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1、– Hello. May I speak to Mary?
A. Sorry. B. Speaking. C. I don’t know you. D. Why?
2、-– Can you tell me how I can get to the nearest shop?
A. No. B. I can’t help you. C. It’s just around the corner. D. Go ahead.
3、– What does the weather forecast say?
A. It says I’m fine. B. It says it is going to snow. C. It says the traffic will turn better. D. It says OK.
4、– Excuse me, are you free tomorrow evening?
A. You’re welcome. B. I’m glad to see you. C. It doesn’t matter. D. I think so.
5、– Do you enjoy your food?
A. Thank you. B. I’d like a cup of tea. C. Yes, they’re delicious. D. OK.
What makes a person a scientist? Does he have ways or tools of learning that are different from those of others? The answer is "no". It is not the tools a scientist uses but how he uses these tools that makes him a scientist. You will probably agree that knowing how to use a tool is important to a carpenter. You will probably agree, too, that knowing how to investigate, how to discover information, is important to everyone. The scientist, however, goes one step further, he must be sure that he has a reasonable answer to his questions and that his answer can be confirmed by other persons. He also works to fit the answers he gets to many questions into a large set of ideas about how the world works.
The scientist's knowledge must be exact. There is no room for half right or right just half the time. He must be as nearly right as the conditions permit. What works under one set of conditions at one time must work under the same conditions at other times. If the conditions are different, any changes the scientist observes in a demonstration must be explained by the changes in the conditions. This is one reason that investigations are important in science. Albert Einstein, who developed the theory of relativity, arrived at this theory through mathematics. The accuracy of his mathematics was later tested through investigations, Einstein's ideas were shown to be correct. A scientist uses many tools for measurements. Then the measurements are used to make mathematical calculations that may test his investigations.
6、What makes a scientist according to the passage? ________.
A. The tools he uses
B. The way he uses his tools
C. His ways of learning
D. The various tools he uses
7、"The scientist, however, goes one step further…". The author says this to show ________.
A. the importance of information
B. the importance of thinking
C. the difference between scientists and ordinary people
D. the difference between carpenters and people with other jobs
8、A sound scientific theory should be one that ________.
A. works not only under one set of conditions at one time, but also under the same conditions at other times
B. does not allow any changes even under different conditions
C. can be used for many purposes
D. leave no room for improvement
9、The author quotes the case of Albert Einstein to illustrate ________.
A. that measurements are keys to success in science
B. that accuracy of mathematics
C. that the investigations are important in science
D. that the mathematical calculations may test his investigations
10、What is the main idea of the passage? ________.
A. The theory of relativity
B. Exactness is the core of science
C. Scientists are different from ordinary people
D. Exactness and ways of using tools are the keys to the making of a scientist
Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it, and to go in to their offices or schools every day by train, car or bus, even though this means they have to get up early in the morning and reach home late in the evening.
One advantage of living outside London is that houses are cheaper. Even a small flat in London without a garden costs quite a lot to rent. With the same money, one can get a little house in the country with a garden of one's own.
Then, in the country one can really get away from the noise and hurry of busy working lives. Even though one has to get up earlier and spend more time in trains or buses, one can sleep better at night and during weekends and on summer evenings, one can enjoy the fresh, clean air of the country. If one likes gardens, one can spend one's free time digging, planting, watering and doing the hundred and one other jobs which are needed in a garden. Then, when the flowers and vegetables come up, one has got the reward together with those who have shared the secret of Nature.
Some people, however, take no interest in country things: for them, happiness lies in the town, with its cinemas and theatres, beautiful shops and busy streets, dance-halls and restaurants. Such people would feel that their life was not worth living if they had to live it outside London. An occasional walk in one of the parks and a fortnight's (two weeks) visit to the sea every summer is all the country they want: the rest they are quite prepared to leave to those who are glad to get away from London every night.
11、Which of the following statements is NOT true? ________
A：People who love Nature prefer to live outside the city.
B：All the people who work in London prefer to live in the country.
C：Some people enjoying city life prefer to work and live inside London.
D：Many nature lovers, though working in London, prefer to live outside the city.
12、With the same money needed for________, one can buy a little house with a garden in the country.
A：getting a small flat with a garden
B：having a small flat with a garden
C：renting a small flat without a garden
D：buying a small flat without a garden
13、When the garden is in blossom, that one ________ has been rewarded.
