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川大12春大学英语(四)第二次网上作业

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发表于 2012-5-23 11:00:28 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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一、单选题(共 30 道试题,共 75 分。)V 1.  
       Down the entrance hall of the school walk four eighth-grade students. Each one is carrying a small basket with a single egg inside. Soon more students join them-each one of them is also carrying a basket with an egg. The eggs in a basket are part of a new school program that helps young people understand that having a baby is a great duty.
     At the beginning of the program, the teacher puts the students in pairs-one girl and one boy. Each pair gets an egg, which they must take care of for two weeks. For those fourteen days, the students have to take care of the eggs as though they were real babies. Students whose eggs get broken have to start the two weeks all over again with a new egg.
     One person in each pair must have the egg with him or her at all times-twenty-four hours a day. At no time can they let the egg be out of sight. "If a teacher catches you without your egg," said one student, "she makes you go get it. They are really strict." The teachers also make the students spend half an hour each day sitting with the egg and just watching it. That can get pretty boring. But it's also something that parents spend a lot of time doing.
    Children say that the program has helped them understand the duties involved in having a child. "It was really hard," said one student, "You had to think all the time about the egg."
                                                                                                                                             

  (2)、At the beginning, ______.

A. only one student joined the program
B. four students in all were interested in the program
C. eight students became members of the program
D. more students than teachers liked the program
      满分:2.5  分
2.  It is necessary that he _______.
A. stay
B. could stay
C. would stay
D. stays
      满分:2.5  分
3.  The publisher and the author _______ made an agreement.
A. is
B. has
C. are
D. have
      满分:2.5  分
4.  — Excuse me, could you tell me how to get to the post office? — _______
A. You can't miss it
B. I don't know
C. No, I can't
D. Sorry, but I am a stranger here myself
      满分:2.5  分
5.       Our child's behavior is greatly influenced by the way we react to what he has done. Our reactions help to determine whether our child will repeat his behavior or whether he will do something different. This statement is a very important part of a principle of behavioral psychology.
     The principle states that a behavior is influenced or affected by how the environment ---- people, places and things ---- immediately responds to the behavior. Perhaps without realizing it, you have used this principle many times.
     On the occasion when you told your child what a good boy he was after he cleaned up his room, you used the principle. When you sent your child to his room for fighting with his brother, you used the principle. When I gave Kim a cookie after she started to cry, I used the principle. In each of these examples, a particular behavior occurred first ---- cleaning up a room, fighting, and crying.
In addition, there was a reaction to each behavior ---- the child was praised, sent to his room, or given a cookie. By these actions, we have influenced the previous behaviors and have helped to determine whether those behaviors will occur again in the future.
                                                                                                                                             (4)、According to the lecture, why was the child sent to his room?
A. As a kind of punishment.
B. As a kind of reward.
C. As an experiment on the principle.
D. As an example of the principle.
      满分:2.5  分
6.  _______ energy under the earth must be released in one form or another, for example, an earthquake.
A. Accumulated
B. Assembled
C. Gathered
D. Collected
      满分:2.5  分
7.  — What do you think of your new teacher? — _______
A. He came to teach us last week.
B. He teaches us English.
C. He has two children.
D. He is very nice.
      满分:2.5  分
8.  There ________ a book and some magazines on the desk.
A. is
B. are
C. have
D. has
      满分:2.5  分
9.  A pair of spectacles ________ what I need at the moment.
A. is
B. are
C. has
D. have
      满分:2.5  分
10.  He put forward a theory, _______ of great importance to the progress of science of technology.
A. I think which is
B. which I think is
C. which is I think
D. I think it is
      满分:2.5  分
11.  — How about going fishing? — ____________, I have no patience for that.
A. Excuse me
B. Sorry
C. Pardon
D. Apologize
      满分:2.5  分
12.  Neither the students nor the teacher _______ got the right answer.
A. have
B. has
C. is
D. are
      满分:2.5  分
13.  His answer is not correct, and _______.
A. neither am I
B. either is mine
C. neither is mine
D. mine is neither
      满分:2.5  分
14.  — How do you like your first term here at the university? — _______
A. To tell the truth, I don’t like it at all.
B. I don’t know.
C. How about you?
D. I don’t want to talk about it.
      满分:2.5  分
15.  She is not only my classmate ________ also my good friend.
A. or
B. but
C. and
D. too
      满分:2.5  分
16.  — What do you find difficult in learning English? — _______
A. Listening and speaking.
B. Don’t be afraid of difficulties.
C. Learning English is useful.
D. Don’t be disappointed.
      满分:2.5  分
17.  — _______ — Yes, I’ll be happy to cash it for you.
A. Do you need any cash?
B. Are you happy with the cash?
C. Are you happy to cash it for me?
D. May I cash a traveler’s check here?
      满分:2.5  分
18.  The dean of the Philosophy Department requested that the visiting scholar ____a lecture on Sartre.
A. gave
B. give
C. would give
D. had given
      满分:2.5  分
19.  It is not until he came back _______ I knew it.
A. when
B. after
C. before
D. that
      满分:2.5  分
20.  If he _______ that picture, he would have signed his name in the corner.
A. painted
B. paints
C. would have painted
D. had painted
      满分:2.5  分
21.  It is the best ______ I have seen.
A. that
B. who
C. whom
D. which
      满分:2.5  分
22.  We go to the cinema ______ a week.
A. often
B. once
C. seldom
D. usually
      满分:2.5  分
23.  Unemployment is not the _______— the real problem is the decline in public morality.
A. trouble
B. matter
C. issue
D. thing
      满分:2.5  分
24.  He didn't pass the final examination. He _______ it.
A. must have prepared for
B. ought to prepare for
C. ought to have prepared for
D. should prepare for
      满分:2.5  分
25.  When Susan and I _______ on an article for the school newspaper, we found it difficult to work together.
A. compiled
B. gathered
C. collaborated
D. joined
      满分:2.5  分
26.  _____she was invited to the hall made her very happy.
A. That
B. If
C. When
D. Because
      满分:2.5  分
27.  — How much is this necklace? — _______
A. It's very nice.
B. It's a birthday present from my parents.
C. It costs fifty pounds.
D. It's a bargain.
      满分:2.5  分
28.  He always did well at school _______ having to do part-time jobs every now and then.
A. in spite of
B. regardless of
C. on account of
D. in case of
      满分:2.5  分
29.  — I wish you success in your career. — _______
A. You are welcome.
B. You think so.
C. Yes, please.
D. The same to you.
      满分:2.5  分
30.  The sports meeting was put off till the next week _____rain.
A. in spite of
B. so
C. because
D. because of
      满分:2.5  分

