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12春福师《现代语言学》在线作业二

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发表于 2012-6-5 21:08:57 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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& W2 a! u" N2 A- O) h/ {3 P1 R( J7 i0 E  _& M
一、单选题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。)V 1.  ( ) refers to a variety of language which is appropriate for a particular situation
5 v# B3 N( Y: k7 I$ r/ _/ @A. register- b$ L: b) A, d! u6 b6 N
B. Style
9 L( i; t1 U# l3 iC. genre+ r% t& }, H2 J' G" q" p
D. Form1 [4 `1 u/ A  Z( |7 O! S8 }
      满分:2  分
$ F! J' i. j: w2 p. z# Y2.  ( ) are a group of words and expressions that refer to the personal, temporal or spatial characteristics of the context within which a text is produced.7 ~; h8 y2 q0 b4 J) J9 M
A. Nouns- a0 t- E+ Z; F6 n5 }
B. Adjectives
. ?* j  x: i% Q; K; bC. Verbs
$ W- A; s4 c- I6 w; A7 [D. Deictics  M3 a( L; G* o/ j: T
      满分:2  分0 }' H1 y8 u; f+ g2 M' l
3.  In the tree diagram ( ) is the point from which two or more lines descend.- Q- H8 D3 ~2 I
A. Node0 P8 m+ S- q+ A0 G% z+ k
B. Initial node
9 r( w  j% d4 O; v8 TC. Branching
# ]  w. U& a$ T5 w+ @" FD. Intermediate node
- ?$ g  x0 U; P( p) z4 d      满分:2  分5 v$ G/ l3 p. X# Y5 P/ f3 m3 R+ c5 t
4.  ( ) is the study of the relation between language and mind, especially language acquisition and learning, and language comprehension and prod uction.
5 k) S0 u2 `. y# P) JA. Pragmatics5 q: m5 b9 F0 k: S) \( I5 v$ E: K  e
B. Phonology
0 R8 L" S/ Q7 h# O. cC. Dialectology
, C! ^' [8 w, ID. Psycholinguistics
( }: Q* o& F! T2 f2 c) c      满分:2  分
' @6 H( u( |) B4 Z5.  '( ) refers to the perceived regularity of prominent units in speech.: q/ c+ @# ^/ Y2 _" g( X
A. Loudness
; h0 ]6 v4 k0 H2 j9 e: \6 y9 lB. Rhythm" H5 N4 p: d1 p3 P( q& [
C. Tempo, ~3 t( {  ^7 @. E
D. Tone, ]  A9 ~5 s4 O! Y% j
      满分:2  分
" B3 I0 y, F* W, M; Z2 w  _6.  ( ) is the study of the meaning which is not included in semantics and whose interpretation is depe ndent on its social contexts.
5 q9 C' x/ Y2 w/ eA. Pragmatics
( x5 q. @6 G6 y* d; S2 F0 IB. Phonology2 P  p8 L$ }0 {$ d
C. Dialectology
! T- I6 q" _. G/ M) {6 k1 c7 f  yD. Morphology" L7 F& q, I+ b8 X6 h2 ~; b
      满分:2  分& X; I6 s. j" |. ?, L' @, k5 B
7.  'Language has ( ) that distinguish it from other semiotic systems used by humans and animals.* s9 k, c* E4 s1 s5 q! C: P
