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1、– Shall I take a message?
A. Nice talking with you. B. Never. C. Excuse me. D. Yes, please.
2、-- Good evening. This is Kevin Restaurant.
A. Nice to meet you. B. May I help you? C. Thank you. D. Hello. I’d like to make a reservation.
3、– Excuse me, can you tell me the way to Sunshine Hotel?
A. Go down this road and turn left at the first crossing.
B. I went to Sunshine Hotel last week.
C. I’ve been to Sunshine Hotel a lot of times.
D. Nice to meet you.
4、– Is it going to rain?
A. Thank you. B. I like the rain. C. I love sunshine. D. I think so.
5、– May I take your order, sir?
A. Good-bye. B. Can I help you? C. I’m sorry to hear that. D. Wait a minute, please.
Paper is one of the most important products ever invented by man. Wide spread use of written language would not have been possible without some cheap and practical material to write on. The invention of paper meant that more people could be educated because more books could be printed and distributed. Together with the printing press, paper provided an extremely important way to communicate knowledge.
How much paper do you use every year? Probably you cannot answer that question quickly. In 1900 the world's use of paper was about one kilogram for each person a year. Now some countries use as much as 50 kilograms of paper for each person a year. Countries like the United States, England and Sweden use more paper than other countries.
Paper, like many other things that we use today, was first made in China. In Egypt and the West, paper was not very commonly used before the year 1400. The Egyptians wrote on a kind of material made of a water plant. Europeans used parchment for many hundreds of years. Parchment was very strong; it was made from the skin of certain young animals. We have learnt of the most important facts of European history from records that were kept on parchment.
6、What's the meaning for the word 'parchment'? ________
A：The skin of young animals.
B：A kind of paper made from the skin of certain young animals.
C：The paper used by European countries.
D：The paper of Egypt.
7、Which of the following is not mentioned about the invention of paper? ________
A：More jobs could be provided than before.
B：More people could be educated than before.
C：More books could be printed and distributed.
D：More ways could be used to exchange knowledge.
8、When did the Egyptians begin to use paper widely? ________
9、Which of the following countries uses more paper for each person a year? ________
10、What is the main idea of this short talk? ________
A：More and more paper is being consumed nowadays.
B：Paper enables people to receive education more easily.
C：The invention of paper is of great significance to man.
D：Paper contributes a lot to the keeping of historical records.
A young man who lived in London was in love with a beautiful girl. Soon she became his fiancée （未婚妻）. The man was very poor while the girl was rich. The young man wanted to make her a present on her birthday. He wanted to buy something beautiful for her, but he had no idea how to do it, as he had very little money. The next morning he went to a shop. There were many fine things there: gold watches, diamond… but all these things were too expensive. There was one thing he could not take his eyes off. It was a beautiful vase. That was a suitable present for his fiancée. He had been looking at the vase for half an hour when the manager of the shop noticed him. The young man looked so pale, sad and unhappy that the manager asked what had happened to him.
The young man told him everything. The manager felt sorry for him and decided to help him. A bright idea struck him. The manager pointed to the corner of the shop. To his great surprise the young man saw a vase broken into many pieces. The manager said: "When the servant enters the room, he will drop it."
On the birthday of his fiancée the young man was very excited.
Everything happened as had been planned. The servant brought in the vase, and as he entered the room, he dropped it. There was horror on everybody's face. When the box was opened, the guests saw that each piece was packed separately.
11、The story took place ______.
D：in the United States
12、Which of the following is true?
A：The young man's family was poor while the beautiful girl is rich.
B：A rich young man fell in love with a beautiful girl.
C：The young man loved the girl but the girl didn't love him.
D：The young man had enough money to buy a beautiful vase.
13、Why did the young man want to buy a present for the girl?
A：He wanted to give her a Christmas present.
B：He fell in love with her.
C：Her birthday was coming soon.
D：They were going to get married.
14、Why did the shop manager come to talk to the young man?
A：He looked very excited.
B：He looked pale and sad.
C：He was poorly dressed.
D：He said he wanted to buy a beautiful vase.
15、On the birthday of his fiancée, the young man was excited because ______.
