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12秋福师《现代语言学》在线作业一

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发表于 2012-11-6 10:33:54 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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# ~% W; A; ]- r6 b! a! A/ l' O一、单选题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。)V 1.  ( )the main source of energy for speaking, initiating the airflow for speech, hence pulmonic airstream mechanism.
1 }4 r& @4 X6 T& z! F) d. MA. Mouth
+ H" V3 a' I) `4 ^1 |' |B. Heart
: r. M' P) e) j/ R. mC. Nose
% ?0 S4 c7 X5 M: J- X% bD. Lung. r  ?7 Q& I- j4 V" J5 {
      满分:2  分  g; x; P' z! s; c
2.  ( ) refers to the primary and commonly accepted meaning of linguistic forms." n7 {9 J1 K* }' C: C
A. Lexical meaning
  {/ b/ }$ @- hB. Sentential meaning
6 D& G% i) H6 P( ^: LC. Utterance meaning
. w# O) W' y0 A# HD. Literal meaning  G% D) h- F; F. R; p
      满分:2  分
' ^6 }: H. A9 D6 R3.  ( ) refers to regional phonological or phonetic distinctions in speech.
5 D. v5 z6 ?$ ?5 d$ F6 vA. Accent- A  ^0 x) b* T+ r
B. Dialect
8 |8 v( w6 F" E+ N, U' u( vC. Sentence9 r) b  G8 J2 |
D. Utterance0 a) i6 g7 X  L
      满分:2  分
5 P# t+ i. G# f5 o, m0 _4.  According to ( ), language determines the framework of speaker’s perception and thought.- ~# ]3 ?/ y5 c( g
A. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
4 e! M3 U* Y0 ]  ]; A: RB. Positivist theory
* x8 ?( Y- e3 s, g5 C9 ~! XC. Use theory
' Z& z5 Y7 ~' D) [( F$ gD. Speech Acts theory8 ~& q# L* T$ f4 d
      满分:2  分
  P0 I. R: ]( P5 n: ]5.  ( ) is the bit of spoken or written language that is produced and sent to the receiver in a specific context.
3 x5 [9 I: k( \# o( s3 Q3 k& Q0 PA. Word
2 H# U& o" x6 A* j2 w9 IB. Sentence
# `" g  v+ n2 M' c7 n7 ^# v3 {C. Utterance
3 j) H0 q8 P3 [# R$ S  d$ x5 ~4 [4 _D. Morpheme( N/ {" Z- L" S+ K2 _: J% r, `
      满分:2  分
% d- ?* l# @0 g+ @: _  i& |6.  ( ) are a group of words and expressions that refer to the personal, temporal or spatial characteristics of the context within which a text is produced.4 |1 S& h1 i5 I. H# u' i# m+ K4 ?+ y- ?
A. Nouns
' a* m1 C0 H: e: L& {( A( RB. Adjectives. v  z" ^7 I: C. D# N
C. Verbs: B: ^0 k: u- w
D. Deictics! ?' [6 c- ~) ~
      满分:2  分
3 d) a0 E8 }) O" E7.  ( ) is the study of speech, focusing specially on the relation between discourse and its contexts.