A. function
) Q" c& L( ^2 w' yB. design features
; O4 C+ ~9 w' VC. importance
1 c0 A# X6 p# Q4 D0 @D. performance
0 ?0 c" g# Y6 }6 b& y      满分:2  分
8 P- e, U; g. u8.  According to ( ), language determines the framework of speaker’s perception and thought.
6 `$ x1 d+ h* c5 X. c+ oA. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
( o" |; r; N1 F& Z! iB. Positivist theory+ `/ r" N" i  o
C. Use theory
5 T# H: T0 q1 y, w$ ^" r' s1 V9 g2 a2 mD. Speech Acts theory
/ u* G( G8 b$ o. g+ ^, O      满分:2  分& i' |$ U. q4 q# u
9.  Phonemes in contrast are differentiated and related by their ( ).
& B* R, N$ L2 H$ x4 _) ZA. perfomation1 W, \2 Z2 d" j# C- J
B. feature! T8 Z) E4 C0 \( M( ]
C. function( a0 o$ n  ^* e) V( t
D. distinctive feature
0 @. B5 D: e3 J3 h      满分:2  分
5 p9 [# y. m+ b3 t, M( c10.  Which h of the following disciplines doen't belong to micro-linguistics?, B5 [' g, m+ ^9 l) G! M
A. Phonetics
6 S& s! c- H" iB. Phonology
( U' Y7 F/ V! I, w: ]$ M, a0 f" wC. Morphology$ L" V; z5 O/ n# T2 A
D. Dialectology' w4 P' M* j+ g1 d% f/ M6 N
      满分:2  分
/ a, ]6 ~& D% A" B11.  'The locutionary act ( ) refers to the act of saying something meaningful in a particular language
. D# K$ ?0 N0 ]: u: h. U9 qA. illocutionary act
' O; \7 F9 O8 s) UB. locutionary act
0 h) u; a8 {1 o" \- RC. perlocutionary act
' C- _  s% C; B      满分:2  分# H# O: G5 F, Z8 p( H8 o" T
12.  '( ) refers to the sameness in meaning between two or more words.
. C# K8 L2 |; R) [4 C' q- }/ I4 HA. Synonymy
: z& `2 \8 {- k; YB. Polysemy! N+ @1 B/ p: p! C! u
C. Homonymy
9 I9 e) n! O/ p$ T6 O/ X+ Q6 gD. Antonymy
( C0 G1 C& D: b. `! ?  I% a; B0 D      满分:2  分1 P2 z. n9 r3 Y8 u0 V. ?$ }: t+ D1 ?
13.  'The phones that can be grouped together as variants of one phoneme have to be ( ) similar0 G5 A1 X. k; y; ^! }  H3 y
A. phonetically
* n( X! P$ y/ o( A+ zB. phonologically( v0 T6 t0 j5 q
C. sound$ E! i9 t8 q4 O5 l: y
D. seem0 p* ~* p' I$ U1 w/ B
      满分:2  分& Z  w) G  i' w
14.  ( ) is the study of the various aspects of the relation between language on the one hand and speakers and society on the other.+ c" \% F& U% K1 }& [# f! G
A. Pragmatics
& p6 A$ o) K: X: y* @) |B. Sociolinguistics" q( z# U( u; G3 [( X2 b& o+ u
C. Syntax
; e: v: t  t2 \) KD. Semantics; c* e) T/ R2 h+ {
      满分:2  分
& P8 Y$ u+ a' z+ M: p; W15.  ( ) is the study of the structure and the formation of words in language.1 h- l6 T1 Y" [$ @6 q2 |, p  ^
A. Phonetics
$ ~8 ^8 E' H: U' T( @B. Phonology" Q  s% h# y$ W6 {
C. Morphology
4 g2 M1 F% F: ]8 sD. Dialectology4 `* A! `& A* o7 p
      满分:2  分/ x' A0 n' j9 s& B0 T1 i8 ?
16.  ( )of language refers to the property of language in having the structure of two levels.
. e8 h9 J) w( e+ G9 ?- FA. Arbitrariness, u8 L0 Q! C% d& t# i+ ^9 j, L
B. Genetic-cultural transmission- `/ |9 n+ p- N5 w5 \" C
C. Non-arbitrariness/ u+ P$ L! y1 j8 F; ^8 [! d4 r
D. Duality
6 @+ k2 n/ Z( E      满分:2  分( I  Z3 {3 ]7 ?! s! I! l
17.  'Collocation (p. 261) refers to the juxtaposition of two elements which are semantically in opposition (or complementary) to each other- I; j$ d- _" M* u% d& y
A. Collocation
4 @$ n* g  N" t& F2 l2 m/ aB. Reiteration7 h4 R% {$ ^' X* \
C. Lexical cohesion' a; @* ?2 y5 r5 D
D. Coherence# v; K& c% v; z$ b0 A
      满分:2  分  j# m0 o* _: j( d# Q+ O* y
18.  ( ) is the scie nce that studies sounds
* D6 L( I3 h4 [4 s5 c  o( ^A. Phonetics
3 r, |% N  g4 kB. Phonology7 J( Q- [; V2 G& H: a
C. Morphology% k4 |0 B/ w4 T- a
D. Dialectology$ t6 R! J) L' c) t
      满分:2  分/ _4 W" |9 p, R% W1 W
19.  ( ) refers to regional phonological or phonetic distinctions in speech.
