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14秋福师《现代语言学》在线作业二答案辅导资料

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发表于 2014-12-29 00:05:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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0 I2 G, A# `% g$ j! b福师《现代语言学》在线作业二
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单选题 判断题
3 j5 A! v9 }) L' x$ O+ y& J# C( o8 {2 B  `. m" \

# ~. x: g. {$ C  {: }一、单选题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。)
1 k  r( d$ P" w( \3 |1.  A ( ) is one that may be used to distinguish one speech sound from another.
) F$ |# f7 F! I0 R* BA. perfomation
) T8 J9 t; ^/ oB. feature5 Z: @& @0 y" P: h
C. distinctive feature5 J) i& y! W: x& v4 r1 x
D. function
- x: v: ]9 {0 E8 k$ a' k-----------------选择:C      
. A3 x$ j* F6 d& p1 v3 M2.  Which of the following disciplines doen't belong to micro-linguistics?( u4 g( W! q% N5 ^, Y
A. Phonetics
7 I. h7 v6 W% s) `1 {6 d* O# W& ZB. Phonology8 S" u7 N- a' c% y: \
C. Morphology
! I# q' D5 B0 O( O& @* pD. Dialectology$ F% {# z7 ?% F8 M
-----------------选择:D      
9 M' E( o: b2 d0 V" ~+ M3.  ( ) reference refers to the reference where the presupposed occurs in the text before the word or expression that is presupposing.
2 G  a0 I( G" t/ `A. Exophoric( c: g- w& O% D' L: u5 O
B. Anaphoric) R* U. O/ x+ Z- M& p/ X
C. Endophoric
7 J5 [+ p! G+ Y! \. `D. Cataphoric
0 o; K6 S0 h/ w) m, w9 ~& ]7 {-----------------选择:B      
, k2 t) s4 H3 f4.  ( )is a morphological variant of morpheme.+ B" s+ F6 l7 h
A. Allomorph' `% M6 e0 E8 M7 {0 J+ l
B. Word
1 F8 |3 }, K! c) t/ Q% c. a9 qC. Segment
- K0 a" @" u  u5 V9 [1 ~  yD. Morph
) }3 b$ T5 @9 n: x- _$ n-----------------选择:A      
( f1 M$ ?" j2 C" _; M3 b5 p5.  ( ) is the study of speech, focusing specially on the relation between discourse and its contexts.# S( I1 }4 ?) k
A. Pragmatics+ e. X; x. z& j' h! O) s
B. Discourse analysis8 [/ V) i. C- }& H
C. Dialectology
9 L1 S' ]' c4 r* v1 i& DD. Morphology# o& i  V1 f; }, X7 s- P0 {
-----------------选择:      $ j; f- \% X9 ?
6.  ( ) refers to the primary and commonly accepted meaning of linguistic forms.6 d4 Z7 s& _! H; J. {  W. e
A. Lexical meaning' Y/ O- }0 n; y8 z' _9 }1 ]
B. Sentential meaning' c& }& P' F2 ~1 n" n1 T
C. Utterance meaning
' J4 J( I" l' G  b. `) TD. Literal meaning4 {# A' e, o* }& D
-----------------选择:      ) ~, T0 p4 R! A/ ^0 p
7.  Which h of the following disciplines doen't belong to micro-linguistics?9 [/ Q3 q, n4 O. q  @2 H/ i
A. Phonetics
/ O9 Y* K& q4 `7 wB. Phonology, V2 J: }+ R" ?( s6 v; r* D
C. Morphology
; L8 }$ ~5 i- i9 m  q3 dD. Dialectology
4 O3 A  b2 ~# R' k9 [. e-----------------选择:      
1 Q, s  Z# s) \! z) x8.  '( )is a concretisation of the biological and sociological aspects of arbitrariness and non-arbitrariness of language
% ?' L4 U7 W& L6 J% vA. Arbitrariness% g) J; m. Y* M* F6 S* ^
B. Genetic-cultural transmission
! z5 D6 ?% Z! ~1 S& w: \0 ]C. Non-arbitrariness
# e/ N" k) M" u) l; kD. Duality
9 |# E2 v( f9 i7 T$ @4 Z-----------------选择:      . W6 a  K' F3 Q0 W& @3 f. ]
9.  ( ) is the bit of spoken or written language that is produced and sent to the receiver in a specific context.4 M0 X" [" a2 k% H
