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15春福师《语言与文化》在线作业一二答案辅异资料

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发表于 2015-5-20 20:38:05 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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福师《语言与文化》在线作业一
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# T7 F' V' d: ]/ G; U+ D! b一、单选题(共 35 道试题,共 70 分。)# ^( g* J$ J! b1 N9 u

9 ?5 J' w$ C: w1.  The expression “ You don't seem to understand ”, can be called( )from the perspective of interpersonal communication.  J5 V* x& g7 E
A. beautiful words( O6 t" T, O6 V) D' H
B. negative words
& V; l# Z5 C. A  O# cC. redundant words" l: N; y+ k6 v5 K% `# o2 L% b- |
D. softening words
* C/ _# K: L6 K/ k正确答案:B8 l7 @0 [8 r% q6 X. }, {
2.  “To do something that could cause quick anger in other people”is synonymous to“( )”.  C/ s; D( @+ y0 w
A. to run a business in the red
/ m4 G% p) z5 }* X8 L& s- L4 HB. to paint the town red
  C! \. t+ A! e# L8 d1 k% Q: }1 jC. to become red faced
: w$ Q  q7 }& X6 a  OD. to wave a red flag! U/ m' C0 \% y, T8 J5 [# k
正确答案:D
4 T( Z& E4 z& W8 H7 M4 |0 ]$ b3.  ____refers to some words or expressions which are to be avoided because tradition or social customs strongly frowns on their use and some topics which are to be avoided.
: ^2 \6 w9 [; U: j. aA. Honorifics; e- w8 p! M2 x
B. Terms of humility
  d1 Z' i1 M1 Z$ v" |9 S- L1 C$ QC. Euphemisms
& V* ]4 e# \4 E7 T- aD. Verbal taboos
4 f% U  Q+ I0 U! g$ j5 c% T2 f正确答案:D, z& N2 q! W4 M8 {" S
4.  His wife had only her husband's interests_________.$ J, {, T" {1 E
A. on her heart
7 P. n7 o+ Y+ E- KB. on heart6 R. U8 |) a9 q: h4 M- j- V
C. at her heart& u( N  ?; R7 `; w! Y3 o- e
D. at heart
, e7 E/ k" t  [  b! {2 S正确答案:D
+ O' g% ?' d$ N5.  American scholars generally trace the origin of intercultural communication to( ).
' B  M& E2 E) GA. cultural anthropology  W+ r* `& }6 j) W
B. sociolinguistics
8 Q7 ~2 v$ L( i7 y# U9 IC. comparative education' u" |/ z* }: g( g3 s* i5 r1 [7 m
D. philosophy! T  ]' h  M. p: P3 Z, h
正确答案:A
% N2 h3 z5 Z3 J3 Q9 k0 i6.  The English equivalent for “黄色电影” can be____.' r4 h4 z/ @( S4 O
A. a yellow film
' h- }% F* s6 OB. a green film
6 S) C8 x) a) [6 zC. a pink film! t) s) J' T1 p  _" m% n% F
D. a blue film
3 @5 T5 d, R1 v( w正确答案:D
8 W2 a7 K! B; ?6 |) J7.  It is said that the newly-built gymnasium is three miles_______from here.( K- W0 K$ m: G; L" m
A. away far& i/ h" B3 S% F# R  k
B. far away
1 I2 l, [( D$ t/ z' s' j' oC. far
: u, V/ {4 d& `% d7 V- Z" z) wD. away9 Y' C: ~8 ~3 s+ d; h; Q
正确答案:D5 h" r$ T2 H. k6 G1 j6 d
