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12春福师《现代语言学》在线作业一

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发表于 2012-6-5 21:05:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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/ a0 Q7 d& a0 H一、单选题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。)V 1.  ( ) is the science that studies how speech sounds are used in language to convey meanings.
) N/ H- k0 G+ @0 k6 `9 I( z  a! KA. Phonetics
8 ^$ I9 @6 A( B3 ^! gB. Phonology( J' x3 c3 H8 z
C. Morphology! V/ O  G3 Q( e% k* v8 i
D. Dialectology8 q; C& T) c- b: Y
      满分:2  分
8 J' `0 L$ F+ Y* h7 f2.  ( ) is the study of the various aspects of the relation between language on the one hand and speakers and society on the other.' a& o1 t5 W9 ]9 k
A. Pragmatics
: }+ ^) S) B! OB. Sociolinguistics
, J: V  P' R! l2 s% ^' kC. Syntax
, `- V4 @0 r+ G+ W: lD. Semantics
& s- D5 [% I) q- I. m/ B      满分:2  分
% }; K% p! _/ s5 @3.  'Productivity is characterised by the feature of ( ).
2 [- a: T" P: ?% I5 Z; O4 N( n, iA. Arbitrariness
' |. H1 i) l  j& Q# v& x% fB. Genetic-cultural transmission
7 X, k( Z/ }) f2 Z" yC. Non-arbitrariness
$ h9 l. Q% U/ _( h4 ^D. Duality2 s$ B9 ^9 T, P9 q2 o
      满分:2  分7 {5 T' W% j- l6 I; _
4.  ( ) is the first stressed syllable in the tone-unit.
( H4 R4 n5 N& p1 j! s. L& qA. pre-head7 H2 w2 a' r" z1 A
B. head: e( w+ Q) J) N' {" }9 N1 J, H/ @
C. nuclear tail  q4 S9 Y# R0 _+ I! a: |. Q0 S
D. nucleus
; Z( D- m" X3 @0 Z6 C- L      满分:2  分5 R# z) n( r7 z3 B# F3 Z
5.  'The locutionary act ( ) refers to the act of saying something meaningful in a particular language* b1 k- @5 K$ m/ U" z5 D: y& u
A. illocutionary act" z# a9 F4 A/ b5 Y4 A, H  k% u
B. locutionary act/ f. L) I8 I* O# U; t% l
C. perlocutionary act
# t" z; N: L8 U$ S' A: f- a      满分:2  分
' `/ R( s6 x  c7 |; V; }& t3 ^6.  A ( ) is one that may be used to distinguish one speech sound from another.! P# b# p/ w* V- P% X# \
A. perfomation
1 ~* ]; X" g* m: ^+ k% mB. feature* \& u/ ?' K8 n
C. distinctive feature. ], T4 T0 F4 ?
D. function$ e  Z* I) u  {$ C3 I
      满分:2  分
  l  A7 E9 |* q7.  ( ) is the study of the relation between language and mind, especially language acquisition and learning, and language comprehension and prod uction.# ~4 q4 ?2 e- s% C( Y' n& _, v
A. Pragmatics; p4 e; o* [! S& L9 w
B. Phonology/ V& W* u" a( w
C. Dialectology& W$ j2 a) W; M9 m
D. Psycholinguistics- i/ F; U" i  n5 H1 ?( ^7 Z  N7 |* ~
      满分:2  分
1 Z4 v' [1 Z" P( V0 [9 y8.  ( ) is the study of the meaning which is not included in semantics and whose interpretation is depe ndent on its social contexts.2 ~" e! w7 n3 M" P
A. Pragmatics$ H: r" V3 ]' f+ R) n; @+ B
B. Phonology4 s: h7 r/ `! @# Q! `& F
C. Dialectology7 M% E1 U# ~, }3 q& ?  |+ z
D. Morphology
0 K2 [+ d7 w- S3 U9 f! m      满分:2  分
: H( g2 S* B" |# @, j/ q9.  ( ) refers to the speed of speech.
