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[在线] 19秋【贵州电大】[语言学入门(省)]03任务阶段性测验

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发表于 7 天前 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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【贵州电大】[语言学入门(省)]03任务阶段性测验
试卷总分:100    得分:100
第1题,We use  language to manage internal relations,particulary those  <input type="text" maxlength="19" id="a1594349-5a84-4d04-9747-f4fbff389121" responseid='RESPONSE' name="a1594349-5a84-4d04-9747-f4fbff389121" /> that have found expressions in face and politeness.
正确答案:


第2题,Knowing how to talk is not the  <input type="text" maxlength="14" id="8a096a45-5011-4f07-ae25-93465d07942d" responseid='RESPONSE' name="8a096a45-5011-4f07-ae25-93465d07942d" /> thing as knowing how talk works.
正确答案:


第3题,Like many other species,e.g.monkeys, wolves, dogs, we humans  <input type="text" maxlength="13" id="ea13504b-a001-4e90-b6d5-fe0646006d08" responseid='RESPONSE' name="ea13504b-a001-4e90-b6d5-fe0646006d08" /> social animals.
正确答案:


第4题,A conversation may be  <input type="text" maxlength="16" id="873fcf00-92b1-4e0a-8f6b-59f4e137f085" responseid='RESPONSE' name="873fcf00-92b1-4e0a-8f6b-59f4e137f085" /> by a request.
正确答案:


第5题,The given-off information is often made available through non-verbal  <input type="text" maxlength="17" id="5a5bf112-70c9-435f-9325-4f0e2ac0a9e5" responseid='RESPONSE' name="5a5bf112-70c9-435f-9325-4f0e2ac0a9e5" />.
正确答案:


第6题,Bilingualism means the habitual use of _____ .
two languages
two slangs
two dialects
two speeches
正确答案:


第7题,Like hearer,_____ of speaker is equally diversified.
the features
the role
the characteristics
the peculiarity
正确答案:


第8题,Language helps to establish ______ identity.
country
national
locational
environmental
正确答案:


第9题,_____ is a person who intentionally hears other people's talk without their awareness.
An eavesdropper
A listener
An eye dropper
A dropper
正确答案:


第10题,The cause for an unhappy start of talk usually is the lack of mutual understanding and the lack of tolerance for differences.

×
正确答案:


第11题,In interpersonal contact, Chinese culture holds dear such values as warmth, respect, modesty, considerateness and refinement.

×
正确答案:


第12题,We care for one another's face and be polite to one anothe.

×
正确答案:


第13题,Most of our waking life, even including dreams, is spent on talking.

×
正确答案:


第14题,Name five of the six maxims of politeness.
正确答案:The six Maxims are: the Tact Maxim; the Generosity Maxim; the Approbation Maxim; the Modesty Maxim; the Agreement Maxim; the Sympathy Maxim.


第15题,What's the function of non-verbal signals ?
正确答案:Non-verbal signals serve to make the message more powerful and convincing. Try to convince or motivate another person into doing a certain task while keeping your face expression, gestures and tone of voice unanimated. No matter what you say, you will not be able to sound convincing, or motivating.


第16题,What do we mean concerning Chinese and English Faces ?
正确答案:脸(lian)&ndash; Lian is part of decency, because it is assumed that a decent person's behaviour is up to a standard. When we do something face to face, our performance is assessed by others who observe us against certain criteria such as job description, duties, responsibilities, undertaking, assumed expertise, moral character, prior claims, or other public standards. Our lian is lost, in one way or another, lightly or seriously, if the assessment is negative.


第17题,It takes quite a few years for a child to develope a sense of  <input type="text" maxlength="14" id="c0ffabd5-860f-494b-b76d-f883128da662" responseid='RESPONSE' name="c0ffabd5-860f-494b-b76d-f883128da662" /> and other.
正确答案:


第18题,When people talk face to face,there are  <input type="text" maxlength="14" id="406ba35d-6955-41a6-b481-ead92f22f7f1" responseid='RESPONSE' name="406ba35d-6955-41a6-b481-ead92f22f7f1" /> ways to provide information: They give it and they give it off.
正确答案:


第19题,The original message,and the  <input type="text" maxlength="17" id="af169bff-f0a6-44e2-8458-907498d8b5f1" responseid='RESPONSE' name="af169bff-f0a6-44e2-8458-907498d8b5f1" /> after being relayed by several people can be totally different.
正确答案:


第20题,All the Chinese learners of English in China are in a sense_____.
trilinguals
bilinguals
monolingual
multilingual
正确答案:


第21题,Technically speaking, _____ involves the initiation by one party and the response to it by another.
the start of a monologue
the start of a conversation
the start of an address
the start of an oration
正确答案:


第22题,Classroom talk, unlike other forms of talk, can be analyzed into three chunks: opening, keeping going,and closing.

×
正确答案:


第23题,Use address terms to illustrate how social status is managed through language.
正确答案:Take the Chinese address term 局长 for example. Once someone is promoted to be 局长, or even 副局长, he or she will be addressed as 局长. If he or she is not addressed in this way, he or she will feel offended.


第24题,What are the different dimensions of relations between people in the society? What is the one dimension important to Chinese but absent in some other cultures? Choose one dimension to give an example.
正确答案:Relations between people in society can be analyzed in terms of 1) familiarity 2) emotional distance 3) formality 4) In Chinese culture we make the important distinction of in-group or out-group. 5) Examples: familiarity: whether the people interacting are strangers, acquaintances, family members or relatives. Emotional distance: whether the people interacting are intimate or detached, whether they are close or hostile. Formality: formal or informal. In-group vs. out-group: between countries: Chinese-insiders; foreigners-outsiders Family circles: family member-insiders; everybody else is an outsider (P205)

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