8.  It's generally acknowledged that the publication of The Silent Language in 1959 by( ) marked the beginning of intercultural communication studies in the United States./ l" O* k& ?4 N" d5 J  o- P
A. R.Porter7 W7 \: s. L: B0 D9 R. B
B. C.Barnlund
0 R* p2 a7 O. d! J; FC. Edward T. Hall
- c  C" Y% D) ID. A. Samovar
7 A8 y* s8 D& Q3 e1 c7 l# f# _+ i正确答案:C
' p0 ~  N9 a/ b/ f; f0 s9.  As I was just getting familiar with this job, I had______to ask my boss.9 K( ~. ]6 U& L
A. many
/ ]  W- U. b9 _B. most1 {' M# o- U: @. L. P& k) R
C. more
. z  R$ Y( [( WD. much" s1 e$ {. G3 n1 Z
正确答案:D
" F/ z- |, |  E. Z. B$ n3 o10.  Word( )frequently appears together with “boy” , “man” , “vessel” or “airliner”.  E0 d* T3 F$ p) L0 c+ n: O3 ?% T
A. beautiful' O; ]6 a& R* W( D4 I& M# |% s
B. nice
8 e- b& D: j% F, M; L3 D3 BC. pretty
; D" a9 |9 M# G; f9 k- ]D. handsome& V+ }4 J2 B. t0 G
正确答案:D/ T; F) l$ A& Z( m
11.  It has been years_______I returned home." K4 z6 I$ W2 e- y& M3 [
A. after5 m8 l2 ?6 a; g
B. that
! b8 b& \% [3 n6 bC. since
3 A' u( Z7 e# G$ x: ?. m1 v) gD. when
% z3 k; G; Y. B% c正确答案:% D: t5 v0 a3 z# t2 [$ x8 ^
12.  It is only recently _________astronomers have begun specific research into black holes.- D. x+ B0 p! u
A. when
  @( [2 o9 R1 L4 C/ vB. so that+ {6 L8 w5 S  {# U4 d( k+ a6 H+ {
C. that
7 @+ ?& L; B7 K- y8 yD. which% X# b6 v% ~7 F2 l9 ~$ g
正确答案:
$ u; M1 J3 O' Q3 x& C; c% R- I13.  It was announced that only when the fire was under control ___ to return to their homes.$ F0 }; X! ^  B) G2 O
A. the residents would be permitted# w+ ~! d% s5 ]# E$ D
B. had the residents been permitted
/ ^  `+ \8 `2 [/ ^C.  would be residents be permitted
/ y: d2 y' J4 _# c! B1 n0 jD.  the residents had been permitted
, {4 n* W. R' F# ~# G; J9 ^1 A正确答案:: j/ u0 E1 G3 \: u
14.  _______the drill is, it is very useful in improving your oral English.
7 i* m" C. W; n. [( dA. Simple you consider
6 g* ^! @+ P9 |3 j7 pB. You consider simple& d0 `, Y" @& A1 V; x* Y# o4 b. j
C. Simple as you consider4 @! l( Z. m" Q9 z1 G" w
D. As simple you consider1 u. f2 b( ?0 N; g- |, H- g3 v5 u
正确答案:+ E$ y. B0 `2 T# `  I6 _0 w0 _; |* Z
15.  When westerns introduce one person to others, they____.0 |0 L7 g0 {" g8 g$ g) L/ A% b( U
A. do not use “title+surname”, and they introduce his name first, then the positive or rank! w! ~0 \4 X) U1 L
B. do not use “title+surname”, and they introduce his position and rank first, then his name
  L2 B! n. f7 Z5 b, m9 K0 G& FC. use “title+surname”, and they introduce his name first, then the position or rank
' G3 b5 \& n- i! @  ID. use “title+surname”, and they introduce his position or rank first, then his name2 z6 o! e8 m  ~5 r
