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川大12春《大学英语(三)》第1次在线作业

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发表于 2012-5-28 16:09:27 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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一、单选题(共 30 道试题,共 75 分。)V 1.  —Who's speaking? —This is Tom ________________.
A. speaks
B. spoken
C. speaking
D. saying
      满分:2.5  分
2.  
As long as the sun shines, the earth will not run out of energy. The sun pours more energy on earth than we can ever use. Most of that energy comes to us as heat and light. Energy from the sun is called solar energy.
    Anything to do with the sun is called "solar". The word began with the Roman word for the sun and their god of the sun, who was called Sol. Solar energy is a safe kind of energy. It doesn't make pollution or have dangerous leftovers. That is why scientists and investors are experimenting with ways of harnessing(治理利用)the sun to do some of the jobs fossil fuels have been doing.
    But to make the sun do work like that, they have to solve some problems. They have to collect the sun's energy. Collecting sunshine is not easy, unless you are a plant. Sunshine is not easy to store, either. You can't fill a tank with it or put it in the wood box. You can not move it through a pipe or a wire. You can not just turn it on.
(2)、Where does the word "solar" come from?
A. Greek.
B. Roman.
C. Old English.
D. Chinese.
      满分:2.5  分
3.  Are you going to fix the car yourself, or are you going to have it _______?
A. fixing
B. to fix
C. fix
D. fixed
      满分:2.5  分
4.  Jim _______ Japan in 1980 and _______ in China ever since.
A. left;lived
B. left; has lived
C. has left;lived
D. has left;has lived
      满分:2.5  分
5.  —Welcome to the party! ________________ —Thank you!
A. Excuse me!
B. I totally agree with you
C. How pretty you are today
D. Which one do you prefer?
      满分:2.5  分
6.  When Lily came home at 5 p.m. yesterday, her mother _______ dinner in the kitchen.
A. cooked
B. was cooking
C. cooks
D. has cooked
      满分:2.5  分
7.  —Would you mind closing the window? It is windy outside. —________________
A. Not at all.
B. Sure, go ahead.
C. Why not?
D. Yes, I would.
      满分:2.5  分
8.  Yesterday was _______ day that we decided to go swimming.
A. such beautiful
B. so beautiful
C. such a beautiful
D. a so beautiful
      满分:2.5  分
9.  What is the train _______ to Birmingham?
A. fee
B. tip
C. fare
D. cost
      满分:2.5  分
10.  When will you finish _______ the outing for next Friday?
A. plan
B. to plan
C. planning
D. planned
      满分:2.5  分
11.  I am pleased to take _______ to exchange views with you.
A. this opportunity
B. a chance
C. this time
D. a period
      满分:2.5  分
12.  —Could I see your ticket please? —________________
A. I am not sure yet
B. I'd love one
C. I might be. Why?
D. Here you are.
      满分:2.5  分
13.  The patients are quite _______ to the nurses for their special care.
A. enjoyable
B. helpful
C. confident
D. grateful
      满分:2.5  分
14.  Not only does John read newspapers, he also reads magazines.
A. 约翰既不读报, 也不看杂志。
B. 约翰不读报, 但看杂志。
C. 约翰报纸和杂志都看。
D. 约翰不仅读报, 而且还看杂志。
      满分:2.5  分
15.  _______ the computer _______ it can work.
A. Smaller; faster
B. smallest; fastest
C. The smaller; the faster
D. The smallest; The fastest
      满分:2.5  分
16.  She leaned _______ the wall while she was speaking to her friend.
A. to
B. against
C. towards
D. for
      满分:2.5  分
17.  —Good morning, may I speak to Mark, please? —________________
A. Who's there?
B. Who's speaking?
C. Who are you?
D. Who wants to speak to Mark?
      满分:2.5  分
18.  —Wow! This is a marvelous room! I've never known you're so artistic. —________________
A. Great, I am very art-conscious
B. Don't mention it
C. Thanks for your compliments
D. It's fine.
      满分:2.5  分
19.  It is _______ that he has to ask for help.
A. so a big job
B. a so big job
C. such big job
D. such a big job
      满分:2.5  分
20.  That company doesn't take credit cards, so customers have to pay _______.
A. dollars
B. finance
C. coins
D. cash
      满分:2.5  分
21.  We are interested in the weather because it _______ us so directly-what we wear, what we do, and even how we feel.
A. benefits
B. affects
C. guides
D. effects
      满分:2.5  分
22.  We need a place _______ this one.
A. twice as larger as
B. twice as large as
C. as twice large
D. as large as twice
      满分:2.5  分
23.  I was talking with my mother on the phone when we were _______ suddenly.
A. cut down
B. cut off
C. cut across
D. cut back
      满分:2.5  分
24.  
As long as the sun shines, the earth will not run out of energy. The sun pours more energy on earth than we can ever use. Most of that energy comes to us as heat and light. Energy from the sun is called solar energy.
