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东师《大学英语(二)》练习题

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发表于 2015-3-7 10:37:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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《大学英语(二)》练习题

Part I.  Use of English  (10 points)
Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete dialogues. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
61. ---- Can I help you with the bag?
   ---- _____________________.
A. No, no. I can take it myself     B. Thank you
C. Sorry, you can’t              D. No, I’m all right
62. ---- Hello, I’d like to speak to Mark, please.
   ---- ________________________________.
A. Yes, I’m Mark               B. This is Mark speaking
C. It’s me here                 D. This is me
63. --- Can you go out with us for dinner this evening?
   --- ___________________________________.
A.        No, I already have plans.
B.        Thanks a lot but I’m busy tonight.
C.        No, I really don’t like being with you.
D.        I’m ill, so I shouldn’t go out for dinner.
64. --- Sorry, I must be leaving now, because there’s a meeting.
   --- _________________________________________.
A.        Oh, no, you can’t
B.        Yes, you can leave if you like
C.        Do you really have to go? Couldn’t you at least stay for another cup of tea?
D.        Oh, no. I don’t understand
65. --- I’d like to book a flight to Shanghai, please.
   --- ________________________________.
  A. No, of course not         B. Do you mind if I said no?
  C. Yes, sir, single or return?   D. You can’t. We are busy
66. --- Excuse me. Is this the right direction for the school?
   --- ________________________________________.
A.        Well, no, you’re going in the wrong direction
B.        No, don’t ask me
C.        No, I don’t know
D.        Don’t go this way
67. --- May I see your tickets and passports, please?
   --- ___________________________________.
  A. No, you can’t          B. Yes, you can
  C. Here they are          D. No, they are mine
68. --- Do you mind if I take a couple of hours off this afternoon?
   --- ___________________________________.
  A. Never mind                 B. OK, but what for?
C. Yes, please help yourself       D. Yes, but I don’t care
    69. --- Hello, is that Shanghai Airlines?
    --- ________________________.
A. Yes, can I help you?          B. Yes, what do you want?
C. Yes, you’re right             D. Yes, right number
    70. --- Sorry I kept you waiting.
---- ___________________.
A. I’m sad                       B. I don’t care
C. That’s all right. There’s no hurry   D. NO, not at all
71. --- Hello, may I talk to the manager about the price?
   --- _____________________________________.
   A. Sorry, he is out at the moment      B. No, you can’t
   C. Sorry, you can’t                 D. I don’t know
72. --- Can I borrow your camera for a couple of days?
   --- _____________________________________.
A.        Yes, you may borrow
B.        Yes, go on
C.        Sure, here you are. Enjoy your journey
D.        It doesn’t matter
73. --- Mr. Chairman, could I raise a point about the plan?
       ---_______________________________________.
   A. Yes, Dr Chosuk           B. I think so, either
   C. Yes, I hope not            D. No, I have no idea
74. --- Sorry to interrupt, but can you give me another copy of the handout?
   --- _________________________________________.
A.        No, of course not  
B.        Certainly
C.        I’m sorry to hear that
D.        By no means, but it’s impossible
75. --- Do you mind if I join you?
   --- _____________________.
   A. I’m very happy to do so       B. Never mind
   C. Please do                   D. Oh, I can’t     
76. --- My grandmother’s taken ill and I’ve got to go down to the hospital.
   ---_____________________________________________________.
A.        We’re going to the same place
B.        Very sorry to hear it. I hope it’s nothing serious
C.        Really?
D.        Let me go with you
77. --- Well done. Congratulations on your success.
   --- _________________________________.
   A. Thank you very much    B. Oh, no, no
   C. No, I didn’t do very well  D. Sorry, I couldn’t any better
78. --- That man alone over there---who is he?
   --- ______________________________.
A.        He is a student                  B. He is Doctor Took
C. A driver, I suppose               D. He’s drunk
79. --- Well. It’s getting late. I must be going. Thank you again for inviting me to the party.
  --- ______________________________.
  A. Oh, it’s so late            B. Thank you for coming
  C. Oh, so soon?              D. I really had a happy time
80. --- I want to go to New York. What’s the fare?
   --- _________________________________.
A. Pardon me?               B. I’m sorry
   C. Yes, I don’t understand       D. I’m not understanding
81. --- Can you turn down the radio, please?
--- _____________________________.
A.        Oh, I know
B.        I’m sorry, I didn’t realize it was that loud
C.        I’ll keep it down next time
D.        Please forgive me
   82. --- There are certainly beautiful flowers. Thank you so much.
--- _______________________________.
A. No, no. It’s nothing          B. You are welcome
C. Yes, I agree                D. Yes, I think so, too
   83. --- Hi, Sam, I think you did a good job.
--- ___________________________.
A. Thank you                  B. Don’t mention it
C. Not at all                    D. I did it quite badly
   84. --- Good morning, sir. May I help you?
--- ____________________________.
A. No, I don’t buy anything         B. No, I don’t need your help
C. Yes, I need some sugar          D. On, no. That’s OK
   85. --- Could you help me with my homework, please?
--- ____________________________________.
A.        No, no way  
B.        No, I couldn’t
C.        No, I can’t
D.        Sorry I can’t. I have to go to a meeting right now
   86. --- Why don’t you travel to New York on vacation?
--- _____________________________________.
A.        I don’t want to go
B.        Excuse me, because I can’t
C.        I want to, but I haven’t got enough money
D.        Because I’m going to school today
   87. --- Would you like to go fishing with us now?
---______________________________.
A.        No, I don’t like
B.        It sounds interesting but I have lots of homework to do
C.        I won’t tell you
D.        Oh, it is well
   88. --- Could I speak to John Harris, please?
--- ____________________________.
A. Oh, how are you            B. I’m John
C. I’m listening               D. Speaking
   89. --- Congratulations! You won the first prize in today’s speech contest.
--- _____________________________.
A. Yes, I beat the others          B. No, no, I didn’t do it well
C. Thank you                  D. It’s a pleasure
90. --- Can I have a look at your passport?
      A. It is here                   B. Here is it     
C. Here you are                D. No, you can’t

Part II.  Reading Comprehension (30 points)
Directions: There are nine passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage 1

