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福建师范大学14秋学期课程考试《高级英语(三)》作业考核试题

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发表于 2015-3-9 17:24:39 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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高级英语三6 }  ?( ]0 h% x" @
I. Vocabulary  
9 D2 o1 g1 P6 T1. The more he finds about himself in other newspapers, the more indignant he will be with those whose reports are meagre.
" Y. \4 M) ~. k3 y1 f; B) |        A. rich                B. brilliant                C. annoying                D. scarce9 Z2 ~5 y. |" H: G7 g$ Y& w/ J
2. They had plenty to eat. But they spent all their leisure visiting neighbouring farms and stealing potatoes, which they hoarded.
2 t7 p4 w2 g( l; [' Q4 R& w        A. swallowed        B. ate up        C. stored secretly        D. gave back
' K$ q& |) |1 p# Z" k: P7 A3. Some acts which would be bad, simply in themselves, may be excusable and even laudable when they are necessary means to a greater good. % e% [8 E; o7 ]& W$ Q& ^0 H
        A. laughable                B. forgiven                C. praiseworthy        D. admissible
. R/ H' {5 i& h( P3 ^9 N4. Satiety is a dream which will always elude you.
2 d& Z" x' P0 l2 i        A. attract                 B. lure                C. escape                D. tempt2 Y) s' Q7 X. ]. y- @8 N
5. The search for sunken treasure has become more popular as a legitimate endeavor.   m6 @) V6 m5 X# F/ |2 J- t
        A. justified                B. innocent        C. prudent                D. fundamental
8 m2 s/ q( `$ C6. Awareness of this is a kind of redemptive grace, but it doesn’t appreciably lead to repentance and a revolution in consumer habits.
5 n) P" K; g' b0 }+ g( |' c0 y' v+ nA. conscious                B. compensative        C. imaginative        D. appreciative& ^' G0 {7 a# A# E4 q$ \- A5 j1 b
7. America is anachronistic in so many ways, and not least in its clinging to a belief.
4 D/ `2 V# P  @3 R" a- \' I# X0 }        A. modern-fashioned                        B. full of crimes       
  x( b) {. z$ k& S: ]( bC. behind the times                        D. highly-developed5 V& {; F  c* o: m. e8 z6 z
8. He felt ________ to live a simple and lonely life in that remote village., s5 ]( a' K9 z: e2 \
        A. sufficient                B. adequate        C. contented                D. competent
1 a# L( P1 y, }) i4 F9. Crop rotation has prevented the soil from _______.( `" \) Y. @2 G' `5 y: A
        A. poverty                B. impoverishment        C. weakness        D. infirmity1 y" O$ p1 m) W7 y$ Q3 l+ A, `
10. He remembered reading somewhere that baldness shows virility. + S. C% a3 U( L* P# [/ W' V6 n
        A. character of man        B. great varieties        C. quickness                D. fragility0 j6 T/ E! L, J: b$ k6 w
11. His voice, though familiar, irked him; it sounded thin and scratchy.
/ W/ p) E) S% R/ d        A. pleased                B. interested                C. excited                D. irritated
1 e, ]5 Z, U0 J) i4 t, |5 {, z7 g12. There are certain disfiguring and mortal diseases about which there has probably never been any snobbery.
+ S. g. ^5 I! H: i8 B% }8 j' y        A. perpetual                B. fatal                        C. moral                        D. flexible
1 E' |9 e; K2 b; B13. In 1940 the Democrats nominated Roosevelt for an unprecedented third term.
: q$ |; P# C9 _! C: t        A. unimportant        B. unheard of        C. unjustified        D. unhampered3 m- j6 j0 M/ _; B1 t
14. The value of snobbery in general consists in its power to stimulate activity.
9 |6 Q, }3 u; ^# V$ N2 R        A. suffocate                B. forbid                C. permit                D. incite
8 ?5 S- v$ x. w, t# c+ M% A7 e15. He laughed and shouted, trying to ________ his sorrow in excitement.
9 i9 Q9 H" o: p7 q7 i; e        A. drown                B. utter                        C. conceal                D. sink
1 g0 g/ W  Y# R; p16. The traffic policeman waited patiently while the drunken driver _____ in his pocket for his driver’s license.
$ i+ n; M% S5 H4 |6 B2 i        A. pluck                        B. fumble                C. flip                        D. bloat
1 c5 `% D5 F. Y- K5 p17. There is no need to ________ over a broken vase. It’s so cheap.