' S4 @. V2 C' K1 E- r( \A. Pragmatics6 q, A  Z( p( F( o( F" H! m
B. Discourse analysis# X& Q" k: F5 _( P3 n) g5 J7 I
C. Dialectology+ w8 U1 n6 ~& ?! X3 }
D. Morphology$ M/ _, {" ?& O
      满分:2  分
2 e  f' X! Q, W! ~$ K! g6 \8.  ( ) is the study of the relation between language and mind, especially language acquisition and learning, and language comprehension and prod uction.( x# s! k1 p0 l
A. Pragmatics
9 a, t( v$ H: E) `0 l  }2 ~$ WB. Phonology/ n9 Z2 F2 F# h
C. Dialectology
9 e$ d- p: X6 v) X. ]D. Psycholinguistics& J% n1 N% W( p0 b+ @& u! J  c
      满分:2  分
- P! q  s9 E6 d8 f2 d9.  'The phones that can be grouped together as variants of one phoneme have to be ( ) similar
  K! |' [7 |  FA. phonetically* `* [) k. P3 g2 X$ e
B. phonologically/ G& I( p9 T  q. M7 _2 ~
C. sound% \8 P5 V% L' {& [
D. seem
  k. \6 }  t4 @      满分:2  分
  x; V. j) A  ^/ @10.  <font face="Arial">( ) studies the ways words are combined to form sentences in a language .</font>
$ `! N% ^0 d) V) |; X- m- ]$ pA. Phonetics, w+ H1 C1 b! q# b( L
B. Phonology8 K* d$ i! k9 U9 y, E8 C6 E
C. Morphology
# a% C& l2 A% u7 U0 {) N3 y5 N# K* fD. Syntax
1 h( d0 C2 u6 a7 Z* a8 `3 m      满分:2  分
9 D; s. q$ B+ b9 f1 S* W7 D$ j11.  ( ) is the first stressed syllable in the tone-unit.: t' ~9 [$ Q, [  ]1 p
A. pre-head& m5 z4 }) G1 S3 R# I
B. head
4 r0 i1 o. s+ p/ d3 O1 u3 H& p+ c- XC. nuclear tail/ l9 F) s# d8 u" j' `  h
D. nucleus
) B( w" ^& n9 n( }: q      满分:2  分  q' B/ x% Y/ H3 S
12.  ( ) refers to the speed of speech.8 o0 ~( F  w# C* _! T9 G' A
A. Loudness6 B0 p2 x4 O- K. O' z) V4 ~
B. Stress( n7 a6 S- I/ d2 a9 h& D/ E
C. Tempo
) F9 t' T5 S: P& t2 y& R' s3 ~: GD. Tone5 X! _& }7 q4 e
      满分:2  分
4 g5 ?; d  H8 K8 ^, i0 z3 S9 o# A13.  'Productivity is characterised by the feature of ( ).
' M( n! b! |# ^/ w4 L+ U' ~A. Arbitrariness
' P  K- G4 D) r( A* eB. Genetic-cultural transmission
+ q# W4 _* l: ~C. Non-arbitrariness, e1 v# s1 d7 p
D. Duality) F' |3 P0 [8 T
      满分:2  分: J) p7 c. G1 @7 p3 g
14.  In the tree diagram ( ) is the point from which two or more lines descend." C& h& v7 B$ k# S% {% j0 [
A. Node
/ B! x( `9 {) ?; v- PB. Initial node4 A4 L6 U( {8 ~' q- S1 n
C. Branching* f: ?# Q* Q; f, U4 X2 v
D. Intermediate node4 @4 u7 d# F' D7 D! _* I
      满分:2  分0 g9 n( t8 q: Q) M
15.  'The transformational generative grammar was proposed by ( ).$ ~% a# R% d+ D" M, Q& C
A. Noam Chomsky
% C% F, R/ U# bB. Jacobson4 w, @3 i0 {+ g8 m7 d8 F* N2 d
C. Haliday
/ l; p) H  E  {1 d3 I2 |D. Nida6 E" ?7 g6 n5 s- u
      满分:2  分8 k5 k/ ~9 Q2 [  t7 i6 _# n
16.  '( ) refers to the perceived regularity of prominent units in speech.# ~: ^/ ]$ p3 G; X/ W( \
A. Loudness2 ~/ p0 r6 @, ?3 Z
B. Rhythm
, Y$ l& r7 ?0 ZC. Tempo6 g/ |2 Q" |4 ^
D. Tone
( c. t$ n9 V" @      满分:2  分
- S: v/ N+ Z7 p. s' ^17.  ( ) is the science that studies how speech sounds are used in language to convey meanings.