Most of the big towns in Eastern Europe have seen a large increase in population over the last 30 years. This has caused extreme housing shortages, and the vast majority of people living in towns rent flats. By western standards, the flats are rather small, with a family of four living in two-or three-room flat with kitchen or bathroom. But compared with Western Europe, the rents are extremely low.
An Eastern European spends on average about 5 percent of his income on rent and about 15 percent on total housing costs, including fuel and furniture. In Western Europe, the average worker spends at least 20 percent of his income on rent and heating cost. On the other hand, the Eastern European spends a higher percentage of his income on food. Whereas basic items such as bread are very cheap, other things like meat and coffee are extremely expensive.
Caring for people is one area where the states of Eastern Europe are far in advance of other parts of the world. Most medical and social services are provided free, and in some countries workers do not even have to make contributions to the health and insurance funds, since these contributions are made by the employer. The factory in Eastern Europe provides many facilities and services which are not supplied in Western Europe. Moreover, Eastern Europe does not suffer from one of the major problems of Western Europe’s economy—unemployment. All the constitutions of  the individual countries state that every citizen has a right and duty to work.
91. The serious housing shortage in big towns of Eastern Europe have been caused mainly by________.
A.        small flats               
B. extremely low rents
B.        an increase in population   
D. two-or three-room flats with kitchen or bathroom
92. According to the passage, the rents in Western Europe ____.
A.        are rather high  
B.        are extremely low
C.        are almost the same as those in Eastern Europe
D.        are comparatively lower.
93. The average worker in Eastern Europe spends _______.
A.        a much higher percentage of his income on total housing costs
B.        20 percent of his income on rent and total housing costs.
C.        a large part of his income on food.
D.        only a small part of his income on meat and coffee.
94. The worker in some Eastern European states enjoy better medical and social services because_____.
A.        they don’t have to pay very much for health and insurance funds.
B.        it is their employers who pay for their health and insurance funds.
C.        they need to pay only a little for health and insurance funds.
D.        they are provided with many facilities and services.
95. Which of the following is not true?
A.        Eastern Europe is free from unemployment.
B.        All the constitutions of Eastern Europe state that all citizens have a right and a duty to work.
C.        Unemployment is one of the major problems in Western Europe.
D.        Western Europe does not suffer from one of the serious problems of Eastern Europe’s economy.
Passage 2
Psychologists now believe that noise has a considerable effect on people’s attitudes and behavior. Experiments have proved that in noisy situations (even temporary ones), people behave more irritably and less cooperatively; in more permanent noisy situations, many people cannot work hard, and they suffer from severe anxiety as well as other psychological problems.
However, psychologists distinguish between “sound” and “noise”. “Sound” is measured physically in decibels. “Noise” cannot be measured in the same way because it refers to the psychological effect of sound and its level of “intensity” depends on the situation. Thus, for passengers at an airport who expect to hear aeroplanes taking off and landing, there may be a lot of sound, but not much noise (that is, they are not bothered by the noise). By contrast, if you are at a concert and two people behind you are whispering, you feel they are talking noisily even if there is not much sound. You notice the noise because it affects you psychologically.
Both sound and noise can have negative effects, but what is most important is if the person has control over the sound. People walking down the street with earphones, listening to music that they enjoy, are receiving a lot of decibels of sound, but they are probably happy hearing sounds which they control. On the other hand, people in the street without earphones must tolerate a lot of noise which they have no control over. It is noise pollution that we need to control in order to help people live more happily.
96. According to the selection, people_______.
A.        can not work better in a noisy situation
B.        will suffer from complete deafness because of noise pollution.
C.        can be psychologically affected by working in very noisy factories.
D.        may cooperate well in a noisy surrounding.
97. “Sound”, as defined by psychologists, ______.
A.        can be measured in the same way that “noise” is measured
B.        may be extremely harmful to health
C.        is not at all different from “noise’.
D.        can be measured by machines.
98. People waiting at an airport ______.
A.        enjoy hearing aeroplanes taking off and landing.
B.        are usually not troubled by the noise.
C.        can easily tell sound from noise
D.        are often physically affected by the noise.
99. People enjoy listening to music_______.
A.        though, in fact, they are receiving a lot of decibels of sound.
B.        because it does not have any negative effect.
C.        because they do not have to tolerate the noise around them.
D.        even though it is sometimes unpleasant hearing strange sounds.
100. We can conclude from the passage that we need to control noise pollution if _____.
A.        we want to stay both psychologically and physically healthy.
B.        we don’t want to be physically deaf.
C.        we want to cooperate well.
D.        we don’t want to be anxious.
Passage 3
Ever since William Harvey defined an animal’s heart as “the sovereign of everything within them, the sum of their microcosm,” in De Motu Cordis in 1628, the heart has been one of the most widely studied organs of the body  and fortunately so, given that heart disease is the world’s leading cause of death.
Each year, around 8 million people die from heart attacks and many millions more suffer from, and eventually succumb to, heart diseases such as congestive heart failure and arrhythmia (心律不齐). Global figures are rising, yet calculations suggest that this number could be slashed by around 50 per cent if smoking were removed from the equation. However, decreases would be offset to some degree as the world’s population ages, diets become more fat-laden and lifestyles more sedentary (久坐的), as all these factors are harmful to a healthy heart.
Although scientific study of the heart began four centuries ago, the past few decades have seen a paradigm (范例) shift in research. We are now able to monitor the process of contraction and relaxation that underlies the gross function of the heart at close quarters by tracking the movement of calcium (钙) and other ions (离子) within myocytes (肌细胞). And genetic information is used in trial heart gene therapy. As with all diseases, understanding the processes involved at the molecular and genetic level is enabling us to make inroads in preventing and treating heart disease.
101. If there is no one smoking, people suffering from heart diseases can be reduced _________.
A. by about one fourth                           B. by about one thirds
C. by about half                               D. to none
102. According to the passage, _________ is harmful to our hearts.
A. drinking coffee                              B. long-time sitting
C. living a mobile life                           D. not eating regular meals
103. Scientific study of the heart _________.
A. began a few decades ago
B. began before Harvey’s time
C. is different from what it used to be
D. focuses on the ageing problem of the society
104. At the molecular level, researchers study the heart _________.
A. by tracking the movement of calcium and other ions within myocytes
B. by monitoring the process of contraction and relaxation of the heart
C. by doing trial heart gene therapy
D. by observing the heart beat of the subjects
105. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Smoking used to be the only factor contributing to heart diseases.
B. Eating too much fat is not good for your heart.
C. Heart is one of the most widely studied organs of the body.
D. Heart disease has caused many deaths.


Passage 4

Anini holds the singular distinction in India of being the only district capital without an all-weather road providing basic transportation. Now, in what is believed to be the most remote cyber center in all of India, a new state-of-the-art computer center has put Anini on the “information superhighway.”
The facility is one of 487 free community information centers that the Government of India has been installing throughout northeastern India. The US$75 million project, which has wide political support, is part of a plan by the Ministry of Information Technology to bridge the digital divide in isolated corners of this vast nation, which is about a third as large as the United States and has slightly more than a billion people, a population second only to China’s. People in the region hail the computer center as the first step in what they hope will be a permanent road linking them with the outside world.  
Until recently, there was no road at all leading in and out of Anini. The six Pentium computers and accessories provided for the new community information center had to be transported on elephant back. About a year ago, the federal government’s Border Roads Organization opened part of a 228-kilometer (141-mile) road that, when finished, will extend from Anini to the nearest road link, at Roeing. Much as it’s needed, the new unpaved road is only a start.

106. Which description of Anini is true according to the passage?
A. It is the only district capital in India.   
B. It boasts the best computer center in the world.
C. It has the largest population in India.   
D. It has very bad transportation conditions.
107. Anini got its new computer center _________.
A. because of its important geographic situation  
B. thanks to political support
C. because of its poor conditions               
D. to facilitate the national election
108. The new computer center _________.
A. is warmly welcomed by the locals
B. is the only one in northeastern India
C. helps solve the problem of transportation in Anini
D. will be finished soon
109. The computers and accessories _________.
A. were carried to Anini by elephants   
B. are second-handed ones
C. were transported to Anini by camel  
D. are denoted by the U. S.
110. The 141-mile road _________.
A. has not been finished
B. makes it convenient to transport the computers and accessories
C. will be the first road in Anini
D. is sponsored by the Ministry of Information Technology

