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东大11春《大学英语(二)》复习题

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发表于 2011-7-7 08:44:15 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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大学英语(二)复习题
Part I  Vocabulary and Structure
此部分共有20个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母涂黑。示例[A][B][C][D]
1. The garage has ________ selling petrol-it only does repairs now.

A. given off
B. given up
C. given away
D. given in


2. He ________ losing his house when his company went bankrupt.

A. risked
B. engaged
C. threatened
D. chanced


3. I tried to ________ him at his office but he wasn't in.

A. touch
B. contain
C. contact
D. contract


4. Kids should be ________ from all that violence.

A. protected
B. projected
C. protested
D. proposed


5. The answer must ________ in finding alternative sources of energy.

A. happen
B. lay
C. prove
D. lie


6. He learned how to use sign language to ________ with deaf customers.

A. connect
B. contact
C. communicate
D. relate


7. Peter may ________ with this, but I don't really care.

A. disagree
B. fail
C. differ
D. discourage


8. I told them I was perfectly ________ to help if they asked.

A. kind
B. interested
C. willing
D. favorable


9. It's a simple dish to prepare, ________ mainly of rice and vegetables.

A. making up
B. composing
C. containing
D. consisting


10. The samples ________ in quality but were generally acceptable.

A. varied
B. changed
C. disagreed
D. exchanged


11. The children are ________ in a great deal of outdoor activities.

A. occupied
B. entered
C. dealt
D. engaged


12. The boss asked her to take ________ of the office for a few days while he was away.

A. task
B. duty
C. work
D. charge


13. Don't give me so much information-you're ________ me!

A. mistaking
B. mixing
C. misunderstanding
D. confusing


14. How does she manage to keep her ________ when she eats so much?

A. body
B. figure
C. state
D. outline


15. They've already been given a 10% raise so why are they ________?

A. disapproving
B. dissatisfying
C. complaining
D. proposing


16. I'm afraid your son has been ________ in an accident.

A. fallen
B. involved
C. succeeded
D. dropped


17. The great amount of rain this autumn had ________ the harvest of cotton.

A. impressed
B. effected
C. dismissed
D. affected


18. Local train and bus times are ________ on the notice board.

A. displayed
B. expressed
C. made up
D. noted down


19. I think these traditional customs should be ________.

A. stayed
B. remained
C. reserved
D. preserved


20. If you want to know how a word is used, ________ the word up in the dictionary.

A. refer
B. look
C. seek
D. see



Part II  Reading Comprehension
此部分共有4篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题。请从每个问题后的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母涂黑。示例[A][B][C][D]

Passage One
   One hot night last July, when our new baby wouldn't or couldn't sleep, I tried everything I could think of: a warm bottle, songs, gentle rocking. Nothing would settle him. Guessing that I had s long night ahead of me, I brought a portable TV into his room, figuring that watching the late movie was as good a way as any to kill off the hours until dawn. To my surprise, as soon as the TV lit up, the baby quieted right down, his little eyes focused brightly on the tube. Not to waste an opportunity for sleep, I then walked softly out of the room, leaving him to watch the actors celebrate John Bellushi's forth-fifth birthday.
   My wife and I heard no more of the baby that night, and the next morning when I went into his room, I found him still watching TV himself.
I found in my baby's behavior a metaphor(暗喻)for the new generation. My wife and I had given him some books to examine, but he merely spit(吐唾沫)upon them. When we read to him, he did not feel comfortable. And so it is in the schools. We find that our students don't read, that they look down upon reading and scold those of us who teach it. All they want to do is watch TV. After this experiment with the baby, I have reached a conclusion: "Let them watch it!" If television is that much more attractive to children than books, why should we fight it? Let them watch all they want!
21. Why did the author bring a TV set into his son's room?
A. To make his son stop crying
B. To spend the night by watching TV programs.
C. To leave it to his son.
D. To make his son go to sleep as soon as possible.

22. The baby's reaction to the TV program was ________.

A. unexpected
B. awful
C. exciting
D. calm


23. From the passage we know that author is ________.

A. a doctor
B. a writer
C. an editor
D. a teacher


24. According to the passage, which is true of the school children?
A. They prefer reading to watching TV.
B. They like watching TV only after school.
C. They would rather watch TV than read books.
D. They like their teachers who teach them reading.