8 h$ g3 w  G# S" {0 w) I- z) t        A. muse                        B. view                        C. pinch                        D. fuss# S' H9 d% P9 g
18. The summer was so hot and dry that leaves on the trees all ________.
1 C0 F: ~/ M+ W6 K                A. drooped                B. faded                        C. flicked                D. drained' R6 v# W/ d; l6 q. A+ w
19. It is not ________ to take reference books out of the library.8 O+ g- c0 a; S! }  G4 ^# \
        A. admissible                B. skeptical                C. permissible        D. admirable8 [( k) o) S/ `, F( F) Z4 [
20. Her easy success in the job made her ________, which is very dangerous., G3 [1 D- _+ l) @" C6 E
        A. complacent        B. docile                C. accomplished        D. important# @+ s2 p2 o7 q) v9 H

4 u7 w7 d, N8 o  YII. Text Comprehension + s/ Z. t* B+ r% w8 S: K& E
1. In "Jerusalem the Golden", Clara''s mother chose Battersby Grammar School for her because (“Jerusalem the Golden”)
0 T8 \2 y5 }# X: IA. she could not afford the bus fare to a better school.  E3 I! s/ N1 h
B. she didn''t have to spend money on the school uniform.. Z" x3 r- G1 x. q/ }1 G
C. she had no trust in education and wanted to spend as little as she could as long as she kept her social position in the neighborhood.+ n7 K  `. ]& H+ W3 ~/ e
D. she didn''t care what opinions other people might have of her so long as her child could get a good education.
. p: P# x4 z. g2. Clara liked her school for all the reasons that most people would specify as particular causes for dislike. What aspects of the school attract her so much? (“Jerusalem the Golden”)
. U7 c+ v/ m$ uA. She could do whatever she liked at school.
# ^$ [2 h& s5 o1 C; a5 y9 w. o6 YB. The school was full of good teachers and so many intelligent pupils whom she admired so much.& U- m  t- u, }, O
C. The school looked so large and even bleak to her, and there were so many pupils she did not know, which was quite different from her home.* Y7 T$ N) y/ I* L+ t
D. She was proud at school because she came from an area used to inhabited by the middle class.
0 l& D7 r0 |# [/ m3. “Vegetables with crisp and crackling texture emerge as mush, slippery and stringy as hair nets simmered in Vaseline.” (“Science Has Spoiled My Supper”) What figure of speech is used in the sentence?
: T5 {- g/ P7 _+ K" \        A. personification        B. metaphor                C. metonymy        D. hyperbole! {% r! }2 F  h2 w
4. By "acquisitiveness" is meant (“On Human Nature and Politics”)
/ ~- z; y# @% XA. the wish to possess as much as possible of goods, or the title to goods. ( J' f  u8 `0 t. T2 U" R
B. one aspect of human nature that is acquired in political struggle.$ Z0 ]- l! x. b6 X2 @5 }3 v* D
C. the wish to survive the conquest of hunger.! c3 H4 n* H) p6 o1 e1 q
D. the wish that is originated from acquiring food.
7 M6 r1 |: r% T) o" x% x& D0 \5 S5. Which of the following is NOT true about power according to Russell? (“On Human Nature and Politics”), O% h0 J7 b) T) R* C' F
A. Knowledge is power.
2 U% W, D; r. E: yB. The love of power is not always a bad motive.
& g8 j- u* ], n4 l0 w4 l; E8 r" o6 iC. The love of power is the most important of all the four motives.
; s$ A+ W, f' X$ vD. Those who have never experienced power have a stronger wish for it.
- a8 L0 V# W: D! K+ ?3 q& P6. How does Anthony Burgess organize his idea in "Is America Falling Apart?" (“Is American Falling Apart?”)
: C: v  H6 {, x' UA. He first puts forward his idea that America is falling apart. Then he follows it up with examples to show the gravity of the problems.
( ^  q& u* P" IB. He points out what problems with America are, analyses how they lead to neurosis, and suggests what Americans should do.
9 C, S' [- \" i& F1 T5 j0 oC. He compares the problems with America in the 60''s to those in the 30''s, points out how serious they are and suggests what Americans should do.
0 ]0 U/ X4 Y- r, |! L/ ID. He points out problems with America, analyses the origins of the problems and concludes that America is hopeless. ' w$ n3 P) s" s# @' K
7. When commenting on American way of consumption, the writer says "Planned obsolescence is not conducive to pride in workmanship." (“Is American Falling Apart?”)What does he mean?
4 |" N# J4 o) d: OA. Workmen do not feel proud because they have to obey orders.
& N9 U$ I/ ]5 A! C- G: F+ mB. Planning in workmanship is out of date, so there''s no pride to talk about.
( s+ I7 E0 i, s7 GC. Articles designed to break or wear out quickly do not help people to take a pride in their work.