Passage 5

It’s very necessary for Canada to set up effective transportation system because of its enormous size with its sparsely populated distribution. It is also very difficult to make transportation construction on the surface of the country due to its harsh long winter and its mountainous terrain. It’s really amazing for this country to set up a transcontinental railroad since last century. Until 1990, the route length was more than 86,880 kilometers. Most of the country’s freight are transported by Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway. But nowadays fewer and fewer people travel by train.
Water transportation was very important before railway construction. Although passenger travel by water is less important than before, waterways remain important for cargo transporting. Waterways include lakes, rivers and sea coastlines. One of the most significant water transportation system is St. Lawrence seaway from the Atlantic Ocean to the west of Lake Superior.
Because of the increasing number of automobiles, Canada’s road transportation develops very quickly. In 1991, road length has been more than 849,400 kilometers. Road system is becoming more and more important. Trucks carry nearly half of the total freight transported in Canada. Early in 1962, Canada had Trans-Canada Highway with the length of more than 7.7 kilometers, extending from St. Johns, New Brunswick to Victoria, British Columbia.
With the development of transportation, airplanes became another necessary vehicles since aeroplanes could be the only access to some areas of the far northern region. Canadian transportation system develops very quickly with the increasingly advanced science and technology. The aim of the transportation is to use substitute fuels and to produce more efficient transportation facilities.
111. Despite its _________, Canada now boasts a transcontinental
railroad.
A. sparsely populated areas                   B. abundant natural resources
C. large acre of desert                D. harsh long winter
112. Nowadays, the Canadian railway is mainly used to _________.
A. transport freight                           B. carry passengers
C. carry tourists                               D. transport soldiers
113.Nearly 50% of the total freight transported in Canada is accomplished by _________.
A. trains                                                   B. cars   
C. trucks                                                   D. ships
114. Airplanes are important in transportation in Canada _________.
A. because they can fly very high
B. because they can carry larger freight to the destination within shorter time
C. because they are the newest form of transport
D. because they can go to some areas that cannot be reached by other transports
115. The passage is mainly about _________.
A. the history of Canadian transportation
B. the different forms of transport in Canada
C. the condition of transportation in Canada
D. the advancement of Canadian transportation

Passage 6

Students graduating from colleges today are not fully prepared to deal with the “real world”. It is my belief that college students need to be taught more skills and information to enable them to meet the challenges that face everyone in daily life. The areas in which students need training are playing the credit game, planning their personal financial strategy, and consumer awareness.
Learning how to obtain and use credit is probably the most valuable knowledge a young person can have. Credit is a dangerous tool that can be of tremendous help if it is handed with caution. Having credit can enable people to obtain material necessities before they have the money to purchase them outright. But unfortunately, many, many young people get carried away with their handy plastic credit cards and awake one day to find they are in serious financial debt. Learning how to use credit properly can be a very difficult and painful lesson indeed.
Of equal importance is learning how to plan a personal budget. People have to know how to control money; otherwise, it can control them. Students should leave college knowing how to allocate their money for living expenses, insurance, savings, and so forth in order to avoid the “Oh, no! I’m flat broke and I don’t get paid again for two weeks!” anxiety syndrome.
Along with learning about credit and personal financial planning, graduating college students should be trained as consumers. The consumer market today is flooded with a variety of products and services of varying quality and prices. A young person entering the “real world” is suddenly faced with difficult decisions about which product to buy or whose services to engage. He is usually unaware of such things as return policies, guarantees, or repair procedures. Information of this sort is vital knowledge to everyday living.
For a newly graduated college student, the “real world” can be a scary place to be when he or she is faced with such issues as handling credit, planning a budget, or knowing what to look for when making a purchase and whom to purchase it from. Entering this “real world” could be made less painful if person were educated in dealing with these areas of daily life. What better place to accomplish this than in college?

116. According to the writer, graduating students____________.
A. will find it hard to get a job with only knowledge gained from college
B. have insufficient skills and knowledge and do not deserve a college diploma
C. will not be able to earn enough money to support    themselves.
D. do not have the necessary knowledge and skills to deal with the realities of life.
117. The writer points out that many young people_____.
A. fall into debt due to ill-advised use of credit cards
B. have to depend on credit to purchase some material necessities
C. do not know the power of credit and easily run into serious  financial debt
D. start buying too much on credit before they get a paid job
118. Students suffer from an anxiety syndrome because____________.
A. they do not have their parents’ financial support
B. they are worried that they don’t get paid on time
C. they run out of money and can’t cover their living expenses
D. they can’t afford to buy insurance for themselves
119. To “train students as consumers” means to enable them to______.
A. handle their credit with caution
B. plan their spending carefully so that they don’t go broke
C. make wise purchasing decisions and be informed about        consumer services
D. cope with serious financial problems
120. By asking “What better place to accomplish this than in college?” the writer means that _______.
   A. the best place to train students to deal with personal financial issues is in college
   B. students should be trained to enter the real world after they graduate from college
C. students can best be trained in business and economics in college
D. students should be taught to cope with the difficult problems they will be facing after graduation


Passage 7

There are many ways of putting out a fire.
You may have seen people put out burning cigarettes by stepping on them. Stepping on a burning cigarette shuts off the air and puts out the fire.
Many fires are put out with water. Water cools the material that is burning. It helps smother a fire, too. Some of the water is changed into steam when it strikes the hot fire. The stem shuts off air from the fire and helps put it out.
Some fires cannot be put out with water. They have to be smothered with sand or with chemicals of some kind, such as those used in some fire extinguishers. Suppose a tank full of gasoline is on fire. Gasoline is lighter than water. If you poured water into the tank of gasoline, the water would sink to the bottom of the tank. The gasoline would float on top of the water and would probably keep on burning. If you keep on putting water on the fire, the gasoline would flow over the edge of the tank. Then the fire would spread.
121. What are the major ways of putting out fires as mentioned in the passage?
       A. With water and with sand and chemicals.
   B. With water and with sand and steam.
   C. With water and with steam
   D. With water and materials and chemicals.
122. Water can put out a fire because _______________.
   A. water is cold and cool.
   B. water is the only way to put out a fire.
   C. water cools the material on fire and the steam shuts off air.
   D. water can be changed into steam.
123. Gasoline fires cannot be put out with ________________.
   A. sand          B water       C. chemicals       D. extinguishers
124. If you put water into the tank of gasoline, ______.
   A. gasoline would sink to the bottom of the tank.
   B. gasoline would be mixed with water
   C. water would float on the top of gasoline.
   D. water would not be mixed with gasoline.
125. The best title of the passage would be______________.
    A. Water, Sand and Chemicals   B. How to Put Out a Fire with Water
C. How to Put Out a Fire.      D. Don’t Use Water to Put Gasoline Fires.

Passage 8   
                 
It is not necessary to write in order to send messages. In the old days, people who could not write used to send messages to one another in many different ways.
The Indians used smoke to send signals. They made a fire and put wet grass on it. Then they covered the fire with a wet blanket. After a few moments, they took the blanket away again. This made a cloud of smoke. They could send simple messages in this way. One cloud of smoke meant, “Danger”. Two clouds meant, “ Everything is all right.” Three clouds meant, “Help”.
In the thick forest of Africa, it used to be difficult to travel from village to village. But drums could be heard from many miles away. People in this part of the world discovered that they could use their drums for sending messages. They did not use a special code like the Morse Code. They made their drums “speak” like people. They did this by playing tunes that sounded like simple sentences in their languages.
The Incas of South America never developed a way of writing their language, but they used to send messages by trying knots in rope. Men used to run with such knotted ropes from town to town along the Inca roads. Many of these rope messages have been found, but nobody can understand what they mean.
126. In the old days, people____________.
   a. couldn’t write                    b. wrote in order to send messages
   c. used different ways to send messages  d. couldn’t send messages
127. Which of the following took place first when Indians used smoke to send messages?
a. They put a wet blanket on the fire. b. They covered the fire with wet grass.
   c. They removed the blanket       d. They used smoke to send messages
128. ________used to send messages by playing tunes on drums.
   a. Africans        b. Indians      c. Incas    d. People in the old days
129. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
   a. People in forests of Africa used different ways to send messages.
   b. The Indians used drums to send messages.
   c. The Incas of South America only developed a way of sending messages with drums.
   d. Nobody now can understand what the Incas meant by trying knots in rope.
130. The best title of the passage would be __.
    a. Different Peoples           b. Different ways
    c. Smoke, Drums and Ropes    d. Sending Messages.

