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12秋福师《现代语言学》在线作业二

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发表于 2012-11-6 10:35:48 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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( U5 N. [2 k" z* `* F5 q4 g* D) B一、单选题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。)V 1.  ( ) reference refers to the reference where the presupposed occurs in the text before the word or expression that is presupposing.
0 m4 h1 U) o  [) b4 B  \1 P% C6 eA. Exophoric
3 a- }( \% o% z* g  l4 aB. Anaphoric. G8 ~5 k7 D! ^6 M0 B4 v
C. Endophoric6 s) `5 E* }+ s
D. Cataphoric
& \# u3 o& D; h/ ]' h      满分:2  分
# g% \% R; S- W; P( M2 C4 y2.  In the tree diagram ( ) is the point from which two or more lines descend.+ d$ Y2 T+ m) k
A. Node/ ?* t0 Q" B5 \% H  I' h
B. Initial node& ~+ S+ |! C+ |: v" Y
C. Branching
$ I7 l2 k9 R7 U0 j6 LD. Intermediate node
; Z) s4 f* |, ~  a* f      满分:2  分/ o0 B* z" j6 i; }# n9 y2 W
3.  ( ) is the study of the relation between language and mind, especially language acquisition and learning, and language comprehension and prod uction.
; s( D5 z/ f4 E+ ]A. Pragmatics7 l" l4 I8 U6 ?3 c# G1 P0 j) N
B. Phonology
( U, I, X7 c8 [! z/ }C. Dialectology
5 R' W7 X! F3 V* y! P6 H9 |2 ~D. Psycholinguistics0 _3 u6 u, F1 E" A
      满分:2  分
/ G; X9 P8 ]5 R2 @4.  ( ) refers to a variety of language which is appropriate for a particular situation
5 n9 t1 ^; u% t4 O! g. hA. register
, o. D2 P4 M8 ]* S  nB. Style$ ?! l2 k, }$ R9 k9 }
C. genre
( T2 d6 c( I. y6 Z" O4 k4 VD. Form4 r, Q2 i6 o% ^) g7 a+ y$ |
      满分:2  分+ n! s1 W4 M8 S8 J3 @# N' n
5.  ( ) is the scie nce that studies sounds( V5 D& T, a* H: }6 _0 `( k
A. Phonetics
+ M# j0 A3 V0 c! G/ TB. Phonology
& r. |* T$ D( D+ w; O5 R- b( RC. Morphology
% Q6 i) S5 N0 z( n1 K& ~D. Dialectology
/ s) I- z8 a# V1 v. F: t, T$ Y      满分:2  分
8 b; \1 \# H) a% b% E3 i# ?; K6.  'Collocation (p. 261) refers to the juxtaposition of two elements which are semantically in opposition (or complementary) to each other
6 A: _2 c: S2 {8 U- AA. Collocation- k. Q3 v4 n) h3 [
B. Reiteration
& c1 G% @/ _5 j6 F5 KC. Lexical cohesion$ z& L1 d  p" C4 I
D. Coherence8 p6 y; N9 W7 r* }1 F& P8 e$ U
      满分:2  分5 }9 }; j1 ^' }2 m7 Y
7.  Which h of the following disciplines doen't belong to micro-linguistics?- J% t1 k. I+ b: }; ~5 J+ b
A. Phonetics) Y& ~! c8 Z5 Z6 f
B. Phonology
1 ^; E; [& M7 F3 f# Q- t1 zC. Morphology- R- n9 V8 U8 E+ a* z( {7 O: u% R
D. Dialectology& _) |/ X. j; c! X/ _! G9 |8 t9 D' Z
      满分:2  分
0 L* y2 M( m' q4 K/ a5 U8.  'Productivity is characterised by the feature of ( ).
% Q- @" X  [$ K" zA. Arbitrariness
9 B# ^3 G( F3 cB. Genetic-cultural transmission% \# R: F. e  c3 s4 i/ _
C. Non-arbitrariness" D/ X1 @& |1 m3 v8 C" @3 R6 S
D. Duality
2 R+ [5 T& R* s( I- X6 C) o+ E      满分:2  分: N( b7 ~3 }! o0 _' v
9.  '( )is a morphological variant of morpheme.