A. Word1 L) \8 V; d5 r& l9 R0 B
B. Sentence- P. N9 L  z4 j8 g+ ]
C. Utterance
, @1 }2 h9 t5 ^. x+ WD. Morpheme
2 V" K* S' X' K( g9 T  m-----------------选择:      - k* V6 V+ ^/ J- s$ B. Q
10.  Language has ( ) that distinguish it from other semiotic systems used by humans and animals.
* V- f9 U+ [& t7 j! f9 j  KA. function1 b5 V+ Q7 P/ I1 Y4 `9 b
B. design features
- K( M7 |" O0 ]; T  GC. importance
3 s( R' l0 R4 \- A3 D4 u: }D. performance3 _! ]$ B# w8 W2 Q, j/ s7 x) H
-----------------选择:      
- k! N5 ^" N) K! v* W7 g1 }4 C11.  ( ) is a minimal unit which is formally composed of meaningless linguistic symbols at the lower level of the language
% Z; |. B+ p% L4 H! Z; ~7 WA. Phoneme9 L1 d( Q% d* V
B. Stress$ B& v, X0 G& [- m7 A
C. Tempo
1 D4 H4 Z6 H' E  a& _% bD. Morpheme
- B2 ]- G" V7 b-----------------选择:      
2 C9 c, X5 u8 D8 y+ M5 G& C12.  ( ) is the science that studies sounds1 M% a" q! g' H- ]4 w. v
A. Phonetics3 e) z1 |* V; {1 F
B. Phonology' a  M# `" b' \4 O
C. Morphology
2 z( m  s3 `5 q7 k/ ^/ nD. Dialectology& Z9 {2 u# `& J
-----------------选择:      4 h" K# e* R% b+ u9 r
13.  'The transformational generative grammar was proposed by ( ).$ [7 {1 G4 b- w% L+ I
A. Noam Chomsky
, X' J& q& M/ K& Y. ]/ UB. Jacobson/ B) Y. F/ S) v/ a* u( I
C. Haliday1 I! m* @6 Y& r$ f: X9 |
D. Nida9 D# b4 S  F6 v; w- i$ p# p
-----------------选择:      
! Y% V- m5 _. N* o6 s: [0 l14.  ( ) morpheme is a morpheme that contributes to the lexical meaning of the word.
; ~" m5 K9 z7 SA. Functional) j/ u' R: {2 E" |: |4 N1 J
B. Lexical
9 K. N# S/ z: I0 h- m: DC. Grammatical$ d1 O* R) t1 a% R3 s
D. Performative, m  }" k) J9 D# o" C# g+ |. o
-----------------选择:      
+ t/ S1 o) A! V15.  ( )of language refers to the property of language in having the structure of two levels.
; v) z# t3 A9 l. c  OA. Arbitrariness, x( I0 I* C: F6 V. T0 v
B. Genetic-cultural transmission  h- O/ Z; U  |6 E+ f
C. Non-arbitrariness
! k9 K9 b- J0 n9 n1 C1 _$ }" rD. Duality
* D0 {! e0 B& O-----------------选择:      ! Z8 D; t- R  z0 |+ R, v
16.  ( ) is the study of the structure and the formation of words in language.
& C  ^* z( z# A! i% H! RA. Phonetics
( X3 ?" f; u  F* p! F; @8 AB. Phonology
: \/ r% ?# I8 d4 YC. Morphology9 Y% ~- k+ e6 ~
D. Dialectology
0 {5 Q9 j9 Z4 G# K0 R& M- C! d# e2 H) Z-----------------选择:      0 B3 I( K* y3 p4 i5 j0 B1 g
17.  ( ) refers to a variety of language which is appropriate for a particular situation
1 v# U; [$ k5 [, g8 ^2 V2 e( |% ?A. register
- a/ r- D' e5 ?( g' r$ c9 n5 j8 oB. Style
4 C2 f% ^: C5 I( ?$ \9 a  B0 KC. genre- A) W% p2 R" ]; P" u
D. Form
9 `; }: {4 _6 M* |-----------------选择:      
6 p3 \: ], p% O; _" ~18.  ( ) refers to a variety of language which is appropriate for a particular situation
) E* X: `- i( G+ D8 ~A. register
* v( B1 m' u; Y! {) Y/ ]" u/ ^5 k8 R  {B. Style2 W$ u$ d$ N2 s* d& `8 d/ `
C. genre* h2 d4 U% A) r& z/ Q0 i0 j
D. Form
5 J2 q; t3 W# u" L8 B/ K; X1 j# P3 }) k-----------------选择:      ! c- s( q+ K+ l& F6 D, V, u  m
19.  () refers to the sameness in meaning between two or more words.