正确答案:2 U7 ^/ w$ j$ L" g$ U( [
16.  Companies are struggling to find the right____between supply and demand, but it is no easy task.
* B2 o0 i$ @8 {7 ]# x, pA. equation' X% E. G! w  o  y
B. formula& G- ]: O1 v+ f, ~( i  y. [* m
C. balance$ K' y; f; ?1 K: A  u6 X+ |0 X
D. pattern
5 ~; C* }* u: W  ?" ]正确答案:# V  S6 H5 P# `) S) a* X3 ^
17.  Actually , information technology can____the gap between the poor and the rich .0 e6 u" U# p6 e# t9 o# D9 k
A. link
7 H2 U5 j/ t4 y4 Z, SB. break
) O3 B4 I% j/ x1 S) y% o- \7 p& xC. ally. w- {5 W$ T" z- @/ u
D. bridge0 z2 ?; X5 k' z' }6 }0 y3 D
正确答案:- }/ s2 f3 H" j3 ?& E
18.  The mayor____the police officer a medal of honor for his heroic deed in rescuing the earthquake victims.
5 N) h/ @+ K1 N0 DA. rewarded
9 y3 M% C! B$ h$ U9 HB. awarded3 D2 y  t( `% ~+ A  y. `6 }
C. credited& y9 m! A, R- z4 c5 M
D. prized4 p: Q* L' ?. _9 r  |" J7 r. Z6 k2 Z5 m
正确答案:' J9 B; Z& T  X- g$ o
19.  Analogy is often made in English between____and people who are rude or hot-tempered or people with high intelligence or remarkable power of endurance.) H; q0 h2 B# d1 B
A. bears
1 r5 x7 f# Z% C+ R2 TB. horses5 b. u1 j1 q; g  w( w
C. monkeys# g0 k. }6 O5 K8 N5 u  ~2 k
D. foxes
' p% S- z$ D9 B# w! M7 Z5 t正确答案:/ y5 a( u' s. L5 n8 ^( d& d' z' ^5 t
20.  In its narrow sense, culture is( )., z: i, S2 x8 Q& c# o6 Q4 B
A. whatever distinguishes one nation from all the other nations
# M5 U3 d9 e# R6 @* PB. the attributes of man4 L5 M' h2 X7 ^" Z9 o
C. life way of a population  A( G$ g! v# ?
D. intellectual or academic development
# U9 f- H7 i7 j7 {) y正确答案:5 @1 M' D- Q8 j" U2 n- ^  r
21.  The explanation for “to move heaven and earth to do something” is____.
: v4 i1 r- u2 Y7 Q$ JA. “to understand the nature of one's work and be competent in the performance of them"
* l- l: T  F! s) ?6 Y3 \  A9 `1 U1 |B. “to lose the opportunity to do something"
( Z! X* p! S7 s1 b) UC. “to do something without proper material"" m4 P$ O, V& J) M( Y8 h$ I
D. “to make every effort to achieve or obtain something”) y. r, L$ Z* ~# [" p! [
正确答案:
, k* s! u- F+ L( f4 J: e& p22.  — Do you have any problems if you ______ this job? — Well, I’m thinking about the salary….1 X  e" z1 }; n6 c
A. offer* j& e3 x) B, p( b
B. will offer
" y+ Q% V. X* |C. are offered
2 y. m" J8 e0 BD. will be offered
! }- }8 Y7 _- i& z正确答案:
! z' W" P1 }+ w# _! B6 Z) j23.  寒舍is equivalent to____in English.8 q* P0 t1 g7 E( t
A. my home9 V0 F) p! W# P; K, K- _( M+ m
B. my humble home2 T* v$ o, t9 h0 [5 ^/ P
C. my cold house$ Y% \8 y8 m7 C7 b# @/ }
D. my shabby hut
$ E) s. K" K5 |正确答案:& _# ?' B" h2 C  K! m) l1 ~
24.  An Olympic Marathon is 26 miles and 385 yards, approximately_______from Marathon to Athens.
" v. P0 K# T! U, \A. distance
! d( y: C5 J. s) w2 S; f% yB. is the distance9 O/ Z8 j+ F' t
C. the distance
& [  t/ w' V7 U0 N) _4 Q# `2 ID. the distance is( s0 B+ u2 M, _4 ?# d4 u6 I. j3 o
正确答案:! ~. b! K' H% [! q: |. T. l+ ]
25.  When a fire______at the National Exhibition in London, at least ten priceless paintings were completely destroyed.
9 [1 I' x: ]- m) L2 d( oA. broke off: H8 [3 H  h$ v4 [/ C2 o
B. broke out
9 u8 ?/ ^# I* S* ?* i* HC. broke down
$ g, ?# ?3 `" f" D9 [( X* F" m+ W9 UD. broke up
5 o0 B1 S) e) L. a$ u! Z# C! }, e# G正确答案:
0 G5 X7 M! p7 L7 }; {26.  Liquids are like solids______they have a definite volume.2 W; K: t* }* o5 b
