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15春福师《现代语言学》在线作业一二答案辅异资料

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福师《现代语言学》在线作业一
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3 Y* M2 ~1 R" @- o+ R& S8 b一、单选题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。)
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1.  ( ) is the study of the various aspects of the relation between language on the one hand and speakers and society on the other.8 a0 F1 f9 @( b9 P, v
A. Pragmatics
" C6 K; j3 t$ f" S( XB. Sociolinguistics# p$ ]/ X; {, i1 ], [! c% c
C. Syntax
; N( b0 F6 N: l- e3 `! `- D* VD. Semantics7 J$ o: m9 E. W5 u" U
正确答案:B/ x3 _- R: |6 }  f  g: Y1 d+ |
2.  According to ( ), language determines the framework of speaker’s perception and thought.
# z7 b0 ~. V/ c" R& r8 S, ~: dA. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis" P% ]6 ?: K% m) _( i& z$ Y
B. Positivist theory
8 T" H% q0 A, k# b* B! rC. Use theory
+ [% @4 C! y7 `D. Speech Acts theory' n4 l, q2 ~2 O
正确答案:A
& R# x8 T" d% v, n" O, S5 r/ F3.  ( ) is treated as the basic unit of meaning.
6 X6 u) F! Q! \# K. FA. Word
8 O6 |$ X  H* w, VB. Sentence2 Q7 U1 E0 o: W% S( R; e6 u6 }  `) B! o
C. Phoneme0 F3 J. q1 T( B* `% {* ?
D. Morpheme/ e3 T1 H% S" `! [& ?2 H
正确答案:A% E  v3 |! B# G- X+ [& `
4.  In the tree diagram ( ) is the point from which two or more lines descend.$ |; v" _% Z0 _/ \
A. Node) {: Z1 D, ?# X: R3 S
B. Initial node
7 w6 C( B0 S0 h0 K3 M8 `C. Branching+ C" ^: {" d& e+ u% u
D. Intermediate node
  n9 Z8 ], O; X6 b5 @  ?' l/ m7 C正确答案:C( [; J. z5 a2 _
5.  According to ( ), language determines the framework of speaker’s perception and thought.
6 O& k' l6 P" ]1 [) EA. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis# j/ s: t; `- l6 y( b
B. Positivist theory
) I' d5 T; @7 j2 xC. Use theory* q. [- d1 V# q3 k6 |& ]+ i
D. Speech Acts theory
8 d; I& \9 s$ J# d( [# Y正确答案:A' M) J, S' ~$ P2 m2 S) w8 H
6.  ( ) refers to the speed of speech.
% i3 O$ r$ R' a; ]" dA. Loudness1 n0 U$ F8 J! f% H1 e
B. Stress8 B% ^. a/ Y! ~9 n! m
C. Tempo' o! D5 z( q" Q0 C. f
D. Tone
% t4 h) @2 ^- {) R; x3 e& c正确答案:C6 i- U1 H. V# }- E: b* z1 s
7.  () studies the ways words are combined to form sentences in a language .
$ t$ @3 p3 c" A' C- g0 uA. Phonetics
7 i: _: _! y8 ^  T5 K, tB. Phonology
' g8 B) c4 J1 n1 q: w9 a) t! VC. Morphology
( d" O+ e7 e% m" AD. Syntax' d" D6 T: ~+ p$ O' K7 k1 Z
正确答案:D4 O. R& y$ s) D* a2 P& l( T
8.  'Collocation (p. 261) refers to the juxtaposition of two elements which are semantically in opposition (or complementary) to each other6 J6 b. c# k  N+ x
A. Collocation3 Y$ n( m; p( v( i9 [
B. Reiteration7 A6 O+ L6 Q% P# S2 `
C. Lexical cohesion6 t* T% v0 m- Q% b0 y; I5 w4 ]( b
D. Coherence
8 C& U+ U( E+ |% W5 g4 H9 J正确答案:A# j% X1 Y7 v4 G9 M
9.  The locutionary act ( ) refers to the act of saying something meaningful in a particular language
+ k" G* z4 V% d; qA. illocutionary act
) o' L  [# d- Q4 c3 b( I. i  cB. locutionary act* @4 ^* ?! L5 g1 K- g! h& _6 j
C. perlocutionary act
& h: o: y% A* a; Z正确答案:B9 r6 d- C& x* _/ b, H
10.  ( ) is the study of the meaning which is not included in semantics and whose interpretation is dependent on its social contexts.