Passage 9

Are you aware that you actually possess six senses? The sixth is a muscular sense responsible for directing your muscles intelligently---to the exact extent necessary for each action you perform. For example, when you reach for an object, the sensory nerves linking the muscles to the brain stop your hand at eh correct spot. This automatic perception of the position of your muscles on relation to the object is your muscular sense in action.
Muscles are stringy bundles of fibers varying from one five-thousandth of an inch to about three inches. They have three unique characteristics: they can become shorter and thicker; they can stretch; and they can retract to their original positions. Under a high-powered microscope, muscle tissue is seen as long, slender cells with a grainy texture like wood.
More than half a person’s body is composed of muscle fibers,  most of which are involuntary—in other words, work without conscious direction. The voluntary muscles, those that we move consciously to perform particular actions, number more than five hundred. Women have only 60 to 70 percent as much muscle as men for their body mass. That is why an average woman can’t lift as much, throw as far, or hit as hard as an average man.
131. According to the selection, the muscular sense is responsible for____.
A.        the efficiency of our muscles            
B. the normal breathing function
B.        directing our muscles intelligently        
D. the work of only our involuntary muscles.
132. Intelligent use of the muscles means that____.
   A. one always knows what his muscles are doing.
   B. one performs simple actions without working
   C. one’s muscles are used only to the extent necessary for each action they perform.
   D. one improves muscular action consciously
133. Muscles are unique fibers in that they can____
A. contract      B.  stretch        C. retract        D. all of the above
134. According to the selection, more than half of a person’s body is composed of ____.
A. voluntary muscles         B. involuntary muscles
C. muscle fibers            D. sensory nerves
135. An average woman is weaker than an average man because she has ____.
     A. more voluntary muscles than an average man
     B. only 60 to 70 percent as much muscle as a man for her body mass
     C. 60 to 70 percent less muscle for her body mass
  D. less muscle fiber for her body weight


Part III. Vocabulary and Structure (25points)
Section A

Directions: In this section there are 45 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence, Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

136. Can you tell us how many ingredients this compound___?
A. consists of        B. constrains to
C. consists in        D. consults with
137. In conducting foreign affairs we should seek common ground on major issues while _____ differences on minor ones.
A. reserving          B. requiring      
C. resolving          D. resisting
138. Please allow me to express warm welcome to our ____ friends.
A. respect            B. respectful      
C. respected          D. respective
139. Could you have the birthday cake ready by, ___, the 20th?
A. that is             B. say           
C. for example        D. so to speak
140. The teacher asked the students to ____ their compositions before handing them in.
A. read on            B. read out        
C. read through        D. read over
141. As a precaution the workers ___ all the weapons from the factory to a secret place in the country.
A. changed           B. consumed      
C. put               D. transferred
142. I found the girl was so ____ reading Lei Feng’s stories that she almost forgot her dinner.
A. absorbed in       B. accepted by      
C. accustomed to     D. adapted to
143. Please let me sit down; I’m ___.
A. worn down       B. worn off           
C. worn out         D. worn away
144. I don’t want this bread; it’s _____.
A. barren           B. stale              
C. withered         D. rusty
145. Television has a _____ not only to entertain people but also to inform them.
A. necessity         B. respect            
C. duty             D. discipline
146. We look ____ to receiving a prompt reply to our letter.
A. round            B. through            
C. after             D. forward
147. The road builders’ claim for a 10 percent pay rise has been under____ by the government.
A. consideration      B. inquiry            
C. regard            D. application
148. Peter is _____ a difficult period in his life.
A. going into         B. going over         
C. going out of       D. going through
149. The main road through Hangzhou was blocked for three hours today after an accident ______ two trucks.
A. containing        B. connecting           
C. involving         D. including
150. A completely new situation is likely to ___ when the school leaving age is raised to 16.
A. affect            B. rise                 
C. arise             D. happen

   
151. The boy, wanting to be independent, ____ his father’s offer of help.
A. turned away       B. turned against         
C. turned down       D. turned up
152. Can’t you ____ our chief to let you have a holiday?
A. overcome         B. make               
C. succeed           D. persuade
153.Robert didn’t hear the bell because he was completely ____ in his reading
A. disguised         B. suspended            
C. absorbed          D. observed
154.Keys should never be hidden around house since thieves ___ know where to look.
A. virtually          B. variously            
C. reliably           D. invariably
155.It is sometimes difficult _____ you have just met.
A. to make pleasure conversation among people.
B. making pleasure conversation to people
C. making pleasure conversation for people.
D. to make pleasure conversation with people.
156.This test ____ a number of multiple -choice questions.
A. composed of     B. composes in      
C. consists of       D. consists in
157.No one imagined that the apparently ____ business man was really a criminal.
A. respectful        B. respective      
C. respectable       D. respect
158.I’m afraid you’ve been ____. This bank note is a forgery.
A. taken in          B. taken up        
C. taken down       D. taken out
159.Very few scientists ____ with completely new answers to the world’s problems.
A. come to           B. come up        
C. come in           D. come on
160.He quickly _____ himself as a powerful member of the new company.
A. made             B. transferred      
C. preserved          D. established
161.The office ____ from Chicago to Los Angeles.
A. was changed       B. was transferred   
C. changed           D. transferred
162.The Ancient Egyptians knew how ____ dead bodies from decay.
A. to preserve         B. to prevent      
C. preserving         D. preventing
163.Seeing that they were very busy then, we took out leave quickly lest we should be ____.
A. on the way         B. by the way        
C. in this way         D. in the way
164.The old lady ____ her sack and rested for a few minutes.
A. picked up          B. put down         
C. tied up            D. left over
165.A good dictionary is ____ to the study of a foreign language.
A. relevant            B. respectable        
C. inseparable          D. indispensable

   166. ____ the expression on his face, he seemed to be displeased. Which of the following can’t be used in the above sentence?
A. As to                B. By           
C. According to          D. Judging by
167.The other students made ___ his calligraphy.
A. big fuss over          B. a great fuss over      
C. great fuss of           D. great fusses over
168.He was elected by a majority of 20 votes ___ 5.
     A. over           B. than                C. above          D. against
169.Gold is similar ___ brass ___ color.
A. on … to        B. to… on              
C. to… in         D. with… in
170. He spoke English so well that ___.  Which of the following is not correct?
     A. I took for granted that he was an Englishman
     B. he was taken for granted as an Englishman
     C. I took it for granted that he was an Englishman
     D. it was taken for granted that he was an Englishman.
171. ______. Would you help me to fix it? Which of the following is not correct?
     A. Something has gone wrong with my TV set.
     B. Something is wrong with my TV set.
     C. There’s something wrong with my TV set.
     D. There something’s gone wrong with my TV set
172. That student ___ today.
     A. caught cheating                         B. caught in cheating   
     C. was caught cheating                      D.was caught at cheating
173. Which of the following is right?
     A. Which refrigerator do you guess they will buy?
     B. Which refrigerator you guess will they buy?
     C. Which refrigerator you guess they will buy?
     D. Do you guess which refrigerator will they buy?
174. Which teacher do you know __ the examination paper?
      A. made up          B. was made up of      
C. made for          D. made into
175. ____, if you try your best, you’ll earn 300 yuan in that factory. Which of the following is not correct?
  A. In my view        B. In my opinion         
C. By my estimate     D. In my estimate
176.If you ask me to solve something intricate, I’ll prove myself an idiot. Which of the following can’t replace the word “intricate” here?_______.
      A. sophisticated       B. complex              
C. complicated        D. frequent
177. He said he would pay for the damage; he didn’t, though. The word “though” can best be replaced by____.
      A. although           B. even though           
C. either             D. however
  178. He worked ___ more slowly today than he did yesterday. Which of the following can’t be used in the above?
A. far                B. a lot                  
C. a little             D. a good many
  179. I can not say ___ sure when the film will begin.
      A. in      B. about        C. for        D. with
180. The tape-recorder, ___ my estimate, must be made in Japan.
      A. in       B. from         C. of        D. by