A. in that$ S/ r( K& k; d3 G5 o
B. for that
, D, e9 [9 ]1 t, g& z* uC. with that, |& X: {+ F8 N
D. at that
3 C  M* V3 ~; e) B6 l: ?0 T正确答案:
3 S# ^" t6 z, C27.  Sorry, I don’t know he is a friend of_____.+ j* J* {/ w- {8 V. z- k! B
A. your brother$ X: S5 {/ u( M! b. T  T6 @
B. your brothers$ c5 n4 i5 z  K" G
C. your brother’s friend
, J. H* {* H: l3 c) f9 j* d8 k* ^D. your brother’s/ \! J! A$ g3 n, E; {0 \. O
正确答案:
+ J! ?( `" h& x1 V% C# Y' B28.  When thanked, the Chinese public servants customarily reply“____”.8 {+ Y1 U5 n0 P1 g& i* s
A. 朋友之间,何需客气( A" [" }: E& _8 d
B. 说谢就见外了
: |7 s! S2 Q1 a1 ~+ b5 NC. 一家人何需客套
; G; y; y& Y4 t! x3 A( I& j6 oD. 没什么,这是我应该做的4 ]% |- o' g& W! B- P, o/ V3 _0 H
正确答案:
. z( O& H; w+ A3 p4 g7 Q29.  I hear they’ve promoted Tom, but he didn’t mention _____ when we talked on the phone." Y( k) I9 D" j- G
A.  to promote& R9 n5 w9 k5 S5 W# h$ a  ]
B.  having been promoted
; U- R( L/ A+ V# y3 i$ O! pC. having promoted$ K9 H: [- m5 f9 I
D. to be promoted  M) h' q6 o" i- P/ z3 v* W
正确答案:5 l+ R5 k( w1 B8 w; j% G
30.  As a painter, Ted was very_______about the colors he used.! m/ ^8 J1 `7 _/ F
A. specific8 T- g5 V5 J( h8 Z+ N" u
B. special
+ y! |4 I6 T; P) E$ h4 [! }4 H% C' t8 bC. peculiar
( [1 r% b7 O8 F* {* l1 eD. particular
6 ?. q- [# _5 M9 v! K. \  V/ A2 G正确答案:4 `) q" w! J5 Z$ U, `4 e4 I3 |' g
31.  In English speaking countries you usually introduce( ), not the other way round.: h4 O" A* h9 t4 E' T
A. a man to a woman6 q/ Z, x( T; {  k1 }7 c( X
B. a woman to a man$ f9 a" C3 {, d
C. an old man to a young woman
% b' R' j5 ^7 O& ND. an old woman to a young man
8 U* z! n, e/ X' @' K, Q. a正确答案:
5 L# i' C- Q5 w9 l32.  The destruction of these treasures was a loss for mankind that no amount of money could______.7 ^7 \0 l# C% Q) M0 e8 s; C
A. stand up to/ e0 j+ }, U! P, r) L
B. make up for
( y( e0 I# g. o8 [C. come up with
6 G: a8 H$ F% s/ c# ]. |D. put up with
3 [0 b6 z. q! T: r/ [8 L正确答案:# Y4 _* c1 R* g0 e% G" H7 S
33.  ( )refers to some words or expressions which are to be avoided because tradition or social customs strongly frowns on their use and some topics which are to be avoided.* I. j8 W9 g4 n6 f% t, p- r
A. Honorifics! ^; k& Y; E9 d" ^, W) ^: M
B. Terms of humility
% G2 x& s* B: t! o" \9 gC. Euphemisms
( X, M0 a4 v8 qD. Verbal taboos4 `0 E5 f) E. T; g; s
正确答案:. w7 |" l6 A: r5 B4 t
34.  When you want to learn about someone's family relationship with another person, you may ask____.
8 v0 [$ h) X# S1 C' b: nA. Are you relatives?7 L# k' F5 h8 g# c# h: _
B. Are you family members?
2 Y! c8 V6 P, z3 [C. How are you called?& e# ]( P" M* X. y7 q
D. How are you related?# k$ G  u/ ^% S& k) ?
正确答案:- I- ^, F1 m# T' b$ `# t, k! S8 @
35.  I wish I_______longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to class./ @% ?6 C6 Q  _1 k' N
A. could have slept
4 g% T/ k. M" i; AB. slept
% K6 Z4 \" @' F; M& |) ~C. might have slept, t0 c/ X$ a  G0 o8 W5 B
D. have slept
4 U: T" p% F' b9 H4 x/ A6 T9 u2 h# X4 A. y正确答案:( S: A; ]) v0 o0 I+ f) V  e  x
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7 \3 [3 W# h$ t( a2 |福师《语言与文化》在线作业一1 Z9 O# e; o$ {% [

. b* Y0 b' E/ i
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& j7 a" {$ R& j3 ~# z3 i, `6 [二、判断题(共 15 道试题,共 30 分。)
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1.  Thanksgiving Day is on the fourth Saturday of November.