" L1 l+ r( w3 a4 V! CA. Synonymy
5 d. Y2 K8 p) j# ~B. Polysemy# p3 p* U# i* O  [% n, J5 Y
C. Homonymy2 g1 Z0 e- x/ ]- |
D. Antonymy
. R7 Q& h# z  n$ U-----------------选择:      - K& x, [4 Z+ z6 A, }
20.  ( ) morpheme is a morpheme that contributes to the lexical meaning of the word.
2 i* u8 [3 \. pA. Functional( h$ L2 D1 `( E  f
B. Lexical
' J1 c9 z3 p7 E. z* N* {& pC. Grammatical4 f, o4 G+ Z9 T6 S! K( \
D. Performative
- k$ G, x1 X$ U-----------------选择:      . v- }, o' U' k, E
21.  ( ) refers to the perceived regularity of prominent units in speech.6 F1 l6 c! Z/ R! k  r6 {$ z
A. Loudness
  {; ^$ h/ r- B  v  q4 l/ ?# p" yB. Rhythm
8 Q1 }6 y7 Q0 n) YC. Tempo; h! f) V8 |+ U
D. Tone
+ V( W; x5 u9 L2 C- t) e9 u-----------------选择:      
3 `' L" g7 @) y% E% N22.  '( ) refers to the perceived regularity of prominent units in speech.* g! _6 C9 _4 n1 Z4 ^$ g/ D
A. Loudness
$ E  E4 r8 R5 k7 I3 o3 \! N' ?9 FB. Rhythm4 I# [1 F( i3 y8 Q6 r; i' i% c* N, V
C. Tempo5 l* `6 {; Q: t
D. Tone
! V% H+ P7 h" A-----------------选择:      
, S2 t- l5 X0 W5 r# h) M23.  ( ) is the study of the relation between language and mind, especially language acquisition and learning, and language comprehension and prod uction.
7 ~0 J, Q+ d" I' e, BA. Pragmatics
# c; e6 p! i% R1 @8 \% v/ ~; G$ h/ ]B. Phonology
* u7 W0 z) e3 v+ D# I4 y" GC. Dialectology
6 Z' a  g0 q/ \) u8 w, j$ G2 RD. Psycholinguistics0 X" F* W* _5 j) `) L- j
-----------------选择:      7 y3 n: F% V9 q2 J% M8 B5 z! @& D
24.  () studies the ways words are combined to form sentences in a language .
( W/ r0 n1 F- y0 E- OA. Phonetics  n4 d8 g) e9 j/ [- B
B. Phonology
- F3 V$ U% n+ f0 z/ s4 V6 kC. Morphology
, ^$ [9 f8 M% G7 F- M# GD. Syntax6 `" a3 @8 d% G# `2 I
-----------------选择:      
2 U8 n( n6 k) Q5 x1 [" Q, ]25.  ( ) is treated as the basic unit of meaning.
1 P1 h( E  w" {) a, t# vA. Word
" u( ]2 g* N% zB. Sentence1 J* j' E0 @" E: ?8 L
C. Phoneme0 b4 N- G1 b! y) a1 c# o' P
D. Morpheme. {: p7 x9 U! c" ~6 A) A& Q* }! B
-----------------选择:      
# V# A2 T# u) ~8 C( g: ?. c
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福师《现代语言学》在线作业二
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2 h, f- r' B% M1 N- c- `' S单选题 判断题 ' m0 h9 P3 G/ O

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二、判断题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。), U0 V( ]5 `: x
1.  At the sentential level, the comprehension of a sentence is realised through extracting the syntactic and semantic information of the sentence, interpreting the sentential meaning in the light of its contexts, and retaining some or all of the interpreted
( j$ b9 e4 o  F, cA. 错误
5 h1 u2 T" p3 Q+ tB. 正确& u- }5 S3 I6 w- y2 C$ |0 F2 ]
