一、单选题（共 10 道试题，共 20 分。）V 1. Preoperative medications should be given approximately（ ）before the scheduled time of the surgery|
A. 15 minutes
B. 30 minutes
C. 40 minutes
D. 60 minutes
2. （ ）are medications usually used to lower fever（ ）
B. Sleeping pills
3. The chief transmission mode of hepatitis A is（ ）transmission
D. fecal –oral
4. Puerperium refers to（ ）period following childbirth
5. The main changed organ during pregnancy is （ ）
6. Essential hypertension is due to （ ）
D. unknown cause
7. “Nasotracheal intubation” means intubation from（ ）
A. mouth to stomach
B. mouth to bronchi
C. nose to stomach
D. nose to bronchi
8. Usually, which is the firstly happened organ failure following shock（ ）
A. respiratory failure
B. heart failure
C. kidney faliure
D. cerebral failure
9. Which of the following helps to protect against pregnancy as well as STDs such as AIDS（ ）
A. Contraceptive pills
C. Male condom
D. Natural Family Planning
10. Which one of the statements is right（ ）
A. Drinking any type of liquids can prevent constipation.
B. Severe or chronic prolapse needs surgery to strengthen and tighten anal sphincter muscle.
C. Regular use of enemas can prevent constipation.
D. Scientists have known the real reason why lack of exercise
二、多选题（共 20 道试题，共 60 分。）V 1. Hepatitis B can usually be transmitted by（ ）
A. having dinner with someone who has the disease occasionally
B. fecal-oral route
C. having unprotected sex with someone who has the disease
D. sharing needles with someone infected with the virus
E. being accidentally stuck by an infected needle.
2. Supportive treatment for pneumonia includes（ ）
A. proper diet
B. adequate fluids
C. adequate rest
E. supplemental oxygen
3. The energy-providing nutrients are（ ）
4. Which of the followings are the measures to reduce the risks from hypertension（ ）
A. annual physical examination
B. eating fatty food
C. moderation of salt intake
D. obtaining adequate sleep and rest
E. change in life routes
5. Which of the following approaches can relieve pain（ ）
A. pharmacological approaches
B. nonpharmacological approaches
C. nursing evaluation
D. nursing management
E. nursing care
6. The common complications of constipation include（ ）
B. rectal prolapse
D. anal fissure
7. The most common complications in intubation are（ ）
D. reflex activity
E. lung cancer
8. The causes of hypovolemia include（ ）
A. cardiac failure
B. bleeding from trauma
C. bleeding of the spleen
D. bleeding of the liver
9. What is the usage of “sterile water”（ ）
A. diluting the drugs
B. lubricating the catheter
C. lubricating the nose
D. clean the nose
E. wash face
10. Common treatments of constipation include which of the followings（ ）
A. having a good rest
B. drinking enough water
C. eating less ice cream
D. eating more fruits and vegetables
E. Ignore the urge to have a bowel movement
11. If blood pressure is not controlled, it can lead to（ ）
B. congestive heart failure
C. myocardial infarction
E. renal failure
12. Which one of the following statements is right（ ）
A. Suction decision can be made by the nurse.
B. During suctioning the patient can not breathe in oxygen
C. Carefully assess the patient before you proceed with suctioning is always right
D. Nurse should wash her hands for infection control
E. During suction, the pa
13. Advanced cardiac life support includes（ ）
B. ECG monitoring
C. rhythm identification
E. restoration of hemodynamic stability
14. Nursing interventions of pain include（ ）
A. motivating learning
B. understanding the behaviors associated with it
C. bettering cope
D. identify the level of anxiety;
E. speaking in a soft voice
15. The common routes for intubation include（ ）
A. oral intubation
B. stomach intubation
C. throat intubation
D. nasotracheal intubation.
E. chest intubation
16. During the termination of a fever, the signs include （ ）
C. reddening of the skin
D. possible dehydration
17. During periods of starvation, the body depletes first its （ ）
18. About vitamin, which statement is not right（ ）
A. Vitamin are generally fat soluble.
B. The body cannot store vitamins
C. Vitamin cannot be manufactured by the body
D. A daily supply of fat-soluble vitamin is absolutely necessary.
E. It is greasy and insoluable in water.
19. Common signs of dehydration include: （ ）
A. thirst and fatigue
B. more frequent urination
D. dark colored urine
E. dry skin
20. Which of the following belong to sterilization（ ）
C. tubal ligation
、判断题（共 10 道试题，共 20 分。）V 1. All hypertensive individuals have an elevated systolic or diastolic blood pressure, or both
2. The internal diameter is expressed in centimeters. and the length in millimeters
3. The contagious nature of anxiety can therefore have positive and negative effects on the therapeutic relationship.
4. The drugs lower body temperature within a day or two. After temperature drops, medication can be stopped.
5. Two persons feel the same degree of pain in the same way.
6. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
7. Diabetes is a chronic disease. Right now, it cannot be cured and but can be controlled.
8. Diarrhea means five loose stools per day.
9. Cardiac arrest is never reversible with prompt restoration of circulation and oxygen delivery.
10. A small calorie is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g water 1 degree C.
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