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吉大12春《专业英语》第1次作业

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发表于 2012-7-25 18:09:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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一、单选题(共 15 道试题,共 45 分。)V 1.  The core of a community is( )
: G  |: l0 c0 {A. interest3 I# \* W: _1 V5 z' q/ i
B. people
& a, L6 h( ]. r6 vC. organization
/ n) ]/ [$ s/ z0 a1 b+ b& m9 r- h: }D. boundary
$ K! q5 J4 D7 {% ]- Y      满分:3  分
  _0 y* R0 T1 ~, }) o4 b: Y2.  “Needs for love and belongings” belongs to which level of the Maslow’s hierarchy?____( )- m% z7 C# F/ i; A/ {8 {9 M
A. the second level
2 g+ v4 v! x6 K% VB. the third level" I% a5 g& k; m6 {! F: X
C. the forth level
( x- q* H  v; m+ b1 C5 |3 VD. the fifth level, c4 m( g% R( N
      满分:3  分& g: l; l3 m3 f; L/ ?. y
3.  Which one of the statements is right( )
( |) k0 \. k' W9 H2 b& G/ c1 FA. Wash hand before and after touching surgical wound.$ R+ c9 u! A0 G/ f
B. Touch an open or fresh surgical after washing hands.
4 v0 T& F1 W; e7 p4 jC. Changing dressings is not important in accelerating wound healing5 H4 o2 D! ?2 f3 c+ q2 P9 Z" _
D. Sterile gloves are still required even if the wound has been sealed.' @/ c) q9 p# x& ^) N4 n
      满分:3  分
& D2 X! ~) q% l* ?4.  Nursing process is divided into steps( )& t+ u" u2 f& a) T, Q6 L' Y  y- k
A. 2
% q5 a0 P, v/ c9 kB. 3" f" ?" \8 r1 h6 }  f
C. 4
6 r9 K: U5 H8 j! b& r2 H; @  YD. 5: V, s& W5 Y6 \& y( \+ |
      满分:3  分3 X/ i( j# \" _/ e) W9 i
5.  Which time is the upper limit after the blood removed from the refrigerator( )0 N2 S, ?& I; A; U
A. 30
* l  w. ?: q/ N2 H- h" YB. 40
3 i2 d- I$ c6 [) d* AC. 50
* H# X9 g- w! Y0 g' ID. 608 j6 S/ x/ d5 v, ~2 W6 E2 x  Q5 ~
      满分:3  分
1 W) m. x% ]  F1 k6 a* H7 P6.  The function limitation is caused by handicap is at( )7 S! U! X# p3 G3 R# L0 k& w2 p
A. social level9 Y" T6 I4 M. z; V; b' H% G. _) ~) x4 _
B. personal level
$ f$ {  f: v8 }0 \3 b, ]# PC. organ level7 X! f0 l* z+ H+ ~1 n" C
D. family level3 j( z) O2 _6 G
      满分:3  分8 M7 |4 ^/ _3 e+ G4 k; W
7.  Who was known as the “father of stress”( ): U: f8 a' T4 x" I
A. Hans Selye
1 g( n( s/ _9 S7 Z: T. MB. Sigmud Freud4 T2 h7 {$ {+ h) W9 Z
C. Jean Piaget
" c  Y& ?+ D/ z: {: M1 c) YD. Eric Erickson
3 C$ l* N6 D0 [+ e2 R# U5 n      满分:3  分
. |5 n$ C: |- D$ B/ ^* L! |8.  How did Nurses’ Day come into being( )2 B+ F' K0 \7 ]6 A0 ~
A. It came from the Birthday of Florence Nightingale2 C- I+ j# e  \
B. It came from the Death date of Florence Nightingale; |. r9 V1 h1 |. Y2 {& Y, [1 B
C. It came from the date of outbreak of Crimean War
; n8 O' P" A- U6 T( x3 P% ^' O# FD. It could not be verified
& ?' M3 g: _( I( f% u8 k/ K" u: q      满分:3  分' x' h0 X- M- f( P' `3 t
9.  Which of the followings can be absorbed most rapidly( )
- ~( U0 z7 f2 b  J0 ]1 ]+ bA. sublingual medications; ~0 B- x. N: s3 V- v; d$ n
B. buccal medications
5 x( \+ S: e+ V# `. A( u) c1 wC. topicalmedications+ p" Z  @( D+ {( R  b! j
D. parenteral medications
) S& Z9 K4 }3 M      满分:3  分
7 ^6 K* T- ^# _- ^: A* g$ ]10.  The fastest physical growth occurs in which age group( )! H" q8 N. m- X; ?