    Anything to do with the sun is called "solar". The word began with the Roman word for the sun and their god of the sun, who was called Sol. Solar energy is a safe kind of energy. It doesn't make pollution or have dangerous leftovers. That is why scientists and investors are experimenting with ways of harnessing(治理利用)the sun to do some of the jobs fossil fuels have been doing.
    But to make the sun do work like that, they have to solve some problems. They have to collect the sun's energy. Collecting sunshine is not easy, unless you are a plant. Sunshine is not easy to store, either. You can't fill a tank with it or put it in the wood box. You can not move it through a pipe or a wire. You can not just turn it on.
(1)、What form does most of solar energy take to reach us?
A. Light.
B. Heat.
C. gas.
D. both A and B.
      满分:2.5  分
25.  —Would you like to go skating with me? —________________.
A. Yes, I think so
B. No, thanks
C. Yes, I'd love to
D. I'm afraid not
      满分:2.5  分
26.  By next year, he _______ in New York for five years.
A. has worked
B. has been working
C. works
D. will have worked
      满分:2.5  分
27.  You shouldn’t _______ your time like that, Bob; you have to finish your school work tonight.
A. cut
B. do
C. kill
D. kick
      满分:2.5  分
28.  When she was in Chengdu, she often _______ to see me.
A. comes
B. came
C. has came
D. had came
      满分:2.5  分
29.  He was _______ the preparation of an international conference when I arrived in Beijing.
A. engaged to
B. engaged for
C. engaged on
D. engaged in
      满分:2.5  分
30.  Wouldn't it be _______ wonderful world if all nations lived in _______ peace with one another?
A. a; /
B. the; /
C. a; the
D. the; the
      满分:2.5  分

二、判断题(共 10 道试题,共 25 分。)V 1.  
Many people believe they are supposed to drink eight glasses of water a day, or about two liters. Why? Because that is what they have been told all their life. But a new report offers some different advice. Experts say people should obey their bodies; they should drink as much water as they feel like drinking.
The report says most healthy people meet their daily needs for liquid by letting thirst be their guide. The report is from the Institute of Medicine, part of the National Academies. This organization provides scientific and technical advice to the government and the public.
The report contains some general suggestions. The experts say women should get about two-point-seven liters of water daily. Men should get about three-point-seven liters. But wait - in each case, that is more than eight glasses.
There is an important difference. The report does not tell people how many glasses of water to drink. In fact, the experts say it may be impossible to know how many glasses are needed to meet these guidelines. This is because the daily water requirement can include the water content in foods. People do not get water only by forcing themselves to drink a set number of glasses per day. People also drink fruit juices and sodas and milk. They drink coffee and tea. These all contain water.
As you might expect, the Institute of Medicine says people need to drink more water when they are physically active. The same is true of those who live in hot climates. Depending on heat and activity, people could need two times as much water as others do.
(2)、Most healthy people meet their daily needs for water by drinking when they are tired.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
2.  
Mr. Young ran his own business and worked very hard. His wife was afraid that he would get sick if he continued like that, so she often tried to get him to take a vacation. At last she managed to persuade him to do so, and she hoped that he would be able to enjoy his vacation without any disturbance, so before they left, Mrs. Young went to see her husband's secretary. She said to her, "My husband needs a vacation very much, so whatever happens, please don't bother him with telegrams and letters about business problems while we are away. Just wait till we get back."
    After Mr. and Mrs. Young had been away about a week, Mr. Young received a letter from his secretary which said, "Something terrible happened to your business, but I'm not going to bother you with it while you are enjoying your vacation."
(1)、Mr. Young was the owner of a private business.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
3.  
Many people believe they are supposed to drink eight glasses of water a day, or about two liters. Why? Because that is what they have been told all their life. But a new report offers some different advice. Experts say people should obey their bodies; they should drink as much water as they feel like drinking.
The report says most healthy people meet their daily needs for liquid by letting thirst be their guide. The report is from the Institute of Medicine, part of the National Academies. This organization provides scientific and technical advice to the government and the public.
The report contains some general suggestions. The experts say women should get about two-point-seven liters of water daily. Men should get about three-point-seven liters. But wait - in each case, that is more than eight glasses.
There is an important difference. The report does not tell people how many glasses of water to drink. In fact, the experts say it may be impossible to know how many glasses are needed to meet these guidelines. This is because the daily water requirement can include the water content in foods. People do not get water only by forcing themselves to drink a set number of glasses per day. People also drink fruit juices and sodas and milk. They drink coffee and tea. These all contain water.
As you might expect, the Institute of Medicine says people need to drink more water when they are physically active. The same is true of those who live in hot climates. Depending on heat and activity, people could need two times as much water as others do.
(1)、According to the passage, experts advise people to drink as much water as they feel like drinking.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
4.  
The word "horsepower" was first used two hundred years ago. James Watt had made the world's first widely used steam engine. He had no way of telling people exactly how powerful it was, for at that time there were no units for measuring power.
