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2014年秋季学期《科技英语》补考在线考试(适用于2015年4月份考试)

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发表于 2015-4-12 22:19:38 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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2014年秋季学期《科技英语》补考在线考试(适用于2015年4月份考试)
      
单选题 阅读理解 阅读理解 完型填空 主观填空题 主观填空题 论述题 其他题 判断题


一、单选题(共 15 道试题,共 15 分。)
1.  The news slowly __________ through to everyone in the office; finally everybody felt worried about the uncertainty of the future.
A. melted
B. froze
C. filtered
D. flowed
-----------------选择:C      
2.  He changed his name, ____that nobody would find out what he had done before.
A. thought
B. to think
C. thinks
D. thinking
-----------------选择:D      
3.  In his book the author explains in details the ten most important ______ of economics and illustrates their application in some fields
A. progress
B. principles
C. proposals
D. procedures
-----------------选择:B      
4.  Coal can be ______ into gas with the help of the modern technology.
A.  yield
B. converted
C. overcame
D. reverted
-----------------选择:B      
5.  He____the maths examination if he had worked hard enough, but he didn't.
A. would pass
B. had passed
C. would have passed
D. passed
-----------------选择:C      
6.  The king blamed ( ) and taxes for high oil prices and suggested setting up a program of 1 billion U.S. dollars similar to those that OPEC set up before to solve the oil crisis
A. peculiarity
B. speculation
C. spectacular
D. inspect
-----------------选择:B      
7.  We’ve worked out a method by which our production can be raised on a large ______
A. quantity
B. scale
C. quality
D. proportion
-----------------选择:B      
8.  Due to the limited seating _____ of the hall, merely about 700 journalists were present for the press conference.
A. capacity
B. capability
C. possibility
D. probability
-----------------选择:A      
9.  Before you started to ( ), make sure the road is clear ahead of you; otherwise it might lead to an accident
A. overwork
B. overtake
C. overhear
D. oversee
-----------------选择:B      
10.  Having taken our seats,______.
A. the professor began the lecture
B. the lecture began in no time
C. we were attracted by the lecturer immediately
D. the bell announced the beginning of the lecture
-----------------选择:C      
11.  We’ve worked out a method by which our production can be raised on a large ______.
A. quantity
B. scale
C. quality
D. proportion
-----------------选择:      
12.  If it_____tomorrow, we will stay indoors to have our training class.
A. rains
B. rained
C. will rain
D. is raining
-----------------选择:      
13.  Joint ventures may ( ) labor contracts with the employees according to their needs in production and management operations
A. signal
B. write
C. sign
D. draw
-----------------选择:      
14.  Every country tries to maintain a(n) ______ balance of trade, which assures it of the means to buy necessary imports.
A. organic
B. favorite
C. compound
D. favorable
-----------------选择:      
15.  The opposing political party is getting ready to ( ) a powerful attack on the government
A. intend
B. imprint
C. cast
D. mount
-----------------选择:      


   
2014年秋季学期《科技英语》补考在线考试(适用于2015年4月份考试)
      
单选题 阅读理解 阅读理解 完型填空 主观填空题 主观填空题 论述题 其他题 判断题


二、阅读理解(共 1 道试题,共 10 分。)
1.  
    Many people would agree that, although our age exceeds all previous ages in knowledge, there has been no corresponding increase in wisdom. But agreement ceases as soon as we attempt to define “wisdom” and consider means of promoting it.
    There are several factors that contribute to wisdom. Of course I should put first a sense of proportion; the capacity to take account of all the important factors in a problem and to attach to each its due weight. This has become more difficult than it used to be owing to the extent and complexity of the special knowledge required of various kinds of technicians. Suppose, for example, that you are engaged in research in scientific medicine. The work is difficult and is likely to absorb the whole of your mind. You have not time to consider the effect which your discoveries or inventions may have outside the field of medicine. You succeed (let us say), as modern medicine has succeeded, in enormously lowering the infant death-rate, not only in Europe and America, but also in Asia and Africa. This has the entirely unintended result of making the food supply inadequate and lowering the standard of life in the parts of the world that have the greatest populations. To take an even more dramatic example, which is in everybody’s mind at the present time; you study the makeup of the atom from a disinterested desire for knowledge, and by chance place in the hands of a powerful mad man the means of destroying the human race.
    Therefore with every increase of knowledge and skill, wisdom becomes more necessary, for every such increase augments (增加) our capacity for realizing our purposes, and therefore augments our capacity for evil, if our purposes are unwise.
1).  Disagreement arises when people try to decide ______.
A. how much more wisdom we have now than before
B. what wisdom is and how to develop it
C. if there is a great increase of wisdom in our age
D. Whether wisdom can be developed or not
-----------------选择:      
2). According to the author, “wisdom” is the ability to ______.
A. carefully consider the bad effects of any kind of research work
B. give each important problem some careful consideration
C. acquire a great deal of complex and special knowledge
D. give suitable consideration to all the possible elements in a problem
-----------------选择:      
3). Lowering the infant death-rate may ______.
A. prove to be helpful everywhere in the world
B.  give rise to an increase in population in Europe
C. cause food shortages in Asia and Africa
D. raise the living standard of the people in Africa
-----------------选择:     
4). The author uses the examples in the passage to illustrate his point that _____.
A. it’s extremely difficult to consider all the important elements in a problem
B. success in medical research has its negative effects
C. scientists may unknowingly cause destruction to the human race.
D. it’s unwise to be totally absorbed in research in scientific medicine
-----------------选择:      
5). What is the main idea of the passage?
A.  It is unwise to place the results of scientific research in the hands of a powerful mad man.
B. The more knowledge one has, the wiser one becomes.
C. Any increase of knowledge could lead to disastrous results without the guidance of wisdom.
D. wisdom increases in proportion to one’s age.
-----------------选择:      


