一、单选题（共 15 道试题，共 45 分。）V 1. The core of a community is（ ）|
2. “Needs for love and belongings” belongs to which level of the Maslow’s hierarchy?____（ ）
A. the second level
B. the third level
C. the forth level
D. the fifth level
3. Which one of the statements is right（ ）
A. Wash hand before and after touching surgical wound.
B. Touch an open or fresh surgical after washing hands.
C. Changing dressings is not important in accelerating wound healing
D. Sterile gloves are still required even if the wound has been sealed.
4. Nursing process is divided into steps（ ）
5. Which time is the upper limit after the blood removed from the refrigerator（ ）
6. The function limitation is caused by handicap is at（ ）
A. social level
B. personal level
C. organ level
D. family level
7. Who was known as the “father of stress”（ ）
A. Hans Selye
B. Sigmud Freud
C. Jean Piaget
D. Eric Erickson
8. How did Nurses’ Day come into being（ ）
A. It came from the Birthday of Florence Nightingale
B. It came from the Death date of Florence Nightingale
C. It came from the date of outbreak of Crimean War
D. It could not be verified
9. Which of the followings can be absorbed most rapidly（ ）
A. sublingual medications
B. buccal medications
D. parenteral medications
10. The fastest physical growth occurs in which age group（ ）
A. The first 6 months of age
B. The first 3 months of life
C. In infancy
D. In puberty
11. The process that a nurse teaches a diabetes patient to give an injection or discusses care with a pneumonia patient is an example of（ ）
A. social communication
B. structured communication
C. therapeutic communication.
D. effective communication
12. Perenteral medications can be absorbed most rapidly because（ ）
A. they are of short action
B. they are injected rapidly
C. they are applied to the skin
D. they are injected into or close to the circulation
13. Which one is the common physical stressor（ ）
A. Loud noise
B. Low self-esteem
D. Conflict with colleagues
14. “Dyspnea” means（ ）
A. difficulty breathing
B. rapid respiration
C. the absence of respiration
D. low respiration
15. What is the theme of nursing（ ）
D. Physical examination
二、多选题（共 15 道试题，共 45 分。）V 1. According to WHO, Health involve（ ）well-being
2. Nursing practice involves three kinds of communication. They are（ ）
A. two-way communication
B. social communication
C. structured communication
D. therapeutic communication
E. effective communication
3. The focuses of primary health care are（ ）
A. health promotion
B. health maintenance
D. illness treatment
E. illness and injury prevention
4. The basic considerations for physiological assessment on medication should include（ ）
C. family income
5. What are the main indications of the blood transfusion（ ）
A. restore blood volume
B. reduce the body temperature
C. improve oxygen carrying capacity
D. replace clotting factors
E. reduce heart rate
6. The source of information in the assessment phase of the nursing process are（ ）
A. laboratory and diagnostic data
B. Nursing diagnosis
C. Physical assessment findings
D. The health history
7. Positive health promotion is aimed primarily at（ ）
A. improving health potential;
B. treating diseases;
C. maintaining health balance;
D. giving injections
8. According to Hans Selye, the stages of human reaction to stress include: （ ）
A. Alarm reaction stage
B. Latent stage
C. Perceptual stage
D. The stage of resistance
E. The stage of exhaustion
9. Universal precautions emphasize which of the followings（ ）
A. prevention of transmission through blood and body fluid;
B. The patient should have a private room.
C. use of barrier precautions;
D. prevention of sharps injury;
E. prevention of the airborne transmission
10. Secondary intention healing differs from primary intention healing mainly in the following ways（ ）
A. the shorter repair time
B. the smaller scar
C. more prone to be infected
D. the greater scar
E. the longer repair time
11. The physical examination skills in nursing assessment include（ ）
12. Which one of the following statements is right for the platelets（ ）
A. Typing is necessary when giving platelets.
B. Lacking platelets will postpone the bleeding time.
C. The risk foe blood-carried disease is the same as for whole blood.
D. RH antigens are found on platelets.
E. It is prepared from fresh frozen plasma.
13. Vital signs refer to（ ）
B. body temperature
D. blood pressure
14. The functional disability include （ ） levels（ ）
15. Isolation practices are an attempt to prevent the spread of infection by breaking the chain of infection （ ）
A. at the source
B. in the wounds
C. at the host
D. in the fecal matter
E. in the course of transmission.
三、判断题（共 10 道试题，共 10 分。）V 1. The functional disability is divided into 4 degrees.
2. All drugs can be given safely only in one way.
3. As the caregiver, the person is the focus of professional nurses.
4. Mild stress can improve the performance and functional efficiency of the body.
5. The focus of rehabilitation is on cure.
6. The community health is much more than environmental programs and large-scale efforts to control communicable disease.
7. The pubescent growth spurt may begin earlier in boys than in girls.
8. Communication is a one-way process.
9. Patients can be injured by medications given in the wrong dosage, at the wrong time, by an incorrect route, or in an incorrect site.
10. Illness is the objective experience of feeling unhealthy.
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