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吉大12春《专业英语》第2次作业

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发表于 2012-7-25 18:12:24 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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一、单选题(共 10 道试题,共 20 分。)V 1.  Preoperative medications should be given approximately( )before the scheduled time of the surgery4 x9 E  z0 n5 [$ }9 V6 L. w
A. 15 minutes
; z. [& r" k2 C& C, w: q0 iB. 30 minutes
7 G) L1 a/ }) ?( H+ `C. 40 minutes, F$ N0 ~6 s8 f9 T- W. S( d1 g
D. 60 minutes
! f- {2 b" M, p7 H      满分:2  分  U$ z0 o/ o, y8 J
2.  ( )are medications usually used to lower fever( )
3 j( z" x- V1 U# W4 _( p! FA. Antipyretics
, F. K" m' \" l$ a. V& d: y6 k/ fB. Sleeping pills
0 g1 U/ h" \, O; {C. Antianxiety
6 b, k( R  Q! W$ ?! w! WD. Antibody
0 I6 M% H3 l+ c: t! F      满分:2  分) O; t& x5 Q! I# r5 E1 _, j( {
3.  The chief transmission mode of hepatitis A is( )transmission
7 V5 H) z1 e3 D" r5 rA. airborn
0 L, x, X  E3 i3 M. KB. oral-oral4 }' k: l; G/ u- C  q
C. blood-blood
: t  q- ~% J" t) j8 P# H! RD. fecal –oral5 M$ Z4 C$ u* x* B" D* m
      满分:2  分
; O5 B3 g# X! k# v4.  Puerperium refers to( )period following childbirth
$ I0 O, o2 z6 e5 [2 s" a  fA. 4-week
4 p. |$ H1 X7 d% W# L8 z) EB. 6-week
3 B: W1 ~( w. s& fC. 8-week; a7 g9 Y! j  u
D. 10-week
6 X% ^$ A9 k( h1 v      满分:2  分
; \) b7 ^# o2 m# T4 h5.  The main changed organ during pregnancy is ( )& c; C8 o* q+ y
A. uterus
3 R9 h3 Z" Z9 m! ?  j5 YB. ovary
3 o  F/ d- I& w' i  H% p- `% @C. vagina
# x9 `+ S% Q5 T  x# S3 g  KD. breast
) Q3 E7 ]/ Z$ w' d5 [" t2 M      满分:2  分1 x3 Z8 }5 |+ ^& `, M
6.  Essential hypertension is due to ( )
. q- i7 b: w/ W6 ]0 W! Z8 RA. weather3 D: D! |) q' V  e, L! b9 M
B. bacteria2 u, G7 T) H: C! Q
C. virus
$ C$ p8 G. M# w- |* k4 sD. unknown cause4 Q2 M9 }3 J- `% y; X: M( j
      满分:2  分3 V. C& r# x. ]- ]0 N+ k
7.  “Nasotracheal intubation” means intubation from( )5 m. x1 ?2 Y8 M( b
A. mouth to stomach, q$ f7 j6 V7 k8 o6 G" ~
B. mouth to bronchi
9 `* w; Z2 U% d) f; O& }, G# i1 |* dC. nose to stomach+ h5 t! r  L$ z# i9 U0 q
D. nose to bronchi
/ P# \! x7 C4 b      满分:2  分: Q2 h) E% s9 V4 s7 _
8.  Usually, which is the firstly happened organ failure following shock( )+ f  W" X8 d6 `0 ^( U
A. respiratory failure
; v; P# Q  J& c% CB. heart failure
! G  Z. m% S( {  F% ]/ H2 DC. kidney faliure, M/ ^1 w' r. j% S7 v/ C7 _! s) ]
D. cerebral failure% d! }" J2 T- z! M0 \
      满分:2  分$ P2 i5 a: s# M. `1 [4 u1 e6 E
9.  Which of the following helps to protect against pregnancy as well as STDs such as AIDS( )
+ l5 Q) A3 y/ F$ ~A. Contraceptive pills  s7 [) R) }( _
B. Depo-Provera8 P# c# Y: a3 ~; {& `- D
C. Male condom
3 D4 i9 \) i0 C6 F+ l7 Y$ wD. Natural Family Planning/ D3 m. V% o  ^. F: M4 \
      满分:2  分. @6 w+ v1 z! Z- V! n6 D
10.  Which one of the statements is right( )
0 ]8 A* W9 e- X" ?$ w* f( A( ~A. Drinking any type of liquids can prevent constipation.