二、判断题(共 10 道试题,共 25 分。)V 1.  
       Albert Einstein had a great effect on science and history, greater than what only a few other men have achieved. An American university president once commented that Einstein had created a new outlook, a new view of the universe. It may be some time before the average mind understands fully the identity of time and space and so on-but even ordinary men understand now that the universe is something larger than ever thought before.
     By 1914 the young Einstein had gained world fame. He accepted the offer to become a professor at the Prussian Academy of Science in Berlin. He had few duties, little teaching and unlimited opportunities for study, but soon his peace and quiet were broken by the First World War.Einstein hated violence. The misery of war affected him deeply, and he sat unhappily in his office doing little. He lost interest in his research. Only when peace came in 1918 was he able to get back to work.
     In the years following World War I honors were increasingly heaped on him. He became the head of the Kaiser Whihem Institute of Theoretical Physics. In 1921 he won the Noble Prize, and he was honored in Germany until the rise of Nazism when he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew.

(1)、The main idea of Paragraph 1 is the change in human thought produced by Einstein.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
2.  
      Until 1983, Tillson Lake had been a lovely weekend and vacation place for many families. Then everything changed. During the Fourth of July weekend, residents woke up one morning to find that the lake had disappeared.
     Some people didn't believe what they were seeing. They looked again, but to their amazement they found they had been right the first time. The lake was simply no longer there. In its place was a big muddy hole, 30 feet deep. It was as if the lake had been a giant bathtub and someone had pulled the plug.
     The lake's owner, Joseph Unanue, did indeed pull the plug. That's exactly what happened. The dam that held back the water to form the lake was falling apart, so government officials ordered him to repair it. They issued him a permit to lower the dam level "five feet or more."He did much more. Mr. Unanue found repairs to the dam would cost $100,000. He didn't want to spend that much, so he opened the dam and lowered the water level until the lake was completely emptied. People living above the dam ended up with no lake. People living below the dam ended up with tons of mud and lots of dead fish. Everyone involved was angry with Mr. Unanue.
     Area residents believed Mr. Unanue acted out of spite(恶意). They said he wanted to get back at them because the town wouldn't let him develop an amusement park on the lakeshore. When he couldn't build his park, he just went away and took his lake with him.
                                                                                                                                         

(3)、Mr.Unanue emptied out the lake because the lake was too full.   