$ a$ U: x# i/ y  fA. Accent
2 p1 ]6 i* R, l8 R/ jB. Dialect
+ m7 d$ T- b( p. t6 JC. Sentence
  H6 `! {7 T" S* w$ sD. Utterance: R* y! e# o5 S* e: P' ~( Z
      满分:2  分
5 a! m6 U; E2 \. V20.  <font face="Arial">( ) studies the ways words are combined to form sentences in a language .</font>
+ ]" @) J1 w; ~5 `$ j  z. fA. Phonetics' Q9 _& J& h8 X0 A. x8 C7 C
B. Phonology
: ~9 C& `% u( L% Z9 {+ G. B2 jC. Morphology
. ^+ o' H4 _# C: ^: f% i, x+ K- wD. Syntax
. `: |% P- X8 |7 r      满分:2  分- U, L( A, F. u7 A$ g5 q  Z
21.  A ( ) is one that may be used to distinguish one speech sound from another.- E7 ?: g* E9 I* o8 G) R
A. perfomation- h+ G; @1 \% l2 a8 O7 S
B. feature
2 Z' S( G  ~* ~& d; xC. distinctive feature; l/ S/ x; F2 [( W" H8 ]
D. function
" @4 \2 U  _2 J      满分:2  分
, {, G  ]6 K9 R+ b0 s9 b' C22.  ( ) refers to the speed of speech.
' ]6 O% }, w  hA. Loudness: E. _; V  }7 Q9 `
B. Stress1 K+ n4 S# r1 h  C2 v, p, \
C. Tempo6 N. p( ^* \* S7 V8 u& A3 N
D. Tone
/ D+ W. A, f0 P* p* I) Y      满分:2  分/ F, {. ^$ z* a7 b* U
23.  ( ) is a minimal unit which is formally composed of meaningless linguistic symbols at the lower level of the language
, o$ u/ D3 b( P( J" H6 c  DA. Phoneme
1 L: U4 _: s: L/ xB. Stress9 A7 e: F4 L: c
C. Tempo
7 \9 F$ g' }  ^9 _$ OD. Morpheme! Q; F/ i- U) S( q$ y- J
      满分:2  分( B' m8 D6 ~" g+ Q& N- J
24.  'Productivity is characterised by the feature of ( ).
& L' u9 V" _  O" Y) b  m" [A. Arbitrariness# h- H3 `' `1 S: h' e) }
B. Genetic-cultural transmission
: O7 n3 b' Q  vC. Non-arbitrariness) e" e/ _+ [: V2 u
D. Duality. K$ r: D) e7 d5 ?# N
      满分:2  分$ K2 g  m: }6 P9 R6 Y4 c: t
25.  ( ) is the study of speech, focusing specially on the relation between discourse and its contexts.2 ~9 H! Q- S8 e- {
A. Pragmatics: p7 [" `0 Y+ G9 w; S, I& Z
B. Discourse analysis! w/ z5 R/ u; X. z7 J/ I
C. Dialectology, q4 ^' m* `5 ?
D. Morphology' l7 w5 I1 V+ i3 B
      满分:2  分 3 a7 C* V! c( ~) Y

4 ]% J7 z9 A& K- f: Q( v! Z: X二、判断题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。)V 1.  Derivational morpheme may be a free morpheme., @5 @6 Z9 S& E4 x7 ~9 Y! ~+ f+ f
A. 错误0 C/ |' Z9 A8 N, c& L
B. 正确" v! j0 d% a6 f) u! _. g: w
      满分:2  分
& n/ p0 U5 e' j3 h3 t) l  V1 \2.  'The same conjunction may indicate different cohesive relation in different contexts.0 P% j/ J: R+ F0 ]# t; K! w6 r( q: L* j
A. 错误
$ ^+ K9 X5 |8 W4 R' O2 ?/ RB. 正确
- U( M4 o. Q! C. n( I- d      满分:2  分0 u. B3 ~- P- q7 o% ?