Section B

Direction: There are 30 blanks in the following three passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the One answer that best completes the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

The U.S bought Alaska from Russia about a hundred years ago. The U.S paid less 181 two cants an acre. One Alaskan Island is only two miles away 182 a Russian Island. The nearest state is Washington, 500 miles 183.
   Alaska is more than twice as big as Texas. It has many different kinds of 184. In some areas the temperature can go as low as 57 below zero. It can also go as 185 as 38 above zero.
   Alaska has a longer coastline than all other states together. The ocean bottom is full of sea life. 186 fish catch is one of the biggest of all states. Most of the land there is still 187 by the U.S government --- not by people or businesses.
   Alaska is the biggest state, but it has the fewest people. Towns are far apart. Long roads cost a lot to build in 188 wild country. So there are not very many roads. Many people use planes to travel in the state. Others travel in boats along the coast. Rivers freeze in winter, but boats travel on them when summer comes.
   Many people go to 189 big and small animals. Fishermen and skiers and people who 190 beautiful country visit the state too.
181. A. as         B. from       C. than       D. by
182. A. from       B. on        C. into        D. down
183. A. away       B. near       C. long       D. farther
184. A. weather     B. air        C. sky            D. atmosphere
185. A. tall         B. high       C. hot       D. boiling
186. A. Alaska      B. Alaska’s    C. Alaskan’s  D. Alaskan
187. A. owed       B. earned      C. brought   D. owned
188. A. so          B. such       C. just       D. thus
189. A. search       B. explore    C. find       D. hunt
190. A. like         B. approach   C. welcome   D. see


Loneliness lasting between a few minutes and a few hours is not serious, as most people feel lonely sometimes. But some people keep feeling for years, why? It’s said that there are three different 191 of loneliness. The first kind of loneliness is temporary, which is the most 192 type. The second kind is situational loneliness, which is a natural 193 of a particular situation. Physical problems 194 it can cause, it does last less than a year. The third is chronic loneliness, the most 195 of all. The reason why to say so is 196 this kind of loneliness lasts more than two years without any specific cause. Thanks to socializing difficulty, the chronically lonely people may think 197 hopeless to improve their condition. We depend on various people for different reasons. 198 social contacts makes people lonely; as psychologists have found. But those who have already had many social contacts too are 199 for more. They wonder their popularity. While temporary and situational loneliness can be a 200 and healthy part of life, psychologists are trying to find ways to help habitually lonely people who are facing the danger of serious illness.
191. A. manners     B. methods     C. styles     D. types
192. A. common     B. routine      C. average   D. regular
193. A. result        B. appearance  C. judgment  D. experience
194. A. although      B. since       C. as        D. because of
195. A. efficient      B. important    C. essential   D. severe
196. A. because      B. that         C. what      D. which
197. A. that          B. which       C. this       D. it
198. A. Offering      B. Lacking      C. Enjoying  D. Grasping
199. A. increasing     B. requiring     C. granting   D. longing
200. A. capable       B. normal       C. superior   D. favorite

More than forty thousand readers told us what they looked for in close friendships, what they expected 201  friends, what they were willing to give in 202 , and how satisfied they were 203    the quality of their friendships. The 204  give little comfort to social critics.
          Friendship 205  to be a unique form of 206  bonding. Unlike marriage or the ties that 207  parents and children, it is not defined or regulated by 208 . Unlike other social roles that we are expected to 209  as citizens, employees, members of professional societies and 210  organizations—it has its own principle, which is to promote feelings of warmth, trust, love, and affection between two people.
201. A. on              B. of              C. to         D. for
      202. A. addition          B. reply           C. turn        D. return
      203. A. about                   B. of          C. with        D. by
      204.A. results                  B. effects              C. expectations        D. consequences
      205. A. feels                     B. leads               C. sounds      D. appears
   206. A. human                    B. mankind            C. individual           D. civil
   207. A. bind              B. attach               C. control      D. attract
   208. A. discipline                B. law         C. rule                D. regulation
   209. A. keep              B. do          C. show               D. play
210. A. all               B. any          C. other       D. those

Part IV Writing (15 points)
Directions: Write an essay on the topic “Bad Eating Habits” and you should base your essay on the outline below.
  1.不良的饮食习惯有什么坏处。
  2. 举例(至少两例)说明那些习惯属于不良的饮食习惯。
3. 我们应该克服不良的饮食习惯。

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write an E-mail to one of your former classmates. You should write at lest 80 words, and base your E-mail on the Chinese outline below.
1.        了解对方最近的学习情况。
2.        你的学习情况。
3.        请对方说说提高英语水平的经验。

Directions: Reading Selectively Or Extensively

1.        有人认为读书要有选择.
2.        有人认为应当博览群书.
3.        我的看法.
注:期末试题题型及分值比率:
Ⅰ30%
Ⅱ  30%
Ⅲ  25%
Ⅳ  15%




Part I.  Use of English
choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

41. ---Oh, sorry to bother you.
   --- ___________________.
  A. That’s okay                     B. No, you can’t
  C. That’s good                     D. Oh, I don’t know
42. --- Good morning, Dr Johnson’s office. Can I help you?
   --- __________________.
A.        Speaking, please
B.        I’d like to make an appointment, please
C.        Yes, go on
D.        No, you can’t
43. --- We are going to have a dancing party tonight. Would you like to join us?
   ----_________________________________.
A.        I’m afraid not. Because I have an appointment with my dentist tonight
B.        Of course not. I have no idea
C.        No, I can’t
D.        That’s all set
44. --- Excuse me. I don’t want to interrupt you but…
   --- _________________________.
   A. Can I help you?            B. Certainly, how dare you
   C. It’s quite all right           D. Yes, you did
45. --- You have lovely children.
   --- ____________________.
   A. No, no, no. They are not      B. Oh, no, no
   C. You’re talking too much      D. Thanks
46. --- Can I help you with your suitcase?
   ---- __________________________.
A.        I have no idea                    
B. No, no. I can carry it myself
B.        That’s a good idea               
D. Thank you. I can manage myself
47. --- Can you come over for dinner with us?
   --- ____________________________.
A.        I’d like to but I have a meeting tonight   
B. It doesn’t matter
C.No, I don’t like                     
D. Oh, that sounds well
48. --- Good night and thanks again.
   ---_______________________.
A.        You can’t say that               
B. No, no. It’s what I can do
B.        How can you say that            
D. Good night
49. ---- Oh, I’m sorry. But I promise I’ll be careful next time.
  ---- _____________________.
A.        It’s nothing at all   
B.        Oh, never mind. It doesn’t matter
C.        Thank you
D.        There are no questions
50. --- Could I use your dictionary for a moment?
   --- _____________________________.
   A. It’s well        B. It doesn’t matter
   C. By all means     D. I have no idea
51. ---Would you like to have dinner with us this evening?
---- _____________________________________________.
A.        OK, but I have to go to a meeting now
B.        No, I can’t
C.        I’d love to, but this evening I have to go to the airport to meet my parents
D.        I don’t know
52. --- Hi, is Mary there, please?
--- _____________________.
A. Hole on. I’ll get her      B. No, she isn’t here
C. Yes, she lives here        D. Yes, what do you want
53. --- Please help yourself to the fish.
--- ________________________.
A.        Thanks, but the fish doesn’t agree with me
B.        Sorry, I can’t help
C.        I don’t like fish
D.        No, I can’t
54. --- Hurry up please, or I’ll be late.
--- _______________________.
A.        Sorry sir, but the traffic is thick now
B.        Well, it’s alright, sir
C.        How can you say that, sir?
D.        Oh, we are going the right way
55. --- Excuse me, but can you tell me the way to the airport?
--- _____________________________.
A. Don’t ask that        B. Sorry, I’m a stranger here
C. No, I can’t say that     D. No, you’re driving too fast
56. --- How about going to the cinema tonight, Jane?
      --- ____________________________________.
A.        I don’t think so
B.        I’m sorry. I have to drive my mother home tonight
C.        Never mind
D.        Take it easy
57. --- Are you ready to order dessert, please?
      --- _______________________________.
A.        Yes, please
B.        Please don’t order it
C.        No, don’t mention it
D.        Yes, I’d like to have some chocolate cake
58. ---- Did Tom tell you to water the flowers?
       --- ______________________________.
A. No, And so did I        B. No, And neither did I
C. He did. And so I did     D. He did, And so do I
59. --- Shall we sit up here on the grass or down there near the water?
       --- __________________________________.
A.        I’d rather stay here if you don’t mind
B.        Sorry, I don’t like neither
C.        Certainly, why not
D.        Yes, we like these two places
60. --- Would you mind changing seats with me?
   --- _______________________________.
   A. Yes, you can          B. Of course, I like to
   C. No, I don’t mind       D. Certainly, please do

