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东师《高级英语》15春在线作业1(随机)辅导资料

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发表于 2015-5-22 18:11:45 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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一、多选题(共 4 道试题,共 10 分。)V 1.  Which of the sentences below apply the rhetorical device of metaphor?
A. One turns on the radio while doing something else and absentmindedly bathes in the sound.
B. Immediately that one note is enough to change the atmosphere of the room—proving that the sound element in music is a powerful and mysterious agent, which it would be foolish to deride or belittle.
C. You will soon realize that each theme mirrors a different world of feeling.
D. But one should never try to boil it down to “the fateful hammer of life,” etc.
      满分:2.5  分
2.  Which of the sentences below use the rhetorical device of synecdoche?
A. What’s Wrong with Our Press?
B. Television may not have a Lippmann or a Reston, but then, what papers in America can claim an Eric Sevareid, a Walter Cronkite, a Huntley or a Brinkley, or—although he is invisible—an Edward Morgan?
C. Among the leading commentators on television, you find no Pegler, no Winchell, no Fulton Lewis, Jr..
D. Change means trouble, change means work, change means cost.
      满分:2.5  分
3.  Which of the sentences below apply the rhetorical device of parallelism?
A. The more the music reminds them of a train, a storm, a funeral, or any other familiar conception the more expressive it appears to be to them.
B. Perhaps an analogy with what happens to us when we visit the theater will make this instinctive correlation clearer.
C. Music expresses, at different moments, serenity or exuberance, regret or triumph, fury or delight.
D. Is it pessimistically sad or resignedly sad; is it fatefully sad or smilingly sad?
      满分:2.5  分
4.  Which of the following sentences use the rhetorical device of litotes?
A. Literacy may not be an inalinable human right, but it is one that the highly literate Founding Fathers might not have found unreasonable or even unattainable.
B. Mr. Baumgartel was not unoptimistic.
C. We drove first to … , along an uncompromising track that led directly upwards to the saddle between Muhavura and Mgahinga.
D. A vast cloud, shot through with sunlight, was tearing off the crest of Muhavura.
      满分:2.5  分

二、判断题(共 36 道试题,共 90 分。)V 1.  Momma, in this autobiographical account, was Marguerite’s mother.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
2.  (Why I Write) Orwell first gives information about his early development because he thinks that one cannot evaluate a writer’s motives without such background knowledge.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
3.  (On Getting Off to Sleep) To the author, the best thing that shows how a man is full of contradiction is the matter of sleep.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
4.  The Watts riots gave rise to a flourishing of ghetto literature and art.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
5.  (I’d Rather Be Black Than Female) The author thinks, however, that most white Americans are truly aware of prejudice against the white Americans.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
6.  (The Tragedy of Old Age in America) Old people who are poor have been poor all their lives.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
7.  Elvis Presley’s appearance on TV set the young and old viewers quarreling with each other.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
8.  It was difficult for the black woman to win the election due not so much to her racial background as to her sex.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
9.  She is not satisfied with the present status of women in the American political world because she despises the tedious and specific jobs.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
10.  Sociologists and psychologists point out that Americans begin losing their ideas of liberty and individualism in the home.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
11.  (A Most Forgiving Ape) Gorillas have far greater physical strength than human beings.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
12.  When he saw the gorilla, the author was so fascinated by its charming appearance that he forgot to use his binoculars.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
13.  Literary men have no desire to seek publicity.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
14.  (I’d Rather Be Black Than Female) It was difficult for the author to win the election due not so much to her racial background as to her sex.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
15.  Mrs. Flowers understood Marguerite’s feelings better than Momma did.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
16.  (Four Choices for Young People) The author personally favors the fourth alternative.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
17.  (Why I Write) According to Orwell, all writers, even writers of railway guides, have aesthetic considerations.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
18.  (Vivisection) The author dismisses the question of how much cruelty there is in laboratories because it is not important at all.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
19.  Hatred is the very feeling the author has about what science has done to food.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
20.  It is irrational either to defend or oppose vivisection by appealing to the emotion of pity.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
21.  To become a rock star seems to be the fastest way to fortune and fame.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
22.  (On Getting Off to Sleep) Priestly doesn’t think he has an iron will, and he is not sorry about it.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
23.  (What’s Wrong with Our Press?) The author has encountered intense partisanship in television newscasts and network commentaries on current events.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
24.  (Why I Write) When writing Homage to Catalonia, Orwell’s first concern is political.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
25.  (Rock Superstars) To become a rock star seems to be the fastest way to fortune and fame.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
26.  (The Trouble with Television) The author is against using the same technique in other programs as in advertising to capture the viewers’ attentions.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
27.  (A Lesson in Living) Marguerite wanted to behave like a nice little lady in front of Mrs. Flowers.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
28.  (On Human Nature and Politics) Even gods love to be praised.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
29.  The Watts riots were a massive action led by a few civil rights leaders.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
30.  (The Trouble with Television) Television stations in the US often organize the viewers on a guided tour to museums, cathedrals or other places of interest.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
31.  (A Lesson in Living) Mrs. Flowers was an intimate friend of the family who frequently came to chat with Momma.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
32.  Mrs. Flowers read to Marguerite a poem from the book A Tale of Two Cities.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
33.  (Rock Superstars) The author concludes by pointing out sharply the true nature of the American society as expressed by rock music.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
34.  Some idealists can choose the fourth alternative because they are more practical, though no less determined, in changing society.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
35.  (What to Listen for in Music) “The fateful hammer of life” is a precise description of the first main theme of the Ninth Symphony.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分
36.  (Science Has Spoiled My Supper) The author thinks it wrong to cut costs by mass-producing “standardized” cheese.
A. 错误
B. 正确
      满分:2.5  分

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