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[在线] 19秋【贵州电大】[跨文化交际(省)]02任务阶段性测验

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发表于 2019-11-5 04:36:33 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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【贵州电大】[跨文化交际(省)]02任务阶段性测验
试卷总分:100    得分:100
第1题,We Chinese are brought up to initially refuse friendly offers to demonstrate_____in seeming not to wish to put our host to any trouble.
invitation
tradition
politeness
personality
正确答案:


第2题,In UK, in addition to polite expressions, when refusing a request, people find or give_____, if not genuine ones , sometimes called "white lies".
intentions
excuses
concerns
comments
正确答案:


第3题,English  surnames  can  shows how  various  sorts  of information  about  people ,  including  the place  a  person is  from,  the  job  he has ,  family  relationships ,  ethnic  identity  and  personal_____.
consideration
knowledge
politeness
characteristics
正确答案:


第4题,Nowadays in England , people usually call each other_____.
Sir or Madam
by their first name
Mr, Mrs, Miss, or Ms
by their last name
正确答案:


第5题,Unlike in  China,  the  kin  terms  used  for  relatives  do  not  distinguish  between_____ relatives in Britain.
internal  and  external
old  and  young
maternal and  paternal
male and  female
正确答案:


第6题,In the West, it is regarded polite to open gifts as soon as they are given to express_____.
greediness
misunderstanding
gratitude
appreciation
正确答案:


第7题,In America_____is the  collective  informal term for  addressing a  group  of friends.
mates
boys
girls
guys
正确答案:


第8题,It  is  right  to ask  children  or teenagers  their  age.  But  it  is  not  normally_____ in English  speaking societies to ask  an adult  their  age and  never  a  woman!
considerate
polite
impolite
inappropriate
正确答案:


第9题,A Chinese-speaker’s explanation for declining the invitation tends to be more detailed and longer to assure the person who invites that he’s really got something important to do and he usually makes clear what he is going to do.

×
正确答案:


第10题,In China kin terms are mainly confined to family members, though some families still keep the tradition of having children use kin terms when addressing adults who are close neighbors and family friends.

×
正确答案:


第11题,In tha West, Normally people feel that if you open the gift as soon as it is given, you might embarrass the person who gives the gift and you might be thought greedy. So Westen people tend to open the gifts after the visitors have left.

×
正确答案:


第12题,As Chinese dinners usually revolve around one main course rather that  many different dishes hosts often ask beforehand whether guests do not like anything to avoid everyone being disappointed.

×
正确答案:


第13题,The acronym may accidentally spell an uncomplimentary word / a word which has a negative (derogatory) meaning:?Fiona Alice Tanner Graham Adam.

×
正确答案:


第14题,In England kin terms are not only used within one’s own family but also to other people. The appropriate use of kin terms may reflect a  person's politeness, respectfulness, and friendliness. .

×
正确答案:


第15题,In the West, it is regarded as polite to open gifts as soon as they are given to you to express appreciation.

×
正确答案:


第16题,The most frequently used titles used before surnames are Mr, Mrs ( for a married woman), Miss (for an unmarried woman ) and Ms (referring to both married and unmarried women).

×
正确答案:


第17题,Chen Gang has just got to know his new American friend Jim , who came to learn Chinese in Zhejiang University one month ago. One day , Chen Gang invited Jim to dinner together with two of his Chinese friends. It was a very nice and decent meal. There were a lot of dishes that Jim hadn' t tasted before. He kept finishing what Chen Gang and his friends put on his plate eagerly until he felt to burst. But there was still a lot left on the table when the dinner was over. Jim felt sorry for that. And he was surprised that Chen Gang and his friends fought for paying. At last , Chen Gang paid the bill. Jim thought that it was a very expensive meal, and he would so much like to go Dutch with them.
正确答案:1) In America,people value equality. When having dinner together, people usually have their own share of food, and are not supposed to share with the other. Nor are they used to putting food on the other' s plate. Moreover, people stress frugality and simplicity, so everyone is supposed to clean the plate without leaving any food on it. At the end of the dinner, to show equality , it is quite common for the friends to pay for their own meal.2)As a new comer to China , Jim didn"t quite understand Chinese way of eating out with friends. What he found at the Chinese restaurant was quite different from the way in America.In China, when having dinner together among friends, normally the respected one is treated in a special way by being offered more food. And it is quite common for the friends to fight for paying the bill to show their generosity.