25. What do you think is the author's attitude towards TV expressed in the last two sentences?

A. Favorable.
B. Serious.
C. Not favorable.
D. Not serious.


Passage Two
The Mother Goose Stories, so well known to children all over the word, are commonly said to have been written by a little old woman for her grandchildren. According to some people, she lived in Boston, and her real name was Elizabeth Vergoose. Her son-in-law, a printer named Thomas Fleet, was supposed to have published the famous stories and poems for small children in 1719. However, no copy of this book has ever been found, and most scholars doubt the truth of this story—and doubt, moreover, that Mother Goose was ever a real person. They point out that the name is a direct translation of the French “Mere I’ Oye.” In 1697 the Frenchman Charles Perrault published the first book in which this name was used. The collection contains eight tales, including “Sleeping Beauty,” “Cinderella,” and “Puss in Boots.” But Perrault did not originate these stories; they were already quite popular in his day, and he only collected them.
26. What is supposed to have happened in 1719?
A. Elizabeth Vergoose wrote the first Mother Goose Stories.
B. Thomas Fleet published the Mother Goose Stories.
C. The Mother Goose Stories were translated into French.
D. Charles Perrault published the first Mother Goose Stories.

27. Most scholars consider Mother Goose to be _________.
A. a real person                            B. a book written by a little old woman
C. a collection by Elizabeth Vergoose          D. a translation from French

28. When Perrault published the first book in 1697, _______.
A. no story of the book had been known to people
B. some stories of the book were already well known
C. few people were interested in the stories of the book
D. stories like “Sleeping Beauty” and “Cinderella” became popular

29. The name used in the first book published in 1697 is supposed to have been _______
A. Mother Goose    B. Mere I’ Oye     C. Elizabeth Vergoose     D. Charles Perrault

30. On the basis of this passage, what may be concluded about the real origin of stories “Sleeping Beauty” and “Cinderella”?
A. They were invented by Elizabeth Vergoose.
B. They were invented by Thomas Fleet.
C. They were invented by Charles Perrault.
D. Their writers are unknown.

Passage Three
In every school there is a "top" crowd that sets the pace, while the others follow their example. Let's say the top crowd decides that it is smart to wear bright red sweaters(运动衫). Pretty soon everybody is wearing bright red sweaters. There is nothing wrong with that, except the fact that for some people bright red is rather unsuitable. The suitable can even become dangerous, if the top crowd decides that it is smart to drink or to drive cars at seventy miles an hour. Then the people who follow the example are endangering their very lives. They are like sheep being led to the slaughter(屠宰).
   Now, it is likely that you have come across situations like these more than once in your life. In fact, it is likely that at one time or another you probably did something you knew to be wrong. You may have excused yourself by saying, "Gee, the crowd does it." Well, let the crowd do it, but don't do it yourself. Learn to say "No." Develop your own standards and your own judgments. If you know the crowd is planning something of which you disapprove, have the courage to bow out gracefully. You'll have the satisfaction of standing on your own two feet.
31. The main idea of this passage is that _________.
A. in every school there is a "top" crowd that sets pace
B. it is a mistake to follow the "top" crowd blindly
C. at one time or another you probably did something you knew to be wrong
D. people who follow the "top" crowd are endangering their very lives

32. The author disapproves of wearing red sweaters if _________.

A. the crowed is wearing them
B. you can't afford them
C. you don't look good in red
D. it is against school regulations


33. People who follow the "top" crowd blindly _________.
A. are rebels (叛逆者) without a cause
B. have no respect for their parents
C. good for nothing
D. sometimes do things against their better judgment

34. The phrase "to bow out" may probably mean _________.

A. not to take part
B. to make an excuse
C. to feel sorry
D. to be ashamed


35. The author urges the reader to _________.

A. follow the crowd
B. take the advice of his elders
C. be independent
D. do whatever he wants


Passage Four
   A four-year study conducted by the Infant (婴儿) Testing Center in San Francisco, California, suggests that babies feel more comfortable around other babies than with strange adults. According to the study, babies benefit by being with their fellow infants daily. Whereas a baby might show fear of an adult stranger, he is likely to smile and reach out for an unfamiliar infant. By the time babies are one year old, they have begun to form friendships of a sort.
   The above findings, based on observation of 100 babies aged three months to three years, might prove interesting to working parents who must find day care for their babies. Family care in a private home, with several babies together, is probably the ideal way to care for babies under three. Dr. Benjamin Spock, well-known pediatrician (儿科医生) and author of books about babies, supports the idea. He says that family day care is better in theory than hiring a housekeeper or a babysitter.
36. What would be a good title for the passage?

