一、单选题（共 40 道试题，共 100 分。）V 1. the most significant idea of the Renaissance is____.
2. It is on his _______ that Washington Irving‘s fame mainly rested.
A. childhood recollections
B. sketches about his European tours
C. early poetry
D. tales about America
3. “What is his name?” “Bingley．” “Is he married or Single?” “Oh! Single，my dear, to be sure! A Single man of large fortune；four or five thousand a year．What a fine thing for our girls!” The above dialogue must be taken from____.
A. Jane Austen‘s pride and prejudice
B. Emily Bronte‘s Wuthering Heights
C. John Galsworthy‘s The Forsyte Saga
D. George Eliot‘s Middlemarch
4. As an autobiographical play, O‘Neill‘s _______ （1956）has gained its status as a world classic and simultaneously marks the climax of his literary career and the coming of age of American drama.
A. The Iceman Cometh
B. Long Day‘s Journey Into Night
C. The Hairy Ape
D. Desire Under the Elms
5. Stylistically, Henry James‘ fiction is characterized by _______ .
A. short, clear sentences
B. abundance of local images
C. ordinary American speech
D. highly refined language
6. In Hardy’s Tess of D’urbervilles , the heroine’s tragic ending is due to .
A. her weak character
B. her ambition
C. Angel Clare’s selfishness
D. a hostile society
7. Alexander Pope strongly advocated _______, emphasizing that literary works should be judged by rules of order, reason, logic, restrained emotion, good taste and decorum.
8. The major concern of _______ fiction lies in the tracing of the psychological development of his characters and in his energetic criticism of the dehumanizing effect of the capitalist industrialization on human nature.
A. Charles Dickens‘s
C. Thomas Hardy‘s
D. John Galsworthy‘s
9. American romanticism started with the publication of _______ and ended with Leaves of Grass .
A. The Sketch Book
C. Leatherstocking Tales
10. Here is a passage from Middlemarch, a novel by George Eliot: "Her blooming full-pulsed youth stood there in a moral imprisonment which made itself one with the chill, colourless, narrowed landscape, with the shrunken furniture, the never-read books, and the ghostly stag in pale fanatic world that seemed to be vanishing from the daylight," Who is the lady mentioned in the quoted passage?
11. Emily Dickinson‘s poem（441）"This is my letter to the World" expresses the poet‘s _______ about her communication with the outside world.
12. Gothic novels are mostly stories of , which take place in some haunted or dilapidated Middle Age castles .
A. love and marriage
B. sea adventures
C. mystery and horror
D. saints and martyrs
13. The Pilgrim‘s Progress by John Bunyan is often said to be concerned with the search for _______ .
A. material wealth
B. spiritual salvation
C. universal truth
14. American Literature produced only one female poet during the 19th century. This was _______.
A. Jane Austen
B. Watt Whitman
C. Emily Dickinson
D. Harriet Beccher Stowe
15. Mrs. Warren’s Profession is one of George Bernard Shaw’s plays. What is Mrs. Warren’s profession then ?
A. Real estate.
16. The hightide of Romanticism in American literature occurred around .
17. Robert Frost combined traditional verse forms - the sonnet, rhyming couplets, blank verse - with a clear American local speech rhythm, the speech of _______ farmers with its idiosyncratic diction and syntax.
C. New Hampshire
D. New England
18. The 18th century is called Age of ______
19. “Rip Van Winkle” reveals the theme of _______ the past.
A. nostalgia for
B. rejection to
C. detachment from
D. nothing related to
20. "And where are they? And where art thou," My country? On thy voiceless shore The heroic lay is tuneless now- The heroic bosom beats no more!"（George Gordon Byron, Don Juan） In the above stanza, "art thou" literally means _______ .
A. "are you"
B. "art though"
C. "are though"
D. "art you"
21. " ’Damn the fool! There he is’, cried Heathcliff, sinking back into his seat. ’Hush, my darling! Hush, hush, Catherine! I’ll stay. If he shot me so, I’d expire with a blessing in my lips.’" The novel from which the passage is taken must be _________.
A. Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice
B. Charles Dickens’s The Old Curiosity Shop
C. Samuel Richardson’s Pamela
D. Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights
22. Which terms can best describe the modernists’ concern of the human situation in their fiction?
A. Fragmentation and alienation.
B. Courage and honor.
C. Tradition and faith.
D. Poverty and desperation.
23. In Mark Twain’s The Adventures of huckleberry Finn, Huck writes a letter to inform against Jim, the escaped slave, and then he tears the letter up. This fact reveals that .
A. Huck has a mixed feeling of love and hate
B. there is a conflict between society and conscience in Huck
C. Huck is always an indecisive person
D. Huck has very little education
24. In 1837, Ralph Waldo Emerson made a speech entitled _______ at Harvard, which was hailed by Oliver Wendell Holmes as "Our intellectual Declaration of Independence."
C. "Divinity School Address"
D. "The American Scholar"
25. "If honest labor be unremunerative and difficult to endure; if it be the long, long road which never reaches beauty, but wearies the feet and the heart; if the drag to follow beauty be such that one abandons the admired way, taking rather the despised path leading to her dreams quickly, who shall cast the first stone?" Where is the underlined phrase taken from?
A. The Bible.
26. In Hardy‘s Wessex novels, there is an apparent _______ touch in his description of the simple and beautiful though primitive rural life.
27. Tess of the D’Urbervilles, one of Thomas Hardy’s best known novels, portrays man as ________.
A. being hereditarily either good or bad
B. being self-sufficient
C. having no control over his own fate
D. still retaining his own faith in a world of confusion
28. provides the main source of influence on American naturalism.
A. The puritan heritage
B. Howells’ ideas of realism
C. Darwin’s theory of evolution
D. The pioneer spirit of the wild west
29. In which of the following works can you find the proper names “Lilliput,” “Brobdingnag,” “Houyhnhnm,” and “Yahoo”?
A. James Joyce’s Ulsses.
B. Charles Dickens’s Bleak House.
C. Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels.
D. D. H. Lawrence’s Women in love.
30. the Rime of the Ancient Mariner is a poem written in the form of .
C. heroic couplet
D. Spenserian stanza
31. Which of the following is NOT written by William Butler Yeats?
A. “Sailing to Byzantium.”
B. “The Lake Isle of Innisfree.”
C. “Leda and the Swan.”
D. “The Waste Land.”
32. The term tone in literature means__________.
A. sound effect such as rhyme and metrical device
B. the pitch of a word used to determine its meaning in the given context
C. the manner of expression to indicate the speaker’s attitude towards the subject
D. a shade of colour to reflect the change of the light
33. _______ is a typical feature of Swift‘s writings.
A. Bitter satire
B. Elegant style
C. Casual narration
D. Complicated sentence structure
34. Daisy Miller is written by ________.
35. The ______ Movement appeared in the thirties of the 19th century. It showed the English workers were able to appear as an independent political force and were already realizing the fact that the industrial bourgeoisie was their principal enemy.
36. “My last Duchess” is a poem that best exemplifies Robert Browning’s ______________.
A. sensitive ear for the sounds of the English language
B. excellent choice of words
C. mastering of the metrical devices
D. use of the dramatic monologue
37. D.H.Lawrence’s works are modern because of their_______ .
A. modern skill in writing
B. modern publishing time
C. modern themes
D. modern appearance
38. Of the below poets, has not been awarded Poet Laureate.
A. William Wordsworth
B. Thomas Gray
C. Alfred Tennyson
D. Ben Jon son
39. _______ has been regarded as the “founder of the American Drama”.
A. Tennessee Williams
B. Eugene O’Neill
C. Arthur Miller
D. Hendrik Ibser
40. John Bunyan‘s pilgrim`s progress is often regarded as a typical example of____.
C. epic in prose