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川大12春大学英语(四)第一次网上作业

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发表于 2012-5-23 10:59:31 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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一、单选题(共 30 道试题,共 75 分。)V 1.  _______ energy under the earth must be released in one form or another, for example, an earthquake.
A. Accumulated
B. Assembled
C. Gathered
D. Collected
      满分:2.5  分
2.  In short, the young people tend to be promoted.
A. 短期来说,这个年轻人容易得到提升。
B. 短期来说,年轻人都希望被提升。
C. 总之,年轻人希望被提升。
D. 总之,年轻人容易得到提升。
      满分:2.5  分
3.  He is _______ about his chances of winning a gold medal in the Olympics next year.
A. optional
B. optimistic
C. outstanding
D. obvious
      满分:2.5  分
4.      Our child's behavior is greatly influenced by the way we react to what he has done. Our reactions help to determine whether our child will repeat his behavior or whether he will do something different. This statement is a very important part of a principle of behavioral psychology.
     The principle states that a behavior is influenced or affected by how the environment ---- people, places and things ---- immediately responds to the behavior. Perhaps without realizing it, you have used this principle many times.
     On the occasion when you told your child what a good boy he was after he cleaned up his room, you used the principle. When you sent your child to his room for fighting with his brother, you used the principle. When I gave Kim a cookie after she started to cry, I used the principle. In each of these examples, a particular behavior occurred first ---- cleaning up a room, fighting, and crying.
In addition, there was a reaction to each behavior ---- the child was praised, sent to his room, or given a cookie. By these actions, we have influenced the previous behaviors and have helped to determine whether those behaviors will occur again in the future.
                                                                                                                                              (3)、Who do you think the audience at this lecture might be?
A. Teachers.
B. Doctors.
C. Social workers.
D. Parents.
      满分:2.5  分
5.  Smoking, _______ is harmful for people’s health, is nevertheless popular nowadays.
A. though
B. that
C. although
D. which
      满分:2.5  分
6.  
      Down the entrance hall of the school walk four eighth-grade students. Each one is carrying a small basket with a single egg inside. Soon more students join them-each one of them is also carrying a basket with an egg. The eggs in a basket are part of a new school program that helps young people understand that having a baby is a great duty.
     At the beginning of the program, the teacher puts the students in pairs-one girl and one boy. Each pair gets an egg, which they must take care of for two weeks. For those fourteen days, the students have to take care of the eggs as though they were real babies. Students whose eggs get broken have to start the two weeks all over again with a new egg.
     One person in each pair must have the egg with him or her at all times-twenty-four hours a day. At no time can they let the egg be out of sight. "If a teacher catches you without your egg," said one student, "she makes you go get it. They are really strict." The teachers also make the students spend half an hour each day sitting with the egg and just watching it. That can get pretty boring. But it's also something that parents spend a lot of time doing.
    Children say that the program has helped them understand the duties involved in having a child. "It was really hard," said one student, "You had to think all the time about the egg."
                                                                                                                                            

  (4)、Why should the students in the program spend half an hour each day sitting with an egg and just watching it?