4 R; j% m6 n; C6 G* S: vA. Allomorph4 T/ m! y0 X! v. y& u! c4 U
B. Word/ @  i4 y5 O6 s) i- d1 e
C. Segment! M$ o! {! E# y7 \# d9 k
D. Morph
% ]: L& U4 U# x' X      满分:2  分# M# @/ @; y4 m. e6 J- f
10.  ( ) refers to the primary and commonly accepted meaning of linguistic forms.7 w! H- b' }! o
A. Lexical meaning: i# z3 I9 @, P: s
B. Sentential meaning
7 r( V5 [2 K% i' }+ D4 Q* CC. Utterance meaning# f( ?3 y# X( W  A( U
D. Literal meaning8 S$ _1 y7 C  h. N3 s% o
      满分:2  分5 P$ ^, b* _  z/ l$ U1 S0 f4 q
11.  ( ) is the study of the structure and the formation of words in language.
" V; N4 {- e3 q$ TA. Phonetics
3 k) C1 u# ]+ x2 o; e+ C1 }8 _& ^B. Phonology
8 @7 B( h2 J$ @; F0 hC. Morphology
% r! U$ W% P$ O2 Q' S" t! `D. Dialectology. }( O- i- C5 ?% W  L* V; r
      满分:2  分+ h7 v- Q0 p# a: q" \* Q
12.  ( ) is the study of the various aspects of the relation between language on the one hand and speakers and society on the other.# {; ]( h; n  M9 ^& q
A. Pragmatics
/ v! \# R6 v4 s: \B. Sociolinguistics
( y) C+ E5 h8 ?# J0 q8 F- HC. Syntax7 o8 I( h! R( p' v$ j
D. Semantics
8 x" P! G, y/ O- K9 {, W, v1 h      满分:2  分. r1 Q) E$ ?, A
13.  <font face="Arial">( ) studies the ways words are combined to form sentences in a language .</font>6 @) k4 n; D0 ]1 n& R& G0 }
A. Phonetics
0 A. M' x" Q$ }' m. s$ AB. Phonology$ m5 Q+ f1 t' ?5 ^* u, `" A
C. Morphology
3 C; t& J  A0 t$ ~& I3 |% r2 h6 @D. Syntax
" X* ^# q6 C3 K: v      满分:2  分* O. A) U8 `, a9 H8 q" g
14.  'The transformational generative grammar was proposed by ( ).
" ~6 |, r0 A& b+ ^( nA. Noam Chomsky2 Z& }0 d, e7 v# U! x" ]1 p
B. Jacobson8 l' z- f" J* R# ?4 Z, _- @# X
C. Haliday3 O6 K$ j$ X4 Y% Y/ `: o% U
D. Nida. }- O2 E3 Y' P9 P5 {2 g
      满分:2  分/ O+ i- ?3 W9 ^5 C. o0 }5 Z; @& n2 a
15.  ( ) is the bit of spoken or written language that is produced and sent to the receiver in a specific context.( K9 Z" P2 }' Y# I% w4 }
A. Word; w! `1 O+ v6 }+ Y  j6 G
B. Sentence8 N3 G3 ^- p  E) J+ X  c0 _
C. Utterance
, {/ y" j, b0 o! n5 q9 Q" TD. Morpheme  K: ^7 G# C' ?' ?  h
      满分:2  分
. X! b2 `9 G/ G$ A/ ^16.  ( ) is the first stressed syllable in the tone-unit.
( n5 Q2 \" I  a+ V, [A. pre-head) e- S8 ~  H& t% B# y
B. head3 g5 X1 M* }8 |' t: z
C. nuclear tail8 B6 \+ P- e% p  H) t
D. nucleus, C% @" E$ L* B  ?! {) R: G
      满分:2  分2 b3 N. U) f' _9 M. t' L' E& M
17.  ( ) refers to the speed of speech.7 p; a8 [% j) m, K/ \+ [
A. Loudness
# H9 }5 H( P% F$ j$ \) K; HB. Stress
6 |& j2 z$ }- ]- C2 Y1 JC. Tempo5 {. n2 ^- B1 ~5 ?$ f' z& v
D. Tone
) I- A7 N" m7 x7 W" ]6 t1 c; X* J  {      满分:2  分
% B8 y/ [, p4 g5 \: Y18.  ( )of language refers to the property of language in having the structure of two levels.