" t7 n; R: l$ h- X0 gA. Pragmatics
' a# Q+ o$ _& U7 V( J% LB. Phonology
: _5 L$ S+ V, V2 g( M9 l7 p/ }C. Dialectology
( C% I* V/ W# O5 ?9 SD. Morphology7 _  Q9 S* H5 K6 _% Y
正确答案:A
0 Y$ d9 i6 }% ~3 L11.  ( ) is the study of speech, focusing specially on the relation between discourse and its contexts.
/ l1 C; e6 ]$ ]; J( SA. Pragmatics
1 O/ E6 H, r3 a; }/ k2 X- mB. Discourse analysis3 B! m; L! U; @1 X- t4 j" e
C. Dialectology
. |" {7 D: J; k$ x2 \  P1 aD. Morphology3 H* q# \4 S+ f' x! f6 Z8 D
正确答案:2 i6 f  N  Q. I5 N+ s! T1 C. V$ E
12.  ( ) is the first stressed syllable in the tone-unit.6 C5 B* Z: q- {. P7 I
A. pre-head
8 H% I: p  j6 a/ r: bB. head1 ?9 I2 o9 Q% a+ K- f
C. nuclear tail
" ?4 ^& ~! j' r! yD. nucleus, I/ P0 o5 q7 z; v9 M0 a6 w  b* `2 w8 n: D
正确答案:
) S% \/ n) Q8 e5 W6 P: _9 f5 @13.  Language has ( ) that distinguish it from other semiotic systems used by humans and animals.4 b- U1 e2 \( D, M  s2 H: U
A. function* c/ O5 b5 ]# b+ N8 n
B. design features! D( I* w; S5 o5 u3 R8 l. u8 [4 x
C. importance
6 |/ n+ E1 D, ]D. performance' o2 C$ n$ o/ c% S9 U1 r2 G7 M# Q7 l
正确答案:
) y4 O8 w/ k6 u9 ^: i( {14.  The phones that can be grouped together as variants of one phoneme have to be ( ) similar& r! v  J( }+ }# C/ d; ^
A. phonetically
; ^7 }# ~# L& [! z, z! uB. phonologically
" D, K' @4 l, r6 h' C, l% SC. sound& `+ g( J$ l5 ]! n% u) X* g
D. seem
! K  j+ p6 `$ b: u! P正确答案:; g( X& z0 s' q
15.  ( ) are a roup of words and expressions that refer to the personal, temporal or spatial characteristics of the context within which a text is produced." U  _5 p# \) g3 \- u
A. Nouns
4 s3 d" H* X: J9 q* \! j; v7 ^B. Adjectives
0 W& X8 @0 x1 y3 A1 q0 zC. Verbs' `2 g: ?. P: ?; d3 [. a
D. Deictics
8 k" ]2 `; ~' y/ u4 K3 D正确答案:, A- @" N- b% @: \
16.  ( )is a morphological variant of morpheme.0 G7 o' ~1 P6 b8 _) q
A. Allomorph
& u" U# D, \, c+ b0 [6 d& BB. Word
7 w3 {3 F2 E4 BC. Segment2 j) }, y) K  V& g
D. Morph
; x) X' P3 j7 J; `8 G, B. [正确答案:
4 `% u9 m; ?" |! Z" F17.  ( )of language refers to the property of language in having the structure of two levels.
$ f6 C9 C* h& V; dA. Arbitrariness
/ s: f& K2 p+ pB. Genetic-cultural transmission6 h) n" N+ d" A4 s. [
C. Non-arbitrariness
9 g, n# [* x& RD. Duality" ~8 b# g- A7 L. {
正确答案:
" {9 C. T; D* g* ~/ P18.  ( ) is the bit of spoken or written language that is produced and sent to the receiver in a specific context.