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
3.       In 1920, barely out of his teens, Alfred Hitchcock went to work for an American film company which had opened a studio in Islington, London. His first job at the studio was writing captions (脚本) for silent movies. Within two years, he was writing scripts(剧本) and working as an assistant director.
      For the rest of the 1920s, Hitchcock worked on one film after another in Britain and Germany. Filming was often a rough-and-ready(匆忙做成的) affair and the assistant director was required to step in and plug gaps. A cameraman went missing, Hitchcock became a cameraman. A scene needed rewriting, Hitchcock rewrote it. Someone needed to be in charge of money when the film crew was on location, Hitchcock looked after the money.
     At the same time, this being the era of silent movies, Hitchcock was learning the language of cinema: telling a story-not through dialogue, but through visual images(视觉影象). This led to  his success later.
     When he began to direct his own films, first in Britain and later in Hollywood, he was determined to make films that held the audience's attention and kept tension(紧张感). He succeeded. Hitchcock's ability to put you on the edge of your seat makes him one of the greatest makers of suspense(悬念) movies.
                                                                                                                                              (3)、Telling a story through dialogue prepared Hitchcock for his success later.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
4.  
All over the world people enjoy sports. Sports help to keep people healthy, happy and help them to live longer.
Sports change with the season. People play different games in winter and summer.
     Games and sports often grow out of people's work and everyday activities. The Arabs use horses or camels in much of their everyday life; they use them in their sports, too.
     Some sports are so interesting that people everywhere go in for them. Football, for example, has spread around the world. Swimming is popular in all countries near the sea or in those with many rivers.
     Some sports or games go back to thousands of years ago, like running or jumping. Chinese boxing, for example, has a very long history. But basketball and volleyball are rather new. Neither one is a hundred years old yet. People are inventing new sports or games all the time.
     People from different countries may not be able to understand each other, but after a game they often become good friends. Sports help to train a person's character. One learns to fight hard but fight fair, to win without pride and to lose with grace.
                                                                                                                                             

(2)、The writer didn't tell us in this passage that basketball was invented in America.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
5.  
      Until 1983, Tillson Lake had been a lovely weekend and vacation place for many families. Then everything changed. During the Fourth of July weekend, residents woke up one morning to find that the lake had disappeared.
     Some people didn't believe what they were seeing. They looked again, but to their amazement they found they had been right the first time. The lake was simply no longer there. In its place was a big muddy hole, 30 feet deep. It was as if the lake had been a giant bathtub and someone had pulled the plug.
     The lake's owner, Joseph Unanue, did indeed pull the plug. That's exactly what happened. The dam that held back the water to form the lake was falling apart, so government officials ordered him to repair it. They issued him a permit to lower the dam level "five feet or more."He did much more. Mr. Unanue found repairs to the dam would cost $100,000. He didn't want to spend that much, so he opened the dam and lowered the water level until the lake was completely emptied. People living above the dam ended up with no lake. People living below the dam ended up with tons of mud and lots of dead fish. Everyone involved was angry with Mr. Unanue.
     Area residents believed Mr. Unanue acted out of spite(恶意). They said he wanted to get back at them because the town wouldn't let him develop an amusement park on the lakeshore. When he couldn't build his park, he just went away and took his lake with him.
                                                                                                                                             

(4)、Neighbors think Mr. Unanue is tired of swimming.   

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
6.  
     Albert Einstein had a great effect on science and history, greater than what only a few other men have achieved. An American university president once commented that Einstein had created a new outlook, a new view of the universe. It may be some time before the average mind understands fully the identity of time and space and so on-but even ordinary men understand now that the universe is something larger than ever thought before.
     By 1914 the young Einstein had gained world fame. He accepted the offer to become a professor at the Prussian Academy of Science in Berlin. He had few duties, little teaching and unlimited opportunities for study, but soon his peace and quiet were broken by the First World War.Einstein hated violence. The misery of war affected him deeply, and he sat unhappily in his office doing little. He lost interest in his research. Only when peace came in 1918 was he able to get back to work.
      In the years following World War I honors were increasingly heaped on him. He became the head of the Kaiser Whihem Institute of Theoretical Physics. In 1921 he won the Noble Prize, and he was honored in Germany until the rise of Nazism when he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew.
                                                                                                                                                