$ ~2 |9 f# _$ {- Q. eD. Products are so unattractive that people do not feel proud of them.; S4 @- S! d* W6 g1 |. d7 v: X
8. One of the problems with American education is that (“Is American Falling Apart?”)
/ z# ~. s% s1 [7 OA. the teachers work very conscientiously and lack creativeness., H  @; p# H2 E: t0 o
B. the teachers do not follow the school textbooks strictly.* p6 O5 l8 ?0 T" q
C. the teachers experiment with new methods of education.
; Q; S, V+ L0 x; m+ c& C; H. H3 g/ \3 dD. teachers can not be fired except for raping girl students and getting boy students drunk.( m" ^, u; T) N# Q8 u' u6 K' B
9. In "America, filling in the vacuum left by the liquefied British Empire,...", (“Is American Falling Apart?”) "the liquefied British Empire" means
/ H. E% S2 s9 x% d4 R$ _9 eA. the British Empire which is surrounded by water.+ }/ c, K0 v, m! U0 c
B. a strong and enforced empire.
; a, C* O3 _0 }  V7 U5 a/ xC. the British Empire which used to be great.
% O2 b/ m( X& F& L: FD. the British Empire that has thoroughly collapsed.
! L' l9 ?% r5 a10. The title "Ace in the Hole" indicates that (“Ace in the Hole”)
8 A2 j% T# z  k" o0 [# M5 {( ^8 }A. Ace anderson was in an embarrassing situation.$ Z6 n- }6 l& E; u& F& S
B. Ace dropped into a ditch while driving home.
) y5 l, S! C% g( M( R) m! dC. Ace was so angry with her wife.
1 r% g8 g2 S6 q  t! _- B/ yD. Ace was trapped in a trick and could not get out of it.
1 b. B- J, g! W9 M11. What is Ace''s mother''s attitude towards his marriage with Evey? (“Ace in the Hole”) * ]) ~$ C% }- i+ n) f5 {8 d0 k5 E" |
A. She had all along thought his marriage was not satisfactory but had hesitated to say so until now.# |9 {# o3 Z* [- N5 a  t
B. She was strongly opposed to their marriage and didn''t accept Evey from the beginning.7 E6 t5 B, w- j0 }2 z
C. She was quite satisfied with Evey.  F8 f8 e% F* P4 i, w; r0 h
D. She thought Evey was acceptable as a Catholic although she sometimes behaved oddly.
9 [& w# @& Y+ [; a- ?! x12. At the end of the story, (“Ace in the Hole”)/ g, s( i) n: }3 {5 N. [
A. the dinner music from the radio eased off the tension between Ace and Evey.- `$ `9 M# s! i6 Y
B. Ace and Evey broke up and separated.# |1 L. c/ W) G. _
C. Ace was totally disappointed with their marriage but could do nothing about it. 3 t2 d+ x0 d( |& o  b' h7 ~* g
D. Evey admitted her mistake and everything went on well.
2 }$ E7 ]+ f5 g4 j/ e  p; G6 R! L13. According to Aldous Huxley, (“Selected Snobberies”)
9 E8 n4 S' D* {8 XA. Men are snobbish almost about everything.
  b0 C+ r; h; w5 LB. There is no snobbery about any disfiguring or mortal disease.3 H0 U" ?5 f$ S% J: n
C. All snobberies will cause harm and danger to society., r; T8 L# z% e, o( S! O
D. Some snobberies should be admired while others despised.
+ F3 N) w" G! k* y14. "The snobbery of family" refers to (“Selected Snobberies”)
' w7 e8 p$ {& i' qA. having excessive pride of one''s family.
. B4 s9 `9 V% EB. snobbery existing among family members.
. c. p; k  o1 D7 \+ c$ HC. jealousy about other families.; k- A7 E, N9 }
D. jealousy about each other in one family.# w! ]3 ?$ {& p% q4 A2 h3 {
15. "... consumption-snobs, who thought that it would be romantic to fade away in the flower of youth ..." can be interpreted as: (“Selected Snobberies”)9 q9 D' t5 b4 f4 d- X; f
A. shopping-snobs, who thought that it would be romantic to be immersed in so many wonderful commodities.  e* u3 w0 Z8 M7 u9 T  n
B. tuberculosis-snobs, who thought it would be romantic to recover with the help of young flowers.
# D4 c# f$ b; i! J+ CC. tuberculosis-snobs, who thought it would be romantic to die when young.
* d9 N: [8 ?4 l* M5 jD. shopping-snobs, who thought that it would be romantic to go home with flowers which were not in full blossom.
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! R" d8 }' j0 s, I( i Translation $ V" m0 v7 t3 C: K
1. The shabbiness of the district and the dingy gloom of the school itself meant nothing to Clara. To her, the building was endlessly exciting, and she liked it for all the reasons that most people would specify as particular causes for dislike.. p0 {8 N( Z  x! \
2. If we apply to other attributes the criteria we apply these days to appetite, we would want bright children anymore; we’d merely want them to look bright and get through school fast. We wouldn’t be interested in beautiful women, but just good pain job.
, e) K6 d9 m  k  `# a3. If we regard activity as being in itself a good, then we must count all snobberies as good; for all provoke activity. If, with the Buddhists, we regard all activity in this world of illusion as bad, then we shall condemn all snobberies out of hand.
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