% i! W; y  E2 O- K0 G4 w) TA. Loudness% `) `" U& A% F# U
B. Stress( a+ t1 C- `  I# Q2 r. }$ K0 Y% P
C. Tempo/ b7 ^2 k2 l' L
D. Tone5 Y: b7 Q# m, O% f& A/ S
      满分:2  分
% o: D' G. K, B0 O- O10.  In the tree diagram ( ) is the point from which two or more lines descend.
# N3 k0 l. R5 q3 \- nA. Node
8 Q. A- D. f' s. [* c# x( qB. Initial node
6 p) [0 z4 H5 b$ V4 pC. Branching# V3 |& `/ M, a
D. Intermediate node
1 h0 t+ p! v2 ~9 k" Z      满分:2  分4 R% ^9 {/ y" y6 h$ `
11.  ( ) refers to a variety of language which is appropriate for a particular situation
- j! o' X! \* ~; T1 wA. register
4 C' O5 M) ~' `# V8 t/ cB. Style' M. i/ h0 [% h) R: K  J
C. genre; n) p, z- g. V4 _) g) ]% p9 o
D. Form
: U) b, f1 S- w+ L2 o* e      满分:2  分
0 N( ]! o9 A3 q" ^: W. O7 `7 r( s2 Z12.  'Collocation (p. 261) refers to the juxtaposition of two elements which are semantically in opposition (or complementary) to each other
! g% n- }. V- |4 N4 A+ E* UA. Collocation! o, \2 a0 c, V7 o  @
B. Reiteration0 o  G. j  e6 E9 @1 ?- c
C. Lexical cohesion; s  W3 M; D; I. ]7 o
D. Coherence
, Z2 b! Z: t5 M$ F9 S. T      满分:2  分
- m8 j  e. E& N# `5 n# Z13.  ( )the main source of energy for speaking, initiating the airflow for speech, hence pulmonic airstream mechanism.7 P$ u" F, O" t2 a4 z, ?- }
A. Mouth5 h! v  i! f$ Q* K- l  x
B. Heart
. Z! Y) n5 l: K: ]) AC. Nose
% |  R8 |7 T* @D. Lung2 S+ I8 ~" U" z- V0 ?6 B$ r6 o9 V6 }
      满分:2  分4 b+ H) G: h' u1 f* K7 g- d
14.  Which h of the following disciplines doen't belong to micro-linguistics?
- ^: F- a* d9 A$ U6 jA. Phonetics/ h7 M, X) w: ?
B. Phonology
; b! Z: ?, t6 _! {! k/ _* T& vC. Morphology/ V* v6 _1 P5 |8 w  U* H# [" E, Q$ Q
D. Dialectology. R; w% h: f2 J6 T+ I& Z# d
      满分:2  分3 I7 a4 x% K! g& Q. ~, |
15.  'The phones that can be grouped together as variants of one phoneme have to be ( ) similar$ [$ Y$ e6 D, x- A8 Q
A. phonetically
1 i- t' d; d, z& K; g* J" |2 @: p, wB. phonologically
) J9 G4 T- x+ Y6 A0 m3 f7 R/ U, @C. sound2 ~7 k% m* i& G! d3 C
D. seem7 }5 t& k  s' C3 z! m, y0 h
      满分:2  分
0 F. x- c& E+ b# ]6 G# n7 r16.  ( ) reference refers to the reference where the presupposed occurs in the text before the word or expression that is presupposing.) ?9 J3 M. l5 U9 k
A. Exophoric
$ d) ?# f9 ?2 S# g( D! WB. Anaphoric4 ]; E8 n2 h' I- i
C. Endophoric
  `/ F. E2 t+ _9 l6 ~$ gD. Cataphoric
4 Q3 q; m7 H( b      满分:2  分
% I  T1 M9 r7 A' y17.  'The transformational generative grammar was proposed by ( ).
. V1 W  T5 b* e5 z. h# w) ?' l' [A. Noam Chomsky3 w8 K5 X. T. n( y( \
B. Jacobson
# `; p, ], t$ r7 u; E; DC. Haliday
2 ~; }/ n' a) Q2 X% FD. Nida
' B  p% a7 e. Q) m) u      满分:2  分7 V) h$ t. v; l) `4 ^$ K% Q
18.  ( ) refers to the primary and commonly accepted meaning of linguistic forms.
