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福师11秋《语言与文化》在线作业一

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发表于 2012-2-21 17:46:09 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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一、单选题(共 30 道试题,共 60 分。)V 1.  American scholars generally trace the origin of intercultural communication to____.
0 X# X( \: V/ X/ x* w5 f  x& sA. cultural anthropology.  G/ w: \9 s; |# f  J
B. sociolinguistics.
/ K/ J. _! K5 i4 h; o, p+ ?0 a" UC. comparative education
5 f+ y% {9 Y0 i5 e+ _! M6 u0 sD. philosophy
6 r& o7 P' O0 `6 W" ?2 y      满分:2  分$ i& I4 b9 @" p
2.  The English equivalent for “贱内” is( ).7 v9 d3 u2 t# W; \/ I  @
A. my husband
% i6 J, j+ W9 K+ I8 NB. my wife
$ d5 d0 `, Y: C- IC. my son8 J, u/ c3 p5 _1 p5 i) B% i
D. my daughter1 o" r; G7 r9 [3 h5 V' L) i
      满分:2  分& Q6 d( r/ g/ N9 n; O6 V  B- h
3.  The decision_______how much money should go to education is of vital importance.
3 v6 L$ U$ Y) G. W( ]5 j1 |9 UA. due to3 ?% \) D- q- L  i( m" e8 a
B. owing to- Z& ?$ E  n8 m9 S- j! o# Y
C. as to6 i  X$ H! D, D' t/ j
D. so as to8 H4 b) ~& o' u$ L% G
      满分:2  分
- j' l; n- _9 m& B6 n5 j4.  The expression “ You don't seem to understand ”, can be called____from the perspective of interpersonal communication.( B+ M* u" [, k" I8 d! |2 P
A. beautiful words
9 c+ H: Z  Q" C# W! v0 T5 FB. negative words, A6 J2 m0 Z# ^0 N- v6 C
C. redundant words  z% K5 m/ M& P. \( F" r$ p
D. softening words& L$ w: T* v0 \+ ]" C6 A
      满分:2  分
3 V3 z, z1 T  G4 j5.  When you see an American friend having dinner, you can greet him by saying____.
  Q8 _2 G6 [0 C; L2 hA. Hello. Have a nice dinner.: [* y- e# c0 v6 G5 {, H5 a
B. So, you're having dinner.
* G6 K/ t" Z' SC. How much do you have for dinner?
  d1 G4 O% ^; X. W+ c8 ]9 H0 W4 ?D. How do you enjoy it ?
9 _+ k) w* [  g) b* g      满分:2  分
& m' ]! V; }$ U9 T6 |6.  _______that this small town was exposed to various kinds of dangers.
- m. M) a9 ]& J, [A. In 2003# v5 b5 V1 o5 k8 }( V2 l
B. The year of 20036 U" u' O3 W6 f$ W. e* a
C. It was 2003
5 U  E; U8 v' L  b  dD. It was in 2003
( Z3 ~7 K8 e" M9 V' w! [      满分:2  分% k9 D0 ~% D( G
7.  In English speaking countries you usually introduce( ), not the other way round.# e# _0 E% {$ k% b2 D2 ~
A. a man to a woman% |0 Z" C, R* [% x
B. a woman to a man
, o1 j: J0 ^# v1 s) H8 F) z) p, ]C. an old man to a young woman
( k7 D; M' E- b5 jD. an old woman to a young man8 x% k, _" v) G/ z
      满分:2  分; P* _0 H8 ?7 G( n
8.  The survival of civilization as we know it is______threat.
- r1 ^" M3 d: |1 b! {( D3 R/ V5 q7 x" BA. within# ]' @. O' ^1 r0 X% ~
B. under/ v6 \: n5 p% O& n
C. towards
* E3 V0 `2 Y' ~D. upon
6 F4 I. X) A+ Z, \+ c- }      满分:2  分! a  n- w! C% t4 \4 ?
9.  Make sure the label is firmly_______to the parcel before you mail it.
/ Q# r2 ]. [2 H# r: J' {9 x0 j- {; nA. attributed
/ R  W0 Z5 g4 ?+ \B. accustomed9 N2 u& H! B$ J/ s# l5 a
C. adjusted9 V4 i( Y1 X" z' P- @- r6 C; K
D. attached
% D& |- Z& e: q! H5 |1 h1 p! m$ _      满分:2  分
: R# v' ]% t: R( B10.  It is recommended that the project______until all the preparations have been made.