8 |" |- u  \# X0 O. P, \. mA. Phonetics
/ L. D/ G. q2 u1 I9 S7 ?B. Phonology5 f1 i, r( ^3 ]$ N. U: s5 N
C. Morphology( {- M. _1 T# W( q8 F( C/ j
D. Dialectology
. A5 l/ z* _& X5 N6 [! g      满分:2  分
9 H! e* d: q  _% h- G& N3 K18.  '( )is a morphological variant of morpheme.  A$ G! f- [7 N
A. Allomorph+ Z8 p1 D' w  a1 j3 U0 p
B. Word
: ?4 N' \: s" v( L$ CC. Segment7 i3 y3 m+ W# U
D. Morph3 w1 z( `% J* R  K
      满分:2  分" N$ ]3 B: c; T
19.  ( ) reference refers to the reference where the presupposed occurs in the text before the word or expression that is presupposing.3 {1 U6 S9 ?9 V  }
A. Exophoric
' E4 T  n% k  {4 tB. Anaphoric
- E  b1 ^% b: Z# C+ D  w; \C. Endophoric
/ Z& f) f0 {. vD. Cataphoric8 g& L/ T# k$ U% M, K: I  f& ~$ ]4 _
      满分:2  分
' Y9 T  U) X1 h2 Y# ^20.  Which h of the following disciplines doen't belong to micro-linguistics?# Q% Y+ t% x, O
A. Phonetics
* Q9 y9 o1 C- D2 x3 W7 fB. Phonology
  J: G% P9 P  k! MC. Morphology
# a6 U: V8 f! d% fD. Dialectology
5 ~6 e3 ~1 @) {- {% f3 o$ s      满分:2  分
( `, S0 _9 y- B21.  ( ) is the study of the meaning which is not included in semantics and whose interpretation is depe ndent on its social contexts.
2 j5 a; I2 H( H; XA. Pragmatics% i, X* y' k5 F, E
B. Phonology  |: \( Q0 y( n# g8 W+ s4 j, W
C. Dialectology3 o; D( }' z. n0 ~
D. Morphology
$ G+ N1 m6 ?0 I  a2 ]3 g      满分:2  分
& r$ N  p/ i# n0 z' g2 P4 B0 p- Z$ I22.  Phonemes in contrast are differentiated and related by their ( ).0 h* q5 k9 }+ ~2 _0 m/ B8 h; M
A. perfomation
& R9 j% p2 @- T' F: mB. feature
9 V2 E. A) G  q( y# X. q6 RC. function
# a" F. q, p$ WD. distinctive feature7 C0 `" Y/ O1 T
      满分:2  分
/ |+ ?$ Y! Z! t0 \: o9 f0 _9 U23.  'Language has ( ) that distinguish it from other semiotic systems used by humans and animals.
9 W& N3 t, k% f) c3 oA. function
+ j0 V  {) X! a; r: F; ]B. design features) I* H  |$ D" N7 Y! m4 w
C. importance' M- T/ K$ p3 J$ K. C- W% P# R
D. performance
, j) {" X* G; H) K3 v- [      满分:2  分
, R5 i) B+ ^4 Y# `4 E! q24.  '( ) refers to the sameness in meaning between two or more words.
. I9 b# F6 r: F' a$ l7 G! Y+ B( _* OA. Synonymy) k' l$ {. E! o. K
B. Polysemy
, F% R, G( @8 n& ?0 U$ A/ KC. Homonymy
" i8 M$ j: ~# uD. Antonymy" [% j( @, y% L5 {2 j; {, H
      满分:2  分5 z, o0 v/ v% V5 g3 ?' Z( ?. m
25.  ( ) is a minimal unit which is formally composed of meaningless linguistic symbols at the lower level of the language
. x) }8 k2 i# D$ ~' u6 r6 IA. Phoneme
2 G2 I" L. z  g% W* xB. Stress; H0 a2 l* `, F# j
C. Tempo5 k5 k; e1 n$ c/ d, W- B5 E
D. Morpheme
$ T8 z( A2 y3 P      满分:2  分
7 E# L9 V1 N! G; W( _/ z* P' ]& t; A; Y6 R3 c
二、判断题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。)V 1.  'The same conjunction may indicate different cohesive relation in different contexts.! K& ~7 L% v9 T$ n1 z0 s0 U
A. 错误
) ^' Y& r" ^3 f' R7 ~+ E( ?, t* xB. 正确
; b( M5 b( H, U% o) I      满分:2  分
# f' ~# f1 R7 Q( I+ C# Z2.  Affixation changes the grammatical class of the word .4 L2 K/ {: k" T4 p& x
A. 错误
1 j4 d( ^) `7 C+ a. LB. 正确- V; f8 y$ A# ^
      满分:2  分
' t$ A* f( M5 X. C. N5 e3.  A morphological rule is a rule that introduces the morph or allomorphs that match the morpheme concerned.7 I% j+ k9 Y7 ~2 u. J9 v( C0 a
A. 错误
$ Z9 P+ j* k1 H) NB. 正确
, Y% f& Z1 T& W1 D7 n      满分:2  分5 [7 C/ D8 [& `* e9 E
4.  'Compared to phonetics, phonology is more concerned with the organisation of speech sounds in relation to the conveyance of meaning.