A. Because it is very boring to have the egg with them at all times.
B. Because the teachers in this program are very strict.
C. Because only in this way can students understand parents in taking care of children.
D. Because if students do not do it, they will fail in the examination.
      满分:2.5  分
7.  — You've been busy, haven't you? — _______
A. I was busy last week.
B. Yes, I've been working hard on my paper.
C. I will get busy with my English studies.
D. I'd like to get busy like our teachers.
      满分:2.5  分
8.  Sending the child abroad alone would mean putting him at risk.
A. 让孩子一个人去国外有危险。
B. 送孩子去国外就等于冒险。
C. 把孩子单独送到国外就意味着让他去冒风险。
D. 把孩子单独送到国外意味着把他放在风险中。
      满分:2.5  分
9.  — Hello, I'm David Chen. Nice to meet you. — _______
A. Are you?
B. Nice to meet you too.
C. Yes.
D. Very nice.
      满分:2.5  分
10.  The pilot of an airplane is responsible _______ the safety of the passengers.
A. of
B. with
C. for
D. about
      满分:2.5  分
11.  — Madam, do all the buses go downtown? — _________
A. Wow, you got the idea.
B. No, never mind.
C. Pretty well, I guess.
D. Sorry, I'm new here.
      满分:2.5  分
12.  I will never forget the days _______ I spent with my friends in Beijing.
A. when
B. that
C. in which
D. on that
      满分:2.5  分
13.  — I wish you success in your career. — _______
A. You are welcome.
B. You think so.
C. Yes, please.
D. The same to you.
      满分:2.5  分
14.  —What's the matter, John? — _______
A. I failed my French test.
B. It doesn't matter.
C. Nothing's wrong with him.
D. I don't think I can.
      满分:2.5  分
15.  It is not until he came back _______ I knew it.
A. when
B. after
C. before
D. that
      满分:2.5  分
16.  The atmosphere _________certain gases mixed together in definite proportions.
A. composes of
B. is made up
C. consists of
D. makes up of
      满分:2.5  分
17.  If you _______ me, I shall be very grateful to you.
A. must help
B. will help
C. may help
D. need help
      满分:2.5  分
18.  The organization works hard to _______ friendship between nations.
A. promote
B. speed
C. hasten
D. hurry
      满分:2.5  分
19.  Peter, whom everyone suspected, _______ to be innocent.
A. turned out
B. turned off
C. turned up
D. turned over
      满分:2.5  分
20.  It happened _______ Lisa wasn’t there at that time.
A. whether
B. if
C. that
D. why
      满分:2.5  分
21.  The old lady _______ is Tom’s grandmother.
A. you talked
B. who you talked to her
C. whom you talked
D. to whom you talked
      满分:2.5  分
22.  — Is the toilet on the ground floor or 2nd floor? — _______
A. No, there isn’t.
B. Yes, it is.
C. On the ground floor.
D. It is empty.
      满分:2.5  分
23.  — Is there anything serious, doctor? — _______
A. I’m going to have another check-up.
B. The results of the blood test are wrong.
C. No. Just stay in bed and drink more water.
D. Yes. You can go home tomorrow.
      满分:2.5  分
24.  The young actor who had been thought highly of _________ to be a great disappointment.
A. turned up
B. turned out
C. turned down
D. turned in
      满分:2.5  分
25.  — Why didn't you come to my birthday party yesterday? — _______
A. Excuse me, my friend sent me a flower.
B. Fine, I never go to birthday parties.
C. Ha…ha, I like swimming.
D. Sorry, but my wife had a car accident.
      满分:2.5  分
26.  In China, children _______ school at seven.
A. has to start
B. must to start
C. have to start
D. can start
      满分:2.5  分
27.  Hardly ______on stage ____the audience started cheering.
A. he had come/than
B. he had come/when
C. had he come/when
D. had he come/than
      满分:2.5  分
28.  —Didn’t they come to the party last week? —Yes. They didn’t want to come with us at first, but then we _______ persuade them.
A. would
B. could
C. were able to
D. had to
      满分:2.5  分
29.  I don't know the park, but it's______ to be quite beautiful.
A. said
B. told
C. spoken
D. talked
      满分:2.5  分
30.  — I think he is a good lecturer. — _______
A. Sorry, it doesn't matter.
B. So do I.
C. Yes. It's a good idea.
D. I don't mind.
      满分:2.5  分

二、判断题(共 10 道试题,共 25 分。)V 1.  
      Until 1983, Tillson Lake had been a lovely weekend and vacation place for many families. Then everything changed. During the Fourth of July weekend, residents woke up one morning to find that the lake had disappeared.
     Some people didn't believe what they were seeing. They looked again, but to their amazement they found they had been right the first time. The lake was simply no longer there. In its place was a big muddy hole, 30 feet deep. It was as if the lake had been a giant bathtub and someone had pulled the plug.
     The lake's owner, Joseph Unanue, did indeed pull the plug. That's exactly what happened. The dam that held back the water to form the lake was falling apart, so government officials ordered him to repair it. They issued him a permit to lower the dam level "five feet or more."He did much more. Mr. Unanue found repairs to the dam would cost $100,000. He didn't want to spend that much, so he opened the dam and lowered the water level until the lake was completely emptied. People living above the dam ended up with no lake. People living below the dam ended up with tons of mud and lots of dead fish. Everyone involved was angry with Mr. Unanue.
     Area residents believed Mr. Unanue acted out of spite(恶意). They said he wanted to get back at them because the town wouldn't let him develop an amusement park on the lakeshore. When he couldn't build his park, he just went away and took his lake with him.
                                                                                                                                             

(4)、Neighbors think Mr. Unanue is tired of swimming.   