7 n) m% @+ B7 \; MB. Severe or chronic prolapse needs surgery to strengthen and tighten anal sphincter muscle.+ b4 G8 w; n: w6 ~8 X2 ~, r3 X# b
C. Regular use of enemas can prevent constipation.
$ V$ V% j7 c' f, g+ I0 [- H6 AD. Scientists have known the real reason why lack of exercise
! A" f0 V; B3 _1 d  N" w" [      满分:2  分
: ]9 Y# t4 {. ?- M: e9 ]) W; B4 l3 @+ I
二、多选题(共 20 道试题,共 60 分。)V 1.  Hepatitis B can usually be transmitted by( ), a9 u2 ]- g) S4 V' \2 U- L
A. having dinner with someone who has the disease occasionally
* ^% e- s9 T) E8 lB. fecal-oral route
6 A  u5 T9 d/ Q+ E' J5 cC. having unprotected sex with someone who has the disease
4 ]7 o8 T8 }% |: V1 A6 V6 W4 H, xD. sharing needles with someone infected with the virus
) _$ Q1 t* ?, H" }E. being accidentally stuck by an infected needle.
& @8 O: H+ {+ f& I5 \: x$ c      满分:3  分4 \+ G8 U$ U# w) U* G" ]3 C/ o* r
2.  Supportive treatment for pneumonia includes( )
: a4 J' \9 W% m; R7 B& zA. proper diet
0 q5 `) H. _& e: `' SB. adequate fluids; H+ r/ L4 W7 p7 p4 X9 k$ ^
C. adequate rest
& o  q1 @' p: \6 \: x0 hD. injection' }0 J0 `, o7 a) ]3 t9 P6 |# B/ X
E. supplemental oxygen3 T% H7 ~0 K/ D" G8 d; W& q: X1 a
      满分:3  分0 R1 l- {% d' _: @6 D
3.  The energy-providing nutrients are( )
1 A1 Y/ A/ O3 Y; M; IA. carbohydrates
( m; G# T- f+ S& Z7 _: ^B. fats+ A2 G3 P" x+ Z/ e! Y9 r
C. mineral
- u; y' B" z  y* YD. proteins
% D  n. P+ u8 }# ?9 @E. Vitamins
- ^% L  i0 ]. y8 _; K      满分:3  分
, E# G& n' p  T! Z" s: p4.  Which of the followings are the measures to reduce the risks from hypertension( )
) y) t& l% V* Y% ^A. annual physical examination
( n0 m$ W) w  A" zB. eating fatty food
; b8 b* m6 T" F& Y+ a( _C. moderation of salt intake: w7 `2 f) K3 J
D. obtaining adequate sleep and rest
+ @. s! o- m& s' O" ]; C3 wE. change in life routes8 }, i* X. X2 I# K4 H+ N
      满分:3  分
# _" W& q  S2 V1 {& `$ A5.  Which of the following approaches can relieve pain( )2 d/ ~" `& T: }$ z2 {; h  o
A. pharmacological approaches
7 _& M* _: S5 o  bB. nonpharmacological approaches1 x  _4 w. t0 f# {: X5 B
C. nursing evaluation9 {$ G6 B  `6 [* Y5 y, w
D. nursing management" e% x9 e$ G: r6 f
E. nursing care& l5 K1 B/ p( N0 C6 x
      满分:3  分
: g2 j9 H! X2 P- U6.  The common complications of constipation include( )& i/ a) u# v1 `/ |
A. hemorrhoids
5 H( X; C* Q3 r' wB. rectal prolapse
7 G2 L* @# A5 P4 n, m4 yC. fever
5 b! B3 D& Z7 t1 C2 mD. anal fissure
8 [# c9 ~! Q/ pE. dyspnea1 o. Z2 V% Z' F2 ?3 Z
      满分:3  分7 t' b5 q% r1 K+ q, D( A
7.  The most common complications in intubation are( )0 ~- {" \( n: }' J+ ?- f) i- p/ i
A. hypoxia
, h/ H2 S7 ~) L% a. z- _9 WB. trauma
7 H0 Y$ F+ s. e2 u) W% M7 `8 qC. vomiting7 w. R" A% V+ z- v/ N
D. reflex activity# R* O; [4 A4 A- q
E. lung cancer
' m) a# K+ B% N. ]      满分:3  分% _6 B( b$ Q1 Q7 X) L
8.  The causes of hypovolemia include( ); ]; Q, v6 ?& Y7 L3 G! J4 A
A. cardiac failure6 J0 I( g7 ^/ P( l
B. bleeding from trauma; I4 m6 `# o. f& o4 H7 u
C. bleeding of the spleen
! a9 O8 T( K3 J: fD. bleeding of the liver
: X; N, {) [+ K8 AE. anaphylaxis
" o5 T- [! O9 B      满分:3  分
: K( @% n# n( F: ~: u* Y9.  What is the usage of “sterile water”( )
6 _. b( B6 Z- \% W; N( s1 ~% kA. diluting the drugs$ s  I7 @* m" @* D$ e
B. lubricating the catheter. o( z" i" L" ]' [+ z- A
C. lubricating the nose
' m$ V& {1 q/ y  I! q" LD. clean the nose
2 H0 k) S5 m2 hE. wash face
4 w9 n; h+ R, z4 o) Z      满分:3  分