* A% g+ c% Y0 B) u! f0 i0 u/ b3 rA. Word  w7 o  K% y3 }, c! e% {% D
B. Sentence
( T+ k1 [3 d0 R! tC. Utterance& X8 v: R' R$ k/ @! T. R
D. Morpheme  V$ y3 H0 k8 A5 V. M
正确答案:
$ U3 a8 z) H. c' d( p19.  '( ) refers to the perceived regularity of prominent units in speech.
5 h& @& r6 w+ X' q- ?A. Loudness4 K1 y2 o; b% o; P! [" R
B. Rhythm9 N$ F3 ]9 A, t4 E8 v! [
C. Tempo
  C3 m  m! ]" X- C+ S. w8 h: r: f7 xD. Tone
7 E+ u) e7 u8 ]3 S7 _; ^: ?' w/ h正确答案:
7 [. P/ X" g% j% q2 k, b, M; o20.  A ( ) is one that may be used to distinguish one speech sound from another.; k* k1 i* ]2 P! b; J2 R
A. perfomation1 m& w$ m1 l( E0 _
B. feature! F" T( I) ~. J8 U0 _9 d; m9 X$ Q
C. distinctive feature$ e" b! R$ e7 Z/ u
D. function
% z: r; [4 o: @5 H8 M正确答案:
, t9 P) V$ T; `* Q2 Z0 [: z: `21.  ( )the main source of energy for speaking, initiating the airflow for speech, hence pulmonic airstream mechanism.
0 l8 @2 |, O8 hA. Mouth9 b! n; k: g, o" n
B. Heart. }5 E- X# \& V, B
C. Nose$ j% v' |$ Y, q
D. Lung
6 }( C$ W- m7 G( m( x! O正确答案:
3 r. Y( p' U6 F4 j  F: V9 N22.  <font face="Arial">( ) studies the ways words are combined to form sentences in a language .</font>
. U- U! W  Z8 W3 r4 qA. Phonetics/ A7 G. g, E3 M! e2 L- S; [
B. Phonology
9 y+ Z! H. ^% F  RC. Morphology1 l. ^5 i1 W1 x
D. Syntax3 a6 n% c9 V1 L  I$ G  V* s9 o
正确答案:! d3 A& s8 T6 j6 |  ~, g
23.  'The transformational generative grammar was proposed by ( ).) z  a" E, D$ u8 D. C0 Z$ s
A. Noam Chomsky' C8 `9 h1 j2 s9 U; r3 h
B. Jacobson7 A+ F" V0 T* X  Z0 e5 V) o
C. Haliday6 x  b* S  k3 w8 I# I4 Q0 Q8 h5 i
D. Nida% o- x7 A. l  O, U: J
正确答案:) c" Y+ V# |, Z# S0 G0 w- r3 i
24.  ( ) is the science that studies how speech sounds are used in language to convey meanings.
  [  g! H; K( s, ^" e2 ]+ H3 IA. Phonetics! |0 q% \' c. h6 N& n8 \
B. Phonology
! N% n" L* h  WC. Morphology+ K, l4 a) r* L3 {; d9 m
D. Dialectology& L! W' s1 b1 E2 J
正确答案:
9 ^; c  W4 m$ C4 s: ~1 i( z25.  '( ) refers to the sameness in meaning between two or more words.% C! T7 z# u" f- D$ W. E- B/ j5 R
A. Synonymy- Q+ y6 n' W# F) m/ Z
B. Polysemy
6 j9 E& N2 T3 S; ?C. Homonymy/ K- ^2 E3 n0 s$ H* H7 n
D. Antonymy
0 H' \" \% v2 T! S正确答案:
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% Q) q0 N0 g0 [3 C1 ?8 I( @福师《现代语言学》在线作业一, w- F6 @! S8 J# P
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二、判断题(共 25 道试题,共 50 分。)
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1.  A language is an isolating language if its morphemes are all bound morphemes5 I  ^7 q. t8 L% G