Part II.  Reading Comprehension (30 points)
Directions: There are six passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage 1

It was years since I had visited my hometown and I was determined to enjoy my stay. I went to see my old friend, Tom Clark, who, among other things, was a member of the Local Council. At the time Tom was busy making arrangements for a distinguished writer to give a talk on modern literature at the town library. As the subject interested me a great deal, I gladly accepted Tom’s invitation to go with him.
Tom was going to introduce the guest speaker and that evening we went to the library to meet him. Since he had not yet arrived, I left Tom and went to the Reading Room where a large audience had already gathered. I was disappointed to find that I did not know a single person there. Just before the talk was due to begin, I saw Tom waving to me from the doorway. I went to him immediately, as he looked very worried. He explained that he had just received a telephone message from the writer’s secretary. Our guest had missed the train and would be unable to come! While we were thinking about the problem, Tom suddenly asked me if I would mind acting as a speaker. I hardly had time to think about the matter when I found I was being led into the Reading Rom to address the waiting audience!

61. The author’s old friend, Tom Clark, was ____
A.        a member of a club named Local Council   
B.        a secretary of the local government
C.        a distinguished writer                    
D.        a local councilor
62. Who was supposed to be the guest speaker by Tom’s arrangement?
A. The writer of this passage                  
B. An outstanding writer
C. The writer’s secretary                     
D. Tom’s secretary
63. What happened to the writer of this passage when he left Tom and went into the Reading Room?
A. He was greeted by a large audience
   B. He saw many old friends there
   C. He felt sorry because he was a stranger there
   D. He found many unfamiliar couples except one man who was single
64. Just before the talk was due to begin, Tom looked very worried because____.
   A. the writer of the passage was disappointed  
B. he couldn’t find the writer of the passage
   C. he failed to make a telephone call to his secretary
   D. the guest speaker was absent
65. The last sentence of this passage implies that____
   A. the author of the passage had to make a speech without preparation
   B. he refused to say anything before the audience
C. Tom had a very difficult time explaining the situations
D. the waiting audience wouldn’t listen to him because they knew he was not the right person to address them.
Passage 2

Oceanography has been defined as ‘The application of all sciences to the study of the sea.’
Before the nineteenth century, scientists with an interest in the sea were few and far between. Certainly Newton considered some theoretical aspects of it in his writings. But he was reluctant to go to sea to further his work.
For most people the sea was remote, and with the exception of early intercontinental travelers or others who earned a living from the sea, there was little reason to ask many questions about it, let alone to ask what lay beneath the surface. The first time that the question ‘What is at the bottom of the oceans?’ had to be answered with any commercial consequence was when the laying of a telegraph cable from Europe to America was proposed. The engineers had to know the depth profile of the route to estimate the length of cable that had to be manufactured.
It was to Maury of the US Navy that the Atlantic Telegraph Company turned, in 1853,for information on this matter. In the 1840s, Maury had been responsible for encouraging voyages during which soundings were taken to investigate the depths of the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Later, some of his findings aroused much popular interest in his book The Physical Geography of the Sea.
The cable was laid, but not until 1866 was the connection made permanent and reliable. At the early attempts, the cable failed and when it was taken out for repairs it was found to be covered in living growths, a fact which defied contemporary scientific opinion that there was no life in the deeper parts of the sea.
Within a few years oceanography was under way. In 1872 Thomson led a scientific expedition, which lasted for four years and brought home thousands of samples from the sea. Their classification and analysis occupied scientists for years and led to a five-volume report, the last volume being published in 1895.
66. The proposal to lay a telegraph cable from Europe to America made oceanographic studies take on_____.
A.an academic aspect                     
B. a military aspect
C. a business aspect                        
D. an international aspect
67. It was _____ that asked Maury for help in oceanographic studies.
A. the American Navy                        
B. some early intercontinental travelers
C. those who earned a living from the sea         
D. the company which proposed to lay an undersea cable
68. The aim of the voyages Maury was responsible for in the 1840s was _____.
A. to make some sounding experiments in the oceans
B. to collect samples of sea plants and animals
C. to estimate the length of cable that was needed
D. to measure the depths of the two oceans
69. ‘ Defied ’ in the 5th paragraph probably means ___ .
A.        ‘doubted ’                              
B.         ‘ gave proof to’
C.        ‘ challenged ’                             
D.         ‘ agreed to’
70. This passage is mainly about ___
A. the beginnings of oceanography
B. the laying of the first undersea cable
C. the investigation of ocean depths
D. the early intercontinental communications
Passage 3