A. The first 6 months of age! B$ a  g+ o; o: r9 O: N
B. The first 3 months of life
6 @# `2 G1 Q! P+ R# B5 v% C0 lC. In infancy
0 k# i3 Z7 P7 i' G/ {8 [1 ID. In puberty
% t7 a) ^6 b- {; ]: ?      满分:3  分
) \3 I  o- l5 a- S11.  The process that a nurse teaches a diabetes patient to give an injection or discusses care with a pneumonia patient is an example of( )# c5 j7 j) n  B: h
A. social communication; }* a% U" O( f3 R
B. structured communication! T! `# \, [! \: R" V
C. therapeutic communication.* `/ o) |7 f* b/ R
D. effective communication
/ ^8 U/ x) g1 H$ H. _) {6 D+ L      满分:3  分' \, ]- f! A+ A; _) s
12.  Perenteral medications can be absorbed most rapidly because( )8 I9 ~7 f4 W- u2 I" z( a& P
A. they are of short action) R, g* ]0 L" G; P3 v
B. they are injected rapidly6 U8 o. \  f" c8 d2 |
C. they are applied to the skin
5 [, P4 s1 b3 k8 HD. they are injected into or close to the circulation; X- d! }8 Z& f8 l* y/ B
      满分:3  分# d( W8 Y# [5 A& l1 }: ?
13.  Which one is the common physical stressor( )! P' h& O9 O' U3 `: \
A. Loud noise
/ |) W$ t6 S* U! lB. Low self-esteem! l* _' {/ F: h4 k, n
C. Loneliness, Z& r! j5 ^: E3 |
D. Conflict with colleagues
! x, o5 R; T' F5 c" D      满分:3  分& r" [, V" [5 `9 y) R$ w+ V5 c
14.  “Dyspnea” means( )
# b* s% w# o! |, i4 L% N4 i3 C4 m+ k# OA. difficulty breathing9 v8 X* q, F1 U  X9 L
B. rapid respiration, s: C7 g; t1 F( t9 o
C. the absence of respiration
( E+ r5 F0 W2 B+ d$ i8 ED. low respiration
, e9 Q+ y" ]7 P; @: m% e      满分:3  分
) x- a' z* v! B9 p. W3 q9 W15.  What is the theme of nursing( )! j- X; M" |& r& g5 b2 S, w% F
A. Diagnosis+ U& Z6 I3 r1 r1 I- y; `
B. Treatment
, ?5 \8 _* f# w3 E: Z# ]) y7 PC. Caring
" {3 `* Z' [1 [9 s. I9 a6 x* _% WD. Physical examination
+ d6 ?# y4 O& h8 ?$ ]$ I      满分:3  分
" }5 V% j: d* a9 f; M: p' `* o+ {1 e: [  u( D7 T
二、多选题(共 15 道试题,共 45 分。)V 1.  According to WHO, Health involve( )well-being, V5 j2 u* P* ]. j
A. physical9 x, n, q1 E! P* q
B. functional0 S" A' a+ Z+ v6 S; u) F9 e* [
C. mental9 D  ^1 j! ]8 _& O' W3 Z+ ^7 u6 E5 g2 X
D. individual1 a8 M2 u% k) F/ [
E. social
$ y% ~9 K5 a+ j      满分:3  分& L4 P# _9 u0 `( E1 |/ T/ k( r9 Q
2.  Nursing practice involves three kinds of communication. They are( ): O- \# J5 h5 r/ A
A. two-way communication4 c& p0 R' {) N& C# T% }; d* j
B. social communication
0 p9 H9 g$ C# u3 c1 r/ s2 FC. structured communication
& Y! \: F! C: `5 cD. therapeutic communication
+ {3 r: q) I% C6 C9 m/ S  I7 eE. effective communication
* H( X3 b* G2 u  E/ }2 m5 c, |      满分:3  分/ Y2 o; _7 f: j5 H: D' S% F$ m5 ^- W
3.  The focuses of primary health care are( )8 q4 ?1 V) R! i" L4 V4 q
A. health promotion
9 _$ u/ W  {4 V4 GB. health maintenance
; ]) J' i/ q4 I1 ~1 cC. rehabilitation
# L% T  r7 F- d4 k7 l$ _1 d0 l2 xD. illness treatment
5 B: \, H" d2 X8 i) QE. illness and injury prevention
) Q6 _: S$ E: w" Z4 f1 @      满分:3  分
( k# f% Q" n  p/ P7 h4.  The basic considerations for physiological assessment on medication should include( )
' ?- B- u8 L6 V4 E% w* A8 IA. job
: {2 C1 Z5 k3 N( ?# g2 iB. age
7 L  t7 K$ k% E. M% }. oC. family income2 z0 _) t5 M" n: ~! M' m4 u$ Y
D. weight