% |% j9 F/ k, v- lA. is not started
% B% V  B( h# y$ yB. will not be started& q* F( d) R( K! s
C. not be started
0 l  k! P6 y, YD. is not to be started
& O2 e( X9 P7 \! h( _8 w0 A      满分:2  分% o. x4 |; Y/ H2 s8 N0 |
11.  I hear they’ve promoted Tom, but he didn’t mention _____ when we talked on the phone.) @1 Y' w9 d# d% @
A.  to promote
) H2 B' Z9 [/ p9 ]0 A$ c' w7 LB.  having been promoted9 ~  V. h& y6 ^' Y* Q! t* V
C. having promoted! q8 E0 U, D0 Z" N0 \: S4 G8 v# L
D. to be promoted
* ^. W/ `1 E. ]4 F      满分:2  分  Z$ y+ L4 P" `) O' r( w7 s& q; n5 ~
12.  The____that exists among nations could certainly be lessened if misunderstanding and mistrust were removed
& n$ N7 X) Q$ F  [  @A. tension
% @" Z, f7 p" GB. strain
, K9 l4 a/ W3 @% a: t! I% a; BC. stress
! z# t3 h  r2 nD. intensity* E. m( P- Q8 ?  o5 m0 m
      满分:2  分
1 Z5 r( R' ~6 O13.  Since we have a focused subject, we should not talk_______.
  @& M2 A9 U1 b$ S' X+ yA. at once& p; E  E+ h/ @
B. at hand
2 |% g5 C8 \& sC. at intervals& ~4 P) H& b$ ^0 c9 P1 ?
D. at random& R4 k7 c& y$ k- I( C1 O
      满分:2  分
) a4 \  [+ {# J% o7 u- t14.  You will see this product_______wherever you go in this city.
+ a2 M) I4 [# L; A% J; F" MA. advertise) A% y8 ~" ?+ ~, |. I; a# O
B. to be advertised- D3 d/ }; K, E
C. advertised8 \, m7 R7 A2 J7 b
D. advertising
" F! C. J$ L+ g      满分:2  分: w4 J' V9 B- I% \
15.  You will want two trees about ten feet apart, from______to suspend your tent.0 _, U+ y3 q) V$ [$ u
A. there
2 L( O0 H% K- F/ wB. them
) W) K6 S7 e' P0 o+ I" W, MC. which& s- `- E1 i/ i. `" ~
D. where
* {% f' K2 f, |, w; v/ y" c      满分:2  分
9 B5 L- M5 K' ~' l7 j6 q: s16.  “To do something that could cause quick anger in other people”is synonymous to“____”. z4 N( D* r8 Z. P3 p, l
A. to run a business in the red! f7 V+ i$ |! e" P  ~, R8 Q1 t6 j
B. to paint the town red
5 b" e! m& z7 b( Z8 X2 XC. to become red faced
3 O1 c. l. q, i, y6 {. _D. to wave a red flag' S- s1 r. [' p7 T2 m! B0 o  R
      满分:2  分
/ I* E( G6 X2 f1 b) i17.  _______the drill is, it is very useful in improving your oral English.+ _, x2 [8 _8 l" x) g( H& W
A. Simple you consider
6 m! I3 c& g) D* e; A! LB. You consider simple( \% m, x& o% T, t" m5 _; z/ E
C. Simple as you consider
  O1 |* C1 i4 C  k+ n& QD. As simple you consider
2 s# T! ^* Y' s5 p7 p) R3 C      满分:2  分: x* ?$ T0 B2 j; f' Z" [
18.  The relationship between language and culture is____.  H( ~5 U  S; E- w" d# o
A. culture is part of language0 v9 t- Z$ p& F! \
B. culture is the carrier and container of culture) F: I  a# A1 w/ Z* L9 `" M. |4 c
C. language and culture are closely related
+ k- L9 d/ E, ^" d9 f9 K- P0 ]D. language and culture are separated# _2 `2 u5 `3 t, E5 O
      满分:2  分
* K3 N; [- P/ a* S, _19.  Jack often complains_______able to communicate with his parents.