3.  'Utterance meaning is context-independent
8 Y( u, F+ j0 @8 s+ k+ T+ BA. 错误- Q" n* j* z, ^# ^% P
B. 正确
  J' _* z  e, _" ]% f( i1 M( ~. k0 I2 l      满分:2  分
" |: z1 e+ z0 a# g# N- E( f4.  When a node directly descends from another, without any other nodes intervening, the hierarchical relationship between them is called immediate domination.0 v1 w# {- n8 U* y- E; A% A
A. 错误
2 D" L+ g: v! D$ h+ s6 _B. 正确
! Y. x. Z9 f8 E) F      满分:2  分( O0 k, a0 P  [! y5 {& o1 ~- C8 |
5.  'Cataphoric reference refers to the reference where the presupposed occurs in the text after the word or expression that is presupposing.# e! n& n# p! b4 i) Z* \0 J6 e
A. 错误/ F% T! h4 v: W: e, ~
B. 正确
) S& Z- \! [- z, M: n5 ?( ?      满分:2  分) s) h& u" p$ }+ ~, ~
6.  At the sentential level, the comprehension of a sentence is realised through extracting the syntactic and semantic information of the sentence, interpreting the sentential meaning in the light of its contexts, and retaining some or all of the interpr
* L% ?& K' {- I( }( |0 r: a8 QA. 错误
3 {! j- M& r) v4 m: ?/ [! bB. 正确: @# e0 A: C2 P! R) J4 F
      满分:2  分
1 N$ u( I" i4 z) v8 s0 |& h7.  Inflectional morpheme may be a free morpheme.8 {. A7 ]% n3 O2 ]6 `/ ?; B+ n
A. 错误, q- n; d; u9 t! @0 D
B. 正确% l. W+ h0 n9 e, |  o
      满分:2  分: N" T) i. U8 U) r  B. J
8.  ' An inflectional morpheme does not change the grammatical class of the word.# `/ n8 v+ \; s$ D4 W- w
A. 错误
( j( }+ ~, g  I4 ]0 r# @B. 正确
6 v3 n1 Z& Z( d. W! H+ G0 X      满分:2  分
4 B2 n) e5 c) {. f% X3 |' x. r; y9.  'Langue is the language system that speakers of the language conform to in their verbal communication.
0 s" ~" Q1 x& N0 o- o  n6 y0 u7 D" mA. 错误
" {- X  C+ X4 a! j- i4 c, F7 U2 fB. 正确9 e7 S' y) C# Z
      满分:2  分
7 k: U. ~: k3 Q/ s& [3 n$ n10.  Diachronic linguistics focuses on a particular phase in its development.$ O4 I" N: M5 V; J$ i% S% w
A. 错误
% r: _3 V  z5 _2 \. FB. 正确' L2 I! n  }3 K3 b
      满分:2  分
1 k9 j3 W4 I- C/ D  v$ ?$ t11.  'Language is entirely arbitrary.+ w! r+ O$ Y; ~7 T  i
A. 错误: I3 _8 `( {( Q' o
B. 正确: _$ Z. f5 j# f8 A
      满分:2  分, K2 [, G! a/ d) I: p! `7 f
12.  'Utterance meaning includes not only the relevant sentential meaning(s) but also various meanings determined by the contexts where the utterance takes place." j! q. b  R; Q1 e; {, r
A. 错误
% V5 W9 z0 p# `; j" t( @, }8 g! iB. 正确
! X0 {- G- t" f5 m! V      满分:2  分
5 y! Z2 C( D0 W" [2 I, I13.  Sentence is a unit in semantics and its meaning is formed on the principle of compositionality.; {% g/ k( Y$ ^: z( f) S% O
A. 错误
: X" D! q  G% e7 ~/ o4 QB. 正确2 w. u5 N2 T$ N$ z1 {3 F5 U+ C
      满分:2  分
: i4 y9 p- w4 S. e1 O6 E7 ^14.  'Lingua franca was originally used in Mediterranean commerce in the Middle Ages.