8 H7 N9 X: d$ x  p% U2 J# mA. Arbitrariness
6 y/ F- o: d7 X( k; k) W0 @7 h- I: XB. Genetic-cultural transmission
$ ~. W0 l) B  w0 i9 H3 U1 E8 P9 qC. Non-arbitrariness0 k4 P2 u& s/ a& C/ n
D. Duality
, w; H  A1 V# }7 g/ |+ {      满分:2  分: e% {/ v$ a1 E
19.  '( ) refers to the sameness in meaning between two or more words.
8 ^) |6 g  G; kA. Synonymy
5 t$ t2 Y8 U1 K. P4 RB. Polysemy8 R7 i1 ?# Q5 {* I8 ?4 F
C. Homonymy0 w9 N* M" m; d+ s( g" d& d' z( S) G
D. Antonymy
8 @6 r: [  w9 L1 U4 r! p, f      满分:2  分
) v! Z! r, F* y( c20.  ( ) refers to regional phonological or phonetic distinctions in speech.5 y6 A( r# y" G) A& |+ s! V
A. Accent6 y& D) _' v7 \" V# e7 M; D
B. Dialect! @  I( ?  y, ?& j7 G' W
C. Sentence3 t! A" y7 \* g
D. Utterance
7 g1 S: b7 K: _/ z- y      满分:2  分
" P9 l7 l2 x, u+ G' j* W21.  ( ) is a minimal unit which is formally composed of meaningless linguistic symbols at the lower level of the language/ I# ]1 H. x- V3 O/ Q
A. Phoneme* K" v! r- ^7 g8 j- I" K
B. Stress
% ]! L) R; v: ~$ c0 m, V! Y& kC. Tempo: r7 F$ y4 N8 g$ x4 k
D. Morpheme! {; J9 \1 s# g! ~8 v2 K) V) }
      满分:2  分
" C1 F' ?" r0 g22.  ( ) morpheme is a morpheme that contributes to the lexical meaning of the word.1 }- W% W, Q6 d  e2 D
A. Functional
' x4 P3 ?5 @* k( ~" ~* SB. Lexical% C8 k! Z+ ~7 ]$ t3 q$ C! v; j5 v7 K. [
C. Grammatical
. S) k5 h4 p0 z1 S3 N. l, [$ ]D. Performative
" R1 D+ F+ @9 z+ K, H      满分:2  分
/ E* H2 e5 ^4 O! \4 r23.  'Language has ( ) that distinguish it from other semiotic systems used by humans and animals.1 d! H5 I' M) ]6 @
A. function
' _) B" G2 M0 Q/ S, T8 I" zB. design features
+ F! I" o4 j- m, \C. importance6 t  I. ^) J; r- F: E: S# c
D. performance! Z1 L8 D. T6 j. N, ]0 k
      满分:2  分" O& t1 y+ M: P4 H2 z
24.  ( ) is the science that studies how speech sounds are used in language to convey meanings.: h4 K# B8 x' ^1 |
A. Phonetics& |- U5 T3 T% H% i- F( u. G
B. Phonology5 z( P" b6 N+ U! ?# u/ d0 k6 n* k
C. Morphology
, m" k9 L# U& R! @% OD. Dialectology' t5 ~' O2 c( @/ t+ E3 z" }
      满分:2  分
! G( L9 D# g& y' \7 k% ~25.  According to ( ), language determines the framework of speaker’s perception and thought.
1 u+ R( e6 L1 P6 c( CA. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
- R6 m* s6 L8 p; T! H9 FB. Positivist theory
5 U6 v" [3 w9 T. F" cC. Use theory$ i1 k$ N1 b  S' a* @
D. Speech Acts theory
% ~5 Y0 F' A% A+ F      满分:2  分
/ z0 b1 p0 n+ h$ f# Y' }4 {; v" g7 M7 T* u4 j$ D' B) L8 }2 M' x
二、判断题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。)V 1.  Substitution refers to the replacement of one item by another in the text and is concerned with the way substitutions realise the grammatical cohesion in the text.5 z. x& q/ U% `
A. 错误* F) h9 A# l& T0 @! ]
B. 正确- B8 T% `/ L7 s! B+ e5 }' V( J
      满分:2  分
1 n1 x) K; Z1 V6 ?7 A7 k( U0 C' N2.  Inflectional morphology is concerned with the study of inflections of words in language.