$ _7 `: z! W2 ]A. of being not5 ?/ s2 N. e. g  c5 h7 t2 @
B. of not being3 L) X  p+ b# c0 I( J
C. being not" p/ B( L: P5 c& l) B# M- j$ r
D. not being
9 Q! ^* D; M5 X8 T4 V      满分:2  分
- Z+ a8 ^6 G9 Q/ V3 Q1 c20.  The situation described in the report____terrible, but it may not happen.& Z0 p# v& K+ c4 A% S$ D) D! N
A. inclines
, \. B" w7 S' u8 gB. maintains! h0 |- [% L9 u- _* S/ S/ j+ E. G
C. sounds
5 n- Q7 l- Y; J! M' V/ q) dD. remains" M8 R4 Y! v/ P
      满分:2  分! y  }; r& V$ p8 q" m0 ~
21.  Mark often attempts to escape______whenever he breaks traffic regulations.; z2 \5 t) M( `( G5 U' C5 [  N
A. having been fined- ]; a$ o8 `' ^: g; y: T0 w
B. to have been fined% d- o% i  C5 u  S  \$ g
C. to be fined, _3 y- }5 h/ r# V/ _) |% ~
D. being fined
. q/ }( G# G  w. E      满分:2  分
* J$ i( C8 P2 J& ?/ d1 l22.  ( )refers to some words or expressions which are to be avoided because tradition or social customs strongly frowns on their use and some topics which are to be avoided.
8 u' u0 h- R4 G9 d5 e& O: ?$ pA. Honorifics" D/ H7 K3 k8 w& w; m4 f$ U: V  L
B. Terms of humility
* T" W' N4 Y- A1 y6 q" ^. z: fC. Euphemisms6 F7 M* A- q1 \8 a$ u( X
D. Verbal taboos
* U' b6 L: c/ ?0 d) b  P      满分:2  分, k* b8 G' z! v) q! C( K5 Z! s
23.  Some nonverbal messages are consistent with accompanying verbal message, which is the( )function of nonverbal message.' o4 f; d6 r) y! }. `! t1 i; w
A. complementing
5 k# j  ]3 I7 K6 PB. contradicting
+ A% a, D+ D: y, @8 Y2 F% gC. regulating
' J) G! o) s4 h+ s! CD. accenting/ g% ^/ O( \$ r3 N$ C3 q4 \5 d
      满分:2  分* f+ n3 ?. t- [1 u8 l& M- t2 b) p
24.  In deciding_______a course of action, the candidates tried to estimate its likely impact on the voters.
0 }! Q4 X6 B! I6 ?A. what to pursue1 X0 U. E# C5 \* W1 D
B. which to pursue2 x% q& c! @$ v+ w' k) t
C. whether to pursue1 J% Q' z1 l2 p& M8 c- [
D. if to pursue
% n2 o7 Y/ y$ i4 W$ h) J5 l! |      满分:2  分
8 m8 ~7 v4 U+ O9 q/ i0 ~25.  I would appreciate_______it a secret.
& m% q& y: @; ~4 C, g1 H, N8 eA. your keeping
* Q) ?7 A1 s! g, ?B. you to keep
4 E! |2 ?6 B/ g$ U* H  F2 l( P( |C. that you keep, y& k3 o. W+ p! n
D. that you will keep
# q" O/ f" }; x# K/ m  ^+ U8 a      满分:2  分8 @( d  n: k3 S
26.  My English teacher’s humor was ____ make every student burst into laughter.
) t/ m* ]; _6 H2 n/ X, _A. so as to8 I9 q4 e6 E$ a6 D4 B1 q/ O) e
B. such as to
% v. g6 g/ K- ^1 q) MC. such that
( K4 j- M$ J, D1 kD. so that
. i9 E$ T! t! N& ]9 ~3 X7 d* g      满分:2  分# B8 t9 L  B8 ?* ]3 F
27.  Intercultural communication is concerned with communication among people from different____.+ B% g8 d! |" x3 q
A. areas; X+ I/ }0 f8 ~  I! x
B. countries
5 C1 x- s/ D6 \C. culture8 ?# N9 w8 q5 I9 [! ^" w
D. cultural backgrounds3 j% D  b: T1 h+ D/ p
      满分:2  分" V+ v, a- |7 X0 l7 J9 ^9 t0 g( ~( F
28.  _____ the Internet is of great help. I don’t think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it.