(3)、According to Paragraph 2, Albert Einstein headed a research institute.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
7.  
     Albert Einstein had a great effect on science and history, greater than what only a few other men have achieved. An American university president once commented that Einstein had created a new outlook, a new view of the universe. It may be some time before the average mind understands fully the identity of time and space and so on-but even ordinary men understand now that the universe is something larger than ever thought before.
     By 1914 the young Einstein had gained world fame. He accepted the offer to become a professor at the Prussian Academy of Science in Berlin. He had few duties, little teaching and unlimited opportunities for study, but soon his peace and quiet were broken by the First World War.Einstein hated violence. The misery of war affected him deeply, and he sat unhappily in his office doing little. He lost interest in his research. Only when peace came in 1918 was he able to get back to work.
     In the years following World War I honors were increasingly heaped on him. He became the head of the Kaiser Whihem Institute of Theoretical Physics. In 1921 he won the Noble Prize, and he was honored in Germany until the rise of Nazism when he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew.
                                                                                                                                            

(2)、According to the American university president, The theory of relativity can be quickly learned by everyone.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
8.  
      All over the world people enjoy sports. Sports help to keep people healthy, happy and help them to live longer.
Sports change with the season. People play different games in winter and summer.
     Games and sports often grow out of people's work and everyday activities. The Arabs use horses or camels in much of their everyday life; they use them in their sports, too.
     Some sports are so interesting that people everywhere go in for them. Football, for example, has spread around the world. Swimming is popular in all countries near the sea or in those with many rivers.
     Some sports or games go back to thousands of years ago, like running or jumping. Chinese boxing, for example, has a very long history. But basketball and volleyball are rather new. Neither one is a hundred years old yet. People are inventing new sports or games all the time.
     People from different countries may not be able to understand each other, but after a game they often become good friends. Sports help to train a person's character. One learns to fight hard but fight fair, to win without pride and to lose with grace.
                                                                                                                                             

(4)、From this passage we can see that according to the author sports and games are significant to our life in many respects.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
9.  
      In 1920, barely out of his teens, Alfred Hitchcock went to work for an American film company which had opened a studio in Islington, London. His first job at the studio was writing captions (脚本) for silent movies. Within two years, he was writing scripts(剧本) and working as an assistant director.
     For the rest of the 1920s, Hitchcock worked on one film after another in Britain and Germany. Filming was often a rough-and-ready(匆忙做成的) affair and the assistant director was required to step in and plug gaps. A cameraman went missing, Hitchcock became a cameraman. A scene needed rewriting, Hitchcock rewrote it. Someone needed to be in charge of money when the film crew was on location, Hitchcock looked after the money.
     At the same time, this being the era of silent movies, Hitchcock was learning the language of cinema: telling a story-not through dialogue, but through visual images(视觉影象). This led to  his success later.
     When he began to direct his own films, first in Britain and later in Hollywood, he was determined to make films that held the audience's attention and kept tension(紧张感). He succeeded. Hitchcock's ability to put you on the edge of your seat makes him one of the greatest makers of suspense(悬念) movies.
                                                                                                                                                     

(5)、He had taken up different jobs before he succeeded.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
10.  
      Until 1983, Tillson Lake had been a lovely weekend and vacation place for many families. Then everything changed. During the Fourth of July weekend, residents woke up one morning to find that the lake had disappeared.
     Some people didn't believe what they were seeing. They looked again, but to their amazement they found they had been right the first time. The lake was simply no longer there. In its place was a big muddy hole, 30 feet deep. It was as if the lake had been a giant bathtub and someone had pulled the plug.
     The lake's owner, Joseph Unanue, did indeed pull the plug. That's exactly what happened. The dam that held back the water to form the lake was falling apart, so government officials ordered him to repair it. They issued him a permit to lower the dam level "five feet or more."He did much more. Mr. Unanue found repairs to the dam would cost $100,000. He didn't want to spend that much, so he opened the dam and lowered the water level until the lake was completely emptied. People living above the dam ended up with no lake. People living below the dam ended up with tons of mud and lots of dead fish. Everyone involved was angry with Mr. Unanue.
     Area residents believed Mr. Unanue acted out of spite(恶意). They said he wanted to get back at them because the town wouldn't let him develop an amusement park on the lakeshore. When he couldn't build his park, he just went away and took his lake with him.
                                                                                                                                             

(5)、The situation could be changed by repairing the dam.

A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分




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