A. 错误
- F5 u3 G* |. R! x# u1 J4 f  X# j! gB. 正确
  W3 J( ~# S6 C" n正确答案:) P/ j4 x. B; S' R9 O. j1 _, U
2.  In reality, two linguistic forms can be identical.! m, V! @" F* c! Z9 ]  `
A. 错误* c* s9 x5 K- f$ D( b/ C% y# V# q( a7 Q' Y
B. 正确
$ g, @1 A7 ^4 p  I) M- H正确答案:5 ~6 h8 K. r1 _' Z5 y. R- a
3.  'Traditional notional grammar is a bottom-up approach,
. B) l; [8 B+ H- M' KA. 错误2 c2 P6 e! U! r0 [! Y9 U9 O
B. 正确0 E6 b  G3 l* j* a1 P
正确答案:4 e4 R  M5 Q( e" ^" [" M
4.  'The position of the nucleus in a tone-unit is usually dependent on the intention that the speaker has in mind for the utterance .- n5 b" ^/ P, K4 A& k! \4 q
A. 错误' m6 X7 ?& O0 Z" T$ h2 D
B. 正确
8 ]% v; z0 p. f- |# v正确答案:4 o  Z2 n+ l9 s5 B1 K
5.  Rreferences of different kinds or types cannot co-occur in the same sentence." ]# @) T1 f9 \7 g+ s# ?" r
A. 错误
6 _4 N" F; ?; Z0 ^  IB. 正确! S: _. H: n. {+ {$ t# V6 U" e/ _
正确答案:) G7 I; P$ g9 C
6.  Field theory suggests that lexical meanings are not exclusive and mutually independent.
& B2 Z: K) W% a1 J0 E# HA. 错误8 X+ [) \/ K& V" I4 C1 O$ j/ R
B. 正确7 O% P. U" z3 y
正确答案:
2 a9 y0 h: U7 [1 x7.  Old speakers are more sensitive to the social significance of the style of their speech, showing their stronger intention to converge to or diverge from the listener.( h9 l; R, n9 i, T4 z/ Q  A/ l
A. 错误
5 V+ u( `1 I' r0 u' d- y! f+ YB. 正确
9 N# J& T: f) t正确答案:
+ e* _, J, P( _  n. R8.  'Consonants all involve the vibration of the vocal folds
* D: l1 R8 K5 `8 I0 _A. 错误
# S) A7 S) G& `' B9 Y0 iB. 正确  P: B1 t* k  E3 g# E2 @1 X
正确答案:
& C: t. S6 n- g+ a. }9.  'The implementation of lexical insertion rules need to be subject to no restrictions., O3 `( T# j! L1 g9 R& j
A. 错误% p5 E' F% V, z2 h# n9 l! x
B. 正确1 W: G7 |, L, d  \! |8 a
正确答案:) J3 _7 E8 u" B
10.  Discourse analysis is more concerned with conventional implicatures than conversational ones.
4 J; u0 H' @7 WA. 错误
( P* Q5 r6 V! m& h! n3 z0 `+ J) mB. 正确3 b. ]3 t8 x, O5 V, y! e: Q  R( x6 @1 g
正确答案:' q6 K0 {/ y$ q7 Y6 Y) ?: D
11.  The distinctive feature of place of articulation alone can make necessary distinction between some consonants
4 M: W8 I% G- h. L* S3 ]8 o2 `. X. V- zA. 错误9 m( V7 [  e1 ]$ T( D- k" }1 V
B. 正确2 m/ a5 k$ _5 G
正确答案:
+ F% V* R$ c: u9 y0 a" H- W12.  'Compared to phonetics, phonology is more concerned with the organisation of speech sounds in relation to the conveyance of meaning.