     Watt decided to find out how much work one strong horse could do in one minute. He called that unit one horsepower. With this unit he could measure the work his steam engine could do.
     He discovered that a horse could lift a 3300-pound weight 10 feet into the air on one minute. His engine could lift a 33-pound weight 100 feet in one minute.
     Because his engine did ten times as much work as the horse, Watt called it a ten horsepower engine.
(1)、The passage says that Watt made the first widely used steam engine.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
5.  
Many people believe they are supposed to drink eight glasses of water a day, or about two liters. Why? Because that is what they have been told all their life. But a new report offers some different advice. Experts say people should obey their bodies; they should drink as much water as they feel like drinking.
The report says most healthy people meet their daily needs for liquid by letting thirst be their guide. The report is from the Institute of Medicine, part of the National Academies. This organization provides scientific and technical advice to the government and the public.
The report contains some general suggestions. The experts say women should get about two-point-seven liters of water daily. Men should get about three-point-seven liters. But wait - in each case, that is more than eight glasses.
There is an important difference. The report does not tell people how many glasses of water to drink. In fact, the experts say it may be impossible to know how many glasses are needed to meet these guidelines. This is because the daily water requirement can include the water content in foods. People do not get water only by forcing themselves to drink a set number of glasses per day. People also drink fruit juices and sodas and milk. They drink coffee and tea. These all contain water.
As you might expect, the Institute of Medicine says people need to drink more water when they are physically active. The same is true of those who live in hot climates. Depending on heat and activity, people could need two times as much water as others do.
(4)、People's daily water requirement can include the water content in foods.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
6.  
The word "horsepower" was first used two hundred years ago. James Watt had made the world's first widely used steam engine. He had no way of telling people exactly how powerful it was, for at that time there were no units for measuring power.
     Watt decided to find out how much work one strong horse could do in one minute. He called that unit one horsepower. With this unit he could measure the work his steam engine could do.
     He discovered that a horse could lift a 3300-pound weight 10 feet into the air on one minute. His engine could lift a 33-pound weight 100 feet in one minute.
     Because his engine did ten times as much work as the horse, Watt called it a ten horsepower engine.
(2)、Watt wanted to find a way to lift a 3300-pound weight.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
7.  
The word "horsepower" was first used two hundred years ago. James Watt had made the world's first widely used steam engine. He had no way of telling people exactly how powerful it was, for at that time there were no units for measuring power.
     Watt decided to find out how much work one strong horse could do in one minute. He called that unit one horsepower. With this unit he could measure the work his steam engine could do.
     He discovered that a horse could lift a 3300-pound weight 10 feet into the air on one minute. His engine could lift a 33-pound weight 100 feet in one minute.
     Because his engine did ten times as much work as the horse, Watt called it a ten horsepower engine.
(3)、He made up a unit of measurement based on the strength of a horse.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
8.  
Mr. Young ran his own business and worked very hard. His wife was afraid that he would get sick if he continued like that, so she often tried to get him to take a vacation. At last she managed to persuade him to do so, and she hoped that he would be able to enjoy his vacation without any disturbance, so before they left, Mrs. Young went to see her husband's secretary. She said to her, "My husband needs a vacation very much, so whatever happens, please don't bother him with telegrams and letters about business problems while we are away. Just wait till we get back."
    After Mr. and Mrs. Young had been away about a week, Mr. Young received a letter from his secretary which said, "Something terrible happened to your business, but I'm not going to bother you with it while you are enjoying your vacation."
(5)、You can learn from the story that Mr. Young had a stupid secretary.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
9.  
Mr. Young ran his own business and worked very hard. His wife was afraid that he would get sick if he continued like that, so she often tried to get him to take a vacation. At last she managed to persuade him to do so, and she hoped that he would be able to enjoy his vacation without any disturbance, so before they left, Mrs. Young went to see her husband's secretary. She said to her, "My husband needs a vacation very much, so whatever happens, please don't bother him with telegrams and letters about business problems while we are away. Just wait till we get back."
    After Mr. and Mrs. Young had been away about a week, Mr. Young received a letter from his secretary which said, "Something terrible happened to your business, but I'm not going to bother you with it while you are enjoying your vacation."
(2)、Mrs. Young worried about her husband's business.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
10.  
The word "horsepower" was first used two hundred years ago. James Watt had made the world's first widely used steam engine. He had no way of telling people exactly how powerful it was, for at that time there were no units for measuring power.
     Watt decided to find out how much work one strong horse could do in one minute. He called that unit one horsepower. With this unit he could measure the work his steam engine could do.
     He discovered that a horse could lift a 3300-pound weight 10 feet into the air on one minute. His engine could lift a 33-pound weight 100 feet in one minute.
     Because his engine did ten times as much work as the horse, Watt called it a ten horsepower engine.
(4)、One horsepower would equal the weight of one horse.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分

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