   
2014年秋季学期《科技英语》补考在线考试(适用于2015年4月份考试)
      
单选题 阅读理解 阅读理解 完型填空 主观填空题 主观填空题 论述题 其他题 判断题


三、阅读理解(共 1 道试题,共 10 分。)
1.  
       Geology is a natural science. With it men can discover all kinds of useful minerals. Geology studies the earth. But of the three spheres, the atmosphere, the hydrosphere and the lithosphere, it only directly studies the lithosphere. It studies the composition and distribution of material in the earth’s crust. It studies also the formation, changes and development of rocks and minerals in the earth’s crust.
       Geology is a very complex science. There are many branches in geology. Mineralogy is the science of the minerals. Petrology is the science of the rocks. Geomorphology deals with origin of landscapes and changes in them. Historical geology traces the evolution and development of the earth and of the animals and plants on it. Stratigraphy studies the sequence of the rocks in the earth’s crust. Paleontology deals with the ancient animals and plants. These are just a few of the most important branches of geology.
       Geology is a very important science. We depend upon geology for the discovery of mineral deposits needed by the various industries. A lot of minerals are used as fuel and raw materials. Without them industrialization is impossible. Minerals are also used as fertilizers in agriculture. China is very rich in mineral deposits of all kinds. The study of geology will help us to discover them.
       Petroleum occurs widely in the earth as gas, liquid, semisolid, or solid, or in more than one of these states at a single place. Chemically any petroleum is an extremely complex mixture of hydrocarbon (hydrogen and carbon) compounds, with minor amounts of nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur as impurities. Liquid petroleum, which is called crude oil to distinguish it from refined oil, is the most important commercially. It consists chiefly of the liquid hydrocarbons, with varying amounts of dissolved gases, bitumens, and impurities.
       Petroleum gas, commonly called natural gas to distinguish it from manufactured gas, consists of the lighter paraffin hydrocarbons, of which the most abundant is methane gas (CH4). The semisolid and solid forms of petroleum consist of the heavy hydrocarbons and bitumens.
       Geology plays an important role in the search for oil and natural gas. Four prerequisites are necessary for oil (and gas) to accumulate in commercial quantities in an area: (1) The oil originates in a source bed, and a marine shale, once a black mud rich in organic compounds, is thought to be a common source rock. (2) The oil then migrates to a permeable reservoir rock, and to do this it may travel for long distances both vertically and horizontally. Oil cannot move through the tiny openings of the shale source beds rapidly enough to be extracted profitably. (3) A nonpermeable layer must occur above a reservoir bed. Since oil is lighter than water, it tends to move upward through openings and cracks until it encounters impervious beds that it cannot penetrate. The oil may then accumulate beneath the impervious layers. Some gas occurs in solution within the oil, and if enough is present it separates out to occupy the uppermost region of such a trap. (4) A favorable structure must exist to concentrate the oil and anticlines, salt plugs, and faults are common examples. A fault zone may itself be impervious, or faulting may have shifted an impervious bed so that it now blocks a reservoir bed. Stratigraphic traps tend to be more difficult to locate and may form where tilted reservoir beds are overlain unconformably by impervious layers or where the reservoir beds become thinner up-dip and wedge out within enclosing impervious beds. Thus oil that was once distributed in sparse amounts throughout a very large volume of rock may now be richly concentrated within the uppermost portions of favorable reservoir rocks.
       The task of the geologist is the location of promising structures in regions where rocks are favorable for the occurrence of the other prerequisites. Drilling a hole is then the only known method of determining whether or not oil is present in the structure.
1). What is mainly dealt with in the passage?
A. The formation of oil.
B. The formation of rocks.
C.  The general introduction of geology.
D. The roles of geology in finding oil.
-----------------选择:      
2). Geology is a natural science and it does NOT study______.
A.  the minerals in the earth’s crust
B. the rocks in the earth’s crust
C. the evolution and development of the earth
D.  the origin of the atmosphere surrounding the earth
-----------------选择:      
3). One prerequisite for oil to accumulate in quantity is that the oil originates in ______.
A. a source rock
B. a black mud
C. the seawater
D. organic compounds
-----------------选择:      
4). In the formation of oil, a nonpermeable layer above a reservoir bed is necessary because it can ______.
A. accelerate the travel speed of the oil
B. hinder the oil to move upward
C. help the oil to move upward
D. help people to discover the oil
-----------------选择:      
5). Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. Drilling a hole is one of the known methods of determining whether or not oil is present in the structure.
B. A geologist usually tries to locate promising structures in regions where rocks are favorable for the occurrence of the other prerequisites.
C. An unfavorable structure must exist to concentrate the oil.
D. A permeable layer must occur above a reservoir bed.
-----------------选择:      