* B) u- o! X( vA. 错误
% E: R4 R, F. F' e  ]B. 正确5 o0 o) G* v2 {& l: W, u) e
      满分:2  分
' D( x; Y2 u: d6 k0 X; V) ]5.  'The meaning of a sentence is a simple concatenation of individual lexical meanings of the words that form the sentence./ L: `/ i6 R. `3 o7 D
A. 错误6 u  b% x1 H( P- y
B. 正确
+ O9 M' I+ X! Y: I8 u: N) @      满分:2  分; r% d  _& S4 }2 z* y
6.  Stress refers to the feature that is determined solely by the amplitude of the vibration of the sound-wave.
9 k: {" s% _) H* d6 q' aA. 错误% B, d* R1 U7 r8 t( u) a, e: |
B. 正确- @4 b! m7 c/ b& Y: d2 F! E
      满分:2  分
% m& V$ M  P  _/ C- a0 R% Z7.  ' An inflectional morpheme does not change the grammatical class of the word.
6 a: x2 J+ h  b" }A. 错误
( ?4 }4 _7 n5 `B. 正确0 u8 e* f" x3 `. \  x2 e
      满分:2  分. P% }: Z) O0 A+ k+ n  \* J& M/ w
8.  Old speakers are more sensitive to the social significance of the style of their speech, showing their stronger intention to converge to or diverge from the listener.
# H' m" B; H6 \! EA. 错误
" }3 z3 |8 L4 K, {; WB. 正确
6 ^/ O; @- O( B5 {' Z' ?      满分:2  分6 L) i7 @) ^# S$ L
9.  'Cohesionrefers to the linguistic property of units larger than the morpheme to bind together in construction, or the relations of meaning that exist within the text and that define it as a text.
' q: _7 o4 Y  d1 m  N, OA. 错误* ?  e1 F& b4 D0 K
B. 正确
% S$ Z/ r6 e; c3 }! g7 u7 ]      满分:2  分0 W9 _9 z* |6 z. k0 T+ c1 ~
10.  'Stress may play different functions in different languages.
7 y3 T, ]! [6 l$ p* M' u  [A. 错误
* f( s8 Z4 P2 r8 g1 v9 F8 X9 ]B. 正确7 U2 ~3 {& U( F5 w
      满分:2  分
$ q( v# B& J/ g3 d5 @0 D11.  Diphthong is treated as two vowels .
9 _* N( b* r8 u( q$ aA. 错误" e9 N1 B. Y/ L9 Y6 j0 n2 z6 ?
B. 正确  f; u$ O) Q# ~* ?  Z% X5 F
      满分:2  分3 P' ~+ \8 l% \; I, z7 y
12.  'Endocentric compounding means the meaning of the compound cannot be inferred from the meanings of its componential free morphemes.
" _  p' K, o( B. x6 uA. 错误3 {% A, @! |- |( s5 M0 h: X
B. 正确# [( B9 f& S) _9 S2 h2 o2 ?
      满分:2  分: ]7 w& _* u; R) t8 Y
13.  Inflection means forming a new word by adding an element such as an affix.
; v& s1 Q0 n2 h4 z/ E! g: cA. 错误
9 T4 x% `6 I7 I6 f5 [B. 正确& Z' w1 t" @" _
      满分:2  分0 Z: U9 ?/ Y) \+ E3 w. d0 a
14.  'English is a tone language.
