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北航12年12月课程考试《大学英语预备级1》考核要求

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发表于 2012-12-19 18:54:18 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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北航12年12月课程考试《大学英语预备级1》考

核要求
试卷总分:100       测试时间:--       试

卷得分:100
单选题
•阅读理解



、单选题(共 20 道试题,共 40 分。)    得

分:40
1.  Mary and Tom have returned but ( )

students in the class haven’t come back

yet.A. other
B. the other
C. others
D. the others
      满分:2  分  得分:2
2.  Someone was speaking there; the voice

was familiar ( )us.A. by
B. to
C. for
D. with
      满分:2  分  得分:2
3.  She usually goes to work( )foot.A.

in
B. on
C. by
D. through
      满分:2  分  得分:2
4.  We are looking ( )to hearing from

you soon.A. at
B. forward
C. for
D. up
      满分:2  分  得分:2
5.  It ( )John and Kate who helped me

the other day.A. is
B. was
C. are
D. were
      满分:2  分  得分:2
6.  This room( )in the building.A. is

biggest than any other one
B. is bigger than any other one
C. is more bigger than any other one
D. is bigger than any one
      满分:2  分  得分:2
7.  Jack work so hard as he dreams ( )

owning his own house soon.A. to
B. with
C. of
D. on
      满分:2  分  得分:2
8.  ( )of them knew anything about it,

because it was confidential.A. Some
B. Any
C. No one
D. None
      满分:2  分  得分:2
9.  Grandma has no water, please( )some

for her.A. take
B. fetch
C. catch
D. bring
      满分:2  分  得分:2
10.  We are looking forward( )each other

next week.A. to see
B. to seeing
C. seeing
D. see
      满分:2  分  得分:2
11.  May I stay with you( )going back to

my parents’ home tonight?A. because of
B. so as to
C. in spite of
D. instead of
      满分:2  分  得分:2
12.  I don’t know her address,( )I can

’t write to her.A. but
B. or
C. so
D. since
      满分:2  分  得分:2
13.  Teacher told Tom( )late for

school.A. not to
B. not be
C. not to be
D. did not be
      满分:2  分  得分:2
14.  This is an old house, the cover ( )

had been torn.A. of which
B. which
C. of whose
D. of that
      满分:2  分  得分:2
15.  I don’t trust him at all. His smiles

always make me ( ).A. feeling sick
B. be sick
C. being sick
D. sick
      满分:2  分  得分:2
16.  Usually there is( )traffic in the

streets on Sundays than on weekdays.A.

much more
B. little
C. fewest
D. fewer
      满分:2  分  得分:2
17.  There isn’t ( ) in the office.A.

anyone
B. everyone
C. nobody
D. any people
      满分:2  分  得分:2
18.  I have finished typing all ( )the

last pageA. until
B. but
C. to
D. for
      满分:2  分  得分:2
19.  The cat in the bag made ( )sound.A.

ones
B. no
C. the other
D. any
      满分:2  分  得分:2
20.  John is ( )of the two students.A.

the cleverer
B. clever
C. cleverer
D. the cleverest
      满分:2  分  得分:2

  



北航12年12月课程考试《大学英语预备级1》考

核要求
试卷总分:100       测试时间:--       试

卷得分:100
•单选题
•阅读理解



、阅读理解(共 3 道试题,共 60 分。)   

得分:60
1.  
   Obviously television has both

advantages and disadvantages.
    In the first place, television is not

only a convenient source of entertainment,

but also a comparatively cheap one. With a

TV set in the family people don’t have to

pay for expensive seats at the theatre,

the cinema, or the opera. All they have to

do is to push a button or turn a knob, and

they can see plays, films, operas and

shows of every kind. Some people, however,

think that this is where the danger lies.

The television viewers need do nothing. He

does not even have use his legs if he has

a remote control. He makes no choice and

exercises, no judgment. He is completely

passive and has everything presented to

him without any effort on his part.
    Television, it is often said, keeps

one informed about current events and the

latest developments in science and

politics. The most distant countries and

the strangest customs are brought right

into one’s sitting room. It could be

argued that the radio performs this

service as well; but on television

everything is much more living, much more

real. Yet here again there is a danger.

The television screen itself has a

terrible, almost physical charm for us. We

get so used to looking at the movements on

it, so dependent on its pictures, that it

begins to control our lives. People are

often heard to say that their television

sets have broken down and that they have

suddenly found that they have far more

time to do things and that they have

actually begun to talk to each other

again. It makes one think, doesn’t it?
    There are many other arguments for and

against television. We must realize that

television itself is neither good nor bad.

It is the uses that it is put to that

determine its value to society.