" s/ S. r* R9 k9 ?1 eA. Lexical meaning
2 h/ L* G) [, ^0 q, pB. Sentential meaning' y0 w+ |4 h; J1 v
C. Utterance meaning( q1 J% S9 U% {! X- ?0 G
D. Literal meaning& t4 V/ z0 Z9 j. ~+ z
      满分:2  分- T* @# q+ p" b- N' _2 q1 l
19.  ( ) is a minimal unit which is formally composed of meaningless linguistic symbols at the lower level of the language7 k% O% q3 r% F( H
A. Phoneme2 Q" X: t% _, C% H9 Z
B. Stress
8 m( [, W7 \8 VC. Tempo
- Y5 T  ~/ L4 R; i7 s- A* FD. Morpheme
" Y& y, O8 o/ Y6 S. S& x      满分:2  分/ A. ]/ g  f2 ~8 C- I$ L( R
20.  '( )is a morphological variant of morpheme.) T; O; J$ k7 J% _2 e' Z
A. Allomorph
/ F8 O2 _! Q7 ~9 m$ _1 o' f; YB. Word
, l. d# v  n7 N$ a$ m/ }C. Segment4 i& v( o% v6 u- v
D. Morph
% m  ]3 C( [' ^. j! v# r/ @# l) A: s      满分:2  分
. T6 Q# \0 @9 A5 ]; d0 C21.  ( ) is the bit of spoken or written language that is produced and sent to the receiver in a specific context.
* H( y4 ~( W3 v* R. BA. Word
4 m9 T& X# t$ Y( NB. Sentence
5 U1 ?# X2 R% o" V$ [C. Utterance
% @: X9 P& N+ R# ]1 x! S. `D. Morpheme
6 ~; i1 q9 y1 q! a1 w6 i      满分:2  分0 u3 F- p6 i' J& I) ]2 b8 b
22.  ( ) is the study of speech, focusing specially on the relation between discourse and its contexts.
7 {: j9 R9 x& O8 [. [! nA. Pragmatics
: P0 a  Z5 H5 s: l4 cB. Discourse analysis/ t, k- X- k" ?. C# ?
C. Dialectology& o) `* O2 v& i/ ~
D. Morphology$ C& {6 [: X. N. b
      满分:2  分
: X3 g# h: X- K# {" j23.  '( ) refers to the perceived regularity of prominent units in speech.4 ]0 J/ n) D8 {9 \0 a
A. Loudness
9 N; O" H  Y# R3 n# c' GB. Rhythm
3 r5 }3 O+ w$ o! R0 ], _, D2 @: e) AC. Tempo
1 ^. }. T/ J4 ~9 r* [D. Tone% _$ i8 R. O: m2 x% O, [" l- G) s2 ]
      满分:2  分
7 m) A5 {5 |- }! T, b& b! H24.  Phonemes in contrast are differentiated and related by their ( ).2 H7 ^; \, e1 O/ l: A
A. perfomation
$ `# O% q! B$ W$ q/ p0 v  A# L8 CB. feature
: o1 K) E* e5 i' L" AC. function' E  _7 d5 G% d& g
D. distinctive feature
5 \* u. P/ Q( w: \/ e      满分:2  分$ `$ [5 l' \/ G# a, k: `5 k
25.  <font face="Arial">( ) studies the ways words are combined to form sentences in a language .</font>- s5 v( c9 @6 ^: z
A. Phonetics. s$ O5 [( }5 E- n; x
B. Phonology
8 l( K4 B  N& H+ r3 o1 fC. Morphology& W# F1 q7 O+ y. L$ h
D. Syntax: C' W5 m: M- \# p0 ]0 `) {' A2 X
      满分:2  分 + `, j* l6 r) c4 V' k) {, H
: K  h: i4 H+ `9 E. U" T1 l
二、判断题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。)V 1.  'Endocentric compounding means the meaning of the compound cannot be inferred from the meanings of its componential free morphemes.) R2 P8 @7 z. h( g# n- W
A. 错误
. z  R* z( B  T; ^  a# u1 yB. 正确6 l. S- J* P2 U0 S9 Y+ N* n
      满分:2  分
9 G& A; s" M6 D2 O) D2.  Stress refers to the feature that is determined solely by the amplitude of the vibration of the sound-wave./ v9 {5 p* W# ^$ V( D1 X, A
A. 错误
7 k% N% u2 \4 L5 b9 F' t2 o6 zB. 正确( R0 v# H- ~# |" b, L
      满分:2  分
3 j1 B, P+ m8 h) j$ L* \3.  'Utterance meaning includes not only the relevant sentential meaning(s) but also various meanings determined by the contexts where the utterance takes place.