A：living in the country
B：having spent time working in the garden
C：having a garden of his own
D：having been digging, planting and watering
14、People who think happiness lies in the city life would feel that _______ if they had to live outside London.
A：their life was meaningless
B：their life was invaluable
C：they didn't deserve a happy life
D：they were not worthy of their happy life
15、The underlined phrase get away from in the 3rd paragraph refers to ________.
B：do away with
People all over the world today are beginning to hear and learn more and more about the problem of pollution. Pollution is caused either by man's release of completely new and often artificial (人造的) substances into the environment, or by releasing greatly increased amounts of a natural substance (物质), such as oil from oil tankers into the sea.
Whatever its underlying reasons, there is no doubt that much of the pollution caused could be controlled if only companies, individuals and governments would make more efforts. In the home there is an obvious need to control litter and waste. Food comes wrapped up there or four times in packages that all have to be disposed of; drinks are increasingly sold in bottles or tins which cannot be reused. This not only causes a litter problem, but also is a great waste of resources, in terms of glass, metal and paper. Advertising has helped this process by persuading many of us not only to buy thing we neither want nor need, but also to throw away much of what we do buy. Pollution and waste combine to be a problem everyone can help to solve by cutting out unnecessary buying, excess use and careless disposal (处理) of the products we use in our daily lives.
16. The main cause of pollution is _____.
A. the release of artificial or natural substances into the environment
B. the production of new industrial goods
C. increased amounts of a natural substance
D. our ever-increasing population
17. Much of the pollution could be controlled if only _____.
A. people would pay more attention to the problem
B. governments would take effective measures
C. all sides concerned would make more efforts
D. farmers would use less artificial fertilizers
18. Food packages, bottles and tins for drinks can cause _____.
A. air and water pollution B. both a litter problem and a waste of resources
C. to pay for the service D. to produce the receipt
19. Which of the following can not help solving the problem of pollution?
A. Cutting out unnecessary buying B. Eating less
C. Reduce excess use D. Carefully dispose our daily products.
20. What does the underlined word "litter" mean in paragraph 2 ?
A. not many B. serious problem
C. bits of waste things D. industrial pollution
21. Would you correct my mistakes, if ______, in my writing?
A. some B. any C. there are D. have
22. They claim that Danish butter is _______ in the world.
A. the finest B. finer C. fine D. last
23. “Will you come and see us again on Sunday?” “________.”
A. I hope to B. I hope so C. it seems so D. it will be so
24. If you_________, I’ll buy the tickets.
A. want B. want me C. want me to D. do
25. This is one of the oldest buildings in town, ___________.
A. if not the best B. if not better C. if it is the best D. if it is the better
26. I studied at Cambridge at the same time as _______.
A. he was B. he did C. he is D. he were
27. “Do you think she will come?” “She told me _______ yesterday.
A. it B. the fact C. so D. everything
28. _______ tired, he was not disheartened.
A. Though B. When C. While D. How
29. Tom was attacked _______ swimming across the river.
A. which B. what C. while D. why
30. Some people want war, _________.
A. others want to B. others peace C. other wants to D. other peace
Mr. Smith lives in a small village, but he works in an office in a big city. He goes to work by train every morning and comes ___31___ the same way.
One morning, while he was ___32___ his newspaper on the train, a man ___33___ him came up to him. Mr. Smith had not met him before. The man said “ ___34___ ” to him and then ___35___ to talk to him. The man said, “Your ___36___ isn’t interesting, is it? You got on the same train at the same station at the same time ___37___ morning and you always sit in the same seat and read the same newspaper.”
When Mr. Smith ___38___ this, he put his newspaper down, turned around and ___39___ to the man angrily, “How do you know all that about me?”
“Because I’m ___40___ sitting in the same seat behind you,” the man answered.
31. A. family B. house C. village D. home
32. A. seeing B. look C. reading D. finding
33. A. before B. behind C. beside D. next to
34. A. Sorry B. Thanks C. Hello D. Goodbye
35. A. refused B. stopped C. ordered D. began
36. A. life B. work C. office D. child
37. A. one B. every C. this D. yesterday
38. A. heard B. listened C. found D. felt
39. A. asked B. said C. told D. talked
40. A. never B. hardly C. always D. sometimes