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[北京语言大学]19秋《阅读(IV)》作业1(100分)

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发表于 2019-10-24 02:46:49 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
谋学网
【奥鹏】[北京语言大学]19秋《阅读(IV)》作业1
试卷总分:100    得分:100
第1题,Yhudi Menuhin, who died in Berlin on March 12, 1999, at the age of 82, was a child prodigy who fulfilled his promise to become one of the world's foremost violinists before extending his range to teaching and conducting.
The gently spoken U.S.-born virtuoso became as renowned for his devotion to humane causes as for his mastery of the violin.
The spotlight has been on him since his debut at seven in 1924. By the time he was 13, he had performed in Paris, London and New York. In Berlin, his performance prompted physicist Albert Einstein to exclaim, "Now I know there is a God in Heaven."
Reportedly the world's highest paid musician in the 1930s, his striving for perfection made him a legend. Menuhin said the violin made its own demands, "Almost like a pagan goddess, exacting a certain tribute."
When he was 38, one New York newspaper wrote, "The freshness and unique purity of his playing is exhilarating. No other violinist has such speaking eloquence in the tone alone."
He gave up public violin performances in his 70s. His hearing was a little impaired by then and he had taken on many more interests. But his conducting was still full of energy and his travel schedule grueling.
"I feel that what I've learned in music I can apply to a wide repertoire, which is fun because I am exploring new terrain," he said in an interview at the time of his 80th birthday.
"But I feel no desire now to spend hours working away again at something which I myself in the past and other people can play far better than I can now. I don't see the point."
A British citizen since 1985 and a life peer since 1993—Baron Menuhin of Stoke d'Abernon in the County of Surrey—he had a school in England and an academy in Switzerland for young musicians, whom he often conducts.
He has also helped found various musical festivals, held the Nehru Peace Prize and was a goodwill ambassador for UNESCO.
While pursuing interests such as the environment, organic farming, alternative medicine, education and the plight of gypsies, he sticks to a long-standing healthy diet and yoga.
"I don't squander my energies. Keep myself in fairly good trim. I stand on my head every morning. Conducting is a wonderful exercise because it uses every faculty," he says.
Question:The public was first attracted to Menuhin when he _________.
A、gave his first musical performance
B、was 13 years old
C、was praised by Einstein
D、became the highest paid musician
正确答案:


第2题,Also serving to produce a distinctive usage was the practice of distinguishing a son from a father by the use of Junior. This typically American practice began in the middle of the eighteenth century when most gentlemen had some knowledge of Latin and were familiar with the use of the term Junior, translated often into English as "the younger," as applied to such Latin worthies as Cato and Pliny. The practice was so well established by 1776 that three signers of the Declaration added the Jr. Agai. British custom has been different; the second of a pair of great statesmen is known as William Pitt, the younger.
Still another important movement beginning around 1750 was the rise of the name Charles. Earlier, Charles is hardly found at all in New England, and is rare in the other colonies. After that its growth was not only steady but even spectacular. By 1850 it had become one of the commonest names, and it has remained close to the top since that time. Its curious nickname, Chuck, is typically American.
Almost at an equal pace with the rise of Charles, the use of Biblical names, even in New England, began to fall off. Ebenezer, and even Samuel and Benjamin, came to have about them an old-fashioned aura.
The facts are clear enough; the causes remain obscure. Immigration probably had little to do with such changes. English influence, at the ideal level, may have helped the growth of Charles. During these same decades the name was increasing in popularity there, where Sir Charles Grandison was a much read novel and Bonie Prince Charlie had given the name a renewed vogue among those who still held sentimentally to the Stuarts. But most of the other new developments seem to be wholly native and even to run counter to British practice.
Question:Those who sympathized with the Stuarts ________,
A、liked to read Sir Charles Grandison
B、adopted the naming habit that was against British practice
C、used Charles as their family names
D、may have helped the popularity of the name Charles
正确答案:


第3题,She was sitting in an armchair ____ a book.
A、reading
B、to read
C、to be reading
D、to have read
正确答案:


第4题,Now the committee ____ seven members.
A、consist of
B、is consisting of
C、is consisted of
D、consists of
正确答案:


第5题,The streets were deserted ____ the policeman on duty.
A、except
B、except for
C、but
D、besides
正确答案:


第6题,In an Indianapolis neighborhood where some teenage girls flaunt pregnancies like new hairdos, Aisha Fields is unabashedly square: She plans to abstain from sex until she marries.
"Most of my friends already have babies," says Aisha, a high school junior and abstinence mentor. "Being pregnant is a fashion. Girls go around bragging:‘I'm three months (pregnant).' They think it's cool."
With 1 million US teens becoming pregnant every year, and 13 percent of all American babies born to teens, Aisha's "just-say-no" attitude is a policymaker's dream come true.
Federal and state officials are banking on such an attitude as they launch a new campaign to shrink the ranks of unwed teenage moms. On Oct. 1, the government will begin dispensing some of the nearly $850 million earmarked under the welfare—reform law over five years for teaching abstinence and preventing out-of-wedlock births.
But experts say there is no research to suggest that abstinence—only education will succeed. In contrast, more comprehensive programs that cover contraception, family planning, and communication skills can help delay sexual involvement by teens, according to a study by the National Campaign to Prevent Pregnancy in Washington.
"It seems foolish to be tossing away all this money without knowing whether it will work," says Lisa Kaeser, a senior associate at the Alan Guttmacher Institute, a Washington-based nonprofit group that researches reproductive health.
But experts agree the latest campaign against teen pregnancy marks a big improvement over older policies in one fundamental respect: It emphasizes prevention.
Question:According to the passage, when teenage girls get pregnant, they feel ________.
A、proud
B、abashed
C、sad
D、puzzled
正确答案:


第7题,Had he worked harder, he ____the exams.
A、must have got through
B、could get through
C、would get through
D、would have got through
正确答案:


第8题,It is no use ____.
A、to buy books and not to read them
B、buying books and not to read them
C、buying books and not reading them
D、to buy books and not reading them
正确答案:


第9题,He stood waving until the train was out of ____.
A、sight
B、glimpse
C、scene
D、reach
正确答案:


第10题,We kept our ____ all night to frighten the wolves.
A、burning fire
B、burnt fire
C、fire burning
D、fire burnt
正确答案:


第11题,We substitute fish ____ meat several times a week.
A、for
B、with
C、to
D、and
正确答案:


第12题,In an Indianapolis neighborhood where some teenage girls flaunt pregnancies like new hairdos, Aisha Fields is unabashedly square: She plans to abstain from sex until she marries.
"Most of my friends already have babies," says Aisha, a high school junior and abstinence mentor. "Being pregnant is a fashion. Girls go around bragging:‘I'm three months (pregnant).' They think it's cool."
With 1 million US teens becoming pregnant every year, and 13 percent of all American babies born to teens, Aisha's "just-say-no" attitude is a policymaker's dream come true.
Federal and state officials are banking on such an attitude as they launch a new campaign to shrink the ranks of unwed teenage moms. On Oct. 1, the government will begin dispensing some of the nearly $850 million earmarked under the welfare—reform law over five years for teaching abstinence and preventing out-of-wedlock births.
But experts say there is no research to suggest that abstinence—only education will succeed. In contrast, more comprehensive programs that cover contraception, family planning, and communication skills can help delay sexual involvement by teens, according to a study by the National Campaign to Prevent Pregnancy in Washington.
"It seems foolish to be tossing away all this money without knowing whether it will work," says Lisa Kaeser, a senior associate at the Alan Guttmacher Institute, a Washington-based nonprofit group that researches reproductive health.
But experts agree the latest campaign against teen pregnancy marks a big improvement over older policies in one fundamental respect: It emphasizes prevention.
Question:Aisha Fields ____________.
A、is pregnant
B、is planning to marry
C、decides not to become pregnant before marriage
D、is unabashed
正确答案:


第13题,Americans are pound of their variety and individuality, yet they love and respect few things more than a uniform, whether it is the uniform of an elevator operator or the uniform of a five-star general. Why are uniforms so popular in the United States?Among the arguments for uniforms, one of the first is that in the eyes of most people they look more professional than civilian(百姓的)clothes. People have become conditioned to expect superior quality from a man who wears a uniform. the television repairman who wears uniform tends to inspire more trust than one who appears in civilian clothes. Faith in the skill of a garage mechanic is increased by a uniform. What easier way is there for a nurse, a policeman, a barber, or a waiter to lose professional identity(身份)than to step out of uniform?Uniforms also have many practical benefits. They save on other clothes. They save on laundry bills. They are tax-deductible(可减税的). They are often more comfortable and more durable than civilian clothes.Primary among the arguments against uniforms is their lack of variety and the consequent loss of individuality experienced by people who must wear them. Though there are many types of uniforms, the wearer of any particular type is generally stuck with it, without change, until retirement. When people look alike, they tend to think, speak, and act similarly, on the job at least.Uniforms also give rise to some practical problems. Though they are long-lasting, often their initial expense is greater than the cost of civilian clothes. Some uniforms are also expensive to maintain, requiring professional dry cleaning rather than the home laundering possible with many types of civilian clothes.
Question:The chief function of a uniform is to ____.
A、provide practical benefits to the wearer
B、make the wearer catch the pubic eye
C、inspire the wearer’s confidence in himself
D、provide the wearer with a professional identity
正确答案:


第14题,____ at the station, John found the train had just left.
A、On reaching
B、On arrival
C、At reaching
D、At arrival
正确答案:


第15题,Ann was not careful enough; ____ she wouldn't have made such a silly mistake.
A、neverthless
B、however
C、otherwise
D、although
正确答案:


第16题,It is said that he ____ murder.
A、committed
B、conducted
C、executed
D、emitted
正确答案:


第17题,His mother is going to stay in Beijing for ____.
A、some times
B、some time
C、sometime
D、sometimes
正确答案:


第18题,You will never guess whom I ____ on the street yesterday.
A、ran over
B、ran out of
C、ran into
D、ran upto
正确答案:


第19题,He came back late, ____ which time all the guests had already left.
A、after
B、by
C、at
D、during
正确答案:


第20题,We hurried to the station ____ find ourselves three hours earlier for the train.
A、only to
B、in order to
C、so as to
D、such as to
正确答案:


第21题,The house is dark. The Browns ____ to bed.
A、may go
B、should go
C、should have gone
D、must have gone
正确答案:


第22题,I doubt ____.
A、whether he can come
B、if he can come or not
C、while he will be here
D、that he will come
正确答案:


第23题,I'd rather that you ____ tomorrow than today.
A、came
B、will come
C、had come
D、is coming
正确答案:


第24题,It is time the government ____ the law into effect.
A、is putting
B、put
C、puts
D、will put
正确答案:


第25题,____ deserves the award will certainly get it.
A、Who we think
B、Whoever we think
C、Whoever does
D、Whoever do we think
正确答案:


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