# h- i% o1 {4 j3 H7 \" `* MA. If- @* Y& ?$ J1 e; H. W: N+ ?* ?. F
B. While$ S) ~7 H! Y& I5 V- H; w+ ~
C. Because
: A6 @% I6 H) _D.  As. s4 z$ p, C2 M+ N4 }8 u
      满分:2  分" {$ `- x$ u7 @; v
29.  I am so sorry to have come late for the meeting. It is not your fault. With __ rush-hour traffic and __ heavy rain, it is no wonder you were late.9 V1 ~# X* t7 W/ r7 S$ [6 c5 D4 z
A.  a; a+ t( x4 @/ P* [) H8 F( {
B. the; the$ f# ~: v- w& x
C.  /; /
4 I, P$ X3 r; w( L- f$ g! r7 kD. /; a" {; m$ s7 J- U& e8 E  P0 T
      满分:2  分0 _& i( J9 p# P* H9 ~, Y  ~
30.  The English speaking people are direct, so____.# f% v% K/ B8 `8 S
A. they reason from the particular to the general, from parts to the whole, or from the small to the big5 Y! R( G" k: ]- b
B. they reason from the general to the particular, from the whole to the part or from the big to the small
5 W+ v2 ^0 C3 d' H; sC. they prefer the information structure in which the more important information precedes the less important information$ b% l: O! o' h' D' z
D. they prefer the information structure in which the less important information precedes the more important information
4 d; A/ y  W: f! C: m' B9 d      满分:2  分 2 ~; N) J2 s% l/ _/ j/ i0 t9 O! s. ]. _7 u
* w* A' t4 y/ h6 ~0 v
二、多选题(共 10 道试题,共 20 分。)V 1.  Which of the following questions would offend speakers of English?( ): S' D% t% x% }. I4 y& `
A. Do you go to church?
1 H0 ~$ K* W, tB. Are you married or single?. ~5 |9 Q4 g# W
C. Who will you vote for?, }3 W4 p0 z) L2 t! t
D. May I know your age?$ A; W! K; s; ^; i. f" @
      满分:2  分. a$ P: y3 I/ ]4 k$ C
2.  The properties of culture are( ).
( O9 K) _7 f! T1 eA. Culture is human specific
/ c+ U9 B* Q) b) C8 P* \7 h6 a( OB. culture is general and abstract/ o" Q' x  Y# T( {7 G. |5 K
C. Culture is a national phenomenon
3 s; m9 o  W3 T& v- p: j. ^D. Culture is a historical phenomenon
$ d% ]  d* [  E# ?4 H- ]' l+ K      满分:2  分& n% q  |5 ?# F4 C1 G2 B
3.  The basic categories of human territory are( ).
; U, e0 ]; K- B* `6 `A. Primary territory
2 L) k& b1 k1 Y# F; e6 UB. Secondary territory# G% `" ^+ u7 h7 v7 E5 l1 r7 ]: O
C. Third territory
) x% L! z  H1 \2 {0 QD. Public territory  I( S" r( Q, B5 l  A3 m. D
      满分:2  分) r1 q0 ?; \5 t" T) Z9 ?/ L/ O7 Q
4.  The Chinese equivalent for “a white lie” is( ).5 h+ R/ N+ Z9 n1 \/ j4 @1 E+ ?
A. 十足的撒谎
0 y9 b. t! d2 e9 q- J  J5 a3 d5 NB. 白色的谎言
- a0 ]3 [( u# _' LC. 无伤大雅的谎言; l8 Z  @  ^7 }0 y% V  C
D. 无关紧要的谎话1 I6 Y0 ]6 B! U) K9 W
      满分:2  分2 K* X) a) G. ?
5.  The relationship between language, culture and thought is that( ).
, m( o. D* x, C8 A+ _& [3 eA. they are three parts of a whole
9 J0 L, @* A( r7 r& PB. language is determined by culture while culture is determined by thought
2 Y2 G' ~% ^; c0 c; c5 [9 r7 RC. each of them can operate independently
, ]5 \( b# E8 cD. the three aspects interact, each influencing and shaping the other two$ [, D0 Q) b9 {% M& C9 |3 i$ s
      满分:2  分
8 Z; B% Z( p' D9 X3 I6.  Which of the following sentences would substitute for" How are you?"( )$ e" G0 n5 q" m8 z$ `9 k( ]
A. How are things going?* b  ~4 [7 P0 X
B. How are you getting on?
2 S0 X$ p+ R2 y. H' ZC. How are things with you?( t0 b- N6 A8 p! T8 W/ c
D. How are you doing?, L4 y. `1 b6 M- y
      满分:2  分. R, y% C* ^% j  T
7.  When English speaking people part, they usually say( ).
# t) J3 l" _; o; K/ z8 WA. Good-bye
( U$ f: h# ?. E4 x+ \' {B. It's nice to meet you8 u9 U4 ]9 v* B6 l( K) V( g
C. See you tomorrow
8 o) M' Z9 s" \, q; mD. So long' [& D% [- x7 ~3 t
      满分:2  分; f: L3 h8 x2 S; A7 m* [1 c
8.  In Chinese culture,( )are honorifics.4 H# E2 w- x1 ?* @* E
A. 令尊
$ x2 P, B  W& T; n9 M  Z7 ]0 M+ ]- n$ aB. 请赐教& \) F* j" Q2 m" ?) ~
C. 献丑" D; K: X% x4 ]  m
D. 寒舍
; @- f4 m% _* p7 e      满分:2  分
8 z/ F/ ], Y1 y$ x9 e4 L9.  “不敢当”as a response to a praise can be translated into( ).* ^  b8 S! U& a+ c8 x6 H; H' ]
A. It's very kind of you to say so.
5 q* Z" e) b; D: Z$ KB. I'm not worthy of the praise.