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
2.       In 1920, barely out of his teens, Alfred Hitchcock went to work for an American film company which had opened a studio in Islington, London. His first job at the studio was writing captions (脚本) for silent movies. Within two years, he was writing scripts(剧本) and working as an assistant director.
      For the rest of the 1920s, Hitchcock worked on one film after another in Britain and Germany. Filming was often a rough-and-ready(匆忙做成的) affair and the assistant director was required to step in and plug gaps. A cameraman went missing, Hitchcock became a cameraman. A scene needed rewriting, Hitchcock rewrote it. Someone needed to be in charge of money when the film crew was on location, Hitchcock looked after the money.
     At the same time, this being the era of silent movies, Hitchcock was learning the language of cinema: telling a story-not through dialogue, but through visual images(视觉影象). This led to  his success later.
     When he began to direct his own films, first in Britain and later in Hollywood, he was determined to make films that held the audience's attention and kept tension(紧张感). He succeeded. Hitchcock's ability to put you on the edge of your seat makes him one of the greatest makers of suspense(悬念) movies.
                                                                                                                                              (3)、Telling a story through dialogue prepared Hitchcock for his success later.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
3.        In 1920, barely out of his teens, Alfred Hitchcock went to work for an American film company which had opened a studio in Islington, London. His first job at the studio was writing captions (脚本) for silent movies. Within two years, he was writing scripts(剧本) and working as an assistant director.
     For the rest of the 1920s, Hitchcock worked on one film after another in Britain and Germany. Filming was often a rough-and-ready(匆忙做成的) affair and the assistant director was required to step in and plug gaps. A cameraman went missing, Hitchcock became a cameraman. A scene needed rewriting, Hitchcock rewrote it. Someone needed to be in charge of money when the film crew was on location, Hitchcock looked after the money.
     At the same time, this being the era of silent movies, Hitchcock was learning the language of cinema: telling a story-not through dialogue, but through visual images(视觉影象). This led to  his success later.
     When he began to direct his own films, first in Britain and later in Hollywood, he was determined to make films that held the audience's attention and kept tension(紧张感). He succeeded. Hitchcock's ability to put you on the edge of your seat makes him one of the greatest makers of suspense(悬念) movies.
                                                                                                                                              (4)、He was determined to draw the audience's attention and keep tension in his film-making.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
4.         In 1920, barely out of his teens, Alfred Hitchcock went to work for an American film company which had opened a studio in Islington, London. His first job at the studio was writing captions (脚本) for silent movies. Within two years, he was writing scripts(剧本) and working as an assistant director.
       For the rest of the 1920s, Hitchcock worked on one film after another in Britain and Germany. Filming was often a rough-and-ready(匆忙做成的) affair and the assistant director was required to step in and plug gaps. A cameraman went missing, Hitchcock became a cameraman. A scene needed rewriting, Hitchcock rewrote it. Someone needed to be in charge of money when the film crew was on location, Hitchcock looked after the money.
       At the same time, this being the era of silent movies, Hitchcock was learning the language of cinema: telling a story-not through dialogue, but through visual images(视觉影象). This led to  his success later.
       When he began to direct his own films, first in Britain and later in Hollywood, he was determined to make films that held the audience's attention and kept tension(紧张感). He succeeded. Hitchcock's ability to put you on the edge of your seat makes him one of the greatest makers of suspense(悬念) movies.
                                                                                                                                                (2)、According to the context, "step in and plug gaps" (in Line 3, Para. 2) means asking for one's help.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
5.  
All over the world people enjoy sports. Sports help to keep people healthy, happy and help them to live longer.
Sports change with the season. People play different games in winter and summer.
     Games and sports often grow out of people's work and everyday activities. The Arabs use horses or camels in much of their everyday life; they use them in their sports, too.
     Some sports are so interesting that people everywhere go in for them. Football, for example, has spread around the world. Swimming is popular in all countries near the sea or in those with many rivers.
     Some sports or games go back to thousands of years ago, like running or jumping. Chinese boxing, for example, has a very long history. But basketball and volleyball are rather new. Neither one is a hundred years old yet. People are inventing new sports or games all the time.
     People from different countries may not be able to understand each other, but after a game they often become good friends. Sports help to train a person's character. One learns to fight hard but fight fair, to win without pride and to lose with grace.
                                                                                                                                             