   
2014年秋季学期《科技英语》补考在线考试(适用于2015年4月份考试)
      
单选题 阅读理解 阅读理解 完型填空 主观填空题 主观填空题 论述题 其他题 判断题


四、完型填空(共 1 道试题,共 10 分。)
1.  
    Throughout the past century humanity did everything in its power to control nature. We dammed earth’s rivers,  (1)  down the forests and exhausted the soils. Burning up fuels, we  (2)   a great deal of greenhouse gases into the air,  (3)  the chemistry of the atmosphere and warming the planet in just a few decades. And as our population began the year 2000  (4)  the 6 billion mark, still spreading across the continents, dozens of animals and plant species were  (5)  every day, including the first primate to disappear in more than 200 years.
    At the start of the 21st century there were unmistakable signs that nature was beginning to take its  (6) . Melting ice in both poles of the earth suggested that the climate was changing rapidly. Weather was even more  (7)  than usual, giving some places too little rain and others too much. Fires  (8)  across the dried American West last summer, and recent storms  (9)  damages from Britain to China. No specific event could be directly  (10)  on global warming, floods and drought will be more frequent – and severe. Others sad signs from an  (11)  planet include falling grain and fish harvest and fiercer  (12)  for scare water supplies.
      (13)  , there were also, in the year 2000, signs of great awareness.  (14)  by the Internet, hundreds of millions people gathered for the 30th anniversary of Earth Day. Governments from Washington to Lima  (15)  steps to protect the large wild areas from development. Progress was made toward using more  (16)  energy from the wind and the sun, and new cars that used both gasoline and electricity  (17)  fuel-economy statistics.
    The goal for the new century is “  (18)  development”. Is that possible? It  (19)  on how well we understand that  (20)  is part of nature, not lord and master of it.
1).
A. tapped
B. swayed
C. chopped
D. tore
-----------------选择:      
2).
A. drained
B. streamed
C. reversed
D. pumped
-----------------选择:      
3).
A. altering
B. extracting
C. composing
D. mounting
-----------------选择:      
4).
A. reached
B. beyond
C. resided
D. above
-----------------选择:      
5).
A. killing off
B. dying out
C. ending off
D. ceasing out
-----------------选择:      
6).
A. destiny
B. condemn
C. damage
D. revenge
-----------------选择:      
7).
A. changeable
B. inevitable
C. exploitable
D. accessible
-----------------选择:      
8).
A. rushes
B. races
C. rates
D. ranks
-----------------选择:      
9).
A. scattered
B. swept
C. spread
D. suffered
-----------------选择:      
10).
A. accused
B. blamed
C. answered
D. tied
-----------------选择:      
11).
A. overwhelmed
B. overtaken
C. overpopulated
D. overburdened
-----------------选择:      
12).
A. sacrifice
B. provision
C. competition
D. debate
-----------------选择:      
13).
A. Therefore
B. However
C. Besides
D. Consequently
-----------------选择:      
14).
A. Connected
B. Converted
C. Concentrated
D. Confined
-----------------选择:      
15).
A. put
B. made
C. took
D. entered
-----------------选择:      
16).
A. revisable
B. reversible
C. retrievable
D. renewable
-----------------选择:      
17).
A. et aside
B. rested with
C. spoke off
D. kept on
-----------------选择:     
18).
A. supportive
B. sustainable
C. successive
D. susceptible
-----------------选择:      
19).
A. depends
B. deprives
C. defends
D. defines
-----------------选择:   
20).
A. development
B. species
C. humanity
D. ecology
-----------------选择:      


   
2014年秋季学期《科技英语》补考在线考试(适用于2015年4月份考试)
      