3 }* `! Q0 R: i. B3 SA. 错误
! @4 W& N. Q  C4 ]3 r' R( P& SB. 正确+ t/ ]. {' O+ u6 A9 o" B
      满分:2  分
# V2 I$ w8 v. R1 i6 H4.  In speech sound production, lower part of the oral cavity are relatively stable and function as a foil to the upper part in its articulatory movements.
. q9 I0 k; ~" b8 T, |  x& |A. 错误
! I3 d* P) H2 Y6 y) C! O/ {0 ^2 E. `B. 正确7 i- z+ e- ^# s. j6 }5 Z7 c! ^
      满分:2  分
, m, w# F" T& N; G5.  Bound morpheme is a morpheme that can stand alone as a word
; f6 u' o9 C& h; l+ G2 cA. 错误
" y, ~1 w- {+ z" d* n( c- D* `B. 正确- \3 D' K/ ]. S! U
      满分:2  分& l% t) H$ ?0 A/ r9 Z
6.  Inflection means forming a new word by adding an element such as an affix.1 r2 c0 ?) N6 A/ @4 X6 B( d
A. 错误
. [+ y! O) W+ F' B$ iB. 正确6 }- ^0 I' T8 y+ w+ m
      满分:2  分  I" v4 c6 v6 H  q6 a+ ~
7.  Articulatory phonetics that studies speech sounds from a physical point of view, focusing on their physical properties in transmission.; l$ u9 T3 O2 |6 f9 a
A. 错误
4 ], U; B* E  _. s3 P% hB. 正确
8 d9 Q2 g% R1 Z/ M8 b, H      满分:2  分9 l. _* v  U9 F& g% v+ A3 v3 N5 C
8.  Consonants are sounds made by a closure or narrowing somewhere in the vocal tract.3 k2 ^6 ]* `5 r- X
A. 错误/ l) |& O* E2 y
B. 正确! j' i6 d1 d; d& Z# L
      满分:2  分# o! D$ _; Z2 S$ y6 B' k/ R
9.  Articulatory phonetics that studies speech sounds from a physical point of view, focusing on their physical properties in transmission( {+ b0 D6 A1 ]1 C* I
A. 错误
) f4 z* C, q: s0 ]  ~4 }% E+ KB. 正确
0 X; j& ?; H, Q0 x3 X/ a' b9 ?      满分:2  分
1 m1 f1 M( p1 r" n4 y10.  'The meaning of a sentence is a simple concatenation of individual lexical meanings of the words that form the sentence.0 r, b5 O# a+ h% o* v
A. 错误5 c- |1 Q& `% \! H9 ~. p
B. 正确
# Q1 Q$ D* I1 ?  k! L) w  K      满分:2  分
/ R# s* o- p+ L8 I; v! [! G9 s11.  Different language make use of the same set of speech sounds.
" }: v+ q7 f9 d+ ^7 m2 U8 h3 |A. 错误
* N0 M' _$ b& T* L! y- m5 t* wB. 正确  J" J/ C8 q  _& Y9 J
      满分:2  分/ l, K& c( l/ `4 T: G1 q! q
12.  Derivational morpheme may be a free morpheme.( K" C  Y9 w5 d+ l
A. 错误) d" O& i  S9 _7 K% c3 _$ j3 A
B. 正确
$ I* ?  S  g; V$ l- W      满分:2  分
5 b- f5 @5 F) F4 e13.  When a node directly descends from another, without any other nodes intervening, the hierarchical relationship between them is called immediate domination.
# F' ~. Y8 |+ m# ?, jA. 错误: s, j8 ~5 f: f0 p# S& D3 H
B. 正确
# _& J/ C" V6 E7 J( q9 H      满分:2  分
9 X: j! o9 I# c6 x" Q14.  A language is an isolating language if its morphemes are all bound morphemes
1 X; N, J/ Y& P' Z7 F' rA. 错误
9 v/ ]4 j' `1 T% A  ^B. 正确2 K# h6 C9 m3 ?: U# {$ e7 ?