(2)、The writer didn't tell us in this passage that basketball was invented in America.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
6.  
     Albert Einstein had a great effect on science and history, greater than what only a few other men have achieved. An American university president once commented that Einstein had created a new outlook, a new view of the universe. It may be some time before the average mind understands fully the identity of time and space and so on-but even ordinary men understand now that the universe is something larger than ever thought before.
     By 1914 the young Einstein had gained world fame. He accepted the offer to become a professor at the Prussian Academy of Science in Berlin. He had few duties, little teaching and unlimited opportunities for study, but soon his peace and quiet were broken by the First World War.Einstein hated violence. The misery of war affected him deeply, and he sat unhappily in his office doing little. He lost interest in his research. Only when peace came in 1918 was he able to get back to work.
      In the years following World War I honors were increasingly heaped on him. He became the head of the Kaiser Whihem Institute of Theoretical Physics. In 1921 he won the Noble Prize, and he was honored in Germany until the rise of Nazism when he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew.
                                                                                                                                          

(5)、It may be concluded that Albert Einstein was forced to serve in the German army.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
7.  
     Albert Einstein had a great effect on science and history, greater than what only a few other men have achieved. An American university president once commented that Einstein had created a new outlook, a new view of the universe. It may be some time before the average mind understands fully the identity of time and space and so on-but even ordinary men understand now that the universe is something larger than ever thought before.
     By 1914 the young Einstein had gained world fame. He accepted the offer to become a professor at the Prussian Academy of Science in Berlin. He had few duties, little teaching and unlimited opportunities for study, but soon his peace and quiet were broken by the First World War.Einstein hated violence. The misery of war affected him deeply, and he sat unhappily in his office doing little. He lost interest in his research. Only when peace came in 1918 was he able to get back to work.
      In the years following World War I honors were increasingly heaped on him. He became the head of the Kaiser Whihem Institute of Theoretical Physics. In 1921 he won the Noble Prize, and he was honored in Germany until the rise of Nazism when he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew.
                                                                                                                                             

(4)、According to the passage Einstein did his greatest work when he was young.


A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
8.  
      All over the world people enjoy sports. Sports help to keep people healthy, happy and help them to live longer.
Sports change with the season. People play different games in winter and summer.
     Games and sports often grow out of people's work and everyday activities. The Arabs use horses or camels in much of their everyday life; they use them in their sports, too.
     Some sports are so interesting that people everywhere go in for them. Football, for example, has spread around the world. Swimming is popular in all countries near the sea or in those with many rivers.
     Some sports or games go back to thousands of years ago, like running or jumping. Chinese boxing, for example, has a very long history. But basketball and volleyball are rather new. Neither one is a hundred years old yet. People are inventing new sports or games all the time.
     People from different countries may not be able to understand each other, but after a game they often become good friends. Sports help to train a person's character. One learns to fight hard but fight fair, to win without pride and to lose with grace.


(1)、According to this passage we know that people began to play about one hundred years ago.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
9.  
      All over the world people enjoy sports. Sports help to keep people healthy, happy and help them to live longer.
Sports change with the season. People play different games in winter and summer.
     Games and sports often grow out of people's work and everyday activities. The Arabs use horses or camels in much of their everyday life; they use them in their sports, too.
     Some sports are so interesting that people everywhere go in for them. Football, for example, has spread around the world. Swimming is popular in all countries near the sea or in those with many rivers.
     Some sports or games go back to thousands of years ago, like running or jumping. Chinese boxing, for example, has a very long history. But basketball and volleyball are rather new. Neither one is a hundred years old yet. People are inventing new sports or games all the time.
     People from different countries may not be able to understand each other, but after a game they often become good friends. Sports help to train a person's character. One learns to fight hard but fight fair, to win without pride and to lose with grace.
                                                                                                                                             

(4)、From this passage we can see that according to the author sports and games are significant to our life in many respects.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
10.  
     Albert Einstein had a great effect on science and history, greater than what only a few other men have achieved. An American university president once commented that Einstein had created a new outlook, a new view of the universe. It may be some time before the average mind understands fully the identity of time and space and so on-but even ordinary men understand now that the universe is something larger than ever thought before.
     By 1914 the young Einstein had gained world fame. He accepted the offer to become a professor at the Prussian Academy of Science in Berlin. He had few duties, little teaching and unlimited opportunities for study, but soon his peace and quiet were broken by the First World War.Einstein hated violence. The misery of war affected him deeply, and he sat unhappily in his office doing little. He lost interest in his research. Only when peace came in 1918 was he able to get back to work.
      In the years following World War I honors were increasingly heaped on him. He became the head of the Kaiser Whihem Institute of Theoretical Physics. In 1921 he won the Noble Prize, and he was honored in Germany until the rise of Nazism when he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew.
                                                                                                                                                

(3)、According to Paragraph 2, Albert Einstein headed a research institute.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分

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