单选题 阅读理解 阅读理解 完型填空 主观填空题 主观填空题 论述题 其他题 判断题


五、主观填空题(共 4 道试题,共 8 分。)
1.  
根据括弧中的提示写出形式和拼写正确的单词
She has v(志愿) to assist the nature conservancy, a non-profit conservation organization, organized and existing under the laws of the state of new hampshire .
  试题
第 1 空、    -----------------选择:
2.  
根据括弧中的提示写出形式和拼写正确的单词
The Worldwide Fund for Nature is trying to save many endangered rainforest species that are threatened with e(绝种).
  试题
第 1 空、    -----------------选择:
3.  
根据括弧中的提示写出形式和拼写正确的单词
Fixed assets c(包含) buildings, equipment and machinery, motor vehicles and other.
  试题
第 1 空、    -----------------选择:

4.  
根据括弧中的提示写出形式和拼写正确的单词
As you are usually very prompt in settling your account, we wonder whether there is any special reason why we have not received payment of the above account, already one month o(过期的).
  试题
第 1 空、    -----------------选择:



   
2014年秋季学期《科技英语》补考在线考试(适用于2015年4月份考试)
      
单选题 阅读理解 阅读理解 完型填空 主观填空题 主观填空题 论述题 其他题 判断题


六、主观填空题(共 6 道试题,共 12 分。)
1.  
根据括弧中的提示写出形式和拼写正确的单词
I am glad the government has acted p(迅速地)on the new scientific advice and welcomed the Health Secretary’s statement that beef is still safe to eat.
  试题
第 1 空、    -----------------选择:

2.  
根据括弧中的提示写出形式和拼写正确的单词
His illness has been greatly relieved, but he still needs r(加强) therapy.
  试题
第 1 空、    -----------------选择:

3.  
根据括弧中的提示写出形式和拼写正确的单词
To i(植入) living tissue means to put surgically into a bodily part to replace a damaged part or compensate for a defect.
  试题
第 1 空、    -----------------选择:

4.  
根据括弧中的提示写出形式和拼写正确的单词
High unemployment is one of the(period) crises of a capitalist system.
  试题
第 1 空、    -----------------选择:

5.  
根据括弧中的提示写出形式和拼写正确的单词
The Hope Project desires to e(根除)poverty in this area by educating people for its future construction.
  试题
第 1 空、    -----------------选择:

6.  
根据括弧中的提示写出形式和拼写正确的单词
Sleep, just like eating, toileting and dressing is a daily habit that(requirement) regular training before it becomes properly established.
  试题
第 1 空、    -----------------选择:



   
2014年秋季学期《科技英语》补考在线考试(适用于2015年4月份考试)
      
单选题 阅读理解 阅读理解 完型填空 主观填空题 主观填空题 论述题 其他题 判断题


七、论述题(共 1 道试题,共 5 分。)
1.  
他虽然学识渊博,但对这种生物科技引起的情况他也不知道如何应付。(for all )



      


   
2014年秋季学期《科技英语》补考在线考试(适用于2015年4月份考试)
      
单选题 阅读理解 阅读理解 完型填空 主观填空题 主观填空题 论述题 其他题 判断题


八、其他题(共 6 道试题,共 18 分。)
1.  (英译汉)His cheating in the exams led to his failure to get a degree.


      
2.  (汉译英)中国是一个富产宝贵的自然资源—原油的国家。(be rich in)


      
3.  (汉译英)有了他的帮助,我们就没有其他什么可担心的了。


      
4.  (汉译英)由于2008年的奥运会,北京发生了重大变化。(due to)


      
5.  (英译汉)Experience has shown that to maintain energy security countries must abide by several principles.


      
6.  (英译汉)On the other hand, you can disprove a theory by finding even a single observation that disagrees with the predictions of the theory.


      


   
2014年秋季学期《科技英语》补考在线考试(适用于2015年4月份考试)
      
单选题 阅读理解 阅读理解 完型填空 主观填空题 主观填空题 论述题 其他题 判断题


九、判断题(共 6 道试题,共 12 分。)
1.  (判断正误)The man denied going into the neighbor's garden and stealing his cow.
A. 错误
B. 正确
-----------------选择:      
2.  (判断正误)Equipped with modem facilities, today's hospitals are quite different from that of the past.
A. 错误
B. 正确
-----------------选择:      
3.  (判断正误)Surely, there are lots of problems solving in our research so we need to get well prepared in advance.
A. 错误
B. 正确
-----------------选择:      
4.  (判断正误)A few hours ago, a small suitcase with some important papers were stolen from the general manager's office.
A. 错误
B. 正确
-----------------选择:      
5.  (判断正误)But for the help of my English teacher, I would not have won the first prize in the English Writing Competition.
A. 错误
B. 正确
-----------------选择:     
6.  (判断正误)Mr Smith is coming to visit us soon. We'd better get everything ready before he arrives.
A. 错误
B. 正确
-----------------选择:      


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