      满分:2  分
1 h( n; X0 A: `( y+ S& N. f+ @15.  Sense is the meaning that lies in the relation or contrasts among linguistic forms themselves.; |% G7 w7 o+ z6 D4 E# N
A. 错误
3 m) v* O: Y% T4 M0 A; rB. 正确
7 P: J0 {5 g; X. F      满分:2  分. y# h2 {8 C; @$ |
16.  'Langue is the language system that speakers of the language conform to in their verbal communication.
& o; ^9 ?! V- ^, P3 h6 RA. 错误
$ I$ s9 Z9 H0 r" d! `B. 正确
$ {8 y8 I+ n  S$ I, m      满分:2  分
: M9 q- C2 ]0 g1 I5 ~$ k$ o( I17.  'Grammatical morpheme must be a bound morpheme.
$ m. d/ b$ b# k' |9 P: U( w" q# V9 lA. 错误
2 G; E. x' R& l3 Z: D0 g+ ZB. 正确' u) m/ H9 p) `
      满分:2  分
! n# @" V$ }0 o9 n$ C  `* i/ Q18.  At the sentential level, the comprehension of a sentence is realised through extracting the syntactic and semantic information of the sentence, interpreting the sentential meaning in the light of its contexts, and retaining some or all of the interpr
' H2 L) t) j4 s1 u2 }A. 错误
% j  W: H" \/ ]: v; k1 l3 p/ x8 sB. 正确
/ @7 e# l! Z. O+ [      满分:2  分9 k# c4 V; E, o6 d) d& B
19.  A morphological rule is a rule that introduces the morph or allomorphs that match the morpheme concerned.
3 K; I6 F3 \; h( x* CA. 错误
$ q6 L) p2 _" J' ~7 g8 W( M3 zB. 正确
3 n- q3 i7 V$ p- {, z1 w4 Z      满分:2  分; X  L! T+ D! S
20.  'The implementation of lexical insertion rules need to be subject to no restrictions.8 d) j9 w7 K5 b/ k/ ]0 v- }
A. 错误, S% ~8 g. n6 U) D; P* Z3 u! S* {
B. 正确
& s* D4 V# a" n1 V! B7 @% A      满分:2  分5 q. R/ y+ v1 U* h8 q
21.  'Cohesionrefers to the linguistic property of units larger than the morpheme to bind together in construction, or the relations of meaning that exist within the text and that define it as a text.
  M. |, @8 j( M8 Q* h. u: Y+ ]3 fA. 错误  Y( e& m* H( {7 C3 u8 j4 r8 v; P% T
B. 正确
9 ?# A" R9 ?" g! n. `" g      满分:2  分" v& c7 {: i4 B  \6 V. E% t& g/ X
22.  'English is a tone language.* f) s. Z. `  ]
A. 错误
' f1 _$ n: t! pB. 正确, l1 y( c# W: a, U+ }
      满分:2  分- E& t" z* O4 r3 ^
23.  'Field theory suggests that lexical meanings are not exclusive and mutually independent.
: o2 B. ?+ y1 _# _) WA. 错误; F4 N% M# r0 K9 R, l* r
B. 正确
- Q; ?+ K  R6 d9 ]( X" F) Y      满分:2  分
+ Y1 L5 Q9 J8 _24.  'A constituent structure rule is one that governs selecting from the lexicon a lexical item and inserting it into a terminal node of a constituent structure as its daughter.6 n& _9 q2 Y% X4 F6 ~0 h- }3 ~
A. 错误4 E- |# |. k( Q) \, }* r; w4 u
B. 正确: Y) Q* }  b3 S6 i$ u+ a
      满分:2  分
; V* A1 I/ D: H25.  Idiolect refers to the unique linguistic system of an individual speaker
1 y6 @, v" \6 F6 N/ h4 D* T9 |$ OA. 错误
% }# V' x7 W! @  g* T# JB. 正确
  T/ I1 G1 l6 u      满分:2  分 ' o1 z- a. P) A: ?$ D

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