1). What is the major function of

paragraph 1?
A. To arouse the reader’s concern
B. To introduce the theme of the whole

passage
C. To summarize the whole passage
D. To state the primary uses of TV
      满分:4  分  得分:4
2). Television, as a source of

entertainment, is____.
A. not very convenient
B. very expensive
C. quite dangerous
D. relatively cheap
      满分:4  分  得分:4
3). Why are some people against TV?
A. Because TV programs are not interesting
B. Because TV viewers are totally passive
C. Because TV prices are very high.
D. Because TV has both advantages and

disadvantages
      满分:4  分  得分:4
4). One of the most obvious advantages of

TV is that____.
A. it keeps us informed
B. it is very cheap
C. it enables us to have a rest
D. it controls our lives
      满分:4  分  得分:4
5). According to the passage, whether TV

is good or not depends on____.
A. its quality
B. people’s attitude towards it
C. how we use it
D. when we use it
      满分:4  分  得分:4
2.      Studies in advanced economies

show, as one would expect, that for every

1,000 pounds increase in income there is,

indeed, an increased sense of well-being (

幸福)---but only for the poorest fifth of

the population. Beyond that, there is

almost no increase in people’s

satisfaction with their lives as income

levels increase. In Australia, there is a

slightly closer relation between level of

income and well-being, but in the US and

England there is only an unimportant and

irregular relationship. The rich are no

happier than the middle classes and the

upper middle class is no happier than the

lower middle class. Beyond poverty or

near-poverty levels of income, if money

buys happiness, it buys very little and

often it buys none at all.
    This is strange because market

economists report that the purpose of the

market is to maximize the satisfaction of

human wants. But they measure that

satisfaction, called “utility”, in a

circular manner: satisfaction with

something is revealed by the very fact

that it was bought.
    Yet studies show that the things that

contribute most to a sense of well-being

cannot be bought, such as a good family

life, friendship, work satisfaction, and

satisfaction with the uses of one’s

leisure. There is little relation between

these things and people’s incomes. For

many people security of income actually

contribute more to measured well-being

than does level of income.
    Most people believe that if they had

25 percent more income they would be much

more satisfied with their lives, but those

whose incomes are now at that higher level

are not more satisfied with their lives.

Changes in income do briefly influence our

sense of well-being, but even the

happiness that comes with an increase in

income does not last long.
1). According to the author, people from

____ would feel happier if there is an

income increase.
A. upper middle class
B. lower working class
C. lower middle  class
D. upper rich class
      满分:4  分  得分:4
2). The author implies, but does not

directly say, that market economists would

NOT agree with one of the following

suggestions. Which one?
A. Income increase cannot bring about

sense of happiness.
B. Happiness can be bought in a certain

sense.
C. Satisfaction of human demands can be

met through purchases of goods.
D. Markets can provide people with

satisfaction and happiness.
      满分:4  分  得分:4
3). According to the passage, all of the

following contribute more to the sense of

happiness EXCEPT ____.
A. work satisfaction
B. work
C. level of income
D. good family life
      满分:4  分  得分:4
4). It can be inferred from the passage

that in the author’s opinion, sense of

happiness is all of the following EXCEPT

that ______.
A. it can vary from one social class to

another
B. it always changes with the increase in

income
C. it is related to many factors
D. it cannot be increased easily
      满分:4  分  得分:4
5). What kind of relationship is the

passage mainly discussing about?
A. Income increase and sense of happiness
B. Poverty and happiness
C. Income and satisfaction
D. Income increase and social classes
      满分:4  分  得分:4
3.      We use both words and gestures to

express our feelings, but the problem is

that these words and gestures can be

understood in different ways.
 It is true that a smile means the same

thing in any language, so does laughter or

crying. There are also a number of

striking similarities in the way different

animals show the same feelings. Dogs,

tigers and humans, for example, often show

their teeth when they are angry. This is

probably because they are born with those

behavior patterns.
 Fear is another emotion that is shown in

much the same way all over the world. In

Chinese and in English literature, a

phrase like "he went pale and begin to

tremble" suggests that the man is either

very afraid or he has just got a very big

shock. However, "he opened his eyes wide"

is used to suggest anger in Chinese

whereas in English it means surprise. In

Chinese "   Even in the same culture,

people differ in ability to understand and

express feelings. Experiments in America

have shown that women are usually better

than men at recognizing fear, anger, love

and happiness on people's faces. Other

studies show that older people usually

find it easier to recognize or understand

body language than younger people do.1).

According to the passage, __________.
A. we can hardly understand what people's

gestures mean
B. we can not often be sure what people

mean when they describe their feelings in

words or gestures
C. words can be better understood by older

people
D. gestures can be understood by most of

the people while words can not
      满分:4  分  得分:4
2). People's facial expressions may be

misunderstood because __________.
A. people of different ages may have

different understanding
B. people have different cultures
C. people of different sex may understand

a gesture in a different way
D. people of different countries speak

different languages
      满分:4  分  得分:4
3). In the same culture, __________.
A. people have different ability to

understand and express feelings
B. people have the same understanding of

something
C. people never fail to understand each

other
D. people are equally intelligent
      满分:4  分  得分:4
4). From this passage, we can conclude

__________.
A. words are used as frequently as

gestures
B. words are often found difficult to

understand
C. words and gestures are both used in

expressing feelings
D. gestures are more efficiently used than

words
      满分:4  分  得分:4
5). The best title for this passage may be

__________.
A. Words and Feelings
B. Words, Gestures and Feelings
C. Gestures and Feelings
D. Culture and Understanding
      满分:4  分  得分:4

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