6 P$ q; y8 C( n* k* j: tA. 错误
& Z7 c1 M5 D/ D0 bB. 正确
; \! q3 K3 ]3 o      满分:2  分' y* Q- Q+ H- Y- `
15.  Homonymy refers to the linguistic phenomenon that a word may be used in a number of different senses or is said to have a range of different meanings.7 l# M. t* V7 F+ l$ h
A. 错误
) `1 q# C5 [' t" f% KB. 正确
! A5 C% X" j& e) T      满分:2  分+ |: J$ A* d; Z7 u0 D8 L
16.  'Field theory suggests that lexical meanings are not exclusive and mutually independent.! E! F5 n1 W2 [1 r
A. 错误- H- s4 P/ k, q5 j- V
B. 正确! f0 M8 J, k9 {' K7 h
      满分:2  分
+ }! Z2 c$ Y6 x  {17.  A language is an isolating language if its morphemes are all bound morphemes& c. ^# y( t; U9 m/ k
A. 错误/ ~# O# Q0 j$ f2 C: t: t: @" I( C) C
B. 正确
6 X8 ]# r0 i" s7 U# d1 f- q      满分:2  分
2 I3 Z3 ]& T$ G+ J1 O) `  M0 B- r18.  'The position of the nucleus in a tone-unit is usually dependent on the intention that the speaker has in mind for the utterance ., W* U. M. ]2 m% C
A. 错误: O& X, l0 Q7 g1 z7 ^
B. 正确
5 a6 v, o; k4 W% W, J      满分:2  分
/ ~! |; ?3 ~# W: o, n19.  Surface structure refers to the abstract syntactic representation of a sentence .
6 {2 P1 v- D: J! {A. 错误
1 j) V7 K+ ^! k3 L8 \% a$ j# Z' MB. 正确, U% b# c, l* G) ^4 `$ `7 f
      满分:2  分
* X3 `1 ^4 B5 t$ Q9 C& n. d. z' t20.  'There is a three-word sentence stage in first language acquisition.
  Z. }; r5 T8 E6 S. r, @A. 错误
8 Y: S3 L% N* |) S9 y3 \B. 正确6 p8 _2 V2 E& @+ H3 _6 x
      满分:2  分$ N. a5 p2 V, {' ?; R
21.  Inflectional morphology is concerned with the study of inflections of words in language.4 k4 I: \$ B. c  ?7 Z
A. 错误% u4 K1 i8 H6 N( q4 A% ?9 |6 n
B. 正确
  ~7 g  R1 c. k      满分:2  分: R4 L+ n% H* r- i0 r  ~9 j6 d
22.  Inflectional morpheme may be a free morpheme.
0 t. U3 o5 r( Q: |2 n* h  iA. 错误4 ?$ z1 `  [  O$ f! `, |
B. 正确
  N) D6 a' D" W- u, ?      满分:2  分
  w5 \; ?7 {* t0 {1 X23.  'Cataphoric reference refers to the reference where the presupposed occurs in the text after the word or expression that is presupposing.8 [9 V# V) t' d/ g6 a% {! C
A. 错误
) o% ^2 o2 n- o- x+ m% ~B. 正确
/ s! N8 o* D8 W; o2 x      满分:2  分
/ F1 l7 E! d. k( j- ^24.  Sense is the meaning that lies in the relation or contrasts among linguistic forms themselves.8 h0 Y& U6 n8 J3 n3 k9 i, J7 H
A. 错误
+ g* v1 n9 h8 O7 P$ ~B. 正确
+ P  J; W3 H% x  s0 ^4 ^      满分:2  分9 [9 i. ?; \& u+ n/ j8 k
25.  'The implementation of lexical insertion rules need to be subject to no restrictions.
% J: o: R. x) K* p1 P! F- z* L$ AA. 错误& m, K; ]/ M) o/ J6 c2 W: e
B. 正确; @9 ~% J0 M! R4 c6 ]6 N
      满分:2  分
3 ~( Z  a4 a- Q  x& }& t' k0 d5 F8 x6 ^: ~! B+ P+ M/ \; b
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