: T' g; l2 n  V6 s: F/ ~! }! u2 r3 qA. 错误( I3 q; h- H0 y# g7 W
B. 正确8 ?' b& o# h1 G! z
      满分:2  分
" U6 o5 @1 a/ j% M& ]8 {3.  'Language is entirely arbitrary.
6 @6 E" Y0 B: n# a. T, N) Y: J1 L) ~% Z) LA. 错误
( k" }4 ~7 {, WB. 正确
! W) ~8 C2 [) I; z9 \+ A& B" Y4 N/ ]      满分:2  分
* j3 ]) ^) d* c  P) T  ]4 R. `4.  'Utterance meaning includes not only the relevant sentential meaning(s) but also various meanings determined by the contexts where the utterance takes place.
" O1 a! L# ?" K# pA. 错误' B+ |7 Q6 f* e$ F  a
B. 正确
2 V. l8 K1 m* H/ G! }' }2 ~' }) ^& l      满分:2  分
  w2 h3 v3 t( h7 G. z5.  Affixation changes the grammatical class of the word ." j$ u) l- h4 @0 l. P- m* c
A. 错误# o4 d# L6 y, |- T- ]! g" B
B. 正确7 y' {' `5 Y; u
      满分:2  分
9 I1 V: {1 s# I8 r6 X' x# }$ O$ P6.  Linguistic competence refers to the ability based on the acquisition of the system of language use, regarding all the components of communicative events, together with attitudes and beliefs about them, and which may enable the speaker to participate in0 g$ x, }( }6 {. ]
A. 错误" I3 [2 P- e) @6 D  X9 ?* J
B. 正确
6 Q, j" B% \9 o1 l6 O/ b6 x4 f0 p      满分:2  分$ b$ P! ~! E0 @" q, F0 T
7.  'Utterance meaning is context-independent9 S4 }. h5 C  B6 |
A. 错误
! ~3 ~+ m& N' `$ i$ c4 Z) m& iB. 正确
) `3 l" {& c, b7 Y; s; N) H- T' ~( P+ d      满分:2  分. s* Z5 q/ I! R& a+ P- S2 l$ c
8.  'The implementation of lexical insertion rules need to be subject to no restrictions.8 }0 v2 c4 Z2 |/ I: e2 E
A. 错误
8 Y* N/ K4 z+ a7 G3 o' ~6 YB. 正确) N: n: ?% L4 G7 G/ z1 Z: l
      满分:2  分, Q2 c( [2 Y1 J6 {5 E
9.  'Grammatical morpheme must be a bound morpheme.
) E3 {" x$ B' W4 k9 ^/ fA. 错误
* h5 d- F; z9 _B. 正确, f+ o& ^  W$ K1 q7 R% y9 N% t+ e
      满分:2  分& r# ~3 p* _: K2 M( n
10.  Distinctive feature theories use the same set of distinctive features for classifying both consonants and vowels.
. Z( I$ g  N" f) h/ lA. 错误
6 t% s' F5 c: i6 M9 p4 eB. 正确6 k" {) t+ `' Q7 N( y) y5 n
      满分:2  分
6 L: L7 A/ E/ t' g3 D11.  Discourse analysis is more concerned with conventional implicatures than conversational ones.
- O  e: |' V3 r1 u. IA. 错误
' `: H8 h) _) Y, fB. 正确
9 L- r( N8 e$ @      满分:2  分
: r; \# [. h: k2 I12.  'There is a three-word sentence stage in first language acquisition.3 e( q3 F0 U& t$ d
A. 错误
0 o7 {4 B+ z8 N0 EB. 正确2 D; \, C/ |3 N; K( E5 Z
      满分:2  分
2 w9 Z# |9 p5 F# p# B4 y5 I13.  'Compared to phonetics, phonology is more concerned with the organisation of speech sounds in relation to the conveyance of meaning.+ r. F+ U; y# {# q( ~
A. 错误
' S: w+ j. c3 u" L2 a1 sB. 正确
( T4 T1 F* E+ ~% ^8 w% n, _! L      满分:2  分6 X- Q1 o# @& x
14.  'Langue is the language system that speakers of the language conform to in their verbal communication., a+ d. Z- R* D$ o" v( l9 H, n+ B
A. 错误6 u, Z0 T( c$ {2 Z2 G1 c" m
B. 正确1 B) I$ \* j' ~) b7 [; Y
      满分:2  分
3 ]4 k2 q9 h8 l0 v15.  ' An inflectional morpheme does not change the grammatical class of the word.