- s( I1 J1 \; @' p& z$ c7 sE. sex- W' k6 y' f8 Z% u
      满分:3  分, }7 G, N/ F0 z6 `. A0 x  k. g
5.  What are the main indications of the blood transfusion( ); }3 e7 E4 h# k* D  v% d& Q
A. restore blood volume
. P- m/ X, M: r( y7 qB. reduce the body temperature
$ k6 F/ w' D! _! c. J+ x' `1 p+ sC. improve oxygen carrying capacity
  S+ d  k. j- N/ |# T7 T/ {( W' uD. replace clotting factors: v, M) E& V5 l1 _& B% I
E. reduce heart rate
( G, f- J$ X) ^2 l; \/ t      满分:3  分5 Y5 g  C5 F5 w. t! F& h: W* \  i7 v
6.  The source of information in the assessment phase of the nursing process are( )
- B+ }$ t' I/ [* Z1 e+ D( ]A. laboratory and diagnostic data% [; [2 o. _) j  ~* t' N
B. Nursing diagnosis  K+ P! @# E1 z4 Y
C. Physical assessment findings4 f5 C8 k( e. T1 H: f4 L2 M
D. The health history' R& o6 T) z( P5 B; ]" P
      满分:3  分
' h! C1 p! f1 S7.  Positive health promotion is aimed primarily at( )
1 M2 g- I/ p: N( I9 {. F' `A. improving health potential;6 I! f3 y- `0 g, w
B. treating diseases;* H* i1 Y% R- l& e
C. maintaining health balance;* ]6 P. T& f7 a& `! d
D. giving injections( _; K2 x3 i+ S& V/ j3 B
E. exercising
+ G. N; I& W7 M1 U! C, @- D# F' C      满分:3  分
- S9 J8 e' Y9 c: Z8.  According to Hans Selye, the stages of human reaction to stress include: ( ), N+ m) E/ F$ h- h7 B- R8 P1 l
A. Alarm reaction stage
: }: E4 B* n$ L" w+ {B. Latent stage3 m" S1 Z) k* O& _3 e
C. Perceptual stage
1 F' C9 E% N0 [* k; u. \9 OD. The stage of resistance- Q3 s8 z) N# @: j0 Z5 x
E. The stage of exhaustion4 R0 Q' z' v% `3 W# C
      满分:3  分7 e$ R5 n% U3 B' p& d! @) t) ?) }- m
9.  Universal precautions emphasize which of the followings( )- U& i+ f9 Q2 y7 s! |, e! L, [
A. prevention of transmission through blood and body fluid;
  _6 e8 G. m; J8 C- ^- `. I( T9 `B. The patient should have a private room.
0 X3 {2 H1 ]8 ^C. use of barrier precautions;
7 G# [" k- j1 m* \/ BD. prevention of sharps injury;: w/ P. V7 N( x# C0 P
E. prevention of the airborne transmission
8 ?) o& C% |: [: Q7 G      满分:3  分6 x" u6 _' y6 S6 u2 O1 Y! B
10.  Secondary intention healing differs from primary intention healing mainly in the following ways( )! @) \2 G* s5 }8 f4 {
A. the shorter repair time
7 v( H( ?8 }9 [! J2 QB. the smaller scar
: ^' a- Q& a* T( E8 M: SC. more prone to be infected/ Y4 O" ^; V: j- u2 l. S
D. the greater scar' z+ ^8 ]# o: J
E. the longer repair time
2 C/ v0 |6 v' A8 L! V' i2 v( Y      满分:3  分
" O& R5 D6 ^9 m  Y) N9 e; H11.  The physical examination skills in nursing assessment include( )
3 q- L0 [/ g, _A. inspection- g. O. j! T" B8 g) q  t
B. interview
. v- t* a3 w% Z; b8 U/ lC. palpation: b% h) P7 V/ g. d
D. percussion
! j& r9 S# U7 O- q% E; PE. auscultation% P7 G, S+ K# p3 n! K
      满分:3  分
& ^1 x& @9 u- h, u* n% B/ b6 W5 ?12.  Which one of the following statements is right for the platelets( )! @& X4 R# x9 v' m3 \$ \3 H
A. Typing is necessary when giving platelets.
: S, H/ e5 |; Z" f0 c  ^) k- YB. Lacking platelets will postpone the bleeding time.
0 e7 @, f" o. ^+ E, qC. The risk foe blood-carried disease is the same as for whole blood.
: Q5 d+ \+ |: sD. RH antigens are found on platelets.