-----------------选择:      9 m) E/ j) }9 K8 m* e
2.  Diphthong is treated as two vowels .
' J3 r. b8 g! N! t* `* J) jA. 错误
0 X4 e$ J# }6 j) e2 oB. 正确1 P0 K& i0 X; |& a
-----------------选择:      
  N7 V3 [! P, H3.  Derivational morpheme may be a free morpheme.
, l) R) |, W+ q0 E- g3 F! lA. 错误& C0 a9 F& ~$ ~9 v" j' O4 r- r0 j' I
B. 正确, T- w/ t; R; \  n
-----------------选择:     
; M& [" i# X& \4.  'Compared to phonetics, phonology is more concerned with the organisation of speech sounds in relation to the conveyance of meaning.8 G- O/ c' o0 F  [' n
A. 错误9 r; i) l- j* @1 M! ?7 h
B. 正确& W" j1 N/ F9 F( E. _0 ~/ Y( @
-----------------选择:      ; a! B& g- c; Y2 ~" S
5.  When a node directly descends from another, without any other nodes intervening, the hierarchical relationship between them is called immediate domination.  u1 S. Z5 E$ Z+ p4 K- ?
A. 错误% ^) @+ A: x: m2 B& W
B. 正确
4 z, {' t0 B( O/ j6 k-----------------选择:      
/ M0 W/ Q) g$ I, e( b6.  'There is a three-word sentence stage in first language acquisition.* D! ]- C% g* K: t
A. 错误
$ ?9 \6 U) N+ n* g' pB. 正确
; }1 S* `$ p7 w-----------------选择:      2 {; s% e6 t# j  ?4 I
7.  Segmental phonology is concerned with the phonological features (also known as prosodic features) that extend more one segment.5 g9 Y! N! X& A
A. 错误
  P; ^! o+ j. y, j4 g3 _5 jB. 正确- T# p0 \  O  j% C  T' O
-----------------选择:      
: G) c/ e: x- A7 d8.  Old speakers are more sensitive to the social significance of the style of their speech, showing their stronger intention to converge to or diverge from the listener.: o+ @9 e3 G/ I) E
A. 错误
5 B0 E* I8 B$ C- m2 \! F7 y2 SB. 正确# m' m2 _6 L7 l6 W1 a
-----------------选择:      
' w! B0 S. U) {- ~$ T6 p/ ]7 J9.  'Grammatical morpheme must be a bound morpheme.
9 M0 A5 ?  Q* ], v, J- kA. 错误
! `. i% j8 d( ?$ r% l9 l/ yB. 正确. ?5 c+ g. t2 a# {- f) X
-----------------选择:      
9 _, a5 b% A+ F7 C10.  Grammatical morpheme must be a bound morpheme." P; a# H! S$ a