: q( r4 c% _9 e; r6 WC. Thank you.
) }+ Q4 V- r5 e3 J+ {* ^4 uD. I do not deserve the praise.3 [! t; w) K4 h/ H8 C/ ?: f2 |: y
      满分:2  分
1 h( z1 @! J$ i. ?0 d10.  “Green” in English culture may be associated with( ).
: s+ S9 j. t$ j) x5 I/ G6 s0 o& DA. envy# I; Y- k3 O% z& ]$ n5 ~
B. fruit and vegetables or gardening
& ?! j+ N$ P" W5 EC. lacking experience ,training or knowledge0 e+ w7 k, T6 ?# ]1 V
D. prosperity
4 H9 n7 V; t* H, ^; ~/ d, o( D      满分:2  分
$ l% q; |6 `6 [7 t; E' T* V2 n3 [. H. m5 I! c! p' J
三、判断题(共 10 道试题,共 20 分。)V 1.  It is said that the United States represents an “anti-smell” culture.
" R5 o- B5 F+ }; I4 n' |A. 错误
3 R$ w2 j  v% b/ w3 GB. 正确
9 |& c2 K+ L+ G; H: N3 z2 q      满分:2  分
: ]( S4 h# [  w8 D# J2.  ( )Americans expect an invitation to a dinner or a request for a date or for any other social event to be offered reasonably far in advance.
$ U- |" P0 C+ b$ |& T7 i/ eA. 错误. Z8 s, g, A* H$ k! I3 p+ t6 i
B. 正确* a0 P# H8 n4 I- P
      满分:2  分! x$ C) }  _: q% v* X% z6 D& {
3.  When you want to learn about an American's political stand, you can ask Are you a Republican or a Democrat?
- P9 O, {  i& `* \0 v: ]( XA. 错误
3 \+ G) U5 b1 i+ s) P1 n* m7 C, EB. 正确
- x- [- x* ^$ g1 D4 ^; y$ M- [# o      满分:2  分8 @: H2 U$ {; ?! f% ^/ k
4.  ( )“Promises” like Why don't we get together one of these days? , though frequently made by Americans, are no commitment.
0 s7 ?: I+ l, d' \4 A4 o& HA. 错误
" X0 B5 g7 e4 aB. 正确
. X) |; K8 T# y  l5 o      满分:2  分
7 P$ T- e/ c! m0 j9 `5.  ( )When an Americans says I thought it was quite reasonable in response to your inquiry about the price of something he has just bought, you can rightly assume that he is willing to tell you its exact price.2 Q; r! s' M7 n( E$ c
A. 错误
: ]' {3 d: Z, @3 g9 LB. 正确" C' K+ u( r) D
      满分:2  分2 [" u5 ~; \) n, \) o
6.  It is a Chinese way of showing hospitality to insist on people accepting offers of drinks and cigarettes.& i' g: \, |8 b  }
A. 错误
4 E5 e2 z4 ]  p8 I: S: Z& g, [7 vB. 正确
  p! A- n& u( f      满分:2  分
* j4 I% y7 l3 [, w; d$ O7.  ( )Stereotyping has its practical uses and limitations, because it helps us better understand what appears to be a mess and at the same time any generalization is very often an overgeneralization.) h& E7 s5 @( O. L' {8 R
A. 错误' @+ k" _! }* a4 o: \3 j7 G  F) `) [
B. 正确
0 l/ O+ ?. o5 e; B  y/ u, y      满分:2  分
  ?7 ?# W1 ]2 ~8.  ( )Some anthropologists refer to custom, rituals and, in a word, the total life way of a people as popular culture.- R! J( h% R. R2 k; f0 g
A. 错误7 x1 q% |! a7 t$ v0 e
B. 正确5 q9 Z" N$ ~2 @
      满分:2  分
' q2 w/ F( Z0 p: h9 k9.  ( )North Americans prefer to sit where they are side-by-side to one another.
& b+ A) D) p% K5 D2 [* |8 oA. 错误
; k9 ?; K5 D5 C# C& jB. 正确
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10.  Stereotyping has its practical uses and limitations, because it helps us better understand what appears to be a mess and at the same time any generalization is very often an overgeneralization.
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