Tianjin to see the doctor. She had to go back sadly on February, 15 because she
had no so much money. She happened to meet Premier Wen Jiabao when the Premier
was on his work tour at the Tianjin Railway Station. Knowing the mother was
about to give up treatment (</span>治疗<span>) for her
child because of the short of money and get back their home in Zhangjiakou of
north China’s Hebei Province, Premier Wen asked his members to arrange
treatment for Li Rui at a hospital in Beijing. At the same time, he himself
donated (</span>捐赠<span>) RMB 10,000 for Li
Rui.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>Now, Li Rui has god good treatment at the
Beijing Children’s Hospital, and many people in the country donated money to Li
Rui’s parents.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>The father of Li Rui, Li Guishu, a farm
worker, is still at a loss of words. The only thing he says is: “I want to
write a thank-you letter to the Premier.”</span>
</p>
正确答案:


第8题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>The year of the Dog has gone and this year
we have pigs. What words can we think of for pigs?</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>Some bad words maybe, like silly, dirty,
greedy (</span>贪婪<span>)… But, are these
true?</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>When we see pigs, they are usually in dirty
water of behind dirty fences. But pigs also want to be clean if they can. Pigs
have no sweat glands (</span>汗腺<span>), so they
have to get cool in water when they feel hot.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>If people are greedy, we say they “pig
out”. Yes, pigs love eating a lot. But they are useful to people. People not
only eat their meat but also use other parts of pigs. Pig skin is used for glue
and shoes. The hair can be used to make brushes. Sometimes, pigs are even used
to make medicine.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>“He is as silly as a pig!” This expression
is wrong. Pigs are very smart animals. Among all animals, they are the third
cleverest – monkeys, dolphins and pigs. Scientists think the training of pigs
is easier than the training of dogs and cats. Pigs have a very good sense of
smell. They can find things nearby of faraway. They can also help the police to <u>sniff out</u> drugs (</span>毒品<span>) at an
airport or at a train station.</span>
</p>
正确答案:


第9题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>Zhang Jin was excited to get a free trip to
Thailand from his company. But the manager from Qingdao, Shandong Province,
didn’t expect to have a dangerous experience.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>The next day, when he arrived in Bangkok,
the capital of Thailand, he was shocked to find himself in a city filled with
street battles (</span>战斗<span>) between two groups.
One group was supporting the Thai government while the other was against it.
The group that was against the government has taken a number of actions
recently. It <u>took over</u> the prime minister’s (</span>总理<span>) office in August and had street battles with the police. Two
people were reported to be killed and hundreds injured. Last month the group
that was against the government <u>took over</u> two international airports in
Bangkok and stopped all flights. About 240,000 foreign tourists, including over
3,000 Chinese people like Zhang, were made to stay in the country. “We were
nervous on the streets. But we felt at home with other Chinese from Hong Kong
or Taiwan,” said Zhang. Luckily, the Chinese government sent flights to bring
the people back. Now, all the Chinese tourists are safely back home. “The
moment the plane left Thailand, we cheered for happiness,” said Zhang.</span>
</p>
正确答案:


第10题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>When my wife and I went to live in an Arab
country, my friends told us to be prepared for a culture <u>shock</u>. Later,
we realized that the advice given to us by our friends was correct.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>The culture shock started with the weather.
Here, the burning sun can cook an egg in a minute! The hot weather made us feel
so tired that were falling asleep at midday!</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>Another culture shock was the working week…
We worked from Saturdays to Wednesdays, including Sundays. It was also strange
to see people praying (</span>祷告<span>) in a certain
direction! They have strict rules for women. They do not let people see their
faces in public. They do not let women drive cars, either. All dresses worn by
women have to cover the body completely. They believe that women cannot be seen
in public.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>At the weekends, we went camping in the
desert. I will never forget watching the sun setting over the desert. We also
enjoyed riding of the camels.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>In the end, we enjoyed living there, but
their culture is very difficult from the American culture.</span>
</p>
正确答案:


第11题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>Many Chinese students think American
students enjoy more freedom than them at school. But American schools also have
their rules. If the students break the rules, they will get punished, too.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>On the first day of a new term, 128
students of Morton High School were sent home for wearing the wrong clothes.
There are altogether 1200 students in the school. Usually only 20 students
break the school dress rule every day. So the headmaster Theresa Mayerik said
it was the worst new term she had ever seen.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>At Morton High School, students’ favorite
clothing such as baggy (</span>宽大的<span>) trousers,
low-necked shirts and tank tops (</span>紧身短背心<span>) are not
allowed in classrooms. Some students think they have the right to choose what
to wear, but the headmaster doesn’t think so. “I’d be <u>supportive</u> if half
the school was sent home, because 99% will get the message that our school are
for education.” “Freedom” does not mean “free of restrictions (</span>约束<span>)”. That is to say there is no total freedom in the world, no matter
in the U.S. or in China.</span>
</p>
正确答案:


第12题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>Mulan is one of a new type of Disney girls
who have appeared in the 90s. She’s brave, independent, and less interested in
winning a boyfriend than earlier Disney girls were.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>Mulan is the only child of her family.
Mulan seems to be different in her world. While most Chinese girls are graceful
and quiet, Mulan is not. When the Huns (</span>匈奴人<span>) invade China, Mulan’s father is called to fight for his country
and the honor of his family. But he is old and can’t walk properly. Mulan
decides to prove that she is worth something and takes her father’s place in
the Chinese army. She prays to her family’s ancestors for protection and luck
before leaving, dressed as a man, with her family’s horse. The ancestors decide
to send Mushu, a little dragon to help Mulan. Weeks later, Mulan and the other
army have survived the fight and are on the way north to stop the Huns. There
she learns that her courage offers her a way to bring honor to her family and
herself.</span>
</p>
<p>
        <span>Mushu was once a guardian dragon of Mulan’s
family. He goes to help Mulan fight the Huns and bring honor to her family.
Mushu might be small, but he has more than enough personality and courage for
the biggest dragons. Mushu wants more than anything to be one of the guardian
dragons again, but at the same time he’s happy to help Mulan get out of
trouble. And he proves in the end that little dragons can have powerful big
hearts.</span>
</p>
正确答案:


第13题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>Many people who work _____ London prefer
_____ live outside it, and to go in to their offices or schools every day _____
train, car or bus, even _____ this means they have to get up early in the
morning and reach home late in the evening. One advantage of living outside
London is that houses are _____. Even a small flat in London without a garden
costs quite a lot to rent. With the same money, one can get a little house in
the country with a garden of one’s own.</span>
</p>
正确答案:


第14题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>What makes a person a _____? Does he have
ways or _____ of learning that are different from those of others? The answer
is “no”. It is not the tools a scientist uses but how he uses these tools that
makes him a scientist. You will _____ agree that knowing how to use a power is
_____ to a carpenter. You will probably agree, too, that knowing how to _____,
how to discover information, is important to everyone.</span>
</p>
正确答案:


第15题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>Short term goals are those that usually
deal with _____ activities, which we can apply on a daily basis. Such goals can
be achieved in a week or _____, or two weeks, or possibly, _____. It should be
remembered that just as a building is no stronger than its foundation,
long-term goals cannot amount to very much without the achievement of solid
short-term goals. _____ completing our short-term goals, we _____ date the
occasion and then add new short-term goals that will build on those that have
been completed.</span>
</p>
正确答案:


第16题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>Go to any Irish city or town on 17<sup>th</sup> March and you’ll see a strange _____: people dressed in green, wearing the
shamrock on their clothes and _____ in parades (</span>游行<span>). What’s it all about? It’s _____, of course! Irish people all over
the world celebrate St Patrick’s Day and big parades _____ in New York, Chicago
and Boston in the USA because lots of Irish people _____ there.</span>
</p>
正确答案:


第17题,[组合题]<p>
        <span>Sarah Brightman was born _____ London in
1960. She worked _____ from an early age, never _____ a minute of free time.
She went to dance _____ after school. When she got home at eight o’clock, she
went to bed. She got up at four in the morning to do her homework and then
began the day _____ over again.</span>
</p>
正确答案:


第18题,[组合题]When people are _____, they take a bath or a shower. Animals don't have _____, but they do keep themselves clean. Many animals with _____, such as dogs and cats, keep _____ clean by licking (舔) their hair. They also use their _____ to pull out small dirty things from their hair. When they lick their hair, it is almost as if they are using a wet brush to clean themselves.
正确答案:


第19题,[组合题]London's Chinese community (社会) dates back _____ the 18th century, when a small _____ of Chinese sailors moved to the city to work in Limehouse, east London. As time went on, other Chinese people came to this _____ and Limehouse began to be known as "Chinatown". However, London's Chinese _____ remained very small for many years: at the start of the 20th century, there were just 545 Chinese people _____ Britain.
正确答案:


第20题,[组合题]Yellow is the color _____ sunshine. It's associated with _____, happiness, and energy. Light yellow is also associated with freshness. Yellow gives us warming feelings, encourage cheerfulness and mental activity, and _____ muscle energy. Yellow is often associated _____ food. Bright yellow can get more attention _____ than other colors. That's why taxis are painted this color. When overused, yellow may have a disturbing effect; it is known that babies cry more in yellow rooms.
正确答案:


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