A. How to Test Infants
B. Parents and Children
C. Day Care for Babies
D. Choosing a Babysitter


37. A baby is likely to feel more at ease with _________.

A. a housekeeper
B. an infant
C. an adult stranger
D. teenage children


38. What does Dr. Benjamin Spock do?

A. He recommends babysitters.
B. He writes baby books.
C. He conducts studies on infants.
D. He directs a testing center.


39. According to the passage, how should working parents provide care for their babies?
A. Find a private home with other babies.
B. Take their babies with them to work.
C. Hire an adult to come into the home.
D. Search for a large nursery with a good reputation.

40. The author is talking to _________.

A. babies under three
B. researchers on infants
C. pediatricians
D. working parents



Part III  Cloze
以下短文中包含10个未完成的句子,针对每个句子空缺部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母涂黑。示例[A][B][C][D]
Insure means to protect _41_ a loss of money. Most people can budget their money so that their income will cover expected expenses _42_ food, clothing, housing, and public services. But, there is no way to know _43_ who will suffer a crisis (危机) such as a serious illness, fire, flood, or a car accident. Such crises usually _44_ great expense. Even if people could predict crises, it would be hard to save enough money to _45_ the expenses. Insurance is a system _46_ a company collects money from many individuals and then pays certain expenses whenever one of those insured individuals is faced with a certain crisis. An insurance policy _47_ how much the insurance costs and how much the company will pay when a policy holder is faced with a certain crisis. There are many different kinds of insurance, _48_ hospital, motor-car and fire. Insurance can be rather expensive but most people buy insurance of some kind. Insurance is something 49_ people buy and hope they will _50_ need.
41.A. for B. from C. against D. with
42.A. such as B. for example C. that D. the same as
43.A. predict B. ahead C. in advance D. earlier
44.A. result from B. make C. take D. result in
45.A. cover B. pay back C. fill D. make full
46.A. that B. by which C. what D. where
47. A. said B. agree C. make sure D. states
48.A. include B. including C. as well as D. also
49.A. which B. that C. as D. like
50.A. never B. ever C. sometimes D. often

Part IV  Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
此部分共有10个句子,每个句子中都有一处空白。请从10个备选词中选择一个最佳选项,做适当的词型变化后填入空白处,请把答案写在答题纸上。

approach    confident         conquer         graduate         broaden
 impress           senior              shift              survey         obscure
51.To______the language barrier, they are working hard at English. (conquer)
52.The teacher is deeply _____by the students' ability to surf the Internet(网上冲浪). (impressed)
53.Nowadays many of the _______are beginning to consider choosing a career. (seniors)
54.The Spring Festival________ . A lot of people are traveling back home to have a family reunion. (is approaching)
55.He looked out of the window, _________the landscape of the countryside. (surveying)
56.We are_________ that we can overcome (克服)the difficulties. (confident)
57.Tom is the most brilliant(出色的)_________ of his year at Harvard University. (graduate)
58.He_________ impatiently in his seat during the long speech. (shifted)
59.They have________ out the street considerably. (broadened)
60.Words that________ the truth must be discarded (放弃不用). (obscure)

Part V  Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
请在20分钟内把下列5句英文翻译成中文,请把答案写在答题纸上。
61.  College is different from high school in many ways.
62.  He is a skillful politician and he is good at dealing with the media.
63.  Education plays a vital role in people’s lives.
64.  Nowadays we increasingly rely on computers to help us do a lot of complicated work.
65.  As is known to all, the globe is recovering from the financial crisis.

Part VI  Writing
要求在30分钟内,根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写出一封不少于80词的短信。
My Opinion on Advertisement
1. 广告的好处。
2. 广告的弊端。
3. 我的观点。
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