) J/ j6 g' O& D8 ]' S$ [10.  Common treatments of constipation include which of the followings( ): q8 l: B  B4 L! t* b. k
A. having a good rest
& i& V' W3 J( p' _$ FB. drinking enough water
! l% U, d# C0 j1 l$ A% d7 EC. eating less ice cream- P' Z! [& l6 b, h
D. eating more fruits and vegetables3 Y% r' ~' x: z. E! C& a
E. Ignore the urge to have a bowel movement
# g3 F  v& j7 [$ H: k      满分:3  分! @( V, T; F% \7 R; M) {( |
11.  If blood pressure is not controlled, it can lead to( )) T% j: A  t# ?8 D! Q; _$ o; Y
A. stroke
2 u% h; a$ }1 L) ?2 P: ~# T9 DB. congestive heart failure) r5 l7 A% {% r* H
C. myocardial infarction
& ^: k) b8 ~( @7 t+ Q, e9 r, XD. diabetes/ G% E; g) k! V7 j# |# F- ^. Z
E. renal failure1 Z1 m5 y% j* _
      满分:3  分
/ g- `. y. ^, @& H+ d12.  Which one of the following statements is right( )
/ F" A0 I0 U% n& o7 M7 {7 vA. Suction decision can be made by the nurse.* h2 ~% S& o5 {1 `: f( t! _' d- \
B. During suctioning the patient can not breathe in oxygen
6 ?  ?  Z) Z3 M- ^C. Carefully assess the patient before you proceed with suctioning is always right
+ p* c4 Y4 p/ ?4 S6 _" I$ XD. Nurse should wash her hands for infection control
# p. L. w, r+ {5 h& gE. During suction, the pa  {6 g* _) a) i4 o
      满分:3  分  U8 {+ }. G8 g  f, i* }* C5 V
13.  Advanced cardiac life support includes( )# z8 F, m9 d2 V' _7 r+ p
A. BLS
" [' l* c7 O& VB. ECG monitoring
0 v7 f3 U4 |( O# qC. rhythm identification
1 G. L. Y4 [; X' {: L- vD. respiration, o' m3 F9 n/ \' o) e
E. restoration of hemodynamic stability
1 C7 g: ?8 S3 d5 ^9 ~# r- F2 r+ k      满分:3  分
- V- m7 a0 M/ s2 z' I14.  Nursing interventions of pain include( )
- z( v$ v5 L2 m$ \4 T# p* Z9 NA. motivating learning
: k9 H# I' Z$ V. TB. understanding the behaviors associated with it
5 f) U/ |. j! h: _( aC. bettering cope- @0 O! V0 k: G* y
D. identify the level of anxiety;
- c- g$ T3 ?$ J+ u% i" ^' g% v+ EE. speaking in a soft voice" U5 \7 D8 u: C- w& ^
      满分:3  分
! z/ a% O# w9 C( M. l15.  The common routes for intubation include( )  R1 b: n5 U  ~$ Q4 X9 N4 G
A. oral intubation
/ J6 P2 P8 R, D% V2 Z1 jB. stomach intubation
1 u: X, `9 j7 H+ y$ k1 jC. throat intubation8 |3 N, [; ~. I! }3 J) g
D. nasotracheal intubation.% @- r# }$ t- o
E. chest intubation! G/ p4 E8 E, N3 D% D
      满分:3  分$ N! X) G- ?3 V5 ~2 @; @& A
16.  During the termination of a fever, the signs include ( )8 ^% u& r* m3 @" z" k
A. diaphoresis. g4 p. N2 ?* Y) j& J
B. polyuria
& d. L; X9 }( t3 PC. reddening of the skin! W% ^) \4 P& C2 h
D. possible dehydration
& _2 R2 D& }9 {% {, f0 o' NE. hypertension/ @. v. R. D  C" g# L5 U! `
      满分:3  分% G  T  p* `6 \
17.  During periods of starvation, the body depletes first its ( )# F! [" h) U; I! T1 ]( g6 [
A. fat( }5 [, e2 m6 o. O8 ^
B. protein
+ d! t2 O* h5 Y9 ^4 H, Q' Y' V9 FC. carbohydrate
: a& U# o7 D2 J5 C/ {! B0 M6 tD. Mineral$ ~% M% E5 ~: B9 c% B
      满分:3  分/ h  N" j  P) Y% E+ [  _/ m$ Y% R
18.  About vitamin, which statement is not right( )
' |  g( B0 g) t0 {# `A. Vitamin are generally fat soluble.; d* y0 G2 d! ^, j: a
B. The body cannot store vitamins- T6 V0 x1 E; J( J
C. Vitamin cannot be manufactured by the body1 s3 z# m+ ~! A7 A& @8 Q9 O: Z
D. A daily supply of fat-soluble vitamin is absolutely necessary.% y, j( E9 J' O
E. It is greasy and insoluable in water.) c' M, e5 m" U  Z* y8 u) p& r. o
      满分:3  分
  g: y. R: T* C: Q+ b2 u3 q# _+ S19.  Common signs of dehydration include: ( )