People on the Move

The history of the American people is, in part, the history of the movement of the American people. They moved from the colonies of the East Coast to the open spaces of the West. They moved from the country and the farm to the city. More recently, Americans have been moving from the cities to the suburbs.
              Open Space: The Move West
Pioneer Americans began moving from the East Coast to the West 250 years ago. They moved west for many reasons. One reason was the availability of unlimited open space and land for farming. Americans liked large open spaces, and they also liked the freedom and independence to develop the land in their own way. Some of the land became farms. Important minerals were discovered in some areas, so some of the land became mines. Other large areas became cattle ranches. There seemed to be enough land for everybody. But it was a difficult life---- a life of endless work and hardship.
The Cities
After 1860, the Industrial Revolution changed the United States. Americans learned how to manufacture steel. They began to produce petroleum. The automobile was invented. Factories of all kinds began to appear, and cities began to grow up around the factories. Farmers and other country people moved to the growing cities in order to find jobs and an easier life. In the early 1900s, the cities were busy, exciting places. However, there was also a lot of poverty and hardship.
The cities grew up----the buildings got taller--- and the cities grew out----they spread out from the center. Private houses with yards and porches disappeared. Apartment buildings, each one taller than the next, took their place. More and more people moved to the cities, and the cities got bigger and bigger.
Some cities could not spread out because there was no room to do so. These cities, of which New York is the best example, became more and more crowded. More people meant more cars, trucks, and buses, more noise, more pollution, and more crime. Many cities became ugly and dirty. Some people and some businesses began to leave the cities and more to the suburbs outside the cities.
                    The Suburbs
The move to the suburbs is still happening. Americans are looking for a small piece of land that they can call their own. They want a house with a yard. However, they do not want to give up the good jobs they have in the city. In many cases, companies in the suburbs give them jobs. In other cases, Americans tend to commute to and from the cities where their jobs are. In recent years, more and more businesses are moving to the suburbs. They are attracting many people and the suburbs are becoming crowded.
                     What Next?
   Americans have watched their big cities fall slowly into disrepair and die. Many middle-class people have left the cities, and only the very rich and the very poor are staying behind.
Concerned Americans are trying to solve the problems of noise, dirt, crime, and pollution in the big cities. They are trying to rebuild bad sections of the cities in order to attract and keep business people. They are trying to make their cities beautiful. Now many Americans are thinking of moving back to the cities.
Other Americans are finding that even the suburbs have become too crowded. They are looking for unpolluted open spaces and for an independent way of life. They are ready to move from the suburbs to the country.
Perhaps Americans will always be on the move.
71. We learn from the passage that Americans first_____________.
  A. moved from the East to the West, then the country people moved to the city and later city people moved to the suburbs.
  B. moved from the East to the West, then the country people moved to the city and later people in the West moved back to the East.
  C. moved from the crowded cities in the East to the open spaces in the West, and later people in the West moved back to the East.
  D. flocked to the city and later the city people moved to the suburbs or to the open spaces in the West.
72. According to the passage, Americans moved to the West because_____________.
   A. moving west represented and adventurous spirit that Americans cherish.
   B. life there was tougher but more attractive.
   C. there was more land available in the West.
D. gold mines were discovered in the West.
73. Private houses with yards and porches in the city____
   A. disappeared because living in the city was no longer convenient fort their owners.
   B. took up too much space and had to make way for high-rising buildings.
   C. were left empty because their owners wanted to avoid the crimes in the city.
   D. were torn down because they became too ugly and dirty for their owners to live in
74.Nowadays, in the suburbs of American cities,______________.
A.        crime is on the increase      
B.        people find it hard to get a job.
   C. there is an increase of people and businesses.
   D. a new commuting system has been put into use.
75. Many Americans nowadays__.
A.        are thinking of moving back to the city.         
B.        prefer to live in the suburbs
   C. avoid living in the city because of the high crime rate there.
   D. believe they should move to the country


Passage 4

The Norwegian Government is doing its best to keep the oil industry under control. A new law limits exploration to an area south of the southern end of the long coastline; production limits have been laid down (though these have already been raised); and oil companies have not been allowed to employ more than a limited number of foreign workers. But the oil industry has a way of getting over such problems, and few people believe that the Government will be able to hold things back for long. As one Norwegian politician said last week: “We will soon be changed beyond all recognition.”
Ever since the war, the Government has been carrying out a program of development in the area north of the Arctic Circle. During the past few years this program has had a great deal of success: Tromso has been built up into a local capital with a university, a large hospital and healthy industry. But the oil industry has already started to draw people south, and within a few years the whole northern policy could be in ruins.
The effects of the oil industry would not be limited to the north, however. With nearly 100 percent employment, everyone can see a situation developing in which the service industries and the tourist industry will lose more of their workers to the oil industry. Some smaller industries might even disappear altogether when it becomes cheaper to buy goods from abroad.
The real argument over oil is its threat to the Norwegian way of life. Farmers and fishermen do not make up most of the population, but they are an important part of it because Norwegians see in them many of the qualities that they regard with pride as essentially Norwegian. And it is the farmers and the fishermen who are most critical of the oil industry because of the damage that it might cause to the countryside and to the sea.

76. The Norwegian Government would prefer the oil industry to ________________
A.        provide more jobs for foreign workers
B. slow down the rate of its development
C. sell the oil it is producing abroad
D. develop more quickly than at present
77. The Norwegian Government has tried to______
A. encourage the oil companies to discover new oil sources
B. prevent oil companies employing people from northern Norway
C. help the oil companies solve many of their problem
D. keep the oil industry to something near its present size.
78.According to the passage, the oil industry might lead in northern Norway to___________.
A. the development of industry
B. a growth in population
C. the failure of the development program
D. the development of new towns
79. In the south, one effect of the development of the oil industry might be____
A. a large reduction in unemployment
B. a growth in the tourist industry
C. a reduction in the number of existing industries
D. the development of a number of service industries
80. Norwegian farmers and fishermen have an important influence because _______.
A. they form such a large part of Norwegian society
B. their lives and values represent the Norwegian ideal
C. their work is so useful to the rest of Norwegian society
D. they regard oil as a threat to the Norwegian way of life

Passage 5

Under proper conditions, sound waves will be reflected from a hillside or other such obstruction. Sound travels at the rate of about one-fifth of a mile per second. If the hill is eleven hundred feet away, it takes two seconds for the sound to travel to the hill and back. Thus, by timing the interval between a sound and its reflection(the echo), you van estimate the distance to an obstruction.
During World War II the British used a practical application of this principle to detect German planes on their way to bomb London long before the enemy was near the target. They used radio waves instead of sound waves, since radio waves can penetrate fog and clouds. The outnumbered Royal Air Force (RAF) always seemed to the puzzled Germans to be lying in wait at the right time and never to be surprised. It was radio echoes more than anything else that won the Battle of Britain.
Since the radio weaves were used to tell the direction in which to send the RAF planes and the distance to send them (their range of flight, in other words), the device was called radio detecting and ranging, and from the initials the word radar was coined.

81. Sound waves reflected from a hill can be used to estimate the_______.
A. intensity of sound    B. distance to the hill
C. speed of sound       D. height of the hill
82. Which of the following can be resulted from by practical application of this principle?
A. a radio directing and ranging device.   
B. an electronic detecting device
    C. new electronic instruments for planes   
D. new radio sets for RAF bombers
83. Radar enabled the English to_____
A.        confuse German bomber pilots   
B. direct the outnumbered RAF planes effectively
C. detect German planes on their way to London.
D. both A and B
84. Why did the British use radio waves?
A. Because they were more exact than sound waves.
B.        Because they could not be detected.
C.        Because they were easier to use than sound waves.
D.        Because they could penetrate fog and clouds.
85. What can you infer from the passage?
A. Radar was a practical application of a well-known principle.
B. Light waves could be used in a device similar to radar.
C. Radar greatly increased the effectiveness of the REAF.
D. Sound waves are reflected from a hillside under all conditions.

Passage 6

The first postal service in North America began in New England in the 17th Century. All mail arriving in Massachusetts colony was sent to the home of an appointed official in Boston. In turn, he would deliver the mail from Boston on horseback to its destination, receiving one penny for each good article of mail. Later in the century postal services were established between Philadephia and Delaware. In 1691, the British crown appointed the first postmaster general to have charge of the mail for all the colonies in North America. Later, Benjamin Franklin served as the postmaster by the newly formed United States government.
Franklin was responsible for establishing the Unite States postal system on a permanent basis. He increased the number of post offices, introduced the use of stagecoaches to carry mail, and started a package service system. Later in the 19th century, as railroad and steam boats appeared, they were used to carry mail into the towns.
Some communities, especially those out west, were far from the services of transportation. To serve them, the post offices developed a system called “star routes”. Private contractors were paid to deliver mail to the communities from horse and wagon.
The postal service, which started over three centuries ago, had developed into an extensive government service with post offices in every city, town, and villages in the United States.
86.What is the subject of the passage?
A. The U.S. postal system.       B. The history of the U. S mail
C. A history of Benjamin Franklin.  D. Letter writing
   87. When was the first North American postal service started?
       A. Two centuries ago           B. Over 300 years ago
C. In 1691                   D. In the 16th century
   88. For what did Benjamin Franklin deserve credit?
        A. He was the first postmaster general in North America.
        B. He established a government postal service for Britain.
  C. He served both British and American government.
        D. He governs the postal system in the U.S
   89.Why were “star routes” started?
      A. Because the horse and wagon were slow in carrying mails.
      B. Because the trains were too fast.
      C. Because transportation was difficult for some towns.
      D. Because the communities didn’t like ordinary post offices.
  90. What eventually happened to the postal service?
A.        It failed to serve the people in remote places.
B.        It developed a transport system
C.        It remained the same as it started many years before.
D. It developed all over the country.