  Q7 C( G( c2 wA. 错误
; A2 t! t! F* F6 ]: j+ LB. 正确' ]4 `* ]6 z" l, n) F
正确答案:, V+ |" y( P7 O/ B% k
2.  “Promises” like Why don't we get together one of these days? , though frequently made by Americans, are no commitment.  C* B; m3 q# G5 g& @1 H  z+ x
A. 错误: E$ E/ J( ~* Z2 w# j
B. 正确9 Q+ @" w& M9 V1 T0 V
正确答案:$ Q' O. _' h, {
3.  In the U.S., it is a compliment to tell someone that he or she has put on some weight.! c' j9 x/ }  c) R% _& H" i
A. 错误
& y! t. R) o% S1 GB. 正确$ V* R( M/ d" l) ?; ^# R& S* o5 n
正确答案:
' f! o7 X/ v  y: e( @& S/ N6 b; l4.  In English-peaking countries you usually first introduce a man of higher social status to one of low social status, not the other way round./ ]9 V" D+ a2 j, ~- [2 w" E% r6 D
A. 错误
4 ^+ `/ Y6 O/ cB. 正确
. T9 L4 v# v  t& v$ s! w9 Y正确答案:  {" l2 k( F& o! j' D/ A/ y
5.  ( )In certain situations body action contradicts what is being said.: |5 A+ K; E* T" I
A. 错误
" x! ~3 _8 ~9 GB. 正确! O, t& t- {. p4 A( {: s
正确答案:
( a! j; B$ ^5 ]9 j4 p4 {* H6.  ( )Monochronic time systems are characterized by several things happening at once.0 M0 _8 W* ]& D" a6 H
A. 错误
9 o* W) O3 @' j2 k, T5 y6 x- F5 hB. 正确
' `( x, K8 |* |! o& ?, H正确答案:
1 w& I9 `8 `4 {# N+ f3 c2 k7.  In the United States, the extended family, rather than the nuclear family, is considered the family.
8 O$ t0 J  w! d- d( }A. 错误
& `5 e7 a# Q+ ^/ kB. 正确
( Z3 J3 s0 W( m# [正确答案:
5 o8 F# F% g  S3 Z& y( j8.  ( )When an Americans says I thought it was quite reasonable in response to your inquiry about the price of something he has just bought, you can rightly assume that he is willing to tell you its exact price.
  C# e% N0 f; Z5 B: }* P. yA. 错误
" I) O& S6 `0 H4 \8 lB. 正确7 k% G  s* M: C* B
正确答案:
4 Y$ v6 h/ _" V* H, a9.  Whenever someone responds to the behavior or the behavior residue of another person, communication has taken place.
  a2 w( N/ L& yA. 错误8 {3 x1 g+ T# ?1 K8 ?- P2 b
B. 正确, w% z  P$ ^, Q. x
正确答案:/ U" X0 z: I( V
10.  ( )Stereotyping has its practical uses and limitations, because it helps us better understand what appears to be a mess and at the same time any generalization is very often an overgeneralization.3 i; E1 R3 [9 ]8 e! F% A, y
A. 错误
1 `6 f! r4 _6 f1 Z0 @4 tB. 正确& }7 A. L+ E+ W& L5 J! ~  }+ l
正确答案:: ?; t% X/ w. C! g0 O2 ~9 X( C! C7 ?
11.  On your way to the school cinema, you happen to meet Professor Jones walking to the cinema, too. You can greet him by saying You're going to see the film, aren't you?
/ z1 T7 J2 j: K* L# {: ^7 @$ cA. 错误
; P' K- K/ q. s$ bB. 正确$ O) s# D$ R; _- a1 I
正确答案:1 g6 v4 u' ]% K
12.  ( )In English-speaking countries you usually first introduce a man of higher social status to one of low social status, not the other way round.
. _3 l. N- O0 U2 `4 p& C9 ]3 RA. 错误
! L. w5 r! r! @2 P1 RB. 正确1 I% d& w! q& ~8 H  n) F
正确答案:
. C9 ?% J8 A" s13.  ( )In the U.S., it is a compliment to tell someone that he or she has put on some weight.
  Z1 l- g0 E0 W* N/ ]$ b) p, [A. 错误
2 u' p5 c  x/ e2 ~  aB. 正确
! c- [+ _% b) L' f正确答案:
/ ]: m0 G: Z2 b5 x5 L% N14.  ( )Instructors of intercultural communication believe that the process of communication under conditions of cultural differences can be analyzed and the knowledge about the process of IC and related skills can be taught.2 k/ M4 S% B0 f/ H
A. 错误$ E3 z$ {% T9 [/ ]
B. 正确
- R; |" C, T# i. R# Y0 D正确答案:  y2 ?& R" d9 A( Q$ T# @$ \* {- i
15.  ( )Given name or forename has recently replace Christian name in many English form, because religious beliefs are very much a matter of privacy.5 W+ A5 I" ~! \- w, V
A. 错误
9 V- q. z  V/ D3 LB. 正确
- F+ Q/ x, y- o# M  W$ _正确答案:
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4 p+ {2 X: O. ~& h4 h- r: A- w/ {* F7 p1 ~3 K& h9 b( [! Q

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