A. 错误1 G) m! A3 ^& \: |4 {& T
B. 正确7 _* ~  B9 M5 i. m: f
-----------------选择:     1 a8 Q. ~2 e% d9 x" Y
11.  Diachronic linguistics focuses on a particular phase in its development.
$ w2 `: ]! [' o! vA. 错误
+ ~8 M  _; c# |B. 正确
  D* o+ e+ J) Y9 I6 }-----------------选择:      
' P' ^% R0 I. e# i  n' d. x. P12.  Affixation changes the grammatical class of the word .  L7 m& z. n: G; X6 B
A. 错误
: Z3 r) Y7 i+ ]7 @B. 正确4 Q" X- P8 ^! d/ _) v, N
-----------------选择:      ( X. H8 x# ]5 {) U! [
13.  Illocutionary force refers to the power that is conventionally associated with the expressions used in the locutionary act and that enables the speaker to execute the intended act through what he/she says.; l( g. W3 Z  V8 p0 P
A. 错误
' p3 Q- ?9 `: K1 {# s9 cB. 正确' W7 e: w* _, [2 N4 ?, S0 U
-----------------选择:     & n2 Z0 z- R2 V7 A' _7 l
14.  Reference relates linguistic forms to some other related linguistic forms2 Y7 y2 k& |9 c/ w! K% s; a  p
A. 错误
. ?8 L5 h2 E7 D$ C2 j# |B. 正确; O% b" h" M/ P7 D4 V( H5 V/ J. L$ X
-----------------选择:     ! R/ M8 i! B2 w2 w2 i5 }- z
15.  Derivational morpheme may be a free morpheme.7 b5 U3 k; e+ C( c! w: A- \% i% M
A. 错误
1 U- W. Q" F8 f3 |: IB. 正确
# h' n: M9 J4 Y' v1 J-----------------选择:     ) W6 n$ I/ U0 q* o1 Z' S
16.  Diphthong is treated as two vowels .
$ ]( Q/ L& _  z: u5 JA. 错误
" ~- g# j' V1 k% B0 C* g; |6 U( YB. 正确3 _/ s- J- u+ A# L
-----------------选择:      ; I" N/ u2 S" k0 B: ^- X' B1 c
17.  'Utterance meaning is context-independent; \- g. G( R6 F: F) G) ]
A. 错误
  _) j& O/ q& D! u: P8 HB. 正确: @* Z5 e/ w  X: {/ i' b/ O  @
-----------------选择:      
" H  U: A' ?( g18.  At the sentential level, the comprehension of a sentence is realised through extracting the syntactic and semantic information of the sentence, interpreting the sentential meaning in the light of its contexts, and retaining some or all of the interpr
3 I2 F( n/ N6 X8 @' _" I5 T2 YA. 错误
1 w, E5 T3 f; P) uB. 正确( ~; Y, X: B/ d: g1 u# q4 B: S
-----------------选择:      
  Q! \- ]& I9 e9 P1 b- @2 I) Z9 @- f19.  Different language make use of the same set of speech sounds.
  A1 C0 h. s' _. `A. 错误
% r- ?6 M% r' W- C/ Q8 }* WB. 正确# w3 @) t9 W4 j$ u  G
-----------------选择:      
/ {/ K' l" g/ b: M9 M) t0 {" |) O20.  Distinctive feature theories use the same set of distinctive features for classifying both consonants and vowels.4 S' C, n0 r) p' O- I2 P
A. 错误
% f; b2 ^2 R) Y6 K! d8 }4 NB. 正确
! F: W  s# e9 u3 Y2 R-----------------选择:      
5 K/ P8 Z4 T) T7 {- k/ x21.  Phonemics intends to find out the sound system functioning in individual languages .
& t  Q; i" V0 K( S" v& h4 w! K8 tA. 错误
9 b. g. y! S- O- D& X/ WB. 正确2 n4 j# c# @7 [/ d( v2 `) p
-----------------选择:      
; a, w: v% e3 S* `22.  'The position of the nucleus in a tone-unit is usually dependent on the intention that the speaker has in mind for the utterance .8 r, r3 a0 A- h! R' D0 b
A. 错误
) W* G( \, I% _; W$ f* Y( YB. 正确
  V7 c& h# l# E9 l/ C-----------------选择:      
4 |$ w5 [) s) G3 |+ j* f7 K23.  Duality makes it possible for second/foreign language learning
- L4 M9 q0 z6 j4 y) T! x  jA. 错误; q& h* e3 \; F! g3 D7 \
B. 正确
$ e3 X+ C, Q6 x$ d( p-----------------选择:      ) A1 m* E! `" K0 L+ t, L2 p' E' K
24.  The position of the nucleus in a tone-unit is usually dependent on the intention that the speaker has in mind for the utterance .
0 s# C- h) p% rA. 错误" u  O8 C, H# k8 K
B. 正确
( W- `. f) b* J-----------------选择:     
' J7 J8 }. L9 D) y25.  Surface structure refers to the abstract syntactic representation of a sentence .
4 y, ?* [3 b3 y% [# [; U+ kA. 错误
  g8 c; j3 _4 S7 U. b+ y5 VB. 正确
$ W6 l* d: F* Y# G-----------------选择:      
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