A：the girl was in love with him
B：the girl looked beautiful
C：the girl was happy and gay
D：he was not sure whether his trick would be seen through
Our child's behavior is greatly influenced by the way we react to what he has done. Our reactions help to determine whether our child will repeat his behavior or whether he will do something different. This statement is a very important part of a principle of behavioral psychology.
The principle states that a behavior is influenced or affected by how the environment ---- people, places and things ---- immediately responds to the behavior. Perhaps without realizing it, you have used this principle many times.
On the occasion when you told your child what a good boy he was after he cleaned up his room, you used the principle. When you sent your child to his room for fighting with his brother, you used the principle. When I gave Kim a cookie after she started to cry, I used the principle. In each of these examples, a particular behavior occurred first ---- cleaning up a room, fighting, and crying.
In addition, there was a reaction to each behavior ---- the child was praised, sent to his room, or given a cookie. By these actions, we have influenced the previous behaviors and have helped to determine whether those behaviors will occur again in the future.
16、What is the lecture mainly about?
A：Children and environmental protection.
B：Children's behavior and fighting.
C：Children's behavior and our response.
D：Children and principles.
17、On what kind of principle is the lecture based?
A：A principle in chemistry.
B：A principle in behavioral psychology.
C：A principle in physics.
D：A principle in geology.
18、Who do you think the audience at this lecture might be?
19、According to the lecture, why was the child sent to his room?
A：As a kind of punishment.
B：As a kind of reward.
C：As an experiment on the principle.
D：As an example of the principle.
20、What does the lecturer mean by "environment"?
A：Rooms, cookies and toys.
B：Water, air and forest.
C：People, places and things.
D：Family, school and friends.
21. — Shall we take a walk before dinner?
—Oh, yes, _______ is my favorite time of day.
A. the early evening it B. in the early evening
C. the early of the evening D. early evening
22. — What did you think of Bellow’s new book?
— I enjoyed ________ it.
A. to read B. reading C. to have read D. the reading of
23. — I doubt that the guard will allow you to enter.
— I’m going in _________.
A. without his permitting B. although he says
C. no matter what he says D. despite his saying
24. —May I help you with some shoes, sir?
— Yes. I’d like to try on those brown __________.
A. one B. ones C. two D. pair
25. — Shall I turn on the television?
— No. I’d rather not ________ television tonight.
A. watching B. to watch C. watch D. for watching
26. —Have you seen the doctor?
— No, but _________.
A. I go B. I’m going to see C. I go to see D. I’m going to
27. — Will the child recover?
—Right now, there is no way__________.
A. for knowing B. to have known C. of knowing D. to be known
28. — This cake is delicious!
— Well, at least it’s _______ the one I baked last week.
A. as worse as B. no worse than C. as better than D. not better as
29. — Elizabeth borrowed the book a month ago.
—Then she should ______ it by now.
A. to finish B. have finished C. finish D. had finished
30. When you refuse an offer, you turn it _______.
A. away B. out C. down D. off
From Monday to Friday most people are busy working or studying, but in the evenings and weekends they are free and 31 themselves. Some watch television or go to the movies, others think about sports. This is decided by their own 32 .
There are many different ways to spend our free time.
Almost everyone has some kind of 33 : it may be something from collecting stamps to making model planes. Some hobbies are very 34 but others don’t cost anything at all. Some collections are worth a lot of money, while others are valuable only to their owners.
I know a man who has a coin collection worth several thousands of dollars. A short time ago he bought a rare fifty-cent piece which 35 him $ 250 ! He was very happy about this collection and thought the price was all right. On the other hand, my youngest brother collects match boxes. He has almost 600 of them, but I wonder if they are worth any money. However, 36 my brother they are quite valuable. 37 makes him happier than to find a new match box for his collection.
That’s what a hobby means, I think. It is something we 38 to do in our free time just for the 39 of it. The value in dollars is not 40 , but the pleasure it gives us is.
31. A. love B. work C. enjoy D. play
32. A. lives B. interests C. jobs D. things
33. A. hobby B. thing C. job D. way
34. A. interesting B. exciting C. cheap D. expensive
35. A. paid B. cost C. took D. spent
36. A. to B. on C. with D. in
37. A. Everything B. Anything C. Nothing D. Something
38. A. have B. need C. refuse D. like
39. A. money B. work C. fun D. time
40. A. expensive B. attractive C. important D. worthy