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东师《英语语言学》2012秋第二次在线作业(随机)

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发表于 2012-10-30 21:59:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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一、单选题(共 10 道试题,共 25 分。)V 1.  mixed language which has become the mother tongue of a speech community is called a ___________.
A. pidgin
B. creole
C. Esperanto
D. natural language
      满分:2.5  分
2.  What maxis of the cooperative principle do the following dialogue flouts? A: Macao’s in Spain, isn’t it, teacher? B: And London’s in America, I suppose.
A. Quality
B. Quantity
C. Relation
D. Manner
      满分:2.5  分
3.  Children undergo ________ stages of language development.
A. babbling, two-word, holophrastic and the telegraphic speech
B. babbling, two-word, telegraphic speech and the holophrastic
C. babbling, holophrastic, two-word, and the telegraphic speech
D. babbling, holophrastic, telegraphic speech and the two-word
      满分:2.5  分
4.  The sentence “My father has deceased to join the heavenly choir.” is of ____
A. the formal style
B. the frozen style
C. the casual style
D. the intimate style
      满分:2.5  分
5.  The term ______ is used for less drastic difference restricted to variation in pronunciation.
A. sociolect
B. dialect
C. geographical dialect
D. accent
      满分:2.5  分
6.  ______ is concerned with the purpose and subject-matter of communications.
A. Tenor
B. Register
C. Mode
D. Field
      满分:2.5  分
7.  What maxis of the cooperative principle does the following dialogue flout? A: Do you know the great writers of the 19th century? B: Oh yes, they are all dead.
A. Quality
B. Quantity
C. Relation
D. Manner
      满分:2.5  分
8.  Words and phrases like now, yesterday, next week, in three day, etc. are called __________.
A. person deixis
B. time deixis
C. place deixis
D. discourse deixis
      满分:2.5  分
9.  ______ is/are used most widely in a community.
A. Sociolects
B. regional dialects
C. The standard variety
D. Registers
      满分:2.5  分
10.  The following sentence flouts maxis of the cooperative principle.A: Macao’s in Spain, isn’t it, teacher? B: And London’s in America, I suppose.
A. Quality
B. Quantity
C. Relation
D. Manner
      满分:2.5  分

二、判断题(共 30 道试题,共 75 分。)V 1.  he idea that the learners have a sense of achievement as long as they learn if of vital importance. This kind of motivation may be termed integrative motivation.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
2.  The idea that people cooperate with each other in conversing is generalized by Grice as the principle of relevance.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
3.  Psychology, philosophy, and anthropology are all concerned with the study of meaning.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
4.  A social dialect is a variety of a language spoken by people living in an area.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
5.  Pragmatics is defined as the study of meaning.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
6.  Pre-sequences are a fundamental unit of conversational structure.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
7.  Textual function does not belong to the language metafunctions illustrated by M.A.K. Halliday.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
8.  The fact that Eskimos has seven words for different types of snow but there is not a single word equivalent to snow supports the idea of different linguistic capacities of different people.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
9.  Mode is related to how we communicate, through speech or writing.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
10.  Metalanguage is the approximate language system that the learner constructs for use in communication through the target language.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
11.  The idea that people cooperate with each other in conversing is generalized by Grice (1975) as the principle of relevance.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
12.  Associative meanings are meanings that hinge on referential meaning.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
13.  Semantics is defined as the study of meaning.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
14.  Knowledge of the target language alone is adequate for successful teaching.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
15.  Acculturation is determined by the degree of social and psychological distance between the learner and the target language culture.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
16.  The idea that the learners have a sense of achievement as long as they learn if of vital importance. This kind of motivation may be termed instrumental motivation.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
17.  Mode refers to “varieties according to use.”
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
18.  A syllabus is an official document that authoritatively determines the content and principles of teaching and learning.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
19.  Speakers consider the matter of face for themselves and others. Based on this observation, Leech (1983) proposes the principle of relevance.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
20.  Cognition refers to the process by which people use language to classify the world around and inside them.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
21.  Functionalist theories are those that attempt to explain acquisition on the basis of assuming an innate biological endowment that makes learning possible.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
22.  Environmentalist and functionalist theories are those that attempt to explain acquisition on the basis of assuming an innate biological endowment that makes learning possible.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
23.  The transference from the source domain to the target domain is referred to by some cognitive linguists as mapping.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
24.  Insertion sequences refer to having the right to speak by turns.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
25.  The term register is the label given to the form of a language used by any group of speakers or used in a particular field.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
26.  Interlanguage is the approximate language system that the learner constructs for use in communication through the target language.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
27.  Based on this observation that speakers consider the matter of face for themselves and others, Leech (1983) proposes the politeness principle.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
28.  The term Creole is the label given to the form of a language used by any group of speakers or used in a particular field.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
29.  24. Tenor is a term widely used in sociolinguistics to refer to varieties according to use.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
30.  Field depends on the relations between the participants.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分

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