3 D* t8 M0 {5 |2 S# y2 O7 ~A. thirst and fatigue5 X. S" |, |' p) }/ X" n) O
B. more frequent urination
  Q2 f( C- o' {2 S4 wC. light-headedness8 G' @+ M' t% z
D. dark colored urine/ I* Q7 |. N5 W8 K+ ?
E. dry skin/ r/ u% O+ N$ q
      满分:3  分0 T8 }3 i# w0 J! c
20.  Which of the following belong to sterilization( )# t$ {$ ?- F# g0 j
A. Spermicide
, ?/ }: K% U* A: h4 D& B8 HB. Vasectomy
1 @0 s  @# ^3 y. Q. A! `6 ]' SC. tubal ligation
- r% e& ]& `  k9 M2 V+ H- e2 xD. IUD  r( J* k& i$ ?  f* f
E. Norplant+ L" `+ f. o% E
      满分:3  分
. d) Z1 j( a  G: }0 O3 W' S9 C/ @0 I: O/ v3 v2 k2 C& g
、判断题(共 10 道试题,共 20 分。)V 1.  All hypertensive individuals have an elevated systolic or diastolic blood pressure, or both6 }) g. l& _" G3 u! S) ]
A. 错误0 s7 s, x& P7 }* v/ r
B. 正确7 r; C/ }- K1 ]* r; y8 Y
      满分:2  分9 \( ^" U+ n) e; O
2.  The internal diameter is expressed in centimeters. and the length in millimeters
' U4 [3 N; u7 F* j7 O& Q1 Y( ]6 TA. 错误
5 w7 ]8 T' J" W. {3 oB. 正确
# O8 _8 j* R! \# y      满分:2  分) T# L, ]% [3 V: _
3.  The contagious nature of anxiety can therefore have positive and negative effects on the therapeutic relationship.% ]8 a( ?4 L( R. G* w
A. 错误" J' B8 M/ q0 e  g  s3 F! j
B. 正确0 N/ y) Y- B5 o
      满分:2  分. Q4 m  K' g: W, w" t& ?* X2 ~
4.  The drugs lower body temperature within a day or two. After temperature drops, medication can be stopped.4 T4 I4 N. x% k
A. 错误
9 `' r' v5 ?! e. U9 sB. 正确
+ t) Q& I- f- K+ j6 H      满分:2  分+ f9 R" L0 F' b5 L+ E
5.  Two persons feel the same degree of pain in the same way.
, f4 Y% f& z& p# AA. 错误
! q6 S/ z* K- K# lB. 正确' [4 R; V0 h+ H5 h3 |  J2 b5 `2 C+ A
      满分:2  分
# w5 D7 U* u  T* t& B7 v6.  Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
5 i. N+ \( m* x8 ]A. 错误
$ ]2 k* |0 c7 g, lB. 正确
0 o) l* P. J0 O1 ?" H      满分:2  分
  Q0 _% ]8 w8 ~7.  Diabetes is a chronic disease. Right now, it cannot be cured and but can be controlled.+ ~' N. e  a9 _$ a! h8 }
A. 错误
5 G3 a' V* o5 ~* f0 Q2 W1 bB. 正确: U/ X( z2 ?4 v# B) V6 s
      满分:2  分
0 [  o) C. ?  R" S" ?8.  Diarrhea means five loose stools per day.
( x& I3 j1 y9 y2 HA. 错误
  @, V0 _( B+ W6 J5 H- U4 n' JB. 正确
1 ?2 M1 f6 K$ j* T( C% w      满分:2  分% A  Y# X$ S' s5 B+ Q/ C
9.  Cardiac arrest is never reversible with prompt restoration of circulation and oxygen delivery.
! y5 Z( H2 D: D2 F! T- aA. 错误4 k( q- E2 ?! e7 v6 `3 f; d
B. 正确) r# H5 Y4 d: X. Z7 Z# w
      满分:2  分
9 E+ ~; {2 x& w  f5 X; K* z  `4 X10.  A small calorie is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g water 1 degree C.
: s; H1 E% c" ]) j( bA. 错误/ Q% C. m& |; R+ ]9 N
B. 正确. R2 l$ U* G- w! b/ t
      满分:2  分 1 L1 N; |6 F1 N- |' B
( T7 t$ _  I: f5 e' a- D1 H4 i0 Q; `1 o

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