3 Z/ |. O/ F- ], ^8 k  M8 X" SA. 错误
5 G. ^5 Q- {% Q7 f  y+ HB. 正确; V1 D: w' I, j! q( w# @. m+ d" v
      满分:2  分$ M3 c4 m# K/ y# i8 U! @
16.  Inflectional morpheme may be a free morpheme.% e9 a, \( g5 ]" b- |
A. 错误
; q$ E8 P, J0 h! R" Z. y3 H0 VB. 正确
/ u% y. ?3 R. j      满分:2  分. F5 h+ o5 Z5 J3 z, ?" L. M
17.  'A constituent structure rule is one that governs selecting from the lexicon a lexical item and inserting it into a terminal node of a constituent structure as its daughter.
7 J% f- q' n8 r+ n3 a! ]- _: fA. 错误
' z+ F6 u0 a3 M; p8 _B. 正确' W. V' G9 S' a) o9 L. d
      满分:2  分0 ?1 r  R: g; Q! w
18.  Oral cavity is the place where oral, nasal and nasalised oral sounds are shaped.7 n+ E& Y! N" Z- P, ?* N
A. 错误
  ^( A/ u0 d; ^2 mB. 正确
$ Y3 y6 |* A5 h% W3 j3 M$ A      满分:2  分9 U2 ?4 a+ b. `  C) B
19.  Old speakers are more sensitive to the social significance of the style of their speech, showing their stronger intention to converge to or diverge from the listener.' D8 J4 ]) D/ B4 r/ I" l( n
A. 错误
. i  d$ K8 q% b* c" n' D$ CB. 正确* U- }0 Y3 M. d0 I$ m( P, J
      满分:2  分) e. h5 A" x( P4 c$ f$ A$ c' H
20.  'English is a tone language.4 I8 a/ T" a, L% J2 I; w
A. 错误: x, L, I# b" q8 S' u& s" k$ u$ k
B. 正确$ H3 A9 E4 Y8 |2 O4 @2 U
      满分:2  分0 _' n5 g6 `$ R! [4 j9 o- h
21.  Reference relates linguistic forms to some other related linguistic forms
/ L, D6 t+ n4 ?9 I/ q4 v0 eA. 错误% a5 f; s- ~( C' [; W0 ?; Y# D7 c
B. 正确
5 @9 w- |6 M4 _, [      满分:2  分" Y* y2 n# L% D9 m6 J7 D
22.  Duality is a concretisation of arbitrariness and non-arbitrariness of language.
, B# K" ?/ @& c, Q6 DA. 错误
$ z  M2 J6 a( z/ A+ Y. vB. 正确
8 V2 R& ^. P' t1 H0 q& j- G      满分:2  分
, H! }6 H, I! O5 K2 ~23.  A morphological rule is a rule that introduces the morph or allomorphs that match the morpheme concerned.% Q2 {) j" M$ _: `
A. 错误6 B+ W8 N% A* U" r3 D( e# g
B. 正确
# U3 H  ~6 @% x4 ]- ^' d! V      满分:2  分
: I) e8 g5 I! R6 T9 g$ i24.  Illocutionary force refers to the power that is conventionally associated with the expressions used in the locutionary act and that enables the speaker to execute the intended act through what he/she says.& K) \+ \  O( F7 N
A. 错误+ x! C6 [( Z8 x. e; ]. K  m0 N
B. 正确4 k* g$ }5 h1 t& b8 c' _% S7 c
      满分:2  分
$ t) ]9 b# v+ U+ }/ z25.  Stress refers to the feature that is determined solely by the amplitude of the vibration of the sound-wave.% S! m2 F3 G. M8 J( A$ _4 f) R
A. 错误' u% k" t$ Z0 @; l( D9 A/ \
B. 正确
8 E3 @% p  h% z      满分:2  分
7 R+ a+ P# s. s' U* f9 X
5 W* i% d  r+ F/ z3 F9 L
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