* n# H; e% S! B, U5 ?# VA. 错误
% `$ v9 y' F  ?4 v/ SB. 正确% b5 R& m4 j: `( w
      满分:2  分
5 u$ _+ s4 p- J" u. ]1 m" }8 P15.  'The meaning of a sentence is a simple concatenation of individual lexical meanings of the words that form the sentence.4 F+ w5 ~& v- [! D6 @
A. 错误
3 ~* V) X8 `& W4 i+ RB. 正确
. w" |' I2 n& E7 V      满分:2  分
9 b  s1 ^: K  ^1 |16.  Discourse analysis is more concerned with conventional implicatures than conversational ones." E  A/ g* A9 ?5 i
A. 错误# ]: M0 W* c+ l4 ?
B. 正确, g1 o3 C( D7 \( K' a' Y
      满分:2  分
  P1 R0 D: |, Y3 l6 Q4 U0 T* X17.  Idiolect refers to the unique linguistic system of an individual speaker+ ]+ |2 Q: h5 p* i
A. 错误$ v" a" `% o" }. E  M- X4 @& ^
B. 正确
" T' b5 e: u4 e; ]; {      满分:2  分
  Y! ~' E4 P  x6 g. L18.  Illocutionary force refers to the power that is conventionally associated with the expressions used in the locutionary act and that enables the speaker to execute the intended act through what he/she says.$ B6 E/ F' ^/ T$ i  n& h  ]/ Y" O8 c
A. 错误
  W* f' S, T3 ~& H2 f0 Q& xB. 正确6 F; J) X3 d4 j! o
      满分:2  分
  w) e9 r+ K4 q3 E2 H+ w19.  'Cohesionrefers to the linguistic property of units larger than the morpheme to bind together in construction, or the relations of meaning that exist within the text and that define it as a text.
, t% }) H1 m  e' GA. 错误
2 M1 \9 E4 a. ?2 m' E% aB. 正确: v! [5 q* s/ k; f$ ^" |
      满分:2  分4 K4 E3 n' n- v, T4 a) P+ l
20.  'The implementation of lexical insertion rules need to be subject to no restrictions.9 h- P' s% J6 B% y
A. 错误) F: k( V+ f( d! ~2 c$ a+ O
B. 正确# ^) j+ ^) \% U. {0 }$ J
      满分:2  分7 o' I3 r8 m4 z! a- X
21.  Sense is the meaning that lies in the relation or contrasts among linguistic forms themselves.
  `5 ]! G$ L/ [2 x; J! V! HA. 错误, z3 _/ m( U: h# R( E/ N6 g3 L; H
B. 正确6 ?* F. _, h. K: ]. s( f
      满分:2  分
* }" @4 \1 T$ n- s  g- |: h3 Z( y6 p+ \22.  'Transformation rules don't have to follow a set order.# C) Y/ I6 t1 t# d5 d! `
A. 错误
; m5 a, o, i2 E0 n+ nB. 正确/ ^+ }9 Y' b* }) N4 f9 A. _9 P
      满分:2  分
" Q0 o3 }% S; l- L23.  Segmental phonology is concerned with the phonological features (also known as prosodic features) that extend more one segment.- X# U( c& J9 O; ^# a
A. 错误
' `. p( C( h8 H3 {; g0 O5 yB. 正确
1 E* X! _1 S) V8 n  Q2 L      满分:2  分! U8 e" n) r+ ?0 H) ?
24.  Articulatory phonetics that studies speech sounds from a physical point of view, focusing on their physical properties in transmission.& u$ c' g% _1 A# p* w
A. 错误# k- N; M& D' B! }  @+ g/ A1 w
B. 正确
, ~/ z! I- s% S1 i      满分:2  分( {) u" G  f& n6 i# @( w
25.  'Duality makes it possible for second/foreign language learning0 v0 P7 `0 L/ L* A  i7 @4 z; D1 l4 w
A. 错误( G0 n( ?, [" c" ]
B. 正确/ M  u2 V3 v4 Q. Z0 v
      满分:2  分
$ u. x. P7 N( h* l9 u- i( k
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