第18题,A British tourist is travelling by train in China. Sitting opposite him is a Chinese passenger. They introduce themselves to each other&hellip;British tourist: Hello, I&rsquo;m Eric Jackson. Glad to meet you. <br />Chinese passenger: Hello, my name is Liu Xin. I&rsquo;m glad to meet you, too. Where do you come from, Mr. Eric?<br />British tourist: I&rsquo;m from Britain. Please just call me Eric, Mr. Xin.<br />Chinese passenger: and you may just call me Liu Xin.
正确答案th of them have taken each other&rsquo;s given name for the surname, since the order of the surnames of Chinese and English names are just the opposite. According to British custom its quite normal for persons who first meet to address each other by their given names alone, whereas here, when people first meet, they usually address each other by their full names and never by their given names alone.


第19题,The surname MacDonald in Scotland was probably first used to name Donald's_____.
uncle
son
nephew
daughter
正确答案:


第20题,When you are invited for a western meal, you' re offered a second helping but you have already had enough. What would you say? _____.
Oh, thanks. That tastes awful.
No, I don' twant that.
No, I don't like it.
That was delicious but I' ve already had plenty , thanks
正确答案:


第21题,The traditional , primary relationship in a Chinese family is usually that between_____.
husband and wife
father and children
parents and children
teacher and students
正确答案:


第22题,In China nowadays a lot of people are getting used to sharing the cost of the meal
equally between them,______, as we say.
to buy a round
to foot the bill
to go to Dutch
to go Dutch
正确答案:


第23题,There seems to be growing evidence to suggest that women and men do pursue different_____ style.
interrogative
interactive
indifferent
international
正确答案:


第24题,While many women feel it natural to confer with their partners at every turn , many men feel free to make decisions without such_____.
congratulation
conclusion
commitment
consultation
正确答案:


第25题,Generally speaking for invitations to any meal taking place in the evening, ranging from those given at someone’s home through to dining out together or attending formal banquets, both husband and wife will be included.

×
正确答案:


第26题,In less formal settings, it is usual for people meeting for the first time to use first names straight away, regardless of any difference in ages or status.

×
正确答案:


第27题,In English, male names tend to connote firmness, strength, the power and grandeur of nature, moral values, etc., whereas female names often suggest elegance, manners, virtues, the beauty of nature.

×
正确答案:


第28题,When dining out with friends, in America and England it is quite common for friends to share the cost of the meal equally between them, to go Dutch, or split the bill, which implies equality between friends.

×
正确答案:


第29题,Usually in China is only the first of the given names which is ever used.

×
正确答案:


第30题,In the West. Guests invited to dinner in the West frequently bring one bottle of wine with them.

×
正确答案:


第31题,In Britain it is quite common for only the husband or wife to be invited to a meal , either in work units or between friends, and neither husband nor wife will feel offended if one of them is not invited.

×
正确答案:


第32题,A British tourist is visiting a Chinese family. The Chinese hostess introduces herself and her husband to the guest&hellip; <br />;Chinese hostess: Welcome to my home. My name is Cai Hong, and this is my husband.;<br />;British tourist: Thank you, Mrs. Cai. It&rsquo;s a pleasure to meet you, Mrs.Cai. I&rsquo;m Lucy Taylor. <br />;Chinese hostess: Have a seat, Madam Lucy.
正确答案:The British tourist thinks that Cai Hong&rsquo;s surname is her husband&rsquo;s surname, since she is unaware of the fact in China women still use their own surnames after marriage. Cai thinks that &ldquo;madam&rdquo; is a respectful term of address for any female English speaker, unaware of the fact that in Britain it is usually used by someone who is providing a service such as a shop assistant to a customer or a policeman to a member of the public. It is never used as a title before someone&rsquo;s name. She also mistakes the given name for the surname.;


第33题,Lin had traveled 20 hours from Beijing to New York. He needed a good meal. His American friend, Mike, met him. But Mike only offered him a plate of roasted chicken and a glass of orange juice. Lin was used to having a main course, and asked Mike if he had any rice. Mike said he only had fried noodles. and Lin had to make do with it. Though Lin knew Americans didn't care very much about what food they ate, he still felt surprised because he had taken Mike to the most famous duck restaurant in Beijing- Quanjude - when he arrived in Beijing.
正确答案:1)On the topic of hospitality , the Chinese stress is on warmth and demonstrating friendship. They take the guest to a famous or luxurious restaurant to have a very good(expensive) meal to show their hospitality. And the Chinese are used to having a big meal.2)In western countries, people stress on freedom. They give the guest great freedom to choose their own foods.Western people have only three courses. 3) Lin lived in American surroundings and should have adjusted himself quickly to the new world (lifestyle). He should have known the custom there first, and felt more at ease in Mike's home.

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