Part II. Vocabulary and Structure (25points)
Section A

Directions: In this section there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence, Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

91. The customer complained____ the manager ____ the discourtesy(粗鲁行为) of an assistant.
A. about … of      B. of … to      
C. to … of         D. against… of
  92. When the class was over, we went back to our ___ dormitories.
A. complacent      B. respectable   
C. respective       D. respectful
  93. We had a hard climb but we___ a splendid view at the top of the hill.
A.        were awarded with  B. were rewarded with   
C. were awarded      D. rewarded with
  94. If you practice hard, you will ___ a good novelist. Which of the following can’t be used here?
A. make             B. develop into         
C. turn out to be        D. bring up
  95. The room must be ___ clean before the operation is performed. Which of the following can’t be used here?
A. thoroughly         B. completely         
C. particularly         D. offensively
  96. Before you leave home for Australia, you should __ the English language.
A.        be familiar to           B. familiar with     
C. make yourself familiar to  D. be familiar with
  97. You’ll get more skillful at this job as you ______.
     A. go down               B. go up                  
C. go along               D. go over
  98. The noise was found to be just the dog scratching the door. “Was found to be” can best be replaced by_____.
     A. discovered        B. turned into               
C. turned against     D. turned out to be
  99. The driver ______ speeding
A.        charged with      B. was accused with         
C. was charged for    D. was accused of
  100. The politician ___ many facts and figures when he went for the press conference.
     A. armed with      B. was armed away         
C. was armed with      D. put on
  101. _____ another chance, I’m sure to win the first award. Which of the following can’t be used here?
A. Given me      B. If given               
C. Given         D. If I am given
  102. We _____ better if we ___ more favorable conditions.
A.        would do … had been given         
B. would have done … were given
C. would have done …had been given   
D. would do … are given
  103. In most ___, such patients can recover in about two weeks. But in no ___ must they leave the hospital before they recover.
A.        cases … situation               
B. states … cases  
C. conditions …circumstances         
D. cases …circumstances
  104. He tried to put by a couple of dollars each week to go on a journey in the following vacation but failed. “Put by” can’t be replaced by ____.
A. set aside              B. save up      
C. put aside              D. set up
  105. He has already had one ____ with the law.
A. brush                B. connect        
C. fight                 D. relation
106. We tried _____ both the front door and the back door, but no one answered.
A. knocking at       B. to knock at     
C. knock on         D. knocking
107. We recommended that Mother ___ her job since she was in such a poor health.
A. quits       B. quitted       C. quitting      D. quit
108. He recovered his health ____ sea-air and sea-bathing.
A. a means of      B. by any means     
C. by means of     D. by all means
109. With the rise of the people’s living standard, TV sets and refrigerators are ____ necessities of life.
A. regarded       B. viewed as      
C. seen          D. dealt as
110. After writing a composition, we must ___ it several times and revise it carefully.
A. go on          B. go out        
C. go over        D. go beyond
111. Our expenditure ____ a little short of the three hundred yuan every month.
A. amounts to      B. adds to      
C. reaches to       D. spends
112. Advice from her teacher will have a great ___ on my daughter.
A. effort          B. effect         
C. affect          D. effective
113. These wise decisions ____ the defeat of the fascist aggressors.
A. helped to       B. promoted to     
C. improved to    D. contributed to
114. She suggested that Robert ____ New York and try his luck there.
A. went to        B. goes to         
C. go to          D. would go to
115. As he is good-tempered, he gets along well ___ everybody else in his office.
A. to             B. at            
C. with           D. over
116. The boys are ____ their physical training in high spirits.
A. going about      B. going on      
C. going beyond    D. going ahead
117. Nothing will ____ the friendship between our two neighboring countries.
A. investigate     B. interfere with   
C. interpret       D. intervene
118. You are not as honest and reliable ___ you think you are.
A. to            B. like            
C. as            D. at
119. At last her dreams of being an astronaut _____.
A. came to       B. came true        
C. came out      D. came up
120. If you are patient, I’ll tell you the whole ____ in detail.
A. condition      B. memory         
C. part           D. story
Section B

Direction: There are 20 blanks in the following 2 passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the One answer that best completes the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

A land free from destruction, plus wealth, natural resources, and labor supply--- all these important 121 in helping England to become the center for the Industrial Revolution.122 they were not enough. Something 123 was needed to start the industrial process. That “something special”  was men---124 individuals who could invent machines, find new125 of power, and establish business organizations to reshape society.
   The men who 126 the machines of the Industrial Revolution 127from many backgrounds and many occupations. Many of them were 128 inventors than scientists. A man who is a 129 scientist is primarily interested in doing his research 130. He is not necessarily working so that his findings can be used.
121. A. cases              B. reasons            C. factors            D. situations
122. A. But               B. And               C. Besides      D. Even
123. A. else               B. near               C. extra        D. similar
124. A. generating           B. effective            C. motivation          D. creative
125. A. origins                   B. sources                  C. bases     D. discoveries
126. A. employed          B. created            C. operated   D. controlled
127. A. came              B. arrived             C. stemmed  D. appeared
128. A. less                B. better             C. more      D. worse
129. A. genuine            B. practical            C. pure        D. clever
130. A. happily                  B. occasionally         C. reluctantly  D. accurately


Life is full of dangers and surprises. Your house may burn down. You may _131___ the window and break your neck. Mice and beetles may eat your floor__132_ you drop in to the flat __133__ for an uninvited cup of tea. Anything may happen, you never know.
You cannot always prevent disasters, but you can __134__ against them. Most forms of insurance are __135__ it is up to you whether you take out _136__ or not. But some forms are_137__. If you drive a car, for example, you must __138_ a third party insurance policy. The “parties” to an agreement, or contract, are the individuals or groups _139__. With third-party motor insurance, the three _140__ are (i) you yourself, (ii) you insurance company, and (iii) anybody else for example, the man whose Jaguar has just smashed up your Mini. Third-party insurance does not cover fire, theft or anything else. It is intended only to protect road users from each other. If you want to insure against all the other terrible things that might happen to you or your car, you can take out a comprehensive policy.

131.        A. fall down              B. fall back        
C. fall out of              D. fall out
132.        A. so that                 B. in order that     
C. for fear that            D. In that
133.        A. above          B. below         
C. over                  D. upside
134.        A. assure          B. ensure         
C. guarantee             D. insure
135.        A. compulsory     B. voluntary        
C. involuntary            D. unwilling
136.        A. note                   B. card            
C. slip                   D. policy
137.        A. compulsory             B. optional         
C. voluntary             D. willing
138.        A. take up                 B. take in           
C. take out              D take over
139.        A. concerning      B. concerned        
C. being concerned  D. to be concerned
140.        A. parties                 B. groups
C. individuals             D. departments

Part IV Writing (15 points)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition about “ The Value of Time” in three paragraphs. You are given the first sentence or part of the first sentence of each paragraph. Your part of the composition should be no less than 100 words, not including the words given.
The Value of Time
1.        A proverb says, “Time is money”
2.        It goes without saying that the time at our disposal is very limited.
3.        But it is a pity that _______________.




Directions: Write A letter of Recommendation.


注:期末试题题型及分值比率:
Ⅰ30%
Ⅱ  30%
Ⅲ  25%
Ⅳ  15%

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