) S( M4 b2 ^' }9 a, ~/ GA. 错误
; E- H4 ]: q5 c6 x* ]B. 正确7 y: t$ y2 p( e3 |! V
正确答案:
% x9 J  {) r0 s* L13.  Different language make use of the same set of speech sounds.( ]! C. E3 h# o/ W4 h+ C) l
A. 错误
5 X. Y& M  r3 _& S0 E) i: bB. 正确
6 }/ Z, A2 q6 n7 H" h  H( M% a) d) j正确答案:
- m5 E- _7 V6 ^" u, X+ ]+ S14.  In speech sound production, lower part of the oral cavity are relatively stable and function as a foil to the upper part in its articulatory movements.0 H4 u% N2 O! |
A. 错误
5 A1 _" }* [) Y1 J: oB. 正确
- ?* k  n' _( O# e/ u0 r: `# A正确答案:
% W9 R4 i* f' D15.  When a node directly descends from another, without any other nodes intervening, the hierarchical relationship between them is called immediate domination.2 d2 S, {! j: R7 u
A. 错误
- f% ]7 f3 ]! ?, C, A! J8 l: QB. 正确
! w- t$ j& B$ g) P8 `% w正确答案:4 U5 d: |2 s9 r/ `1 C' G, p; i& T
16.  'Endocentric compounding means the meaning of the compound cannot be inferred from the meanings of its componential free morphemes.
! {- P5 d" M* c8 YA. 错误
6 w' Z2 L3 k' F, z- [B. 正确
. i/ _1 ]0 ^# `/ t! N- B9 s4 W3 m正确答案:
! p6 e; V' i- Q% z8 S- s; S9 J- ^17.  Substitution refers to the replacement of one item by another in the text and is concerned with the way substitutions realise the grammatical cohesion in the text.
  o7 q9 v9 @( Q0 h. ?! t- p$ }: cA. 错误
5 _& d1 Y$ e" B3 \' r( d1 B2 ?B. 正确
, q+ @8 E4 P6 e" ]- V( Y* H正确答案:
( g' T6 w! F7 n& ?0 w% V" k18.  Articulatory phonetics that studies speech sounds from a physical point of view, focusing on their physical properties in transmission3 z8 `7 J7 w& k) G! {
A. 错误
& c% _9 H% Q! r  B6 tB. 正确' X; t  [6 {" m5 ~: A  Z5 D
正确答案:0 d% ]2 V3 o/ ]$ \- b/ k, I5 u
19.  Inflectional morpheme may be a free morpheme.
7 {8 z* o5 j1 Z" P) eA. 错误
/ m1 X! B; V' p$ YB. 正确. ^/ C* l( i! ^& Q, M
正确答案:
6 ?/ A/ C1 _9 W2 `+ j& k( |20.  Segmental phonology is concerned with the phonological features (also known as prosodic features) that extend more one segment.0 |+ K! V) ?& G8 V7 r8 K
A. 错误7 p+ D$ m$ d0 ~. b/ j
B. 正确
  O, n# p1 @, {. z0 U+ [正确答案:. |0 q0 X# Z1 |# r  T
21.  The arbitrariness of the relationship between the linguistic symbol and its referent distinguishes human language from animals’ languages.) G. c2 L/ d% X7 F6 }
A. 错误
2 ]" m. m/ E- @2 A0 @B. 正确1 x  O4 g. F& N4 {
正确答案:0 W# U* e# y$ e% T3 x) c
22.  Bound morpheme is a morpheme that can stand alone as a word
& S; e' |+ k6 x/ }8 F5 QA. 错误# [1 n& f# v+ F0 t  k
B. 正确
$ x" Y$ w  e& i  n5 d' e5 f) H7 \8 S正确答案:( j' y' V  B! G+ T' b3 V) e
23.  Arbitratiness contributes to language flexibility and versatility and makes it possible for language to be passed on from generation to generation.
/ r3 q% }6 l6 V; i* {: k$ g9 j  ?1 N5 xA. 错误; I2 W! i7 D. s4 N8 ?
B. 正确! f+ }) g& H  Q2 L% j
正确答案:
; O3 ~* N: }6 H24.  Different language make use of the same set of speech sounds.
, t% `5 \! k4 N. iA. 错误& v$ c* W, E6 p# B8 S
B. 正确' m+ L+ H* P6 c6 b7 t) V! I
正确答案:& v, b& P' C) A. H% ?
25.  ' An inflectional morpheme does not change the grammatical class of the word.
- X' m9 ?8 e# H+ nA. 错误1 t. `; y& A( K  s2 E* h
B. 正确2 N2 D8 s  G" r0 M# _2 f' R8 ?
正确答案:
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