& H1 X5 r! x: n- f% }+ }# EE. It is prepared from fresh frozen plasma.% R: o$ |, K/ S3 w" G( K6 r$ }& {
      满分:3  分
! K1 r' `. h5 O* O4 N& s2 N1 P+ N13.  Vital signs refer to( )/ m9 u/ a7 L0 V: y
A. stress0 R  s3 G6 T1 e" z1 E
B. body temperature# F" b8 a0 j( `2 _4 P
C. pulse
& S; r9 v* X2 m1 w2 A( RD. blood pressure
/ u; N) M( O/ B" ^8 j( IE. respiration
5 _) e' Y' l4 b- |* m6 L+ v      满分:3  分
$ e: M4 ^0 q* r0 Z, \" n9 S14.  The functional disability include ( ) levels( )
2 Q1 A4 W/ {2 o" kA. impairment
3 O% |0 _; E4 n1 |8 |, ~B. handicap) z7 B* R" G- X5 ^% l$ j( M3 I
C. disability; Q% {3 N0 f0 j3 _% [
D. paralysis
0 Q1 l' l2 h7 P) ^3 i( W2 mE. blindness
, [( Z2 h% {8 ]2 P8 l3 r" }      满分:3  分4 w5 C; S  _4 ~0 t4 a
15.  Isolation practices are an attempt to prevent the spread of infection by breaking the chain of infection ( )9 E9 A8 E; t% v, ^3 N  _
A. at the source. U+ N& x: J- {7 U0 k. H2 k
B. in the wounds
7 _7 R+ o' M1 cC. at the host
6 X) {, t: g+ ^) c1 W. N9 ?% iD. in the fecal matter
# E8 X& ?' }' ~5 K! DE. in the course of transmission.
1 F0 A4 |$ t+ k. t      满分:3  分
( C8 B, }% |! q! B3 X2 c( \
0 M2 J; W, a, L三、判断题(共 10 道试题,共 10 分。)V 1.  The functional disability is divided into 4 degrees., L1 Z, [( D% I
A. 错误" d( \5 L( [' o$ q6 x+ c! Y
B. 正确* V- @! ]" ^# R; V
      满分:1  分
8 e/ o8 c+ T) |2.  All drugs can be given safely only in one way.5 q; n3 Y/ K$ o, m0 M' ^
A. 错误
1 G& Z, m: l; x6 u9 k- d" iB. 正确  ~1 p! ^: i- V) m! t4 U) ~  ^
      满分:1  分
. s  B4 f/ |! p+ e3 L% G3.  As the caregiver, the person is the focus of professional nurses.. g/ h9 |7 }9 V- o' ?
A. 错误3 c; a7 t* `/ _, U( b
B. 正确
4 H( r: t* U( U6 \: D& J      满分:1  分! V+ o/ b+ {" Z7 Q
4.  Mild stress can improve the performance and functional efficiency of the body.5 U9 j" b+ u  \2 r2 A
A. 错误, y% _" T6 z3 K
B. 正确
; W2 C! |4 y# z( i* W      满分:1  分
7 d/ I3 x& J8 P  {5.  The focus of rehabilitation is on cure.# i+ Q# R# s/ X' Q
A. 错误- y8 ]% Q( r, k
B. 正确, z& J; d- H, z2 S1 X- g* t
      满分:1  分- h  z& ~9 k8 I
6.  The community health is much more than environmental programs and large-scale efforts to control communicable disease.
" N( H6 d/ `$ I  ]* c) TA. 错误  R( e0 i0 u' w' S  i4 J
B. 正确% V4 V: D, Z) {' x
      满分:1  分
. F7 A+ T2 X: I! J7.  The pubescent growth spurt may begin earlier in boys than in girls.. A) [) g* q) g9 _9 U+ V' m1 x
A. 错误  ?3 @- g4 `4 [0 S8 N
B. 正确
6 j  m$ q" l' U" P) |" r0 q; J: h      满分:1  分
  q  M) Z2 p% N) \+ i% y8.  Communication is a one-way process.
5 B" |6 ?$ I" HA. 错误
5 B  V* ~' B+ W" @  s; xB. 正确  w  u) C! ?6 O+ O% ~0 Q
      满分:1  分/ {3 @7 H6 T1 s
9.  Patients can be injured by medications given in the wrong dosage, at the wrong time, by an incorrect route, or in an incorrect site.7 M1 n) m2 g5 X4 `' ^- B5 s
A. 错误
3 Z7 U1 g! V# NB. 正确
& z$ [1 i0 t2 l      满分:1  分
( D3 A2 n- T0 ~* e1 ?10.  Illness is the objective experience of feeling unhealthy.! Q! H3 D; P4 I4 z5 N( H  G
A. 错误
  u* w2 J$ D' |. N; O: Z/ `% @9 yB. 正确
% Z" g& C& `; ?( u8 G      满分:1  分 : H# n" q- N4 m# z& H8 e
. k; y/ j3 r  _5 n$ J

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